Skip to main content

Full text of "The complete Macintosh sourcebook"

See other formats


Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data 

Ryall, Pat 

The Complete Macintosh Sourcebook 
1. Macintosh (Computer) I. Clapp, Doug, joint 
author. II. Title 

QA76.8.M3R34 1985 001.64 

ISBN 0-931137-03-9 

© 1985 by Pat Ryall & Doug Clapp 

Published by: InfoBooks, Santa Monica, CA 90406 

Cover design by Gloria Garland 

All rights reserved. No part of this book 

may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, 

without permission in writing from the publisher. 

Printed in the United States of America 

10 987654321 

ISBN 0-931137-03-9 


BGDKS Santa Monica, CA 90406 


Table of Contents 


1 Business Software 1 

Financial Management 3 

Business Graphics 6 

Business Strategy 7 

Spreadsheets & Templates 8 

Time & Project Management 9 

Miscellanea 12 

2 Databases 1 3 

3 Special Interest Software 25 

Vertical Market Applications 27 

Statistics 32 

Scientific 33 

4 Integrated Software 35 

5 Desk Accessories 41 

6 Words & Letters 47 

Word Processors 49 

Typesetting for Top Results 50 

Writing Aids 51 

Mail-Mergers 53 

Page-Composition Software 53 

Fonts 55 

7 Games & Diversions 71 

Adventure Games 73 

Arcade Games 77 

Card & Casino Games 80 

Strategy & Board Games 82 

Simulations 86 

Trivia Games 88 

Collections 89 

Miscellanea 91 

8 Educational Software 94 

Reading & Writing 96 

Foreign Language 99 

Reasoning & Problem-Solving 99 

Business Education 99 

College Preparation 100 

FHistory, Geography & Government 100 

Math & Science 101 

Programming 102 

Tutorials 103 

Custom Videodisc Courseware 103 

Typing Instruction 104 

9 Personal Finance 106 

Money Management 1 08 

Tax Programs 1 1 1 

10 Utilities 113 

11 Graphics 118 

Graphic Applications 1 20 

MacPaint Business Forms 122 

Art & Images 122 

Graphic Aids 129 

Artists Rescue Failing FatBitters 1 30 

1 2 Sound & Animation Software 1 32 

Music & Sound 134 

Animation 137 


1 3 Communications Hardware 

& Software 1 40 

Telecommunications Programs 143 

Modems 146 

Phones & Dialers 149 

14 Networking Hardware & Software 151 


15 Printing Hardware & Software 158 

Dot-Matrix Printers & Related Software 161 
Letter Quality Printers & Related Software 163 



Hard Disks 


22 Programming Languages 











Input Devices 




Output Devices 




Input/Output Devices 




Scanners & Digitizers 




Audio-Visual Systems 




Power Protection 




Cables & Switchers 




Apple Insurance Specialists 




Operating Systems 


Development Tools 



Souped-up Macintoshes 


An Upgrading Aside... 






Carrying Bags & Shipping Cases 




23 Free (Or Nearly Free) Software 


Security Kits 




Ergonomic Aids & Simple Comforts 




Disk Holders 


Desk Accessories 


Dust Covers 




Mouse Pads 




Cleaning & Maintenance 


Home, Hobby & Demos 


Drawing Aids 




Ribbons & More 


Music Si Sound 


Mac Prints a Colorful Picture 






Words & Printing 





The Macintosh Library 

Books: General Interest & Software Specific 



A User Groups 


Books: Programming Languages & Technical 




B Telecommunications Services 


Macintosh Magazines 


Other Magazines 
Club Mac Rolls On 



C Companies A-Z 


D CompuServe MAUG 

Macintosh Directory 



E Too Late to Integrate 



Becoming a Macintosh Developer 


Developer Services 





H ave you heard the story of “Stone Soup”? It goes like this. Two 
tired, hungry, broke soldiers amble into a small village. The soldiers are 
desperate for food, but have no money. 

They have an idea: stone soup. 

It seems that the villagers have never heard of stone soup. No problem; 
the soldiers are happy to share the recipe. The recipe goes like this: First a 
pot is needed, then some water, then a few choice stones. 

The soldiers are happy to find the proper stones — a vital ingredient. 
The villagers need only to supply the other ingredients: meat, vegetables, 
and seasonings. Details. Small stuff. 

Making this book, for us, has been a lot like making stone soup. 

This project started with an idea, a contract, two 128K Macintoshes, 
and a few folders of addresses of Macintosh vendors. And two copies of 

It wasn’t enough. 

These days, we’ve got three Macs (one’s a HyperDrive), hard disks, 
modems, a LaserWriter, assorted other hardware devices and peripherals, a 
mind-boggling collection of software, and many, many people to thank. 

We didn’t write this book unaided. David Durkee, former Softalk 
magazine writer-of-all-trades, master of Macintosh BASIC, software whiz, 
and good friend, wrote many of the product descriptions and contributed a 
number of sidebars that added sparkle throughout the book. David also 
gave the entire manuscript a once-over to check facts and spot errors. 

Thank you, David. 

Denny James and Russ Sprouse of Rainbow Computing in Northridge, 
California, also contributed a number of descriptions. Everyone at Rain- 
bow, at one time or another, answered questions, fixed machines, or other- 
wise helped us out. Denny and Russ, in particular, tackled a number of 
complex software packages that we felt unequipped to review. 

Thank you, Denny. Thank you, Russ. 

Kevin Goldstein, columnist and friend, contributed his knowledge of 
hardware matters and supplied us with needed hardware peripherals when 
manufacturers were less than forthcoming. 

Thank you, Kevin. 

Then there’s Bill McGee, Microsoft’s product manager for Microsoft 
Word. We called Bill when we discovered, early on, that MacWrite just 
wasn’t enough for a book of this length and complexity. Bill signed us on 
as beta testers for Word and kept us faithfully supplied with Words that got 
better and better, often sending a necessary update overnight. 



After months of pushing Word to its limits, we can say this: Microsoft 
Word is wonderful. We could not have written this book witliout Microsoft 
Word and the help of Bill McGee. 

Thank you, Microsoft. Thank you. Bill McGee. 

Janek Kaliczak, leader of MicroGraphic Images Corporation, wrote a 
piece for us on software development. MicroGraphic makes the MegaMac 
and a number of other sophisticated products to enhance the Macintosh. 
Janek, besides being a brilliant hardware engineer, also has the largest 
collection of software we’ve ever witnessed. That collection came in handy 
when we needed to review software that we didn’t have and couldn’t get. 
Janek, invariably, had the product and made it temporarily available for 

Thanks, Janek. But next time, get your copy in sooner, okay? 

We’d also like to acknowledge the scores of manufacturers that 
showered us with products and press releases. Many companies contrib- 
uted not only products, but also hours on the phone, answering product 
questions, helping with problems, or merely keeping us up-to-date on the 
latest phone number and address changes. 

Finally, we’d like to thank our good friend and publisher, Gerald Raf- 
ferty. Gerald footed the bills and patiently extended our deadline, time and 
time again, while we saw this book through to completion. 

Thank you, Gerald. Here it is. At last. 


This book began as a “good idea” many months ago. The good idea 
was this: to write a book about products available for Macintosh. 

A good, simple, easy idea. The book would be slim and modest, quick 
to write, informative, inexpensive, and quick to produce. Product names, 
company addresses, short descriptions, prices, that kind of thing. Easy. A 
short and delightful task. 

After all, there weren’t many Macintosh products to write about. Then. 

That’s the setup. The weight of this book is the punchline. Macintosh 
products are now blossoming in every conceivable category and even some 
hard-to-conceive-of categories. 

The companies that make the products also appear and disappear at a 
furious rate — and change addresses and company names and product 
names and prices and phone numbers just about the time you think you’ve 
got them nailed down. 

What can we say? Facts are tough. Accuracy is difficult. We did the 
best we could. After compiling this sourcebook, we feel well-equipped to 
count sand at the seashore — during a gale. And the next time we do this, 
we want a staff. A big staff! Cataloging hundreds of products is tough 
enough. Soon, Macintosh products will number in the thousands! Maybe a 
sourcebook for owners of Himalayan Uamas is a better idea for a foUow-up 

While this book is crowded with products, not all Macintosh products 
are in this book. Some products are vaporware that will never exist, despite 
advertisements to the contrary. When the vapor was overpowering, we 
didn’t include the product. Still, we probably got snookered a few times by 
companies that seemed legitimate, right down to “prerelease demo 
software” and professional press releases. 

You weren’t planning to buy anything sight unseen anyway, right? 

A handful of other products weren’t included because their release 
dates far exceeded this book’s publication date (and even this book’s esti- 
mated shelf life, in some cases!). 

Having made those rules, we broke them joyfully when anything 
looked particularly interesting, even if the product wasn’t due out until 
1996. We tried to note in the product description when a product was 
unfinished or unavailable for review. 

Keep in mind that this is a sourcebook. It’s not full of weighty reviews 
or reasoned, defensible comparisons between products. Other publications 
fill that need (and we’ve described those publications, in the true source- 

book tradition). The product descriptions within this book are only that: 
descriptions. Sometimes light, often opinionated, seldom thorough, and 
usually the result of spending less time with a product than we wanted to. 

That being said, we’ll say this: There is much in this sourcebook. 
Information about hardware, software, peripherals, accessories, books and 
newsletters and magazines. Services for Macintosh owners, products and 
information for Macintosh developers, and public domain software listings 
for hobbyists. A wealth of information for anyone who owns a Macintosh 
or wishes they did. 

The first section of the book covers Macintosh software. Next comes 
communications hardware, software, and networking. We’ve broken it 
down a bit more precisely than that, but not much more precisely. Rum- 
mage around; it’s interesting stuff. Complicated, but interesting. 

Then comes a section on hardware and peripherals. Then books, news- 
letters, and periodicals. Then software development and languages. Then 
public domain software. Finally a few appendices we thought you’d like. 

If you’re looking for a specific product, do this: First look in the table 
of contents. Find the proper section of the book and the chapter that looks 
appropriate. Check the chapter subheads, then flip to the chapter and scan 
down to the item. Or check the index for the product or company name. 

Or read the entire book cover to cover. Authors like that. 

To make it easier to locate specific items, we’ve duplicated a handful of 
product listings that straddle categories or chapters. 

But enough introduction. This is a good spot for a comment by Andy 
Hertzfeld, made back in the days when Macintosh was a secret — a small 
tan machine filled with incomplete and buggy software that was even then, 
in definable and indefinable ways, marvelous. Here’s the comment: “The 
great thing about Macintosh isn’t Macintosh. The great thing is what people 
will do with Macintosh.” 

It can’t be said better. 

We hope this book helps. 


Applications Software 



Let’s talk about bugs. 

Bugs are programming accidents. Mistakes, embedded in programming 
code. Caused by various things — carelessness sometimes, poor design 
other times. Simple errors, simple mistakes. Complex errors, complex 
mistakes. Bugs of commission. 

Bugs of omission also exist. Things programmers should have done, 
but didn’t. Unforeseen situations. Unplanned conditions that result in 

The always-welcome “Serious System Error” message is a good clue 
that, yes, a bug exists in the program. But some bugs are subtle; you can’t 
catch tliem — or, sometimes, even know they’re there! 

So why be concerned? Well, imagine you’re running Exxon. Your 
accountant’s software doesn’t round off cents properly. Everything looks 
fine, but at year-end the books are off by thousands of dollars! 

Here’s the point: You can live with some strange, minor, quirky 
bugs — if you have to — in some programs. But when you’ve purchased 
software to help mn your business, it had better work. This is your 
livelihood, after all, not some shoot- ’em-up arcade game! 

Businesspeople need proven, tested software, particularly when it 
comes to full-scale, expensive programs for payroll, general ledger, or 
accounts receivable. Who can blame them? Unfortunately, few Macintosh 
programs have withstood the test of time. Multiplan is one of the few 
programs that’s been on the market over a year. 




A year isn’t very long. There aren’t many Macintosh track records, yet. 

Some programs, though, were proven on other machines and now 
come in Macintosh versions. Software from Great Plains Software and 
Peachtree Software are two examples. Both programs received extensive 
“user testing” on other computers. This isn’t a recommendation, just a fact. 

Other programs require careful study before purchase. Don’t be misled 
by hefty price tags and ads touting impressive specifications. Now’s a 
good time to flip ahead to the database chapter and read our advice; Read, 
plan, shop around, find a good computer store, get a demo, and so on. 

Dull, but true. We don’t want you spending hundreds of dollars for 
something that either doesn’t work properly or isn’t the proper program for 
your business. 

But there’s more in this chapter besides general ledger programs. 
Specialized accounting software is here. So are financial programs. And 
spreadsheets (only one full-blown spreadsheet, though — look in the 
Integrated Software chapter for a few more). And small, handy, business- 
related programs. And the line from Human Edge Software. And (as they 
say) much, much more. 

Okay, knowledge workers. It’s time for business. Eyes straight ahead. 
Set your jaws. Repeat after us: “Business computer, business computer, 
business computer.” 



Financial Management 

Applied Logic Systems, Inc. 

2614 North 29th Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85009 
(602) 272-9355 

scale. Also performs other financial calculations, including 
compound interest and annuities. Everything is done in 
dialog windows. Optionally, you can display the formula in 
question — good for educating your client or yourself. A con- 
venient pack of programs that would find frequent use by real 
estate agents or banks, especially if tucked away but close 
by on a hard disk. $69 

Quest Client Write-Up 

A sophisticated accounting program. Offers automatic pro- 
duction of journal entries, payroll register, up to thirteen 
accounting periods, and a self-formatting financial statement 
with standard formats for income statements and balance 
sheets. Produces a payroll register and can record 941, W-2, 
and 1099 information. $375 

Quest Small Business System 

A complete series of accounting packages. The series con- 
sists of five modules: Accounts Payable^ Accounts Receiv- 
able, General Ledger, Inventory, and Payroll Write-Up. En- 
tries in each module update other modules automatically. The 
General Ledger module also produces pie and bar charts. 

For those who gasp at the prices of the individual mod- 
ules (and the price for the entire package), a demo disk is 
available for $25. The demo is a fully functional General 
Ledger disk with file size restrictions and without some 
necessary utilities. The first module, General Ledger, is 
available now; the other modules are expected to become 
available throughout 1985. General Ledger, $395; Accounts 
Payable, $595; Accounts Receivable, $595; Inventory, 
$395; Payroll Write-Up, $150; entire system, $1,800 

Button Down Software 

P.O. Box 1 9493, San Diego, CA 921 1 9 
(619) 234-0263 

Profit Stalker 

Software for technical stock market analysis. Generates 
charts from a relational database of stock and commodity 
prices. Includes daily prices, trend lines, moving averages, 
oscillators, volume line and bar, on-balance volume, open 
interest retracement levels, daily most active. Ml, Federal 
funds, discount rate, weekly DJIA, and. ..well, that’s enough, 

Comes with sample stock and commodity files and other 
market information. Requires Microsoft BASIC 2.00 (a ver- 
sion that works with the earlier 1.00 BASIC is available on 
request). $150 

Cognitive Software 

P.O. Box 26948, Austin. TX 78755 
(512) 346-7864 

Financial Utilities Pack 

Analyzes company financial statements, provides insight 
into financial condition and prospects for future growth, and 
rates companies according to a performance expectations 

File Edit! 

I Depreciation Supplements Press 

Simple Interest Calculator 

Note; Three uariables must be entered. 
The missing uariable uiill be 

Shoui Equation 


Number of Days; 356 

Present Ualue: i OOO 

Rnnual Interest Rate (Expressed Ds a Percentage): [20 
Total Interest Eorned: [j~ ] 

T - ■■ 

i360 — 3 6 0 

X PV X i 

1=65 = 

Financial Utilities Pack 

Creighton Development, Inc. 

16 Hughes Street, Suite C-100, Irvine, CA 92714 
(714) 472-0488 


Ten programs for the office. Loan Amortization Schedule cal- 
culates periodic payments, interest rate, and principal or 
term of loan when only three factors arc known. You can 
print out the results with a summary at the end of the year. 
ACRS Depreciation Schedule calculates ACRS depreciation 
by year for real and personal property (updated for tax act of 
1984). Lease vs. Purchase provides a model for evaluating 
lease versus purchase decisions. 

Financial Calculator replaces the Macintosh calculator 
with a full-function financial calculator to perform present 
value, future value, and loan payment calculations. Results 
may then be pasted directly into the working document. 
Scientific Calculator replaces Mac’s calculator with a full- 
function scientific calculator to perform square root, expo- 
nential calculations, and more. 

Statistics calculates the mean, median, and standard devia- 
tion of a list of values. Internal Rate of Return calculates the 
internal rate of return of periodic payments received over a 
period of years. Bond Yield to Maturity calculates, not sur- 
prisingly, bond yield to maturity. Calendar Functions calcu- 
lates the number of days between dates, day of week of future 
dates, date of number of days hence, etc. 

Finally, Desk Accessories Editor allows you to edit 
accessories and install the financial and scientific calcu- 
lators. $49 




Digital Etc. 

1749 14lh Street, Santa Monica, CA 90404 
(213) 452-5636 


A small business accounting package that does income state- 
ments, accounts receivable and payable, balance sheets, and 
general ledger. Offers flexible reporting periods; information 
can be fitted into fiscal years, or you may choose to report 
only seasonal highlights. A single disk holds a full year’s 
data, according to the manufacturer. $195 

Future Design Software 

13681 Williamette Drive, Westminster, CA 92683 
(714) 891-9796 

General Ledger 

Does balance sheet, profit and loss, trial balance, and — 
here’s the startling fact — incorporates SmoothTalker speech 
synthesis routines to report errors and articulate commands. 
The package also offers comparative analysis, projections 
for income and expense accounts, detailed journals, indi- 
vidual and consolidated balance sheets, and profit and loss 
variance reports. 

General Ledger is the first of five modules in Future De- 
sign’s Strictly Business Accounting System. Forthcoming 
arc Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Inventory 
Control, and Order Entry, $395 

Great Plains Software 

1701 38th Southwest, Fargo, ND 58102 

Hardisk Accounting Series 

Like they say, requires a hard disk. The scries is also avail- 
able for Apple IIs and Ills (equipped, of course, with hard 
disks) and has been a bestseller for those other Apples. 

'fhe scries consists of five modules: Accounts Payable, 
Accounts Receivable, General Ledger with Financial Report- 
ing and Budgeting, Payroll, and Inventory Management with 
Point of Sale Invoicing. Available sometime in 1985, 
according to Great Plains, will be Job Cost with Estimating, 
Costing and Pre-Billing. 

The modules can be used separately or together. Available 
programs contain clear help screens, and all manuals include 
a tutorial section. Each module, $695 

Micromax Systems, Inc. 

6868 Nancy Ridge Drive, San Diego, CA 92121 


Finance is the core module in Gallery, an accounting and 
business management system. The Finance module includes 
Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Cash Disbursement/ 
Optional Limited Payroll, and General Ledger. 

All program modules arc interconnected; each data entry 
affects all pertinent modules. Data is posted in a familiar 
“one-write” screen format. Debits and credits are checked for 

balance at each transaction entry. The program offers period- 
to-date, year-to-date, and historical information. Report gen- 
eration and screen queries arc sortablc by alphabet, customer 
ID, or account number sequence. According to Micromax, 
“The [Gallery] screen formats emphasize case of use and in- 
tuitive learning so well that without reading the instruction 
manual you might well be on your way.” 

The program requires, at a minimum, a 128K system with 
two drives. A hard disk system, as you’d guess, allows more 

Here are the suggested limits for a minimal system (with 
hard disk limits in parentheses): 12 (12) accounting periods, 
200 (500) charts of account, 1,000 (2,500) customers or 
vendors, 50 (100) employees, 1,000 (2,500) inventory 
items, 500 (5,000) transactions per module/per month, and 
10 (10) digits for dollar amounts. 

Available later in 1985, according to the manufacturer, 
will be the following additional modules in the Gallery ser- 
ies: Automated Check Printing, Business Graphics, Cor- 
porate Taxes, Financial Analy sis! Planning &. Budgeting, 
Fixed Assets, Inventory Control, Job Costing! Project Con- 
trol, Order Entryilnvoicing, Payroll! Personnel, Purchasing! 
Receiving, and Material Resource Planning. Finance module, 

P-Cubed, Inc. 

949 Parkland Center, Wichita, KS 67218 
(800) 682-2900, (316) 686-2000 in Kansas 

The Investor 

A program for portfolio management. Allows automatic up- 
dates of security quotes, via the Dow Jones News/Rctricval 
Service, and graphs portfolio performance. Handles stocks, 
options, short sales, and margin accounts. Produces reports, 
including Portfolio Status, Capital Gains/Losses, Interest In- 
come, and Dividend Income. $150 

Peachtree Software 

3445 Peachtree Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30326 
(800) 554-8900, (404) 325-7900 in Georgia 

Back to Basics Accounting System: 

General Ledger 

Back to Basics Accounting System is a reasonably priced, 
easy to use, double-entry accounting system for small busi- 
nesses or serious home users. The system includes three 
modules: General Ledger, Accounts Receivable, and Accounts 
Payable. General Ledger was the only module we reviewed. 

Peachtree has put much thought into the design of this 
system (written in Forth). You can use modules separately or 
together as an integrated system. General Ledger can hold 
about 254 accounts in the Chart of Accounts and can hold 
over 1,500 checks on data disks. To run General Ledger 
you’ll need two drives (unless you’re using a 512K Mac) and 
an Imagewriter (or compatible eighty-column printer). The 
program can also be run on a hard disk. 

The General Ledger manual includes an overview of ac- 
counting principles, a reference section, and a tutorial that 
illustrates how a sample company might use different 
aspects of Back to Basics. Each module, $175 



^ File Edit Options' lt»>fnrnm:e 


C.Sart of 
flccoun Is 


i Journa 1 




Stortup Doto: | 

Compony ID: 


Use Cost of Solos Range (V/N)7 _ 

Use the Standard Chart of Accounts (V/N)? 

Cosh account •: 

Retained Earnings account*: ( Record ] 



1 Receipts 


1 Sales 


Journo 1 

□ 1 

The Startup Dote is the month end the year you will 
begin entering finonciol tronsoclions. 

Example; Enter Morch 1963 es 0363. 

Back to Basics Accounting System: 
General Ledger 

Rune Software 

80 Eureka Square, Suite 214, Pacifica, CA 94044 
(415) 355-4848 

Complete Accounts 

An accounting package for small to medium-sized 
businesses. Transactions arc recorded in one of five journals 
and posted to a general ledger. The Sales Journal (accounts 
receivable) is designed to handle sales on credit and 
incorporates complete invoicing and monthly statement 
generation. The General Journal handles infrequent trans- 
actions outside the limits of other journals. The Purchases 
Journal (accounts payable) is a vendor file that keeps track 
of current and aged accounts payable, generates purchase 
orders, and provides information about discount terms and 
account status. The journal also handles check writing. The 
Cash Receipts Journal manages receipts, and the Cash 
Disbursements Journal handles cash payments. 

Three financial statements arc produced: Income State- 
ment, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Owner’s Equity. 

Superex International Marketing Ltd. 

151 Ludlow Street, Yonkers, NY 10705 
(800) 862-8800, (914) 964-5200 In New York 

Superex has a number of products available for Macintosh, 
with more under development. At this time, however, we 
can't recommend purchase of any of the following Superex 
products. The review copies we received appear to have been 
rushed to market; the programs make poor use of the Mac- 
intosh user interface and have a hasty; 'slappcd-togethcr feel. 
In many cases, we weren’t able to operate the programs 
successfully. Two of the programs even had misspellings on 
the pull-down menus — possibly a trivial complaint, but one 
that gives pause whpn found in a $300 inventory program. 

We hope the firm improves its product line. For now, we 
suggest passing on these programs. 


A price estimation program. Keeps track of customers, links 
to MacPaint files. $99.95 

Inventory Manager 

Handles purchase orders and reorders, and tracks product 
movement on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. Inventory 
information can be linked to MacPaint files. $300 


A program that helps you make decisions. Anything that 
can be compared is fair game. Accommodates two to four 
items simultaneously and lets the items be rated in as many 
as twenty categories. The ratings are then tabulated and dis- 
played in a bar chart. $49.95 


Purports to perform a number of financial functions: liquidity 
ratios, leverage ratios, activity ratios, profitability ratios, 
market ratios, cost analysis, return on investment, deprecia- 
tion, breakeven analysis, operating leverage, annuities, 
mortgage calculations, bond yield analysis, and more. 

Smith Micro Software, Inc. 

P.O. Box 7137, Huntington Beach, CA 92615 
(714) 964-0412 

Stock Portfolio System 

Software for use with the Dow Jones News/Retrieval Service. 
Allows retrieval of stock quotes from Dow Jones and port- 
folio management and update. Handles stocks, bonds, mutual 
funds, money markets, certificates of deposit, and other in- 
vestments. Generates nine reports, including profit and loss 
statement, dividend income statement, interest income/ 
expense statement, and current portfolio status of unrealized 
gains and losses. 

Incorporates 1984 tax changes. Also features timing no- 
tices, margin accounting, options writing, and return on 
investment calculations. Requires a 512K Macintosh. An ex- 
tended service contract ($64 a year) entitles buyers to up- 
grades and enhancements. $225 

Balance Sheet 

l^nuestments Capitol & Loons 

nnolyze flll Info 
Current Rotio 
Debt To Equity Ratio 
Return On Inuestment 
Gross Profit Margin 
Net Profit Margin 
Reid Test 

FiHcd Charge Coueroge 
Inuentory Turnouer 
Ruerage Recciuables 
Price-Earnings Ratio 





Systems Plus 

1120 San Antonio Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 969-7047 

Books! The Electric Ledger 

We didn’t see this one. Reportedly, it’s an accounting 
system designed to “work the way accountants and book- 
keepers work” Competition is fierce among Macintosh 
accounting programs; we suggest reading reviews and com- 
paring products carefully before purchase. $395 

Business Graphics 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 

(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 in 


MacDraw has been under development, it seems, since be- 
fore most of us were bom. Well, maybe not that long, but a 
long, long time. A popular pastime among software pirates 
used to be comparing — and swapping — the latest version. A 
“.993” for a “.997,” for example. 

It’s understandable. Like other programs with long devel- 
opment times — Microsoft Word, Macintosh BASIC, and 
others — MacDraw is a world unto itself, a complex world 
that remains to be explored by professionals and hobbyists. 
MacPaint has already created a subindustry of “hanger-on” 
programs. MacDraw, if popular, may create similar classes 
of programs, more sophisticated and flexible than tlie current 
crop of images for MacPaint. 

MacDraw shines on the 512K Macintosh, where it can 
work with an almost unlimited number of graphic objects. It 
also shines with Apple’s LaserWriter, where the printed 
results are spectacular. Highly recommended. And the price 
is bargain-basement. $125 

Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 


MacPaint for the office. MacDraw, unlike MacPaint, con- 
siders drawings as objects, not free-form images. The 
graphic objects can be aligned to grids, scaled, rotated, and 
grouped (and ungrouped) with other objects. They can also 
be stacked over other objects, then “sent to the back” or 
pulled to the front again. A number of rulers are available, 
and custom rulers can be created to your specifications. The 
approach simplifies complex architectural drawings and 
demanding drafting-board productions. 

4 File Edit Type Font arrange Fill Lines Pen 


If your drawing needs can’t be met with MacPaint, give 
MacDraw a workout. 

Like MacPaint, MacDraw has a host of options. Unlike 
MacPaint, MacDraw allows more than one drawing window 
to be open at once, so images can be cut, copied, and pasted 
between windows. Drawings can be as large as 4 x 8 feet (if 
you’re willing to assemble the printouts). Text can be en- 
tered anywhere, in various fonts, styles, and sizes. 

Microsoft Chart 

TTie premier program for graphing anything on Macintosh. 
Accepts data from Multiplan, Microsoft BASIC, other pro- 
grams, or from the keyboard. Lets you quickly create charts 
and graphs in column, bar, line, pic, or scatter formats. 
Each format has additional variations. Each variation can be 
tweaked, and each tweak can be diddled. If you know your 
graphs, you’ll be impressed. Also does statistical analysis 
on chart data. 

Data entry is convenient, adjustment is painless, and 
prcttification is fun. Once created, graphs can be moved into 
MaeWrite, Word, or other programs. Like all Microsoft 
products. Chart comes with extensive help files on disk and 
an excellent manual. With 512K, more points can be 
plotted. If you need charts or graphs, buy it. $125 

Chort Formot 




Comhinotlon ... 

Q Trtnd of FCOCRAL SPtr4)IND 


Microsoft Chart 



(0 <D 

(n ^ 
0 ) 


Business Strategy 

Human Edge Software Corporation 

2445 Faber Place, Palo Alto, CA 94303 

(800) 624-5227; (800) 824-7325 or (415) 493-1593 in 


Four conlrovcrsial programs that propose to help you com- 
municate, negotiate, manage, or sell more effectively. 

The programs share a similar format. First, you’re pre- 
sented with a lengthy questionnaire. You answer questions 
by checking boxes marked “agree” and “disagree.” The 
questions deal with your qualities, attitudes, preferences, and 
traits. Then you fill out another questionnaire, once again 
agreeing or disagreeing. This time you’re asked to judge 
your counterpart — the person you hope to negotiate or com- 
municate with, manage, or sell. The questions are answered 
with a mouse click and, hopefully, considerable thought. 

The programs then display (or print) lengthy reports, full 
of sometimes specific advice about you and your counterpart, 
and offer suggestions (when appropriate) on how to reach 
your goal — closing the sale, for example. 

Here are the first two paragraphs from a sample “Sales 
Strategy Report” generated by The Sales Edge, The heading 
is “What to Expect”: 

Mr. N. C. prefers to be alone and is not 
interested in people, while you are a very social 
person whose primary interests lie in the social 
realm. His seriousness and ‘planful’ behavior are 
very different from your impulsiveness and lack of 
attention to details. Unlike you, he does not like 
excitement and change. 

You may feel frustrated when he thwarts your 
efforts to Interact socially. Watch your tendency 
to become angry in response to this. Prepare to 
get less attention and excitement than you would 
like. Be pleasant and respect his need for privacy. 

Be informed about your product and his business 
needs and you can be successful. 

So, do they work? It’s difficult to tell. The programs have 
received both rave reviews and sneering putdowns. Many 
users, it seems, swear by them. The company’s advertising 
copy, full of references to “artificial intelligence” and 
“expert systems technology,” seems overblown; the reports 
themselves often seem suspiciously generic and capable of 
multiple interpretations. Horoscopes elicit similar re- 

Why not pop down to your local computer store, fill out 
a few Human Edge questionnaires, and make up your own 

That gets us off the hook. On to pithy descriptions... 

The Communication Edge 

Proposes to help you communicate more effectively in 
meetings and conversations: to emphasize your communi- 
cation strengths and “avoid pitfalls built into any potential 
conversation.” The resulting report offers ways to get along 
better with your communicative counterpart. $195 

The Management Edge 

This one evaluates your management skills, helps improve 
your supervisory techniques, and offers to aid you in influ- 
encing superiors. Also helps to “boost productivity, 
increase motivation, solve manager/staff conflicts, and 
determine compatibility between yourself and your 
organization.” $250 

The Negotiation Edge 

How to negotiate better. Helps to “analyze negotiators’ per- 
sonalities, identify problem areas, and anticipate likely op- 
ponent maneuvers.” The final report gives step-by-step aid 
in the bargaining process. $295 

The Sales Edge 

How to get that sale. The report details what strategies will 
be most likely to succeed in a sales presentation and gives 
actual closing technique suggestions. One of this book’s 
authors tried this program on the other. The report suggested 
(among other things) the “Ben Franklin Close,” where the 
seller and buyer make a two-column list of reasons for, and 
reasons against, the sale. The report suggested making the 
“reasons to buy” column longer. The “seller” hasn’t yet tried 
out the advice. We’ll let you know. $250 

The Sales Edge 

'' * rile Edit Self 






Spreadsheets & Templates 

Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

Harris Technical Systems 

624 Peach Street, Box 80837, Lincoln, NE 68501 
(800) 228-4091, (402) 476-281 1 in Nebraska 

Profit ProjectorlBreakeven Analysis 

An excellent program. We hope we can describe it. Let’s 


The program docs profit projections and performs break- 
even analysis. If you’ve worked with spreadsheet programs, 
the approach will be familiar. Information is entered onto a 
worksheet and results are calculated and displayed, according 
to formulas. 

UJhat's Nerit? 

Start from StondoroYorms 
Start from Scratch 
i MDliiin S(‘l(f( tiMl lintrij 

112 ^ 0/1904 

✓flutomatlc EMplonations OnjOff 

4 File Edit Uieui 


■BHMffiH j 


1 12 uidge j 


12 urai 

a Razor blades 

60 blad< 

a Instructions 

12 shee 


Breakeven Graph 

Number of packs 




Harris Profit Projector/Breakeven Analysis 

But unlike in a spreadsheet, the formulas are predefined, 
and so are the forms. It’s a prewritten spreadsheet, if you 
will, created for a few specific tasks. Within that definition, 
the program is very flexible. You begin with one of three 
forms: an example form, a standard form, or a “scratch” 
form. Each form offers more flexibility, and less built-in 
help, than the previous form. Beginners will start by 
changing entries in the example form, then advancing to 
standard and, finally, custom forms. After the information is 
entered, “what-if’ analysis can be done easily — just like 
with a spreadsheet program. 

The program also generates these six reports and graphs: 
profit projections report, breakeven graph, expense % 
graph, profit comparison graph, split projections report, and 
split projcctions/brcakeven graph. The graphs are good: 
fast, clear, well-done. You can’t futz with them forever, d la 
Microsoft Chart, but they’re clear and helpful. 

The manual is slim, well-written and organized, and in- 
cludes an appendix of formulas used for all calculations. In 
all, a very good program — one that hasn’t gotten the degree 
of press attention that products from Microsoft or Lotus 
have, but deserving of your attention nonetheless. One of 
our favorites. $70 


The first Macintosh spreadsheet and a tough act to beat. 
Multiplan takes superb advantage of the mouse and the Mac- 
intosh user interface. Or, if you prefer, you may use 
keyboard combinations to duplicate almost ever>'thing you 
can do with the mouse, including navigation within the 
spreadsheet. The program is simple and elegant, yet 
contains more functions and options than spreadsheets laced 
with hard-to-remember commands. Those acquainted with 
spreadsheets will be impressed; we’ve heard the comment, 
“I never understood electronic spreadsheets until I used 
Mu It ip Ian.” 

Numbers may be stored in a variety of formats, with al- 
most unlimited precision, if requested. The program allows 
formulas such as “Revenue = Sales - Cost” to be created. 
Many functions arc built-in: mathematic, trigonometric, 
logical, text, and others, including LOOKUP, INDEX, and 
functions to set iteration count and maximum change 
between iterations. 


^ File Edit Select Format Options Colculote 

1 R20C3 II 1 


■ - .. ' . 5 dailij 

sales r ^ 

I 1 3 1 . |- 5 

6 1 7 1 

1 5 T 


! O 

: 1 








dole 10/1/84 : : 1 






:Co3h sates 




iColtections on account 




-Misceltoneous receipts 

<15. 00 










Cash in register or till: 1 





: Biiis 

i $510. 00 






Cutting, copying, and pasting within the worksheet is 
easy. Multiplan also accepts data from other programs and 
transfers information in text-only or SYLK files (if desired) 
to other programs. (SYLK gives a complete representation 
of Multiplan data to other programs — notably other Micro- 
soft programs: Word, Chart, and File.) 

Drawbacks arc few. On a 128K Mac, the program doesn’t 
encourage massive spreadsheets; the maximum size of a 
worksheet is 255 rows by 63 columns — still a hefty size. 
For more elaborate productions, worksheets may be linked 
to other worksheets, an option that should satisfy anyone’s 
desire for complexity. $125 

Owl Software 

79 Milk Street, Suite 1108, Boston, MA 02109 

(800) 343-0664, Ext. 5500; (800) 322-1233, Ext. 5500, in 


’’ * File Edit 

Select Format Options Calculate 


1 RI7C10 II 

Soft Stort Oy Owl Software 


li 1 1 

ati stock Portfolio ^ 


stock Portfolio Anolysis 


Number of 




stock Nome 






AnyCorp Totols 

IS. 50 




AT&T Totols 


Goto General 


















Mutual Fund 1 






Mutual F und 2 












Totol Portfolio 



Soft Start Personal Finance 

Soft Start Business Analysis 

Eleven Multiplan worksheets in two groups. The Payroll 
group has six worksheets for setting up a weekly payroll, or 
tables may be modified to handle other payroll periods, if 
desired. All federal withholding calculations arc included, 
with state and local examples. Also maintains deposit 
records. The Operations group contains these worksheets: 
Break Even Analysis, Financial Statement Analysis, Cash 
Flow Budget, Receivables, and Payables. Overall, a good 
value. $49.95 

i File Edit Select Format Options Calculate 


Soft Storl by OvI Softvore 

! Payroll Uleek I 

































































































Soft Start Business Analysis 

Soft Start Personal Finance 

A collection of twelve Multiplan worksheets in four groups. 
In the Investments group are worksheets for Net Worth, 
Bond Portfolio, and three linked worksheets titled Stock 
Portfolio. An AT&T Portfolio shows the value of pre- and 
post-divestiture holdings and lets you manage purchases 
made after divestiture. 

A Budgeting group contains three linked worksheets to 
help you plan and analyze a comprehensive annual budget. A 
Property group of worksheets includes Rental Property and 
Mortgage Analysis. Finally, a Cash Management group has 
two worksheets: Checkbook and Credit Card. Detailed Multi- 
plan templates at a low price. $49.95 

Time & Project 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Marian! Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 

(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 in 



Maybe the most underrated program available for Macintosh. 
MacProject is LisaProject rewritten. As LisaProject, it gar- 
nered rave reviews but got little use. But then Apple didn’t 
sell many Lisas, so that may have been the problem. 

Here it is for Macintosh — a superb program to help you 
in designing and managing projects. With MacProject, you 
draw a project schedule on-screen, enter dates for tasks, enter 
fixed and variable cost data for each task, and enter resources 
available for each task. The program then calculates begin- 

|Tosk Loyoul Dotes Fonts Style 


Resource Timclinb 
Task Timeline 
Task Cost Entry 
Resource Cost Entry 
Cosh Flom Table 
Project Table 

I Project i 

10/ I 







ning and ending dales for all tasks and shows Ihc “critical 
path’* necessary to complete the project successfully. 

Features (some of them) are representation of project 
schedules and status through schedule, task, resource, and 
tabular charts; the ability to calculate and adjust fixed costs, 
variable costs, and income with tabular display of total 
costs and net cash flow; “what-if* ability for instant 
recalculation of dates, resources, and costs in the event that 
variables are introduced into the project; and easy 
modification of project tasks and dependencies. Sections of 
projects may be cut and pasted into other project schedules 
or into MaeWrite files. Costing data may be transferred to 
Multiplan for further analysis. 

Sounds confusing, doesn’t it? Don’t worry; fool with the 
menus, enter a few tasks, draw a few lines, and things will 
become clear. MacProject is simply an incredible tool for 
managing projects. There are many projects out there among 
the Knowledge Workers of America, but nothing like Mac- 
Project. If you handle any type of project from beginning to 
completion, this program could save your neck or help you 
get that raise. 

On the 128K Macintosh, MacProject can accommodate up 
to 200 tasks. On the 512K Mac or Mac XL, MacProject can 
handle 2,000 tasks and employ up to six resources per task 
with a maximum of fifty resources per project. That should 
be enough. For serious project work, a steal at $125. 

DataPak Software, Inc. 

14011 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 401, 

Sherman Oaks, CA 91403 
(818) 905-6419 

My Office 

Integrated software for managing lists, designing forms, and 
printing form letters and mailing labels. 

The package provides a number of other functions, in- 
cluding a MacPaint-Vikc screen for designing business forms 
and many options for calculations, form letters, printing, 
and paper sizes — including custom stationery. 

Despite the many options, the program seems tailored to 
handle short notes or address lists, not full-scale databases 
containing lengthy records. My Office also takes the Macin- 
tosh user interface to new heights (or depths, possibly) of 
“real world modeling.’’ Here, the database records are located 
in graphic file folders and the folders are kept in a file 
cabinet that does, indeed, look just like a file cabinet. 

The intention of all this imagery, it seems, is to make 
life easier for the busy knowledge worker. In practice, we 
agree with the second sentence in the manual: “If you fail to 
grasp [My Office's] simplicity, it will become needlessly 

We didn’t grasp it. $79.95 


41 0 Townsend, Suite 408-B, San Francisco, CA 94107 


A collection of business-oriented programs for organizing 
and planning. Includes financial and statistical calculators, a 
Cardex (address and phone book), a Nolefiler, an Encryptor 
for protecting files, and an appointment book and calendar. 
The calculators have a number of sophisticated, built-in 
functions, including internal rate of return, discounted cash 
flow analysis, depreciation calculations, mortgage yields, 
amortization calculations, interest rate conversion, standard 
deviation, and more. 

A 512K machine is recommended for this collection. 
$99.95 (plus $3 shipping and handling) 

Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 


A time and information management program. Includes a 
telephone directory, appointment calendar, and limited data- 
base. Prints lists and labels. Produces form letters in con- 
junction with MaeWrite. 

Habadex was one of the first programs available for 
Macintosh. At its release, it was widely held to be a sterling 
example of Mac’s user interface and the “Macintosh way’’ of 
writing software. 

Time has not been kind to Habadex. The first units flew 
off the shelves. Then joy turned to dismay; the program had 
a number of serious bugs and minor flaws. The reviews 
began to appear and were unanimously unkind. Other, sim- 
ilar programs began to appear. Haba’s “first out’’ advantage 
disappeared. Sales declined. Haba’s corporate reputation 






0 ) 




And here we arc, a year later. Habadex is now Habadex 
Version LI. The bugs have been fixed and new features have 
been added. Most notably, there’s an optional communi- 
cations program, HabaCom, that works with Habadex. Now, 
there’s not only a telephone directory but also a means to 
communicate by modem from within Habadex. The program 
has even made it into the movies; the production crew of the 
movie 2010 used Habadex extensively for purchasing and 
other tasks. They were pleased with the program. 

Still, it may be too late for Habadex. The program is 
meant to be an “all you need’’ piece of software, but many 
users will find that the features of Habadex would be better 
employed as separate, more powerful programs or separate, 
more convenient desk accessories. $100; with HabaCom, 


5543 Satsuma Avenue, North Hollywood, CA 91601 
(818) 509-0474 


An array of programs configured as desk accessories. The 
accessories arc divided into four areas: desktop management, 
telecommunications, personal information files, and office 
productivity. Here’s the list for desktop organization: calen- 
dar and appointment books, multiple appointment alarms, a 
things-to-do list, a scientific calculator with printout capa- 
bility, bank account and credit card listings, and an analog 

The personal information files are maintained as Rolodex 
cards. The QuikTcrm telecommunications module is compa- 
tible with Apple and Hayes modems and permits auto-dialing 
of standard telephones. A PhoneLink connector, available 
separately, allows auto dialing of standard telephones with- 
out requiring a modem. MacDesk*s ReadiPrinter allows 
printing of MacDesk data or any other Macintosh text file 
while simultaneously running another program. Still another 
accessory, MemoWriter, is a mini-word processor. MacDesk 
was under development as this description was written. Con- 
tact the company for current prices and options. $89.95 
(without PhoneLink); $99.95 (with PhoneLink); Phone- 
Link alone, $29.95 

Layered, Inc. 

85 Merhmac Street, Boston, MA 02114 
(617) 423-9041 

Front Desk 

Front Desk is a business tool designed to help you organize 
as many as fifteen resources (people, places, or things) and 
fifteen different types of services for up to twelve months at 
a time. The program also allows you to define hourly 
business rates for your resources and flat billing rates or 
hourly fees for your services. 

Using Front Desk, you can view your schedules by the 
month, week, day, or by all days for a specific day of the 
week (for example, all the Tuesdays in the month of March). 
Also, after you have defined rates and fees. Front Desk can 
be used to report or project revenue for your organization. 

Arranged Dy Seruice Stotus 

Front Desk 

To run Front Desk, you can get by with a 128K Macin- 
tosh, but a second disk drive and a printer are welcome 
options. Front Desk is a unique program for anyone who 
needs to manage a staff, track events, or maintain special 
financial information. $149.95 


14145 S.W. 142 Avenue, Miami. FL 33186 
(305) 253-5521 


A scheduling program that offers links to other programs 
and a limited database facility. Information from word 
processors, databases, spreadsheets, or accounting programs 
can be tied into appointments in your schedule. Several 
schedules can be maintained at once. Includes a simple 
project manager, automatic entry of standing appointments, 
priority scheduling, and appointment reminders. A Tracking, 
Maintaining, and Planning feature tracks deadlines, call- 
backs, and accounts payable and receivable. Also includes a 
folder of standard business forms and letters, for transfer to 
MacPaint for editing and customizing. $149 

Warner Software, Inc. 

666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10103 
(212) 484-3070 

The Desk Organizer 

The Desk Organizer is an instant file cabinet, an appoint- 
ment calendar, an expanded notepad, a telephone dialer, a 
printer, a visual calculator with paper tape, a clock watcher, 
and more. 

The program is a multitude of desk accessories rolled into 
one application program. Its usefulness comes from the 
ability to run other applications directly from The Desk 
Organizer. In a sense, the other applications on disk {Mac- 
Write, for example) become desk accessories; they show up 
on the Apple menu, ready to be chosen and quickly run from 
the Desk Organizer. The idea is similar to Apple’s Switcher. 




4 flip I dll Calendar Stampi IndPMPs Phone Calc niarms Troth 

















~~ 9 \ 

1 ' ' 




15 1 







22 1 







29 1 



i Kontot flgrIcuUure Speech 

I Children's Hospilol Fund 

Think about promotional program for Children s Hospital 
I Total Cost 
2. Viability 
3 Press Coverage 

Contact Ray Green. Hospital Administrator 456-7090 
Beverly Ellis. Director WKAN 123-4567 

The Desk Organizer 

To use all ihc program’s features, you’ll need 512K. In 
128K, Desk Organizer is a more traditional stand-alone 
application, though it still allows other applications to be 
opened without a trip through the Finder. 

We found that the program didn’t live up to the expecta- 
tions fostered by the company’s advertisements (few pro- 
grams could!) and suggest getting a hands-on demo before 
you buy. $99 


Software Arts 

27 Mica Lane, Wellesley, MA 02181 
(617) 237-4000 


TK/Solver is an “equation processor.” Like a spreadsheet, it 
allows information to be input, then manipulated, but it 
takes a more straightforward approach to equations. You’ve 

4 file Edit Sheets Commandt Settings 

<6) input: 

nciSolucr by Softmore Arts \ 

Uariable Sheet 

il I^DUt 








f'urchase price ol the cor 




Doan poyaent oaounl 




Raount of the loon 

12 9 



Interest rote 



• 0 

Tera of the loon 




Honthly poyaent on the loon 


9689 9921 

Total aaount poid on loan 


1689 9921 


Total interest poid on loon 

e Sheet 

S Rule 

loon « price - doenpoyeent "LORM hOOEL 

payaetit • loan • (rale / ( l-( 1 *rate)'-leroJ ) 
total • poyeent • ter* 
interest ■ total - loan 




seen the Hewlett-Packard handheld financial and scientific 
calculators? The ones with all the strange keys, beloved by 
engineers and scientists? Well, TKISolver is to typical fi- 
nancial programs what those calculators arc to typical hand- 
held calculators. But easier to use. 

The program displays a Rule Sheet and a Variable Sheet. 
Rules and variables can be of almost unlimited precision or 
complexity — even problems involving sets of simultaneous 
nonlinear equations arc child’s play. Unknowns can appear 
anywhere in the equation; TKISolver will solve just about 
anything, anywhere, provided that sufficient mathematical 
information has been supplied. Previously, these sorts of 
manipulations required sturdy programming skills. 

The program also docs backsolving, successive approxi- 
mation, and unit conversions; plots output; and offers on- 
line help and error diagnosis. In all, the next best thing 
(and closer than you might think) to a mainframe math 
program, at a fraction of the price. $249 


Application models for use with TKISolver. Mechanical en- 
gineering, financial management, and introductory science 
are now available; others arc planned. Each, $59 

Databases manage information. Information, on the Macintosh, can be 
words, numbers, pictures, formulas, or anything else that can be entered, 
manipulated, stored, and retrieved. 

Things were simpler in the old days on other computers. Then there 
were simple “file-management” programs, complex “database” programs, 
and ultra-sophisticated “relational database” programs. Each, in turn, did 
more, cost more, and was harder to learn. 

The terms still apply on Macintosh, but the Lines are blurred. We’ll use 
the word “database” here, throughout. 

Before buying a database, consider your needs. If you just need to 
make a few lists, use MacWrite\ there’s no need for anything else. But if 
you need to sort the lists, find specific entries, or make reports, you’re in 
the right section. 

When choosing a database, it’s helpful if you understand a few basic 
notions. Most databases are composed of fields, records, and files. A field 
is usually a single line of information, similar to one entry on a multi-line 
form. A record is a collection of fields that comprise the entire form, and a 
file is a group of forms. Eventually, the records (or selected records) are 
sorted and printed. Then they’re reports. 

In a mailing address, for example, a single line (“John Doe”) is a field, 
and Mr. Doe’s name and complete address is a record. The collection of all 
addresses is a file. You might have one file of friends’ addresses and 
another file of business addresses. 

Maybe your file of business addresses contains 987 records. That’s 
987 addresses — each a record of, say, five fields. The first field might be 
the name, the second the street address, the third the city, the fourth the 
state, and the fifth the zip code. That’s not the only way to do it, of course. 
You might choose to make city, state, and zip code a single field. 

When you’ve entered the addresses into the database, one by one, 
you’ve done most of the work. Then it gets fun (or productive, if you 
will). Maybe you’d like to sort the addresses alphabetically by name. Or 
print mailing labels, sorted by zip code to cut postage costs. Or search the 
database to find every “Smith,” or just “Jane Smith,” or maybe every 
Smith that lives in Florida. Maybe you can’t remember the person’s exact 
last name. Was it Smithford or Smithfem? A good database lets you search 
on partial words and list every name with “Smith” in it. 




Maybe each record has a few more fields: “Date of last contact,” 
“Regular customer (y/n),” “Line of credit,” and “Balance owed.” If so, 
then it’s possible to find: 

All regular customers who live in Minnesota contacted in June of 1983 that 
owe us $15,000 or less with lines of credit of $50,000 or more. 

Try that with a filing cabinet. 

With a good database, you begin to think about information in new 
ways, to see connections tliat weren’t visible before, to feel in control (for 
once) of a mountain of data. 

Let’s take a real-life example: Your business wants to keep a personnel 
record for each employee. You might want each record to have fifty fields, 
with each field containing many words. A database that limits records to 
ten fields maximum — though fine for people who need to keep track of 
mailing addresses — would be out for you. And a database that allowed 
only twenty-five characters per field couldn’t handle your star salesman 
Michael Reginald Pokry2dnsla. 

An astronomer cataloging stars would need a database that could handle 
a huge number of records — more records than a single Macintosh disk 
could hold. Some databases can handle files that spill over onto a second 
disk {DB Master is one); some can’t. 

The trick to databases, as you can see, is buying what you need and no 
more. Extra features often add expense, size, and complexity. Hassle. 

The databases in this section are general purpose. Each can be used in 
many ways for many tasks. If your needs are more specific, you might 
consider a special-purpose program such as an inventory program or a 
billing program; these programs can be found in the Business Software 
chapter. Many of the programs in the business chapter are, in fact, data- 
bases under tire skin. 

The less expensive file-management programs are usually easy to use, 
but they’re sometimes limited in capabilities. Typically, you design a form 
on-screen, then fill in the information. The forms (or records) are usually 
one page or less in length. If you’ve never used a computer to store infor- 
mation, though, the power of these programs will surprise you. (But not 
all forms-oriented programs are low-powered; Microsoft File is a killer 

More complex (and usually more expensive) databases offer a slew of 
features, options, and gizmos. Fields may be “computed” based on infor- 
mation in other fields. Sorting may be done on many fields at once. Files 
may be huge and records may be lengthy and complex. The program may 
compute totals and subtotals of selected fields. Files may be merged with 
other files or appended to them. Information may be transferred to other 
programs for charting; reports may be finely crafted. 

“Relational” databases allow you to keep more than one file open and to 
transfer, or update, information between files. Odesta’s Helix, a complex 
and powerful program, even includes a specialized, icon-based language 
that can be used to create databases for specific applications. 


Macintosh owners also have choices denied those with other 
computers. Filevision is a graphic database; it catalogs information asso- 
ciated with maps, drawings, and diagrams — like MacDraw, with a 
database built in. Factfinder is a free-form database for working with text; 
it replaces records and fields with data sheets and keywords — like 
MacWrite with a database built in. Microsoft File allows picture fields, 
along with the usual text and number fields (it also does automatic dates). 

The descriptions that follow only scratch the surface of these programs. 
And let’s be honest; We haven’t thrown several hundred records into each 
database and then used the programs rigorously for many months. Nor, 
need we add, has anyone else who writes this kind of thing. We’ve taken a 
look, tried them out, and read the manuals, but only one database — 
IstBase — got a grueling road test. IstBase handled the recordkeeping for 
this book, and we liked it. 

How should you choose a database? Know your needs, read, study, 
and ask around. When you’re shopping for the right database, a knowl- 
edgeable salesperson at a reputable computer store is almost a necessity. 
Bring a sample of the information you need to store, estimate the number 
of records you’ll need, and determine what reports — if any — ^you’ll need to 

Ask a lot of questions. Can the database information be used by other 
programs? Can reports be moved into MacWrite (for touch-ups) or Micro- 
soft Chart (for graphs) or Multiplan (for conversion into spreadsheets) or 
MacTerminal (for transmitting the report by modem to Kansas City)? 

Don’t buy anything without getting a demo, but get more than a demo. 
Use the program yourself. Enter information, create a new file, print a few 
reports. Scan the menus. Is the program clear and understandable? Is data 
entry easy? Is it convenient to move between fields in a record, or between 
records in a file? Do keyboard shortcuts help you navigate within the pro- 

Look for on-screen help files and take a long, hard look at the manual. 
Ask about limitations. All programs have limitations. Most databases are 
limited to a certain number of fields, some are slow, and some create files 
that are unreadable by other programs. Some programs excel at printing 
mailing labels, others balk. Some programs {PFS. File, for example) re- 
quire separate programs (PFS .Report, for example) for generating exten- 
sive reports. 

Check out the program’s searching and sorting abilities. Is it easy to 
find particular records? Can you search on partial fields (only the last 
name, or part of it, for example)? Can the program sort many records 
quickly? Does it slow to a crawl when files become large? 

Ask this: Who was this program written for? What needs does it 
address? Is it for merely keeping a few records, or is it for writing ad- 
vanced, custom databases? Is it short on features, or is it massively 
“overengineered” (read: it has more features than you’U ever need or use)? 

And ask about support. What if you’re stuck? Can the computer store 
help? Does the manufacturer have a toll-free help number (or any number at 




Remember that data requires memory. RAM memory is fast; disk 
memory is slow. If your database will be large, think seriously about 
512K. Almost all the programs that follow run in 128K, but all work best 
with more room to breathe. If your database job is a big one, you’ll want 
512K and a hard disk to sling lots of records, fast. 

Finally, does the program look and behave like other well-crafted 
Macintosh programs? It t^es time and effort for developers to understand 
Macintosh. That knowledge, hopefully, is used to create programs that 
you, the consumer, can understand. 

Choose carefully and well. You may be living with your database for a 
long time. 




Brock Software Products, Inc. 

8603 Pyott Road, Box 799, Crystal Lake, IL 60014 
(815) 459-4210 

Keystroke Data Base and Report Generator 
A general-purpose database with extensive report capabili- 
ties. Records per file arc limited only by disk capacity, and 
each record may contain up to seventy-five fields. Records 
may be sorted on four index fields simultaneously. Two files 
may be open at once. 

Also offers form-letter merge with MaeWrite, automatic 
look-up on multiple files, crossvalidation, and password pro- 
tection of files. $395 

Computer Software Design, Inc. 

1904 Wright Circle, Anaheim, CA 92806 
(714) 634-9012 


A powerful, flexible relational database program, one of the 
few relational databases for the 128K Macintosh. (Odcsta’s 
Helix is also relational, but requires 512K.) Although tai- 
lored to Macintosh, MacLion is not a program for novices. 
But for those who will spend time learning the program, 
MacLion docs the job. 

A relational is a collection of different files with 
common lies. Certain tasks — the recording of invoices, for 
example — arc simplified with a relational database. Customer 
information can be taken from a master file, product de- 
scriptions and prices can be extracted from a separate inven- 
tory file, and the information can be used by a third file: the 
invoice file. A number of files can be open at once, and the 
program can access and update the files, without the need for 
duplicate information in different files. Simpler “flat” data- 
base programs, or file-management programs, fall short 
when asked to handle more than one file at a lime. 

The program seems reliable — we couldn’t crash it by 
entering crazy data or issuing nonsensical commands. Our 
major criticism is the amount of time MacLion requires for 
some operations. Preparing a new report, in particular, is 
slow. Fortunately, you won’t need to prepare a new report 
several times a day. And you can take a coffee break without 
baby-sitting the computer during report generation. Once the 
report specification is ready, it can be re-run using different 
data without enduring another lengthy compilation process. 
On a 512K Mac, most of these operations should speed up 

Unfortunately, all reports are printed in draft mode. You 
can copy the report to a MaeWrite text-only file for further 
formatting, but this requires an extra time-consuming step. 
To be fair, though, most programs in this section only offer 
draft mode for reports. Maybe next year. 

MacLion comes with a nice, sturdy, three-ring reference 
manual and a spiral-bound tutorial. Both manuals are very 
thorough. The tutorial manual, in particular, covers the 
program’s features in a simple, step-by-step fashion. 

MacLion is an excellent system for those who need a 
complete relational database and arc willing to learn how to 
get the most from it. In fact, we’ve only begun to explore 
the LEO programming language included with MacLion, LEO 

[ Add ] [ Delete ] [ Neiit ] [Prculous] [ First ) [ Lost ) [ Quit ] 

Order Entry Screen for Quixotic Cuisine 
Order Mo. 2^0 Order Dote 07/08/01 

Client None DEJfl 


3210 EL CflniHO REAL 739-555-7676 

6URBRH< CR 91501 

Ua » 

Oescript i on 







































1 .75 




is a stack-oriented structured programming language (much 
like Forth) that provides additional flexibility. Using LEO, 
you can modify reports created by MacLion*s report 
generator (which is, in fact, a LEO program generator) or 
create your own report generator from scratch. A heady 
thought, for those who grasp the idea. $379 

DeskTop Software Corporation 

244 Wall Street, Princeton, NJ 08540 
(609) 924-7111 


A fast, disk-based database with many advanced features. 
IslBase 1.00 was used to create the database of products that 
became this book. As a result, we have more experience 
with IstBase than with any other database. Version 2.00 
adds more features to a complete, clean, nonthreatening data- 

IstBase takes good advantage of Macintosh. Record 
forms arc easily created in a Blueprint window. The forms 
can be changed after they’ve been created — even after you’ve 
begun entering data (there’s always one loo few, or one loo 
many, data fields, or one field that’s a few characters too 

Fields may be text fields or numeric — no esoteric choices, 
just text or numbers. Number fields can contain up to seven- 
teen digits, with the decimal point anywhere. Negative 
numbers may be displayed within brackets or preceded with 
minus signs. Text fields may hold up to fifty characters. As 
elsewhere, help is available in setting up fields, cither from 
an on-screen button or at the bottom of each menu. The help 
files cover just about everything. 

Data entry is quick. Hitting Return takes you to the next 
field. Hitting Tab automatically duplicates the information 
from the previous record. Shift-Return brings up the next 
record. Full Cut, Copy, Paste, and Clear arc on the Edit 
menu, along with Undo. 

Creation of reports is also fast and easy. Fields are 
clicked into position on the screen with options to skip 
lines, compute column totals or subtotals, select records in a 
variety of ways, add headings, or sort in ascending or de- 
scending order. After the report is designed, selecting “Do 




" A 

File Eillt Form| 

- : : ^ : I 

Design R Report 9SR 

■ : Id 1 


Moll Merge 

■ ^ T 





1)1) ir 


ntGION/UINfT.: PRU66 | 

Print Report 

PRICE: S78.60 

S<iP(i [le%ii|n Its... 


Sane Rcpni 1 fU... 






S'elec 1 Reroi ds I f... 


Scu t Dij... 




1 ompiito... 




U” whirs the report to life. It can then be scrolled through 
on-screen, saved to disk, or printed. The program does 
mailing labels, up to five across. Mail-niergc is also offered. 

Databases may be joined together, appended (tacked on) 
to other databases, or used to create new databases with 
fewer, or additional, fields. 

Advanced IstBase users can compute fields using sophis- 
ticated conditionals: IF... THEN... ELSE statements and full 
AND, OR, and NOT rules. This, coupled with the mail-merge 
option, makes automated selective mailings and other 
tricky, time-saving feats possible. Beginners can ignore the 
fancy stuff and enjoy what appears to be a convenient, 
medium-powered filer. Recommended. $195 


A fiexible, stand-alone package for data entry and mail 
merging. If you’re familiar with IstBase, you’ll be imme- 
diately at home with IstMerge. The file structure, data entry, 
and editing conventions of the two programs are identical. 

IstMerge allows anything created in MaeWrite to be 
merged with IstMerge data. MaeWrite documents can contain 
text, graphics, or charts produced by other programs. The 
“merge document’’ can use all MaeWrite fonts, sizes, and 

The program is ideal for customized letters or mailing 
labels. Labels can be printed up to five across or directly 
onto envelopes. 

The program’s best application may be as a sophisticated 
“merger” for use with IstBase. $95 

Forethought, Inc. 

1973 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 622-9273, (415) 961-4720 in California 

board, the Clipboard, or directly from MaeWrite ot Mac- 
Terminal files. The factsheets can be grouped into a stack. 

The stack can be indexed in multiple ways. The factsheets 
can be referenced and cross-referenced by designated key- 
words. They can also be accessed by individual names or by 
dates of creation or modification. The dates are assigned by 
the program automatically. 

Factfinder is great for organizing thoughts, notes, or 
index cards, or for assembling a mass of scattered text into 
something that makes sense. Students and researchers, in 
particular, should find it invaluable. $150 



A press release announcement of FileMaker arrived as this 
book was underway, with the product expected to follow. 

According to the release, “With FileMaker, Macintosh 
users now have a database system that exploits the ma- 
chine’s tremendous case of use and graphic capabilities.” 


Here’s a sampling of what to expect: “FileMaker re- 
moves the arbitrary restrictions associated with convention- 
al databases. The number of fields, records, reports, and files 
can be as great as the available disk space. Every field is 
variable length and every entry in every field is indexed for 
rapid retrieval. Records can contain any combination of 
text, number, date, calculation, or summary fields. FileMaker 
is compatible with all Macintosh products that use text, 
SYLK, or columnar file storage. The program allows an 
unlimited number of report layouts for each file. FileMaker's 
free-form design lets users create wide forms, repeat forms 
on a single page, and even combine columnar and label 

Impressive specs and a reasonable price. $195 


A nifty product, if you need it. Factfinder is a free-form 
filing and retrieval system for text. Any kind of text. 
Snippets of text or gobs of text; there’s no need to worry 
about fields or records with this product. 

The metaphor here is sheets of paper — stacks of sheets. 
Text is first stored in a Factsheet window, from the key- 

Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01 854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 

"I Know It’s Here Somewhere!” 

This looks to be an inexpensive, and very minimal, file- 
management program that makes no claim to do everything 


for everyone. The program comes with a number of pre-done 
forms for filing stamps, books, slides, coins, correspond- 
ence, recipes, membership lists, names and addresses, credit 
card numbers, warranty information, investments, insurance 
policies, financial data, capital assets, even (it says here) 
the wine in your cellar. This one might be less than you 
need, unless you truly don’t need much. $59.95 

Main Street Software 

1 Harbor Drive, Suite 304, Sausalito, CA 94956 
(415) 332-1274 

Main Street Filer 

A limited database. One of the first for Macintosh, but not 
holding its own these days. 

Maximum field length is fifty characters — enough for 
simple mailing lists, but limiting for other applications. 
Four field types are supported: text, date, and two types of 
numeric fields — real numbers (numbers with decimals) and 
integers (no decimals). Records may contain up to thirty-six 
fields. Data is entered into a fixed format — you can’t create 
custom on-screen forms. Cut and paste between fields or 
records isn’t supported (the familiar Edit menu isn’t here; 
nor is the Clipboard). 

The program can sort on a maximum of two fields. Com- 
puted fields aren’t allowed. 

The program prints mailing labels (one to four labels 
across), envelopes, and reports (in a number of formats). 
Report designs may be saved. Reports may contain headers 
but not footers. $199 

^ File n«lil ChdrKje.'i: Mil mine Delete Print 

Main Street Filer 

Megahaus Corporation 

5703 Oberlin Drive, San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 450-1230 


MegaFiler is a file-management system that enables you to 
search and sort database information, as well as to generate 
reports and labels, including mailing lists to be used with 
Megahaus ’s MegaMerge or other mail- mergers. 

You design records by creating forms. A form can contain 
as many fields as you can fit in, although things get a bit 
tight after twenty-five fields. Fields can be alphanumeric, 
numeric, or date. Records can be sorted on any field. The 
number of records in MegaFiler files is limited only by free 
disk space. One of MegaFiler's interesting features is the 
ability to keep three files in memory at once. 

The newest version adds a number of features, including 
support of both the wide-carriage Imagewriter and Laser- 
Writer. It also allows files to be split or merged, and im- 
ported or exported to other programs via the Clipboard. 
Additional commands for designing customized pages and 
mailing labels have also been provided. 

When used with Megahaus ’s MegaForm, the MegaFiler 
program turns MegaForm into a fully relational, forms-based 
database. If that’s a mouthful, read about MegaForm in the 
Integrated Software chapter. MegaFiler*s best use, in fact, 
may be as an adjunct to MegaForm. As a stand-alone prod- 
uct, it costs too much and offers too little. $195 

^ ^ File Edit Record List MegaFiler ^ 


d File Edit 

List MegaFiler 

Idd ] [ Delete [ N’eiit ) [Pi (ndcni^) 

jsiness Contacts 

City: I rianlo pork 

Phone: -<08-465-4466 ) 

Dote Lost Contocted: 

State: |cn | Zip: fosso i 1 

Nos with Personal Corputing. Inwite this gug to next dinner portg 





Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 92700, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

Microsoft File 

Like all Microsoft offerings for Macintosh, File is a well- 
designed program, loaded with options. Learning File is a 
process of, “Gee, I didn’t know it could do that! Gee, I didn’t 
know it could do that!” 'Fhc program docs everything but 
enter information from the keyboard for you; that’s prob- 
ably coming in the next version. 

File gives you a wealth of choices — probably more than 
you’d like to hear about or we’d like to type. For starters, 
you create a record form, any way you like, in a window 
with rulers. If you want a field exactly 2 inches down the 
page, it will be. Forms can include text, number, or graphic 
fields; if a graphic image can be contained on the Clipboard 
or Scrapbook, File can handle it — even if the image is a full 
8 1/2 X 11 inches. The shape, size, or entire format of a 
form can be changed easily. 

File allows you to view forms (and enter information) 
one by one or display them (using List Helper) as columns 
of data. One click switches between views. With List Helper, 
you can change display, alignment, and style options, or 
have File automatically format the information on-screen. 
There’s also a Vertical Form option for blasting out quick 

Field types are text, number, date, or picture. Fields may 
be displayed as entered or in dollar, percent, decimal, or 
scientific format. Aligned right, left, or center. With 
borders. Or underlined, italicized, or boldfaced. Or with com- 
mas. And in any font you like, in sizes from 9 to 127 
points. Fields may be indexed (for faster searches) or 

Want a field to contain a “date stamp” to remind you 
when you last updated the record? Hit Command-hyphen in 
the field; File slams in the date from Mac’s clock. You’d 
rather have the exact time instead? Hit Command-semicolon, 
and the time of day will be automatically entered. It goes on 
and on. If you can’t get exactly what you want from File, 
don’t blame Microsoft; just dig around the manual some 



Shoui rorm 

List Helper 
Uertical Form 

I mmol Hi'lil... >:il 
Set Font... 


( Solos Quotas 








$35,000 00 ir 

$40,000.00 1 

-'X of quota f 


I l9 57X| r 

oooxi r 


^ Sort ■ 


^ 1 Cleor 1 







QCtUOl 1 1 

Jl 1 


quote 1 1 

nil- ■ ■ 


Numerous built-in reporting options — totals, minimums, 
averages, maximums, even standard deviation — may be 
selected for any field or combination of fields. Reports may 
be previewed on-screen as they’ll be printed. Headers, 
footers, margins, and more can be easily set. 

How about some program limits? Each file can contain 
65,535 records. Each record can contain 1,023 fields. Each 
field can be — ready? — 32,767 characters in length. That’s 
about 5,400 words in a single field. In theory, it means that 
a single record could contain 5,400 words times 1,023 
fields, or 5,524,200 words! 

It gets silly. Let’s just say you won’t feel constrained by 

Extensive help files are found under the Apple menu. As 
always with Microsoft, the manual is excellent 

This kind of thing makes life difficult for the little guys. 
Without question. File is a superb database program. Maybe 
a bit “overenginccred,” but superb nonetheless. A few 
caveats: The program works hard to be this good. It docs 
work on a 128K machine, but it yearns for 512K. You’ll 
yearn also if your files become large. Add a hard disk and 
you’ve got a dependable, fast, loaded database system. Those 
who need the power and flexibility will love File; those who 
need only a few quick lists may feel overwhelmed. $195 

Odesta Corporation 

3186 Doolittle Drive, Northbrook, IL 60062 


Then there’s Helix, a program that causes problems for 
reviewers. The problem centers on Helix* ^ features. Helix 
has many, many, many features. To cite just one example, 
the Custom Paper menu option presents a dialog with 
choices for thirty different paper sizes, including Federal 
Express airbill. Lots of features are a plus, right? 

Then there’s the Helix interface. Is it Mac-like? Oh, boy, 
is it Mac-like! The program is awash in icons. Odesta calls 
the icons “tiles.” Tiles can be combined with other tiles to 
perform complex database functions. In a sense, the tiles are 
a visual database language, designed for manipulating fields, 
records, and files. 

Booting Helix is like entering the Space Shuttle. Helix is 
impressive, intimidating, and something that won’t be 
learned during a coffee break. 

Obviously, Helix is a sophisticated and powerful pro- 
gram. To find out more, we talked with computer store sales- 
people. Their impressions were these: Helix is powerful but 
not easily learned. It’s not for everyone and possibly the 
right choice for only a select few — those with tricky 
database needs and much time to learn the program’s intri- 
cacies. The program, in its present form, is also painfully 
slow and massively “overengineered.” In other words. Helix 
provides many options and great flexibility at the expense 
of simplicity and ease of learning. “Using Helix is a lot like 
tiling the bathroom,” was one memorable comment. 

If you need the options and have the time to learn the 
program, take a long look at Helix. The program requires 
512K. We also recommend using a hard disk for any but the 
simplest files — and anyone considering Helix should need 
more than a quick phone list. $395 

Microsoft File 


4 File Edit Icons Sporch lunt SUjie 



Patron's r«n«.Ust 

d,,' O' 1^ Q' 

Ifj- UitMit»-lil „p i.|, 

card" c»lc. exp asjtgn n«'n»,bor 

:4* m*ss*ge 

:P V*" ) js$tgt\ Mp message ard assign 

cardexpred city ,slat*^ip 


File Eim Icons 

j^j |^spnri;h I (inl S1t)l« 

Icons iments gfl^^ 

(Jr<iiih F'cijun n'iMT 

enter-look stocks bTT-- - 



loo* C naroe leek poet 

iiuiiij y lok^i " n 

total pa^d amt due person lindp7r*on| 


look stock^ 

f , — ^ ^ 

last name ■ person tayaway quill; 


Organizational Software Corporation 

2655 Campus Drive, Suite 150, San Mateo, CA 94403 
(415) 571-0222 

Omnis 2 

A complex, powerful database. This one is loaded with 
features. About all it lacks is a language for writing your 
own “custom'" database applications. If you need that feature, 
look at the next listing— 3 has everything offered by 
Omnis 2 and more. 

If you’re familiar with database programs on large main- 
frame computers, Omnis 2 will be a snap — and you’ll appre- 
ciate the many ways to juggle data and design reports. If 
you’re new to computers in general, and databases in parti- 
cular, you’ll probably be swamped and confused immedi- 
ately. It takes a while to get up to speed with Omnis 2, and 
you’ll need to plan your database carefully. 

Records may contain a maximum of twelve “pages,” and 
each page may contain a maximum of 120 fields. Each field 
may contain a maximum of sixty characters. 

Field attributes are many: character, numeric. Boolean, 
date, sequence, indexed, uniquely indexed, calculated, upper- 
case only, negatives allowed, zero shown empty, or delete 

protected. Uniquely indexed means this: You can’t enter a 
value that already exists in the same field of another record. 
Good for making sure the same check number doesn’t show 
up twice. Fields may also be flush right, flush left, or 

Selected fields may be indexed, which speeds searches but 
requires more space, shrinking the number of allowable 
fields. Unlike other database programs, Omnis 2 allows you 
to update or delete multiple records in one swipe. If you’ve 
got the nerve. 

Report design possibilities arc extensive but take some 
time to implement. Reports may contain headings, and por- 
tions of the report may be calculated from other information 
within the database. Totals, subtotals, and averages are 

On a brighter note, the program seems fairly priced. For 
$275, you get a package that, on other computers, could 
easily be in the $400 to $600 range. If you’re a “power” 
database user, you may have Omnis 2 jumping through 
hoops and appreciate — and use — the many features. If so, 
it’s recommended that you also have a hard disk; you 
wouldn’t want to insult this program with a mere handful of 
records. If you upgrade from Omnis 2 to Omnis J, you can 
transfer your files to the newer system. $275 

Omnis 3 

This database program, along with Helix from Odesta 
Corporation, represents the ultimate (for now, anyway) in 
“power databases.” Omnis 3 is both relational and hier- 
archical. It can be used as a stand-alone database program, or 
used to create custom “turn-key” databases for vertical mar- 
ket applications. Custom database applications arc created 
using a “database programming language” that gives full 
control over the program’s actions, including user-defined 
pull-down menus and dialog boxes. 

Omnis 3 users can define up to 1,400 fields per record, 
have up to twelve files open at once, and incorporate up to 
nine levels of password protection. 

The program can transfer files in several file formats, 
including DIF, SYLK, ASCII, and DBF, enabling data to be 
used by Jazz, Microsoft programs, and other applications. 

If you’re a for-hire database whiz, or have complex data- 
base needs, check this one out. $495 

ProVue Development Corporation 

222 22nd Street, Huntington Beach, CA 92648 
(714) 969-2431 


OverVue takes a different approach than other databases: It 
keeps all the records in RAM memory. This has good and 
bad consequences. The good part is that it’s fast — extremely 
fast. No going to disk for the next record or spinning the 
drive for minutes during sorting. The bad part is that the 
number of records is limited by available memory. On a 
128K machine, that’s about 500 to 700 records — fewer if the 
records have many or long fields. With 512K, the number of 
records zooms to several thousand. 

The display is column-oriented, much like a spreadsheet 
of rows and columns. The format makes data entry fast and 




4 rilo Print edit 

Analyze Moth Setup Attributes 
























LosPng* 1 *s 













OfiliTiili li'i'U'. 


Global Replace 

Select More 
Select All 
Select Summaries 
Select Reuerse 
Select Unique 

equollignore easel 
not equal 
less than 
v'^greoter than 
less or equal 
greater or equal 

1* Cnorg* Carri*r 


4 76 OTE 

21 OTE 


1 S3 OTE 


2 70 GTE 

72 OTE 

J j 

1 56 OTE 

1 56 OTE 

1.35 OTE 

.51 OTE 

30 OTE 

70 OTE 

23 OTE 


24 OTE 

1.00 OTE 

2 30 OTE 


51 OTE 


'ii i: ll:f! ll:il ilililili iiiiii'iiliftif O 


keeps a maximum amount of information on-screen. Also, 
like spreadsheets, OverVue lets you enter equations into 
fields or create fields computed from some (or all) of the 
information in other fields. With practice, you can become 
both fast and clever at manipulating data. 

Field types include text, numeric, money, date, and 
Boolean (yes or no). Numeric fields can be displayed as a 
running total or difference. Calculated fields are entered with 
spreadsheet-like equations from data in each record. Equation 
operators include sophisticated string operators for concat- 
enation, and formation of substrings by characters or words. 

Another type of record, a “summary record,” can be cre- 
ated from information in existing records. Summary records 
can be established arbitrarily or by categories. Fields in 
summary records can be column totals, averages, counts of 
items since last summary, or minimum or maximum values 
in a column. Data can be sorted or selected by any field. 

Report generation is easy and flexible. Reports are de- 
signed with an Edit Report Template from the Print menu. 
Report fields are dragged to the desired position. Up to eight 
report formats may be saved for each file. 

The program has some inconsistencies. Selecting one 
field of a record, then hitting backspace, deletes an entire 
record. That particular mistake can't be “Undone.” Cautious 
users will save frequently and take advantage of the Revert 
option to retrieve lost data. Although lists may be pasted on 
the Clipboard for transfer to other applications, outside data 
can't be pasted into OverVue, 

Look for these improvements in future releases: mail- 
merge capability, pie and bar charts for displaying data, a 
zoom feature for taking a closer look at records, a keystroke 
macro facility, and the ability to append OverVue files and 
bring in data from other documents. 

This is a good product, especially suited to records with 
short data fields and information that lends itself to a row 
and column format: addresses, checkbook ledgers, bowling 
scores, or batting averages. $295 

SofTech Microsystems 

16875 West Bernardo Drive, San Diego, CA 92127 
(800) 451-8080; (800) 824-7867 or 
(619)451-1230 in California 


A list, label, and form letter generator. Works with Mac- 
Write or Microsoft Word, Allows you to create and sort 
records, then merge the records into word processing files or 
use them “stand-alone” for labels or lists. Also merges 
MacPaint files into documents. $119 

4 File Etllt 

I Selections Attributes Font 

First address XF 

Lost address XL 

Delete this oddress 
Delete selected addresses 

✓Sort on Indeii 





^ XS 


USA ll 




Define default... 




4321 Easy Street 





Son Dieg(fCA|92l23 






Software Discoveries, Inc. 

99 Crestwood Road, Tolland, CT 06084 
(203) 872-1024 


A forms-based database for general filing needs. Forms are 
created much like forms in Microsoft File, by dragging and 
pulling “field windows” to the desired position on the 
screen. The program features an index file that can be shown 
and updated, a report generator, and limited graphics capa- 
bilities. $149 

Software International Limited 

32 High Street, Tring, Hertfordshire, England, HP23 5AA 
0442 82 7933 


No, it doesn't have anything to do with Apple's Laser- 
Writer. This is a database recently introduced by a firm in 
England. The company is currently arranging for U.S. 
distribution. Write for more information. 


Software Publishing Corporation 

1901 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 962-8910 

PFS:File and PFS:Report 

Both programs are big sellers on other computers. PFS:File 
is a forms-orienlcd file-management program. You design the 
form, then enter the information. Forms can be designed to 
resemble their paper counterparts, but this procedure is 
awkward and un-Macish. Field name length is variable, but 
remember to end each field name with a colon. PFS:File 
allows searching for records in a variety of ways, including 
wildcard characters. 

File generates simple reports. For calculated fields, or 
more extensive formatting of reports, PFS:Report is re- 
quired. Together, the programs are flexible, with many 
features, but they appear to have been rushed to market 
without careful attention to Macintosh conventions. The 
strength of the PFS line is simplicity of use; on Macintosh, 
File and Report are not that simple. $195 

d File Edit I 

I Formats 

Fill m page I o 

tost field •! 

Find forms 
Rdd forms 
Print this form 
Remoue this form 

Print forms 

Remoue forms 

Count forms 

Copy forms 
Copy design only 

Change design 


Stoneware, Inc. 

50 Belvedere Street, San Rafael, CA 94901 
(415) 454-6500 

DB Master 

A fast, advanced database package and a proven success on 
other Apple computers and IBMs. The Macintosh version 
retains the program's strongest feature — the ability to work 
with databases that span multiple disks. DD Master data- 
bases can span up to forty-four disks or fill twenty mega- 
bytes on a hard disk. 

Other program parameters are also large. Records can 
hold up to 100 fields or 3,000 characters of text (each record 
can be a single large text field, if you wish). Screen record 
forms can hold a maximum of 100 lines. In practice, you'll 
run out of memory if you try for all the maximums in one 

More features: Each record may contain up to twenty 
computed fields, based on formulas up to 240 characters in 

ft File Edit Report Record 

1 Find or Edit Records - Cities 


Stote [OH 


nountoms|N I 
Oceon|N I 

aa aaaiaQa [I'QaaaTaf 

Income After Tax [2501 7 | Housm o Cost [105000 
Job Growth X |6 | State Income Tax |f 

UnennDlo^nent |l I | Utilities Vearl u |l6l8 

00 I 

Sunshine > 1 

geenamilc flmntuniEfB 

cjaaaaa? ggatta ya] 

Growing Season wks |3 | July HigtL[T~ 

DB Master 

length. Computed fields can hold constants, math or logical 
values, or other field values. 

Fields may be either text, number, or date. Number fields 
may have seventeen numbers preceding the decimal point 
and cither two or no digits following the decimal. Automatic 
“date stamping" of records is optional. Text can be dis- 
played in one of nine fonts, six styles, and five sizes — a 
welcome change from other databases. 

DD Master is broken into two programs, a “Use" applica- 
tion and a “Create" application. To design databases, you 
use “Create." You can then ditch “Create" to gain disk space 
and use “Use" to enter and manipulate information. 

Designing reports, unfortunately, is an awkward process. 
If you change your mind during design, you're essentially 
forced to start designing all over again. Once created, 
reports can be sent to the screen, printer, or disk. The 
program also makes use of the wide-carriage I mage writer. 

Telos Software Products 

3420 Ocean Park Boulevard, Santa Monica, CA 90405 
(800) 554-2469; (800) 368-3813 or 
(213) 450-2424 in California 


A unique graphic database. It's hard to imagine Filevision 
on any other computer. Here, the data is pictorial; graphic 
objects represent records in a file. Each graphic object has 
an associated form that stores information. Each picture can 
contain many different types of objects; each type's 
information can have a different form layout. To sec more 
information about an object in a picture, point and click. 
The object's form, with additional information, will be 
retrieved and displayed. Filevision drawings may be printed 
with certain items highlighted. 

Filevision makes you realize that many types of infor- 
mation should be presented as pictures and words, not 
merely words. A classic demo, included with the program, 
shows the human eye. To get more information about the 
inferior rectus muscle, for example, you click the inferior 
rectus muscle; up comes a conventional on-screen record 



» nie Edit 

Tinker Tent Symbols lines Shades 



Dpllt Neiue 

ndd another 


ArterMS V#ku Of E«j*bill 


f Prev) [Next] Annototion: (21 total) 


(not fillcd-in, unfortunately; this is, after all, only an 

Drawings are created in a window flanked by a scaled- 
down set of familiar MacPaintiMacDraw tools, with a few 
additions. Objects may be drawn “free-mouse” or made up of 
straight lines, rectangles, squares, ovals, or circles. The full 
range of stretch, shrink, cut, paste, move, and copy is 
supported. Objects may be overlapped, hidden, or high- 

Beyond — and connected to — the pictures are words. 
There's a full-scale database program lurking here, with all 
the typical database features, all well implemented. On a 

128K machine, Filevision can support 300 to 500 records, 
depending on the size of each record. With 512K, the 
program supports up to 999 records for each drawing file. 

Filevision is ideally suited to many applications. Click a 
chicken leg to sec chicken leg recipes. Okay, that’s a trivial 
example. How about this: Click parts of a structure to sec a 
record of structural stress ratings. Better? Or click Utah for 
records of salespeople and quotas in Utah. Or see — not 
merely list — your inventory. Or plan booth allocation at a 
trade show. The educational uses alone are profound. 

This is one of the better-produced products available for 
Macintosh. The manual is a class act, and many example 
files are on disk. The manufacturer, Telos Software Products, 
is a $54 million corporation that builds software to control 
satellite orbiLs, operate spacebome television cameras, and 
do other high-tech stuff for NASA. They’re also big in mini- 
computer and mainframe software. They also, obviously, 
have some hot programmers. 

The success of Filevision may hinge on the support of 
Filevision users and outside companies. Despite the ease of 
manipulating graphic data, most people still can’t draw well, 
even given good graphic tools. Predrawn graphic templates 
are needed. To date, a number of Filevision templates have 
appeared on various bulletin board systems (most are found 
on CompuServe), and Telos seems committed to serving as a 
clearinghouse for templates; but few commercial templates 
have been introduced. 

Another reason for templates: Filevision won’t (yet, any- 
way) accept drawings from MacPaint or MacDraw, a puzzling 
drawback in an excellent program. V/e suspect this is a 
problem the company is working to correct. $195 

Special Interest 


Let’s pause to mourn the chapters that aren’t in this book: Expert Sys- 
tems, Scientific, Home Control, and Vertical Market Software. Maybe 
even Personal Growth Software. 

If enough (or any) products existed in these categories, they’d have 
their own chapters, just like “Games,” “Graphics,” and “Souped-up 
Macs.” But they don’t, so they don’t. Instead, we grouped the few prod- 
ucts for statistics, science, and vertical applications, then stuck them into 
this chapter: Special Interest Software. Catchy title, huh? 

The reasons for their absence are many. Vertical market software — 
written for use in specific industries — has never really gotten off the 
ground for small computers. Spend $125,000 for a minicomputer and you 
can probably find software to help run your gas station; spend $3,000 for a 
Macintosh and you’ll have to tailor a more general accounting package to 
your special needs. To be fair, the minicomputer software might set you 
back $1,000 or more; those prices aren’t uncommon for large-computer 

Developers look at the potential market and charge accordingly. More 
people play games than run gas stations. 

A deluge of vertical market software is always promised. The deluge 
isn’t here yet for Macintosh, though a few good programs do exist. The 
Tess Data Systems medical package is one. A banking package from 
Simple Software also shows promise. Legal Billing and other products 
from Satori Software are proven on other machines and will soon have 
Macintosh versions. But the choices are few. 

Also lacking is a range of software for scientists, science students, and 
science hobbyists. This one hurts. The Macintosh offers big computer 
speed (needed in many scientific applications) in a small, inexpensive box. 
The 68000 microprocessor is a mighty microprocessor, brimming with 
registers. Hard disks are available for massive amounts of data storage. 
Even the language FORTRAN, beloved by the scientific community for 
crunching numbers, is available for Macintosh. All that’s missing are the 

Maybe they will come. Maybe they’re being written now, in schools 
of the Apple University Consortium, where Macintoshes are being pur- 
chased (and used) by the truckload. 

Special Interest 


For now, scientists have a good statistics package from Northwest 
Analytical and more general programs like TKISolver — a program so 
general in scope that we listed it in the Business chapter. 

Expert systems, some think, are a chimera. Articles about expert sys- 
tems were the rage last year. Venture capitalists funded anybody who 
wanted to create expert software. Even the giant Lotus Development Cor- 
poration (developer of 1-2-3 for the IBM PC and Jazz for Macintosh) 
looked into expert systems. 

The idea of expert systems is simple. Experts in a particular field are 
exhaustively interviewed. Their knowledge is then condensed into a set of 
logical “rules.” The rules are coded into a computer program. When the 
program is run, it asks questions, applies the applicable rules, then 
displays, “It seems you’ve got a bent crankshaft there. Jack, based upon 
rules 2, 1 1, 34, and 54.” Or something similar. 

A great idea. The execution must be harder than the conception, 
though; there are no expert systems for Macintosh. A few exist for other 
microcomputers, but they’re still primitive programs — fascinating to play 
with, but not ready to give advice on nuclear reactor maintenance. 

Home control is easier, but home control software is something that’s 
never become popular. Run your sprinklers (or your furnace) with a com- 
puter? It’s not difficult. Write a program, buy a box to interface with your 
household circuitry, and run your icemaker (or your home security system) 
with planning and intelligence. A good idea, but you can’t do it on Mac- 
intosh. The software and interfaces aren’t available. 

An aside: Steve Wozniak, Apple’s co-founder, thought that home con- 
trol would be a big thing for the Apple II. It wasn’t. Disappointing. 

Again, it comes down to The Market. Many people collect stamps. Do 
enough people collect stamps to persuade Microsoft to write Microsoft 
Stampl Nah. 

Generality rules. Maybe we need general programs that allow us to 
write specific programs. (And we don’t mean programming languages, 
either. Real people don’t program in Pascal.) 

About now, you may be thinking, “Enough! There are already hun- 
dreds of programs for Macintosh.” And you’re right. There are. Soon there 
will be thousands of programs available. 

Let’s hope they’re not all trivia games. 


Vertical Market 

Erez Anzel 

5800 Arlington Avenue, Suite 5T, Riverdale, NY 10471 
(212) 884-5798 


Software to analyze statically determinate beams. Users can 
add, change, or remove any load from the beam or change 
any beam parameter at any time, with the results instantly 
shown. A fully descriptive, high-resolution diagram of 
loading, shear, moment, and deflection is standard. Loads 
may consist of any number of concentrated forces, applied 
moments, and trapezoidal or uniformly distributed loads of 
any length, anywhere along the length of the beam. There’s 
more, but you get the idea. In all, a well designed and 
speedy program that makes good use of the Macintosh inter- 
face. Highly recommended, if you have a use for this kind of 
thing. $95 (plus $3 shipping); demo disk, $10 

Beam length is 
Left support is 
Right support is 




The left support 
is of type: 

0 roller 
O fiHBd 


ft from left end of beam. 

ft from left end of beam. 

The right support 
is of type: 

(D roller 
O Owed 
O none 

The ualue of El Is 



[ OK ) [ Cancel ) 

' 4 file Edit Requesis Options lUindou) Bdd... Settings Updating ^ 

sample ■■ ^ 

$«nx>V Cofnp«jlKJ*t 11:35:45 AM on 12, 1985 

1^3 -L0&3 1X^3 -1^^ 

• /\ /\ A ’ 

. . -0.333E2 

■"N. \ 604f3 

. .>w<< . -1 ^4E3 

■ - \ 2 344E-3 

. . 

..: >2 344E-5 

1 • lV6I lI' 4 'Li'S 1 ■ LV2 I 2 l'/3' 3l'/ 4 l5L'/6 ' l« 

.. 0.0 ecto 12D0 18 00 24.00 30 00 


Aurora Systems, Inc. 

2423 American Lane, Madison, Wl 53704 
(608) 249-5875 


A “decision support tool” designed to help the financial 
service industry cope with deregulation. CRTplus performs a 
variety of fixed financial calculations including CD and early 
withdrawal analysis, IRA account analysis, installment loan 
alternatives, loan amortization, and taxable versus nontax- 
able investment strategies. Also, users can define up to forty 
additional calculations. CRTplus provides personalized print- 
ed output, if desired. This product is expected to be released 
for the Macintosh in late 1985. Call or write for more 

Computer Identics Corporation 

5 Shawmut Road, Canton, MA 02021 

(800) 622-2633, (617) 821-0830 in Massachusetts 

Mac-Barcode System 

The Mac-Barcode System generates and reads bar code labels 
like the ones on canned foods, magazines, software pack- 
aging, and thousands of other products. The system includes 
Mac-Barcode software, which generates bar code labels, and 
Scanstar-Mac, a decoding unit that reads and automatically 
distinguishes the most commonly used bar codes. Labels are 
printed using the Imagewriter. Bar code information is read 
with a heavy-duty, stainless steel light pen supplied with 
the Scanstar-Mac. A digital light pen, handheld laser scan- 
ner, and slot reader are also available. 

The system is targeted at businesses that want to monitor 
inventory control, filing, work in progress, point-of-sale 
operations, security, and training. Labels meet the require- 
ments of the automotive, health care, food processing, and 
packaging industries, as well as the Department of Defense’s 
LOGMARS program. Mac-Barcode, $395; Scanstar-Mac, 


Special Interest 

special Interest 


Da Poma, Inc. 

Software Programming Center 

P.O. Drawer H, Hondo, TX 78861 
(512) 426-5932 

Da Poma GB grade book emulation 
Software to record and calculate class grades. Da Poma GD 
allows student scores to be weighted individually or by type, 
and grade breakpoints to be adjusted to fit grading needs. 
Optionally, three standard breakpoints can be used: Texas 
standard (70 percent lowest passing), proposed Texas stand- 
ard (no D’s), and traditional standard. 

Da Poma GD is available in two versions. The 512K 
Macintosh “university" version handles more students than 
the 128K “elementary” version. Both versions allow com- 
ments to be attached to each student’s score record. 

Both versions can also display a class’s “raw scores” in a 
form similar to spiral-bound grade books. Reports of indi- 
vidual student grades and class grades can also be generated. 
The Clipboard can be used to transfer reports to a com- 
munications program, if desired. 128K version, $75; 512K 
version, $150 

Assign Grade Period Grades 

Display option Window # 

Printer O 

Weight By Category O 
’1 1% ^1 

Sum across calegorys • 

Drop Lowest Score NO # 


1 O 

In C«tagoiv{s) 

2 0 3 0 

Grading Standard Texas O 

New Texas O 

Traditional • 

( OK ) 

( Cancel ) 

Da Poma GB 

Harris Technical Systems 

624 Peach Street, Box 80837, Lincoln, NE 68501 
(800) 228-4091, (402) 476-281 1 in Nebraska 

AgDisk agricultural templates 
Harris Technical Systems was founded by Harris Lab- 
oratories, Inc., the world’s largest agricultural testing 
laboratory. Harris Technical Systems markets agricultural 
software for many brands of microcomputers. 

For Macintosh, Harris markets a series of Microsoft 
Multiplan templates for farm and ranch management. The 
titles currently offered for Macintosh are Business Manage- 
ment^ Cow-Calf Herd Management, CroplLivestock Profit 
Projector, Crop Management, Farm Machinery Management , 
Feedlot Cattle Management, Swine Farrowing Management, 
and Swine Finishing Management. 

The templates began life, it seems, as VisiCalc templates 
for use on other computers. Each template has been modified 
for use with Multiplan, and each is a carefully crafted piece 
of work, unlike some of the “quickie” template programs 
available. The templates are uniformly well-designed and 
highly recommended. 

Let’s take a typical template package: Swine Farrowing 
Management. The templates included on disk are: feeder 
production, farrow-to-finish, sow productivity, gestation cal- 
endar, ration analysis, feed comparison, and ration form- 
ulation. The feeder production template presents you with 
seventeen “results,” after you’ve entered die necessary data. 
The results include total cost per litter, feeder pig sales per 
litter, cull sow sales per litter, feeder pig production per 
litter, the necessary selling price of feeder pigs to cover the 
total cost per litter, profit and return to management per 
litter, and other calculations. 

Manuals provided with each package are clear and 
readable. Each template is illustrated and explained in the 
manual. Formulas are listed for all calculations. Each 
package, $95 

<1^ File Edit Select Format Options Calculate 

1 1 2 






WORKSHEET FOR farrow-to-finish ANALYSIS 




• (DAYS) ; 



\ a) 






1 I 


• (t/LiT): 






: ($/LIT) 



: (J/LIT) 





. <S/LIT) 


death rate as a percentage of sows per litter : (y.) 




t Q 

u.Ti-uT nr rill i cnu/c . 

: /rviiTA : 

^ lo 


Swine Farrowing Management 

Healthcare Communications, Inc. 

249 Cherry Hill Boulevard, Lincoln, NE 68510 
(402) 489-0391 


A complete, sophisticated package for dental offices. Con- 
sists of seven integrated programs: ADA Codes, Billing, 
City/States, Insurance, Patients, Repair, and Reports. The 
system handles accounting functions and allows office 
managers to analyze dental practice by daily production and 
by producer. The program generates a number of detailed 
reports and makes good use of the Macintosh interface. The 
software is sold as part of a package that includes a 


Macintosh, two Imagewritcr printers, a print spooler, hard 
disk, backup power supply, keypad, custom forms and 
statements, one year of support, and a warranty for all 
software and hardware. Current Macintosh owners can inquire 
about other options. The system may also be leased; call for 
information. Complete system, $12,900 

Princeton Research Software 

P.O. Box 2398, Princeton, NJ 08540 

Two hundred and fifty MacPaint images of electronic chips, 
for use in circuit design. The images are based on 7400 chip 
layout standards. $39.95 

RealData, Inc. 

P.O. Box 691, Southport, CT 06490 
(203) 255-2732 

Real estate templates 

Real estate templates for use with Multiplan. Income Pro- 
ducing Real Estate includes cash flow/sensitivity analysis 
templates, annual property operating schedule templates, and 
others. General Financial Analysis includes six models: 
personal financial statement, critical ratio analysis, lease 
versus buy, and others. Commercial Real Estate Develop- 
ment includes extensive project cost analysis, a multi-unit 
income and expense schedule, and a lease-tracking model. 
Residential Real Estate includes a market analysis by linear 
regression template, a mortgage qualifier template, and a rent 
versus buy analysis template. 

With the purchase of all four packages, financial calc- 
ulator models are included at no extra charge. Each package, 
$100; all four packages of templates, $325 

Rune Software 

80 Eureka Square, Suite 214, Pacifica, CA 94044 

The Electronic PAD 

A computer-aided circuit design and simulation system. 
Available in versions for both the 128K and 512K Mac- 
intosh. PAD provides nine primitive logic functions, 
selected from a palette similar to the tools palette in Mac- 
Paint. The primitives are AND, OR, INVERTER, NAND, 
primitives are placed on the screen and connected to form 
circuits. Operation of the circuits can then be simulated on- 

The 512K version of the program incorporates a “macro 
library” to simplify the task of designing. Using the li- 
brary, designers can define custom or standard packages to 
be used as new primitive functions. The logic and fault 
simulator will then automatically seek the modules and use 
the circuit requested by the macro. 128K version without 
macro capability, $395; 512K version with macro capa- 
bility, $595; Macintosh XL version with macro capability, 
$595; upgrade to 512K with macro capability for owners of 
128K version, $225 

The Electronic PAD 

Satori Software 

5507 Woodlawn Avenue North, Seattle, WA 981 03 
(206) 633-1469 

A group of special interest programs, successful on other 
computers, now being rewritten for Macintosh. 

Accountant Billing 

A program for professional time billing with features similar 
to Legal Billing (see below). $595 

Bulk Mailer 

Software for making labels for mass mailings. The software 
is designed for businesses and organizations that maintain a 
“moderate size mailing list.” The program prints 1, 2, 3, 
and 4 across mailing labels, sorts by zip code, and accepts 
nine-digit zip codes. We found the Macintosh version 
limited in conception and flexibility. Only a few fields are 
allowed, and many Macintosh features are not used. Why 
not, instead, use one of the many databases that also do 
mailing labels? For the price, not recommended. $125 

4 J^nie Edit Entry Search Eormot Style Sort 

Bulk Mailer 

Special Interest 

Special Interest 


Inventory Manager 

Keeps records of your current level of inventory, average 
cost and average sale price, vendor, stock on order, reorder 
point, margins, and more. Prints a list of stock sold, sorted 
by gross profit. Also provides analysis by major product 
categories. Prints a suggested order list and specific purchase 
order for each vendor. Many options and features: lists 
names of vendors and addresses, prints a data worksheet, 
allows multiple vendors and multiple prices, totals all orders 
over a selected period. 

The Macintosh version is planned for release in late 
1985. $350 

Legal Billing 

A billing package for small to medium-sized law firms. 
Accepts up to 200 clients and has room for 3,500 trans- 
actions. Allows up to eighteen lawyers with billing rates 
and up to thirty-six action codes (credits, client advances, or 
time slips). 

Many parameter-controlled reports: lawyer time report, 
listing of time/credit slips, client aging report, and 
time/credit slip search. Billing statements arc detailed and 
include date, kind of service, forty-character remark field, 
time, and amount. Prior balances and credits are also printed. 

Simple Software 

220 Redwood Highway, Mill Valley, CA 94941 
(415) 381-2650 


A specialized telecommunications package, sold to banks, to 
allow home-banking services via modem. (Banks in some 
larger cities arc offering bank-by-modcra options to their 

The software is currently available only to financial 
institutions, but Simple Software is also working on a pack- 
age for home users that will include personal finance 
capabilities. Financial institutions should write for more 
information. Home users should wait a few months, then 
write for information. 


P.O. Box 23202, Santa Barbara, CA 93121 
(805) 962-0587 

RJE, Pro-1 

Real estate templates for use with Multiplan. Includes 
templates for cash flow projections, interest problems, profit 
and loss statements, property operating schedules, depre- 
ciation analysis, income analysis, syndication options, and 
buy versus lease computations. Also includes a “forty-disk 
storage container** and 200-pagc “Monthly Payment Refer- 
ence Guide.” $150 

Systems/Services Engineering 

3648 Eastern Drive, Dayton, OH 45432 
(513) 429-2709 

Water and wastewater treatment templates 

Five templates for use in water and wastewater treatment 


Data Handling System provides for the storage of data, 
calculation of parameters, and generation of reports, in- 
cluding NPDES, annual, and user-defined. Data is easily 
graphed for trend analysis and report presentations. Data 
Handling System requires Multiplan. 

Also offered, for use with PFS:FilelReport, are Equipment 
Record System (for maintaining records on plant and office 
equipment). Tool Record System (for maintaining records on 
all tools). Scheduled Work System (for controlling and 
documenting preventive maintenance activities), and Un- 
scheduled Work System (for controlling and documenting 
work orders). 

Data Handling System, $599; Equipment Record System, 
$495; Scheduled Work System, %%9 5; Tool Record Sys- 
tem, $495; Unscheduled Work System, $695 

rile Edit Select Format Options Calculate ^ ^ 

I ir^ 3 






0 0 





AB "1 

AB "2 

AB •! 

AB "2 






MO /I 







3 484 





8 2- 



. 3 232. 








3 88? 











JA , 











..3.^1l . 








0 5p, 

3 990 














. ^ ’2?- 


_. 3220. 




1 30” 







.0 ?p 

3 877 












— _9A. 



3 452, 




-■■2 5- 





2 93 

58 573 



36 5 

43 0 

97 1 



0 59 

3 661 




2 7 

6 1 




4 122 




















1 ; ’ 


■ ■ ' ' > i' ‘ 

t J 


Data Handling System 

Data Handling System 


Tess Data Systems, Inc. 

17070 Red Oak Drive, Suite 403-B, Houston, TX 77090 
(713) 440-6943 


A Macintosh with 64K of RAM. 

Jusl kidding. 

DietMac is a program designed to help you eat wisely, 
learn about food, and plan menus. This is the kind of pro- 
gram that you joke about while waiting for it to arrive. 

When DietMac arrived, we cut the jokes. This is a well- 
designed programming effort that allows you to analyze 
meals and recipes and plan menus based on specific require- 
ments. Essentially, it*s a specialized database. The program 
displays food composition in terms of twenty-three nu- 
trients, including ten vitamins and five minerals. It prints 
out a detailed menu, giving totals for each meal and for the 
entire day. 

The program has twenty-five types of food in the data- 
base and can store details on approximately 700 separate 
food items. The database can be searched for low, medium, 
or high values in the following areas: calories, carbo- 
hydrates, protein, fat, cholesterol, and sodium. 

This is one of our favorites — one of the few programs 
we’ll go back to for use and exploration. Tess was one of 
the first companies to develop software for the Lisa, and 
their work with the now-famous “icon-based user interface” 
is used to good advantage in DietMac. This isn’t a quickie 
program; it’s a professional job that fits Macintosh pre- 
cisely, marred only by numerous misspellings in the pro- 
gram and manuals. It should be invaluable to professional 
dietitians, a delight to anyone interested in nutrition, and a 
good example of “the Macintosh way” for other developers. 

It’s also a large program, occupying over 172K on disk. 
Because of its size, creation of only one day’s menu at a 
time is possible on a 128K Macintosh. Using the program 
to its best advantage requires a 512K Macintosh. The 
program can also be installed on a hard disk for improved 
performance. $79 

^ File Edit 






Set Ranges For 
Calories Etc. 

Calories T,edium From 

Carb Medium From 

Tolol Fat. Medium From 
Cholest . . .Medium From 
Protein . Medium From 
Sodium . . Mediue Froe 



















[ OK 


r, . . 


Compos 1 1 i on 
0 Total Fat 
0 Unsot Fot 
0 Sat Fat 
0 Cholest 
Ui tom I ns 
0 B1 
0 B6 
0 C 

0 Miocin 
0 Pont Acid 

0 Potassium 
0 Sodium 

Caloplos . 


Cholest. . 


Meal . . 


Corb . 

Protein. . 


Food Group 


Total Fal 

Sodiun. . . 


Course . 


Food Tgpe 


[ Find ] 

[ ^»MTIIS ] 


TessSystem One 

A medical accounts receivable and billing package for the 
512K Macintosh and Macintosh XL. The 512K Mac version 
requires a ten-megabyte hard disk. 

The program is designed to service small to medium-sized 
medical offices. Up to 32,000 patients can be managed by 
the system. The number of active accounts is user-definable. 
Patient files can be “archived” out of active files at will, 
then brought back into the system when necessary. Up to 
two insurance companies per patient can be handled. In- 
surance forms can be printed individually or in batches. The 
system uses standard AMA-approved forms and handles CPT 
and ICDA codes. 

Return appointments can be made directly from the trans- 
action entry template. A month-at-a-glance window includes 
buttons that allow the appointment book to be accessed 
with a single click. 

Transaction entries may include procedures (which, in 
turn, may include CPT or BC/BS codes), diagnoses, place of 
service, source of payment, form of payment, and type of 
adjustment, if any. Posting to all appropriate accounts is 
done automatically. The program prints a daily log of all 
transactions similar to the “day sheet” used in manual 

Billing statements include account aging to over 120 
days. Delinquency messages can be included on the state- 
ments. Aging of accounts is automatic. 

A list processing module allows data to be examined in 
various ways that can be customized. Daily and monthly 
activity reports and accounts aging reports are generated. 
Month-to-date and year-to-date summaries of payments, ad- 
justments, and writeoff are also available. 

Many other features are part of this package. Like other 
software from Tess Data Systems, the program is well-fitted 
to the Macintosh, clear, and extremely easy to use, despite 
its wealth of features and functions. $1,995 


Special interest 


TessSystem One 


Heyden & Son, Inc. 

247 South 41st Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 
(215) 382-6673 


The award for “Best Stand-Alone Press Release Description” 
goes to Heyden & Son for the following explanation of 

A package for statisticians, social scientists, 
students, managers, and others who need to 
analyze data sets. StatWorks Includes statistical 
routines for simple regression, multiple 
regression, polynomial regression, a full range of 
descriptive statistics, t-test, cross-tabulations, 
normality tests, Kolomogorov-Smirnov test, and 
one-way and two-way ANOVA. Nonparametric 
routines include Mann-Whitney U-test, Wilcoxon 
signed rank test, Spearman’s correlation 
coefficient, Kendall’s correlation coefficient, and 
Kruskal-Wallis and Friedman tests. All tests 
Include significance levels. Regressions have full 
output, including coefficient window, ANOVA 
window, and residual analysis window. 

StatWorks can accept data from many sources, including 
the keyboard, mainframe and minicomputers (via Mac- 
Terminal), and other application programs such as MacPaint, 
MaeWrite, Multiplan, Chart, and Jazz, Data can be cut and 
pasted between datafiles to create new datafiles. The max- 
imum file size, according to the developer, is 50,000 data 
points on a 512K Mac and 1,500 data points on a 12SK 
Mac. Statistical calculations arc carried out to nineteen 

Results of analysis can be printed using line plots, 
scatter plots, histograms, 3-D scatter plots and histograms, 
and (it says here) Box and Whisker plots. $99.95 



865 East 400 North, Kaysville, UT 94037 

Number Cruncher Statistical System 
A loaded stat package, written in Microsoft BASIC. The 
program is menu-driven, uses the mouse extensively, comes 
with comprehensive documentation, and performs input 
error-checking. It handles statistical procedures, descriptive 
statistics, regression analysis, analysis of variance, 
nonparametric tests, contingency tables, plots, transfor- 
mations, and more. 

Number Cruncher also has extensive database features: 
ASCII file input, sorting, file subsets, missing values, data 
recoding, interactive input, edit, append, and still more — up 
to thirty-two variables and up to 32,000 observations. 

Dr. James Carpenter, writing in Byte magazine (April 
1984), said, “This unpretentious program performs many 
tasks simply and well. ..the regression results using the 
Longlcy data were among the most accurate of any program 
tested. For the most part. Number Cruncher was a pleasure to 
use and devoid of unpleasant surprises.” Requires Microsoft 
BASIC. $152 

Northwest Analytical, Inc. 

520 N.W. Davis, Portland, OR 97209 
(503) 224-7727 

NWA Statpak 

A high-powered statistical package, written in (and re- 
quiring) Microsoft BASIC. 

Don’t be fooled by the above sentence. This is a full- 
featured collection of programs for statistical analysis. The 
package wasn’t written yesterday; it’s been long available 
for other computers. The individual programs, we assume, 
are thoroughly debugged and as fast as BASIC will allow 
them to be. In most cases, for samples of reasonable size, 
speed won’t be a problem. 

Even the fussiest statistician will find little to complain 
about in the selection of programs that make up the 
package. The broad categories arc data management, data 


^ 4 lilt! Edit SfNirth Run Uiindoius 

manipulation, reporting, probability calculations, single- 
variable statistics, regression and correlation, nonparamctric 
statistics, distribution functions, means testing, chi-square 
analysis, and analysis of variance. 

A number of programs arc included for each category. 
Under regression and correlation, for example, arc found 
single-variable regression with multiple curve fits, poly- 
nomial regression, residual analysis, multi-way correlation, 
auto-correlation, cross-correlation, Fourier analysis, and 
multiple linear regression with forward stepping, backward 
elimination, and interactive mode. Take a breath. 

The programs all run off a single menu. The screens are 
clear and easy to understand — even if you don't exactly 
understand what the program is for. Limited but effective use 
is made of the mouse. A newer version of the software that 
makes full use of the Macintosh interface and the features of 
Microsoft BASIC 2.00 is expected. 

The program creates text-only files, ideal for moving into 
\Word^ MaeWrite, Multiplan, Microsoft Chart, or other appli- 
cations. A very thorough manual, contained in a loosc-Icaf 
binder, is clear and helpful. Recommended. $395 



1110 South Alma School Road, Suite 5-282, 

Mesa, AZ 85202 

Weights & Measures 

Weights &. Measures is a utility that performs unit con- 
versions: meters to miles, Fahrenheit to Celsius, liters to 
gallons, knots to miles per hour, and more. Requires 
Microsoft BASIC. $19.95 

CSS Weights & Measures 


451 2-B Speedway, Austin, TX 78751 
(512) 451-4269 


A scries of templates, based on the periodic chart of 
elements, for use with Filevision from Telos Software. Very 
well done (Telos uses them to show off Filevision) and very 
instructional. Every element in the universe; think of it. The 
program takes up a good chunk of disk space, over 70K, so 
a second drive is recommended. $29.95 

it nit* Edit Types Tinker Ten! Symbols Lines Shades 

Special Interest 

Special Interest 

34 sciENrriFic 

Heizer Software 

5120 Coral Court, Concord, CA 94521 
(415) 827-9013 


Seventy-six precise logarithmic templates on three disks, 
presented as MacPaint documents. Also includes a Log Tool- 
box — a MacPaint document filled with rulers, grids, and 
tools for creating custom templates. Well done and a lot 
easier than making the templates yourself. $39.95 

PCA Software 

P.O. Box 1231, Arlington. TX 76010 
(817) 860-5498 

Scientific Analysis Programs 

Scientific and numerical analysis modules written in Micro- 
soft BASIC that solve linear, nonlinear, real, and complex 
equations. They also compute the sample mean, standard 
deviation, and variance for a given set of grouped or un- 
grouped sample data; solve matrix equations and inverses; 
solve polynomial equations for roots, whether real or com- 
plex; calculate the coefficients of multi-binomial expres- 
sions — and more. Requires Microsoft BASIC. Two program 
disks, $35; manual, $15 (plus $5 shipping and handling) 


27 Gilson Road, West Lebanon, NH 03784 
(603) 643-1471 

The DNA Inspector 

Wanna create life in a test tube, but you’re fearful of 
unleashing your creation into the world untested? This 
program may be for you! The D!^A Inspector is a set of 
Microsoft BASIC programs for analyzing genes, developed 
by a molecular biologist. The programs can perform com- 
plete restriction enzyme and base composition analyses and 
can search DNA for specific sequences, for palindromes, or 
for possible protein coding regions. Different genes or 
fragments of DNA can be joined to produce new “recom- 
binant DNAs” for further analysis. Several other functions 
can be performed. The current version of DNA Inspector 
requires Microsoft BASIC 1.00. The company is readying a 
more Macish version for use with Microsoft BASIC 2.00. A 
must buy for anyone interested in DNA. $109 

ffie ONR Inspector... Bose Composition ; ' r*?'' ~ 

Analysisof DiosU2 Date 0‘^-20- 196*1 

LengUi of DNA *4^7 NucleoUdes Analyzed 1 to *457 

1 GC Content 

■MiMiMsii V 1 :: -Ef -Iff v.n u g ii — ■ ii 

00 o'l 02 oS 04 oS 0*6 0*7 0*8 0*9 l*Q 

i fraction of analyzed length (4^7 bases) 

CCS £ 30JS --->□ 
j 30S < DC5S 1 4055 — > 0 

1 40JS < DC5S s 50JS >0 

5055 < GCJ5 1 6055 — > 01 
i 6055 < GC35 i 7055 --->□ 

7055 < GC3 --)■ 

' Do you want lo print this screen (y/n)7 


The DNA Inspector 

TKo fllblQ Incnocfn# 

... MotriH Homology 


ftomotogij Matrix 


A\ DNAl RatUl (171 nl) 

B: DNAl DrosUl (169 nl) 

B - 

homology length: 5 


max. ^ mismatches: 1 


The DNA Inspector 

Welcome to tlie smallest section in this book. 

But expect more: Integrated programs are big business and big sellers. 
For the IBM Personal Computer, a program from Lotus Development 
Corporation called 1-2-3 outsells everything else — by about 50 to 1. It’s a 
combination spreadsheet, database, and graphics program, with limited 
word processing abilities. The spreadsheet is potentially huge, the program 
is extremely fast, and the number of commands is extremely vast. It’ll do a 
lot, once you’ve got it figured out. 

For Macintosh, Lotus markets Jazz, a program that combines a 
spreadsheet, database, graphics program, and more. There’s also a word 
processor and a telecommunications package built in. 

But wait a minute, isn’t everything on the Macintosh integrated 

Well, sort of, if program developers follow the rules. According to 
Apple, each application program should be able to read (copy) and write 
(create) two type of files — text and graphics. The text files are equivalent to 
MacWrite text-only files: straight words, with no formatting attributes such 
as rulers, headers, boldface, or italic. The graphics files are free-form 
“pictures,” readable by MacPaint or any other program that follows the 

If programs are obedient, full cut and paste between the application, the 
Scrapbook, the Clipboard, and any other application should be possible. 

The programs in this section offer an even tighter degree of 
integration. Instead of creating words with a word processor, then moving 
the words to a spreadsheet application, an integrated program may put the 
word processor within the spreadsheet. Or add a communications package 
to a word processor. 

The advantage of this, on other computers, is convenience. Users only 
need to learn a single program, with a single set of commands. If the 
program contains a spreadsheet and a database, buyers can be sure that one 
module works with the other. They are, after all, one program! 

Are there drawbacks to this approach? You bet. Programs take 
memory, and the data entered into the program takes memory. You want a 
big spreadsheet, a database, a word processor, all rolled into one? You 
want it fast, you want it clean, you want help menus around all the time? 







No problem. But you’d better have reams of RAM memory stuffed into 
your computer. 

Is this the Macintosh way — bloated programs floating in a sea of 
RAM? Isn’t the Macintosh design based on programs that share a similar 
interface, that pass data back and forth without a twitch? 

Sure, but people like integrated programs! What’s boffo on IBM 
should be boffo on Macintosh, right? Nobody really uses the Clipboard 
anyway, do they? 

Maybe so, maybe not. Take Microsoft. The Microsoft Business Pack 
includes Microsoft Word, Microsoft File, Microsoft Chart, and Microsoft 
Multiplan. Each program can be purchased separately, but Microsoft 
bundled them into a single box with a single, attractive price: $595. The 
pack offers savings of $115 over the individual programs purchased 
separately. (Microsoft is billing this as a “limited promotion.” We doubt it) 

The Business Pack may be the ultimate in “integrated programs.” All it 
lacks is communications software. You don’t get the convenience of 
having everything on-screen at once, but you do get a powerful set of 
programs guaranteed to whisk data between their siblings without a 
complaint. And you don’t need 512K to use them. This set of programs 
may include everything that most users need, period. We recommend it. 

Or take Apple’s Switcher. This one turns your Macintosh into a 
number of “virtual computers,” each running a separate application. To use 
the switcher, you first run an installation program that allows you to select 
which programs are switched between, and how much memory each is 
allowed. After that. Switcher isn’t seen, but a small icon appears on the 
menu bar of the programs you’ve installed. Click the icon and 
SWAAP! — the program you’re running slides off the screen and another 
installed application takes its place. 

The effect is amazing. Type a paragraph in MacWrite, click the 
switcher icon, and you’ll be drawing in MacPaint in less than a second. 

Switcher works by “freezing” the application you’re currently working 
on (and a related block of memory) and instantly transferring you to 
another application that’s been installed in another block. In a sense, the 
computer has been transformed into a number of computers, each running 
a single application. 

This approach, for all its dramatics, results in convenience, not 
integration. Convenience, though, may be just what you want 

The alternative is the “tighter integration” mentioned earlier. And it does 
indeed get tighter. How tight? This tight: Change a database entry in Jazz 
and your chart (assuming you’ve made a chart) changes automatically. One 
entry or one click can affect the contents of a text document, a chart, a 
database, or a spreadsheet. One thing changes, and everything changes. 

That may be the ultimate in tight integration. And the ultimate in one- 

Jazz aside, took carefully at these programs (and look carefully at Jazz 
also; you might not need it, despite the deluge of hype over its entry into 
the software lists). Often, combining many programs into one application 
achieves integration at the expense of features. Would you rather have a set 


of powerful programs or one program that does many things — but does 
none of them particularly weU? 

Still, integration is the trend. The Macintosh user interface — and the 
popularity of Macintosh — is a testament to the advantages of integration. 

But Macintosh offers another path — not integration into a single 
program but “segregration” into many small, useful programs that all work 
together. Programs that, if you wish, might all run at the same time, 

Apple calls them “desk accessories.” 




Emerging Technology 
Consultants, Inc. 

1877 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 447-9495 

Report design is flexible, with optional totals and 
variable column layout. Reports can be output to screen, 
disk, or printer. 

The program includes extensive help files and tutorials. 


Combines filing, word processing, forms design and “forms 
finding,” form Idler capability, and report generation into 
one package. 

The database is designed to emulate traditional file cab 
ineVs. Two “cabinets’* are allowed, with a maximum of 100 
folders per cabinet and unlimited documents within each 

Here are the limits for “form” design: fifty entries (fields) 
per form, eighty columns per form, 250 characters per 
entry — except for the first entry on a form, which is limited 
to twenty-four characters. 

3 ^ 


File I MacOrriK 

Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 


Four programs in one, for spreadsheet work, business 
graphics, text editing, and file management. This is not 
Jazz, mind you, but it’s also not $600. 

Quartet is primarily a spreadsheet. The text-editing 
(notice we didn’t call them “word processing”) functions 
aren’t sophisticated, but they are easy to use. The words you 
type are entered into the spreadsheet. You pick the location 
for text, choose how large the area to contain the text will 
be, then type away. Your text is formatted within the area 
you selected. Quick and easy. 

Quartet allows pic, bar, and line graphs. Bar and line 
graphs can contain a maximum of four sets of values. All 
graphs can include titles, labels, and legends and can be 
displayed near the cells containing the plotted values. The 
graphs arc dynamic; change a cell value and the graph also 

The database functions are typical. Each line in the 
spreadsheet represents a record, and each column entry is a 
separate field of information. Once entered, the file 
information can cither be sorted on a primary key or 
subsorted with a secondary key, in ascending or dc.sccnding 

The program deviates in a number of minor respects from 
the Macintosh user interface. The reason, according to Haba, 
was to conserve memory. Whatever the reason, the program 
fits comfortably in 128K, although the 512K Macintosh 
allows larger Quartet file sizes. If you’ve only got 128K and 
need an integrated program, compare this one to Hayden’s 
Ensemble. $199.95 

^ Filo Edit Data Options Oaiigc Formnt Sheet ^ 




Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 


Hayden’s entry into the integrated sweepstakes. Ensemble 
was developed in France, purchased by Hayden, translated 
into English (easy to do because of the Macintosh design), 
and released to do battle with Lotus’s Jazz. The program 
combines word processing, information management, 
decision analysis, two or three-dimensional graphing, and 
“mail management’’ into one package. 

The key selling point of the product, it seems, is the 
memory requirement: 128K. There’s no need to upgrade to 
512K to use Ensemble and become a full-fledged member of 
the Macintosh Office. Expect a big marketing push from 
Hayden, one of the most active vendors in the now-crowded 
Macintosh software market. $299.95 

it mu Edit Ulindoiii 

open n document... 











liiorksheet^^ 1 

[ (Iperi ] 

L tj®<< 1 



^ [ Uriue ] 



( Conce^ ] 









4 File Edit! 


Lotus Development Corporation 

161 First Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 494-1270 


Look, can’t Apple stand on its own feet? This isn’t a garage 
shop operation anymore. Apple is a Fortune 500 company — 
one of the nation’s largest corporations. There’s lots of 
software for Macintosh. Our fingers are incredibly tired from 
typing about software for Macintosh! What is it with Apple 
and Jazzl 

When Apple introduced Macintosh, they heralded the 
“Lotus Macintosh Product’’ in the same breath. Almost a 
plea for respectability. It was embarrassing. Macintosh is 
respectable even without Lotus. A bit funky, but respectable. 

Maybe Apple thought that there wouldn’t be much 
extraordinary software for Macintosh (despite the efforts of 
their “software evangelists,’’ who spread the word, and the 
prerelease Macs, with abandon). If so, they were wrong. 
Most mere humans can spend their entire computing lives 
without ever nearing a Lotus product and still achieve a 
small measure of success. No kidding. 

Still, Jazz is a good program. If it’s what you need. 

Primarily, it’s a spreadsheet. The program also includes a 
word processor, a database, business graphics, and communi- 

'Fhe program also achieves a degree of integration not 
found in otlier Macintosh programs. The optional “HotView” 
feature allows changes made in one module to instantly 
change information in another module. Change the database 
and the word processing document changes automatically. 

The program is high-powered, and the price is high- 
powered. Get a sit-down demo before purchase. Remember 
WViilJazz requires 512K and an external disk drive. $595 

Megahaus Corporation 

5703 Oberlin Drive, San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 450-1230 

Me^aF orni 

After two unremarkable programs from Megahaus — 
Me gap Her and MegaMerge — comes this program, and Mega- 
Form looks like a winner. 

MegaForm, to quote the manual, has characteristics of a 
spreadsheet, a graphics package, a database, a forms gen- 
erator, and a report generator. We agree. At first glance, the 
program appears to be an extremely complete and flexible 
program for designing business forms. Using MacDraw-Wko 
tools, you design a form or customize one of the forms 
included with the package. Graphics created with MacPaint 
and MacDraw can be pasted from the Clipboard or Scrapbook 
into forms you design. 

Once a form is designed, you fill it out. After that, you 
only fill out copies of the form. This, of course, is how 
many databases function. But there’s more: Individual entries 
on the form are similar to cells on a spreadsheet. If you 
wish, MegaForm will do calculations based on the values of 
entries and put the results into other locations on the form. 
As you can imagine, this can result in complex — and 
powerful — forms. 

When used with MegaFiler, the program becomes a 
forms-based relational database, capable of linking 
information from several different databases. 






’’ fk File Edit Form Font Style MegoForm 

Accept ] 

[ Concel ' 



i Dram neui form i 





Invoice- , 


Ship to: John Doe Bill Ic 1 

123 noin street 

^ Smollsville. PA 15206 


iOly t 

o ' DescripUon^ll 1 < 'l;','" i lill* '' 





This program may spawn a number of “template” appli- 
cations. We’re told that other companies arc now preparing 
tax and real estate templates for use with MegaForm. Apple 
is also a MegaForm supporter, with good reason: The forms 
produced are beautiful when cranked through a LaserWriter. 
Apple believes that MegaForm may play a big role in the 
Macintosh Office. 

As with many excellent programs, the temptation is to 
play with MegaForm endlessly. Will it do this? Can it do 
that? The answer, in most cases, is yes. The program re- 
quires 51 2K, with no exceptions. Megahaus also provides 
toll-free customer support, a service we wish all companies 
offered. Recommended. $295 

Desk accessories aren’t gimmicks. They’re software application pro- 
grams, as real as any other. They’re just smaller and less obtrusive than 
other applications. Demure. Apple calls them “mini-applications.” 

Desk accessories give the illusion of concurrency — two programs run- 
ning simultaneously. Usually, it’s only an illusion. In some cases, though, 
the desk accessories truly are concurrent. Slide down a MacWrite window, 
pull out the Alarm Clock, and watch the seconds tick while you type. 
That’s concurrency. 

To be a desk accessory, it’s only necessary to be located under the 
Apple menu. Some desk accessories, like the Control Panel, are utilities; 
others, like the Puzzle, are games. The Note Pad is a word processor. 

The Macintosh ROMs allow desk accessories to have their own menus 
on the menu bar. Open an accessory and you may see a new menu title ap- 
pear (or current titles replaced). Another unexplored option built into Mac- 

Desk accessories are all small. For now, they have to be. Guy 
Kawasaki, Apple’s software evangelist, says that “desk accessories are a 
guest in someone else’s house.” 

The house is available RAM space. The someone is the current appli- 
cation program. Good guests are lOK or smaller. The perfect guest is 5K 
or less. The size limitation ensures that everything will fit — and work — in 
128K worth of standard Macintosh memory. 

What can be done in those few bytes of memory? Much. Haba’s 
QuickFinder lets you zip between applications without time-consuming 
stops at the Finder. The public domain programs MockWrite and Mock- 
Terminal, covered in the public domain software chapter, mock their name- 
sakes in few bytes of memory. 

Custom desk accessories tailored for use with parent applications are 
beginning to appear. MacPublisher comes with Camera and Ruler desk ac- 
cessories. Both are small, handy, and helpful. 

For now, most desk accessories are just that — desk accessories. Calen- 
dars, phone books, Rolodexes. (Then there’s the “paperweight” desk ac- 
cessory. When you place it on your windows, nothing can be moved. A 
joke.) Many accessories are found in the public domain; writing small, 
smart programs has always been the province of the hobbyist. Without the 
shareware Desk Accessory Mover, in fact, we’d have trouble moving desk 
accessories at all — a fact that Apple recently acknowledged with the release 
of their own Font and Desk Accessory Mover. 





Some of the best accessories may always be found in the public do- 
main. You can’t charge $695 for a desk accessory, something that software 
firms have probably realized. 

Other, meatier programs should be, but aren’t, desk accessories. A zip 
code directory would be handy. So would an atlas. Or a phone book. Or a 
Sears catalog. Or a good encyclopedia. 

It’s easy to see where things are going. Someday, everything will be a 
desk accessory — close at hand and handy. You won’t see the Encyclo- 
paedia Britannica desk accessory this year, but if most of it were on a hard 
disk, and if only a few bytes needed to be in memory at one time, and.... 


CE Software 

801 73rd Street, Des Moines, lA 50312 
(515) 224-1995 

Desk Accessory Mover 

A utility program for installing, deleting, moving, and 
removing desk accessories. Includes four desk accessories 
new to most users. The first is a Reverse Polish Notation 
calculator that’s similar to the standard calculator, but which 
accepts RPN input. (This is the original calculator, seen at 
Apple in Macintosh’s prerelease days. Apple rightly decided 
that most people don’t like RPN.) Also, a small non-alarm 
clock (also a prerelease holdover). Then there’s an Executive 
Decision Maker — a gag accessory that’s fun to watch, with 
messages that are fun to read. Finally an FRP (fantasy role- 
playing) dice roller should be useful to “Dungeons and 
Dragons’’ game players. 

Desk Accessory Mover is distributed, free, under the 
“MacHonor’’ system. Those who enjoy the program are 
asked to send $15 to CE Software to become registered 

CE Software also distributes MockTerminal (a desk 
accessory communications program) and other public domain 
desk accessories. Sec the public domain chapter for more 
details. Desk Accessory Mover and accessories, $15 

Clear out the Holding Rrea 
Load Desk Accessories... 9CL I 
Saue Desk Accessories... 9CS 
Quit 3€Q I 

I Desk Accessories I 

Installed Accessories 

Key Caps 
Note Pad 

Accessories in Holding 

[ Delete 

Rename j 

[ Copy to Holding Rrea » J 

Executive Decision Maker 

Fantasy Dice 

Heap Pic 

HP Calc 


Hex Calc 




[ [lulclG ] 

f Riummi' 

• 1 

[ « Copg Id IruliilliMl timi ] 

Desk Accessory Mover 


410 Townsend, Suite 408-B, San Francisco, CA 94107 


Includes financial and statistical calculators, a Cardex (ad- 
dress and phone book), a Notefiler, an Encryplor for 
protecting files, and an appointment book and calendar. 'Fhc 
calculators have a number of sophisticated, built-in func- 
tions, including internal rate of return, di.scounted cash flow 



□ Daily Calendar 



Monday, February 11, 1985 | 


09 :00 


Staff meeting at Townsend St. 



09 :30 


1 1 :00 


1 1 :30 


Finish business plan 




Lunch with Ashley 


1 3 :00 

14 :00 





1 6 :30 



Call A.G. in Santiaao 





Do not forget to take home nev specifications for 



Advertising Campaign! 








analysis, depreciation calculations, mortgage yields, amorti- 
zation calculations, interest rate conversion, standard devia- 
tion, and more. 

A 512K machine is recommended for this collection. 
$99.95 (plus $3 shipping and handling) 


Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 

Haba QiiickFinder 

A much-hoped-for desk accessory. QuickFinder lets you 
move from one application to another without cooling your 
heels in the Finder — a great timesaver for busy knowledge 
workers and everyone else. Moving to another application 
is as easy as clicking a program in Mac’s “mini-Findcr” 
directory (the one you see when you open a file). 

At present, QuickF inder is offered only with Haba’s 
HabaDisk external disk drive. The program should soon, 
we’re told, be offered as a stand-alone product Call for more 

Haba Window Dialer 

A desk accessory that dials the phone. Stores up to 250 
numbers, including Sprint or MCI numbers, then dials using 
either Haba’s HabaDialcr or any Macintosh-compatible mo- 
dem. Note that this product only dials the phone; for com- 
puter communications, look elsewhere. $49.95 

□ NoteFiler.DB 

Item 1 

Note Title: Chapter 2: Program Execution 
OSaue O Neut 

O Preuious 

- Pausing during program execution 

- Manual calculations 

- Stopping program execution automatically 

- Stopping program execution manually 
“ Branching and looping 

d File Edit Uieui Special 


Haba Window Dialer 

□ CardeH.DB 

OSaue changes O Nent O Preuious 

First Home: John 


Last Name: Mackenzie 

Home Phone: 690 6919 


Rddress: 123 Hamburg St, 

S.F. CR 946912 


Bus. Phone: 486 7754 


Title: Dean of Studies 

Company: MedioPhHo Inc. 


Rddress: 77 Junior St, 

1 * 

S.F. CB 671222| 

1 I 


Harvard Associates, Inc. 

260 Beacon Street, Somerville, MA 02143 
(800) 622-4070, (800) 942-7317 in Illinois, 

(617) 492-0660 in Massachusetts 


A set of four desk accessories: Calendar, Music Maker, 
Doodle Pad, and Little Black Book. The calendar spans 1904 
to 2003; the Music Maker lets you click on a keyboard, 
select an instrument, and play back your creations; Doodle 
Pad is a MacPaint-like note pad with a MacPaint-Vike pencil; 
Little Black Book is an alphabetized pad for storing names 
and addresses. $49.95 



Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 

Art Grabber with Body Shop 

A desk accessory that speeds selecting and transferring 
MacPaint images from one document to another. Art Grabber 
lets you preview MacPaint documents directly from the 
Finder, without opening MacPaint. You can also “grab” art 
from one MacPaint document and place the art in another 
document. With 128K, the selection rectangle used to “grab” 
the art is limited to 2 x 4 inches. There’s no limitation to 
selection rectangle size with the 512K Macintosh. 

Body Shop contains completed human figures and other 
artwork necessary to assemble a variety of faces and poses. 

Both programs were created by MacroMind (the firm that 
developed MusieWorks) and licensed to Hayden for distri- 
bution. $59.95 

while simultaneously running another program. Still another 
accessory, MemoWriter, is a mini-word processor. MacDcsk 
was under development as this description was written. Con- 
tact the company for current prices and options. $89.95 
(without PhoneLink); $99.95 (with PhoneLink); Phone- 
Link alone, $29.95 

Macadam Publishing, Inc. 

4700 S.W. Macadam Avenue, Portland, OR 97201 
(800) 547-4000; (503) 684-3000 in Oregon 

WindoWare Calendar 

Calendar displays a calendar of the current month; other 
months and years are accessed through buttons and a menu. 
You open up a day by double-clicking. You can read existing 
appointment entries or add new entries. Dates that already 
have appointments entered are displayed in outline style on 
the master calendar. $49; with Phone Book, $79 


5543 Satsuma Avenue, North Hollywood, CA 91601 
(818) 509-0474 


An array of programs configured as desk accessories. The 
accessories arc divided into four areas: desktop management, 
telecommunications, personal information files, and office 
productivity. Here’s the list for desktop organization: cal- 
endar and appointment books, multiple appointment alarms, 
a things-to-do list, a scientific calculator with printout capa- 
bility, bank account and credit card listings, and an analog 

The personal information files arc maintained as Rolodex 
cards. The QuikTerm telecommunications module is compat- 
ible with Apple and Hayes modems and permits auto-dialing 
of standard telephones. A PhoneLink connector, available 
separately, allows auto-dialing of standard telephones with- 
out requiring a modem. MacDesk's RcadiPrintcr allows 
printing of MacDesk data or any other Macintosh text file 

file Edit Ttjppx Tinker IgkI Sijrrih<iK Lines Shdde^ |ffjCTW| ^ 

Long Gist. □ Incoming 
4:54:45 AM 
4:56:57 AM 
00 : 02:12 



Baker. Terri 
Apple Computer Corp 
20525 Marlanj Ave 
Cupertino, Co 95014 

Mail Slop 3-A moilin 
address wants cop^ 

WindoWare Phone Book 

Phone Book allows you to keep names, addresses, and 
phone numbers as nearby as the Apple menu. The quantity 
of phone numbers is limited only by free disk space. You 
look up numbers alphabetically by the first word entered for 
each listing. With a modem or a HabaDialer attached to your 
Macintosh, you can also use Phone Book to dial numbers. 
Long-distance service numbers can be added by enclosing 
the service’s name in brackets and using that name in long- 
distance numbers, such as {MCI} 818-555-1212. Phone 
Book will dial the carrier’s phone number, pause for a 
second dial tone, then enter your access code before dialing 
the number. 

The problem with performing these tasks with desk 
accessories is that, for a desk accessory to be useful, it must 
be available. You need to install the accessory in the 
System file on all your program disks. For a calendar, phone 
book, and similar accessories to be useful, they must have 
access to the same pool of data. Either you can get to the 
program from all of your disks or you can keep all your data 
in one place. You can’t have it both ways. If you have a 
hard disk, the solution is easy; keep the desk accessories on 

^ ik File Edit Uicuf Specie! 


WindoWare Calendar/Phone Book 






the hard disk and use the hard disk as your default disk. 
Unfortunately, there may be no reasonable way to work 
around the problem on a Macintosh without a hard disk. 
$49; with Calendar, $79 

T/Maker Graphics 

2115 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 962-0195 

ClickArt Effects 

A terrific desk accessory — something beyond desk accessory 
calendars. Effects works with and within MacPaint and adds 
features that MaePainters arc sure to love. The program 
provides new tools that work like existing MacPaint tools. 
Rotation allows selections to be rotated by degrees, a much- 
wished-for feature. Slant docs just that to selections — either 
backward or forward, up or down. Perspective enlarges or 
compresses a selection, giving an impression of images that 
stretch toward the horizon. Distort gives new ways to 
stretch selections. In all, well done and recommended. 

File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Stylo 

ClickArt Effects 

ClickOn Worksheet 

Let’s sec. ..what to do for a desk accessory? What hasn’t 
been done yet? about — nah, that’s been done. 
How about... 

A spreadsheet. 

This unique accessory is a 50 row by 20 column 
spreadsheet that features variable column width, financial and 
logical functions, and absolute and relative addressing. The 
accessory also docs graphs; pic, line, and bar graphs can be 
created from spreadsheet data. Spreadsheets and graphs can 
be pasted into other applications. $79.95 

Videx, Inc. 

1105 N.E. Circle Boulevard, Corvallis, OR 97330 
(503) 758-0521 


A clever integration of a calendar and calendar-based note 
pad. If you need just a desk accessory calendar, install the 

calendar on your applications disks. A handy Videx installer 
loads the accessory, spits out the disk, and asks for another. 
Keep shoving in disks until you’ve ealendarized your disks. 

If you stop there, you’ve got a calendar that’s fast and 
convenient. To make a note, click “Make Note for Now” in 
the comer of the calendar. This accessory also allows you to 
set multiple alarms by time or date. 

This is the only calendar we’ve seen that keeps all its 
data on a master disk, even though the program may be 
installed on as many system disks as you like. Keep that 
master handy, though. 

With a hard disk, it all works like it should, notes and 
all. $89 

4 File Edit Ulcuj Speclol 

7707K 4vail«ku 

FiW Cdil 

□ Jon 13,1904 

12:00 OM 

The Videx Colendor< 

A calendar-based noteteker 
Clicking ’Make Note For Now' gels 
this window for taking notesi 

to to. 


Warner Software 

666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10103 
(212) 484-3070 

The Desk Organizer 

The Desk Organizer is an instant file cabinet, an appoint- 
ment calendar, an expanded notepad, a telephone dialer, a 
printer, a visual calculator with paper tape, a clock watcher, 
and more. 

The program isn’t a true desk accessory; instead, it’s a 
multitude of desk accessories rolled into one application 
program. The program’s usefulness comes from the ability 
to run other applications directly from The Desk Organizer. 
In a sense, the other applications on disk (MaeWrite, for 
example) become desk accessories; they show up on the 
Apple menu, ready to be chosen and quickly run from The 
Desk Organizer. The idea is similar to Apple’s Switcher. 

To use all the program’s features, you’ll need 512K. In 
128K, The Desk Organizer is a more traditional stand-alone 
application, though it still allows other applications to be 
opened without a trip through the Finder. We found the pro- 
gram cumbersome to use; check it out before you buy. $99 

W ord processing, on Macintosh, means more than MacWrite, more 
than Microsoft Word. It’s another galaxy of programs: some here, some 
coming, some only wished for. 

In this chapter you’ll find spelling checkers and mail-mergers, pre- 
written letters and “page composition” software. Extra fonts, for body text 
and headlines. And, of course, word processors. 

That Word and MacWrite reign supreme is both surprising and ex- 
pected. MacWrite is free or low-cost, depending on where and how you 
bought your Macintosh. Free or low-cost is stiff competition for other word 
processor developers. Word is simply a killer word processor from a 
quality company; Microsoft has good products, a good reputation, and 
massive marketing muscle. More stiff competition. 

Between the two programs, most of the obvious market niches are 
filled. Occasional writers are satisfied with MacWrite; power wordsmiths 
are seduced by Word's shopping list of features, options, and extras. 

More than one software company considered converting its existing 
word processing software to run on Macintosh. Plans were squelched by 
Microsoft’s prerelease publicity for Word. Microsoft began advertising 
Word for Macintosh about four years before Apple was founded, as we re- 

Okay, Word's a good program. These things take time, we understand. 
And scaring off competition is always a smart idea; IBM does it all the time. 

Still, it’s surprising that more traditional word processing software isn’t 
available. With Macintosh, many word processing functions are built into 
ROM — tricky text-editing routines, free for the taking by program-mers. 
Double-clicking to select a word is built-in. Routines for opening and 
closing windows, and saving files, are built-in. Dragging to select is built- 
in. Fast display of on-screen characters, in multiple fonts and sizes, is built- 

These routines form a chunk of ROM called TextEdit. Much of Mac- 
Write is TextEdit. The routines are a broad, general-purpose set of text- 
editing functions, much in the way that QuickDraw is a broad, general set 
of graphics functions. 

Developers are probably scratching their heads over this one. Let’s 
stQ...Word allows four on-screen windows. Let’s offer six! 




What’s more likely is that add-on, supplemental programs will flourish 
in the shade of Word and MacWrite: spelling checkers, thesauruses, pro- 
grams for sophisticated text formatting, advanced software for outlining or 
indexing. (We could use a good program — any program — for indexing! 
We looked hard for this one. Not yet. Sigh.) 

Exi^ect supplemental programs to become sneakier. Wouldn’t a spelling 
checker/corrector make a swell desk accessory, or a nice title on a menu 
bar? We thought so, and then found that it’s already been done! Wouldn’t 
it be great if pressing Option while clicking on a word activated a spelling 

Maybe it’s not a good idea. We’d all use words like “perspicacious” far 
too often. 

Other programs will set off in new directions. The combination of 
speed, multiple windows, multiple fonts, and — most of all — laser printers 
will spur a wealth of software. Already available are three programs for 
electronic page composition. The programs allow text and graphics to be 
laid out on a larger “virtual” page for composing newsletters, newspapers, 
brochures, manuals, resumes, menus, catalogs, and on and on. Slap in the 
articles, throw on a nameplate, add some “running heads,” draw a few 
ruled lines to separate pictures and articles, blast off a few 36-point head- 
lines, and voila: self-publishing! 

Try that on a Commodore 64. 





Word Processors 

Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 

(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 in 



A mandatory program for anyone with a Macintosh. A/ac- 
Write does more than most people want or need from a word 
processor. Also does superscripting and subscripting, multi- 
line headers and foolers, “hard” page breaks, decimal tab- 
bing, hanging indents, and, of course, lets you insert almost 
anything from almost anywhere else into your document. 

Early versions of MacWrite worked flawlessly and quick- 
ly — unless you used multiple fonts, sizes, and aesthetic 
aberrations. The only drawback with MacWrite 2.2 was a 
maximum document length of about ten pages — still enough 
for most people (and you could always break your work into 
sections). MacWrite 2.2 came into its own on the 512K 
Macintosh, where document size could be approximately 
eighty pages. 

A new, disk-based MacWrite 4X should silence the crit- 
ics. MacWrite 4X stores documents on disk rather than in 
RAM memory, allowing compositions to be much larger. 
Other improvements include a numbered scroll box that 
indicates the page you’re working on, a Find Next command 
on the Search menu, and a box on the ruler that lets you set 
text to six lines per inch. You can also select and align text 
without using extra rulers through either menu or keyboard 

Early versions of the disk-based MacWrite had trouble 
handling documents with “too many paragraphs” and para- 
graphs with “too many characters.” Look for Apple to tackle 
these limitations and others in future releases of MacWrite. 
$195 (includes MacPaint) 

^ It File 

Edit Seorch 1 

'Z. ~ 

» . . . .... . . . 

□ 6 lines/inc 

[Font Style 

Applu Computer. Inc 
20525 Mariam Avenue. C 

:P SO 

A mandatory program fo 

Insert Jtuler 
Hide Rulers 
Open Heodcr 
Open Fooler 
Disploij Headers 
Oisplnij Footers 
Set Page **... 

Insert Page Break 
Title Page 

405) 996-1010 

osh Docs more than most 

people went or need from a word processor Also dpes superscripting and 
supsenpting. multi-lire needers and foolers, "herd" page breaks, decimal 
tabbing, hanging indents and. of course, lets you insert almost anything 
from almost anywhere else into your document Works flawlessly and 
quickly Like MacPaint, a model of how Macintosh programs should look 
and oeneve The only drawback is a maximum document length of about ten 
pages — still enough for most people (and you can always break your work 
Into sections) A new, disk-based version of MacWrite, unroleesed as this 
was written, should silence the critics 

Microsoft Word 

Possibly the ultimate “power” word processor for Mac- 
intosh. Has more features than most people will use (or even 
explore) in a lifetime of word processing. 

Get ready. Here’s an admittedly partial list of features: 
allows up to four document windows on screen, with full 
cutting and pasting between windows; directly supports a 
number of popular letter quality printers; merges files with 
advanced “conditionals” (useful for individually addressed 
form letters, for example); does footnotes and running 
heads; does multi-column formats; and allows creation of 
glossaries for quick input of frequently used words or 

More? Okay, Word gives exact on-screen representation 
of text as it will appear when printed, measured in a number 
of ways: inches, centimeters, points, or character pitch. 
Spaces and carriage returns may be displayed, searched for, 
or replaced. “Undo” undoes almost any text or formatting 
change. You may split the screen or scroll horizontally. A 
help file is available anytime, with twenty-two topics to 
choose from. Or you might prefer “context-sensitive” help; 
just hit command-?. The cursor becomes a question mark and 
you’re helped with whatever you click. 

The program also makes automatic backups of your docu- 
ments, if you wish, and converts MacWrite files with the 
greatest of ease. 

Keyboard combinations — a lengthy list of them — let you 
forego the mouse once you’ve memorized the key sequences. 
The keyboard combinations include full control of the 
cursor, something wished for since the release of Macintosh. 

Word'^s drawbacks are few. A second disk drive is man- 

d File 


Seorch Character Porograph Document 

33(1 Ula 
Stocf a 




r niw Undo 

I lit 
I opM 
I ieiir 

:2c H 


Ann Hr 

= Shoui Clipboard 

[irinii Del Rey, Cfl 90292; 1213) 827-0003 



Shoui Glossary 

Shoiu Ruler 9«R 
Shorn SI «V 


[ ui/gomes 

Cupertino, Cfl 95014; (408) 996-1010 

TT ir cfniT e , Cupertino, Cfl 95014; (408) 996-1010 

II /Utcp 

g| (llice from Ulonderlond on a three-dimensionol chessboard. Rchii 
a high score is mosllij on cHcrcise in horn fost you con moue— on ^ 

[Fuge I CT I 

Heuarusn Hriurare 

Microsoft Word 


& Letters 

& Letters 


dalory, due to the program’s size: 124K. You’ll also find 
yourself cooling your heels when saving (or loading) docu- 
ments larger than 15K. The villains here arc the Macintosh 
disk drives and the limitations of the 128K Macintosh, not 
Word, This program needs 512K and a hard disk like big 
dogs need big yards. With 512K, the program is blissfully 

smooth and fast. Also, Word doesn’t include a speller, but 
that’s asking a lot at this price. In all, a superb word pro- 
cessor for those who need the features, though possibly 
‘’ovcrcnginccrcd” for casual users. We used Word with bone- 
crushing rigor to create this book and loved it. Highly 
recommended. $195 

for Top Results 

Macintosh is changing the field of typcselling. 
Apple’s LaserWriter will bring still more changes. We’d 
use the word "revolutionizing," but everyone else is, 
so we won’t. 

The world of computers, and the world of type- 
setting. Is composed of dots. Dots on the screen, 
dots output from dot-matrix (and laser) printers. Type- 
setting, put simply, offers more dots per Inch, result- 
ing In beautiful, fully formed, legible characters and 
sharp, clear, high-resolution graphics. 

The LaserWriter is a bridge between professional 
typesetting and traditional low-resolution printer out- 
put. For those who want still more dots, and still higher 
resolution, at least two companies now offer type- 
setting services for Macintosh users. 

Two kinds of services are available: typesetting of 
text and reproduction of Macintosh graphics. Text 
typesetting Is common; many typesetters will "typeset 
from disk." The process, for now, is a matter of man- 
ually Inserting codes that represent print attributes: 
boldface, underline, and Italic, for example. The entire 
contents of the text file don’t need to be retyped, but 
the codes for special text attributes, sizes, and other 
formatting Information need to be inserted. By hand. 

Next will come programs that automatically Insert 
the proper codes. Programs smart enough to know 
how boldface is represented in a file, and to make the 
necessary changes for output to a phototypeset- 
ting machine. The decrease in "operator time" to key 
in codes may result in lower-cost typesetting. We 
hope so. 

Typeset graphics are a different matter. At pres- 
ent, two companies are acknowledged leaders in the 
typeset-Macintosh-graphIcs arena. 

George Graphics is an old hand at typesetting 
from disk, thanks in part to its Silicon Valley location. 
You probably have an owner’s manual or computer 
magazine that contains screen dumps done by 
George Graphics. The company provides high-quality 
reproduction of MacPaint files produced by hand or 
with an optical digitizer. Prints from MacPaint iWes are 
available in ten sizes ranging from 8x10 inches to a 
mere 3/4-inch x 1 inch (each size is a 10 percent 
reduction). Each file is $12, with a 5 percent discount 
for orders of fifty or more. 

The other company of note is ImageSet Corpora- 
tion. ImageSet was begun by consultant John Golini 
and former George Graphics employees who wanted 
to do more with Macintosh than just reproduce Mac- 
Paint files. ImageSet will reproduce any Macintosh 
document—MaePa/n/, MaeWrite, MacDraw, Mac- 
Project, Multiplan, Chart, Filevision, you name It — as a 
high-quality, high-resolution digitally typeset graphic. 
Send them a disk with a list of the files you want type- 
set; they’ll return your disk and the typeset galleys, 
usually within twenty-four hours. Apple Computer, 
Microsoft, and many other companies do regular busi- 
ness with ImageSet. The company’s prices are very 
competitive: $16 per page; $12 per page for fifty or 
more documents. 

George Graphics 

650 Second Street, San Francisco, CA 94107 
(415) 397-2400 

ImageSet Corporation 

1307 South Mary Avenue, Suite 209, 

Sunnyvale, CA 94087 
(408) 720-9994 


Writing Aids 

Creighton Development, Inc. 

16 Hughes Street, Suite C-100, Irvine, CA 92714 
(714) 472-0488 

Applications Unlimited 

18234 East Nassau Drive, Aurora, CO 80013 
(303) 699-0441 


As this book was being written, so was MacGas, a glossary/ 
spelling checker with high ambitions. According to its 
developer, MacGas, when released, should be a killer, 
possibly demanding a 512K Mac and carrying a hefty price 
tag. And leaving other spelling checkers (like the ones in 
stores now) in its dust. Among other innovations, the 
developer plans to include synonym/antonym capability and 
a glossary feature. Contact your dealer or the company 
directly for price and availability. 

Assimilation, Inc. 

485 Alberto Way, Los Gatos, CA 95030 

(800) 622-5464; (800) 421-0243 or (408) 356-6241 in 


Mac Spell Right 

Spelling checkers aren’t just for bad spellers and bad typ- 
ists. Most of us can use a little help in catching typos and 
misspellings. Mac Spell Right combines a spelling checker 
and a thesaurus and works with current versions of Mac- 

Simply install Mac Spell Right on your MaeWrite disk. 
When you open MaeWrite, you’ll see a new menu item called 
Spell. Choose Check from the Spell menu and Mac Spell 
Right will whiz forward in your text from wherever the 
cursor is positioned, highlighting any words that it can’t 
find in its 40,000-word dictionary. You can then correct the 
word (if it’s misspelled) or add it to the dictionary (if it’s 
spelled correctly). Mac Spell Right also suggests a number 
of words similar to your misspelled word, in the hope that 
one of them is what you meant to type. 

The 16,000-word thesaurus is a well-intentioned feature 
that many of us will never use — ^just like real Ihesauruses. 
Assimilation, anticipating our reluctance, includes two disks 
with the package: a combination spelling checker/thesaurus 
and the spelling checker alone. 

Mac Spell Right hogs a good chunk of disk space, so a 
second drive is recommended. In fact, a second drive is re- 
quired if you plan to use the speller/thesaurus disk. $89 

The Right Word 

Similar to Mac Spell Write, but exclusively for use with 
Microsoft Word. $89 


MacSpell-f (says its developer) is “an interactive program 
that will let you proof documents, enter synonyms, and hy- 
phenate words in the proper place without leaving your word 
processing program” — a desk accessory! A nifty idea. Even 
though the first release of MacSpell+ works only with Mae- 
Write 2.2, versions are being written for MaeWrite 4X and 
Microsoft Word. $99 


Presents . 

MacSpell + 
by Chris Derossi 

[ Spell Check Document J 
[ Accept 

[ nd(J to Dictionary J 
[ Ignore ^ 

liiord Selected: 









Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01 854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 


A fast and simple spelling checker that works with both 
MaeWrite and Microsoft Word. Checks your document 
against its own dictionary and lists questionable words. You 
decide what to do with them: let them go unchanged, add 

File Edit Display/Print | 
spcciol interest 


Suspect llJords 

3 : 

CRTplus performs u uuriety of fined financial 
calculations including CO and early withdrauil 
analysis, IRfl account onolijsis, instalmentc^^ 

ORreept O Occept O Saue O Postpone Action 
® Replace Ulith: ' 

0 Lookup 






1 i>) 

[ Cancel ) 


& Letters 


them to the dictionary, or correct them. Makes good use of 
the Macintosh interface — most actions are a mere mouse 
click. Altemalcly, while scanning the document for ques- 
tionable words, you can work almost entirely through the 
keyboard if you like. We liked llayden:Speller. $79.95 

Personal Bibliographic 
Software, Inc. 

P.O. Box 4250, Ann Arbor. Ml 48106 
(313) 996-1580 

Living Videotext 

2432 Charleston Road, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 556-1234, Ext. 213; (800) 441-2345, Ext. 213, or 
(415) 964-6300 in California 


A valuable and somewhat addicting tool for organizing 
thoughts or projects. What word processors are to sentences 
and paragraphs, ThinkTank is to outlines. Outlines can be 
easily created, rearranged, edited, or sorted; the program also 
does search and replace and sorts subheads alphabetically, if 
desired. ThinkTank is an extremely successful program on 
other computers and a good seller on Macintosh. 

Two versions are available. The 128K version is a whiz 
at creating outlines but won’t allow text under heads or 
subheads. It’s also un-Macish in execution; gray borders are 
substituted for Mac’s scroll bars and boxes. You can, how- 
ever, move around quickly using keyboard commands. Our 
biggest gripe: When an outline is printed, the entire 
expanded outline under the selected heading is produced, with 
no alternate choices. 

In the 512K version, users can insert and edit paragraphs 
(or even pages) of text beneath outline headlines and can 
insert MacPaint or other graphics anywhere in the outline. 
Text can be controlled with the mouse or from the keyboard. 
Documentation is thorough and attractively produced. 
ThinkTank 128^ $145] ThinkTank 572, $245 





flid-Rt loni ic 

♦ Eastern Greet Lakes 

- Cleuelond Indians 

- Toronto Blue Jays 

- tlontreal Exoas 

- Pittsburgh Plrotes 

- Cincinnoti Reds 
|» Uestern GHeot Lakes] 

- Detroit Tigers 

- Chicago Cubs 

- Chicago Uhite Sox 

- riilvaukee Breaers 

- riinnesota Tains 

♦ South Central 
« liest Coast 


Professional Bibliographic System 
A specialized word processing and data management system 
that takes the drudgery out of compiling and formatting 

Twenty different document types may be cited, ranging 
from books and journal articles to music scores and maps. 
Depending on which document type you select, a form ap- 
pears on screen in which you fill in fields with bibliographic 
data. Features include a full-screen editor for easy insertion 
and deletion of text, rapid retrieval of information through 
Boolean searching, and variable-length fields and records. 
Notes or abstracts of any length may be added to citations. 
PBS uses the ANSI standard as the default standard for the 
system. $295 

The company also offers a companion program, Bihlio- 
Link, that enables users of PBS to download records from 
on-line bibliographic utilities and merge them with their 
manually input records. $195 

V File Edit Citation Bibliography Options 

Professional Bibliographic System 

Superex International Marketing Ltd. 

151 Ludlow Street. Yonkers, NY 10705 
(800) 862-8800, (914) 964-5200 in New York 


Prewritten business and personal notes, ready to be 
customized, printed, and delivered. One hundred notes in all: 
acknowledgments, announcements, apologies, appoint- 
ments, appreciation, and on through personnel, recommen- 
dations, reservations, sales and promotions, and transmittal. 
These aren’t letters, they’re notes, each just a few lines in 
length. Wordsmiths may find them unnecessary; others may 
find them invaluable. $89.95 


^ File EUH Seorch Formut Font Style 







Dear -NAME-. 



would like lo transfer my -ACCOUNT-POLICY- from -BRANCH -AGENT- to 
-BRANCH-AGENT in -PLACE- The reason for the transfer is that I am 





DeskTop Software Corporation 

244 Wall Street, Princeton, NJ 08540 
(609) 924-7111 


A flexible, stand-alone package for data entry and mail- 
merging. If you’re familiar with IstBase, the company’s 
database, you’ll be immediately at home with IstMerge, File 
structure, data entry, and editing conventions in the two 
programs are identical. 

IstMerge allows you to merge MacWrite data with Ist- 
Merge data. MacWrite documents can contain text, graphics, 
or charts produced by other programs. The "merge document’* 
can use all MacWrite fonts, sizes, and styles. 

The program is ideal for customized letters or mailing 
labels. Names and addresses can be printed on labels, up to 
five across, or directly onto envelopes. The program’s best 
use may be as a sophisticated “merger^’ for use with IstBase, 

Megahaus Corporation 

5703 Oberlin Drive, San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 450-1230 


MegaMerge is a utility that allows you to merge MacWrite 
documents and lists to create customized letters and reports. 
In its first release, MegaMerge was clumsy to use and printed 
slower than a slug crosses the sidewalk. The current version 
merges pictures and paragraphs of text, brings up a file from 
disk faster, and simplifies the merge process. (It’s still 
cumbersome, however, and there’s no easy way to sort the 
list or print selected entries. For this, you may want to in- 
vest in the company’s MegaFiler file management system, 
sold separately for $195.) 



Poge Setuil^ 
Print Pages 

Print Labels 

hilit Letter 

Letter ■ Sample 

List Mergefont 



nnrtg, State Zip 
Dear Salutation 

I hope you feel better 
there between the oth 
before I knew it, a wh 
Ught, and cutUng my U Angeles 

Naturally I consulted \ 
offending toe The pro 
the new one, and I d( 
since my childhood 
one It’s growing out < 

of mv arfbA«; ;>nfi r>r>A ( 

List ■ Sample List 

namesEthei Smith 

flddresss 123 Old Mill Road 

CitgsOld Tov/n 

Stale =OH 


Salute tiODsMom 


IlamBsJohn Bludgett 
3idrBSS3 3<i5 Goingmy v/ay 

State sC A 

SalutatioDsMr Bludgett 


MegaMerge is also designed to chain several MacWrite 
documents into one long document, but we had some prob- 
lems getting the program to do this and to print. Also, 
MegaMerge was unable to produce letter quality printing 
with letter quality printer programs such as Assimilation’s 
Mac Daisywheel Connection, 

In the beginning, when there was little software for 
Macintosh, MegaMerge was the best solution to the prob- 
lem of merging information into form letters. Now that 
there are easier, more cost-effective methods (see the 
Databases chapter for products that include mail-merge), you 
may find MegaMerge dibit overpriced as a stand-alone 
product. $125 

Page-Composition Software 

Aldus Corporation 

616 1st Avenue, Suite 400, Seattle, WA 98104 
(206) 467-8165 


A recommended program for producing newsletters, bro- 
chures, or other small publications. PageMaker allows text 
from MacWrite and Microsoft Word to be combined with 
graphics produced in MacPaint or MacDraw, The finished 
publication can be printed on letter or legal-size paper in 
“signatures’’ up to sixteen pages in length. 

PageMaker has many similarities to MacDraw, The 
current page can be reduc^ or enlarged, and elements on the 
page can be “brought forward’’ or “sent to the back.’’ When 
clicked, the elements (text or graphics) become objects 
complete with “handles’’ for moving or stretching. A number 
of tools are also available for making small changes to text 
or other elements directly on the current page. 

This is one of the few programs that redefines Macin- 
tosh. This time Macintosh is transformed into a page- 
composition system equal to systems costing tens of 
thousands of dollars more. PageMaker requires a 512K 

& Letters 

& Letters 


d file Edit m ^]P|. Page linei Shodes Help 



✓ lines 


Choose Printer 
ninrm Clock 
Note I'oil 
Key Cops 
Control Panel 

§2 Loser Printing 

exciting comblnotlon of software and 
or the Macintosh will occur this 
)p1e introduces Its laser print ?r for the 
printer is alleged to have bo ,h Us 
own LWU end between one end two megabytes of rremory. 
which will allow it to Improve a great deal on the. 
information it gets from the Macintosh It’s also ,upposed 
to nave Macintosh s fonts in its own memory in at .sizes 


d rile Edit To ols lines Shades Help 

Show actual size 
Reduce to 707. 
Reduce to 507, 
Reduce to fit m 

Enlarge to 200% 

□1 toolboii ! 

I- Af 


The c 
industry - 

Insert page... 
Remnife pmn* 

on has reached the - 
he "publishing" th^ 

Remoue margin items 
Show facing pages 

day in your oiiice tuiu miAe. 

I You’re not in the publishing business? 1 

■your normal business day, you probably ■writ 

letters, a memo or two. prepare a presentatic 
filTrtSr n . . ' ■ ' — Of 


Macintosh or Macintosh XL; for best results it should be 
coupled with Apple’s LaserWriter. 

We were beta testers for PageMaker prior to release and 
highly recommend it for anyone with serious page-com- 
position tasks. $495 

Boston Software Publishers, Inc. 

19 Ledge Hill Road, Boston, MA 02132 
(617) 327-5775 


An innovative, though limited, system for producing 
newsletters, flyers, catalogs, brochures, user manuals, ads, 
and other self-publishing ventures. 

Using MacPublisher, you can lay out groups of articles, 
pictures, headlines, and standing elements to create a multi- 
column publication. MacPublisher allows you to format text 
into one-third-page, one-half-page, two-thirds-page, or full- 
page wide columns. Or, using the Free Form option, you can 
set your own desired column width. 

Text may be edited as in MaeWrite and stored in article 
files. Graphics arc stored in picture files. Many article or 
picture files may be open at once, each in its own window. 

As you change an article’s length, MacPublisher remembers 
the relationship of each article and picture to every other 
one. Material from other applications may be copied to the 
Clipboard or Scrapbook and pasted into MacPublisher. Text 
may be measured (using the Ruler desk accessory), cut into 
sections (using the Scissors), and pasted into other columns 
as “carryover.” The Camera desk accessory transforms 
graphics from other programs into MacPublisher picture 
files. A MacPaint graphic may be cropped to fit your layout 

MacPublisher would be a killer on a big-screen Mac — big 
enough, say, for pages to be displayed full size. For now, 
the program has MiniPage and Dummy Page features that let 
you preview a full page at reduced size before printing. 

You can add fonts to the MacPublisher System file — or 
delete them — using Font Mover. MacPublisher offers con- 
densed and wide-pitch options to squeeze horizontal char- 
acters on a line or spread them out. (We especially liked the 
appearance of Chicago- 12 condensed.) 

Our biggest criticism: You can’t have two sizes or styles 
of type (regular and italic, for example) in the same line of 
text. Also, even commonly used graphic elements like rules 
and borders must be created with other applications and 
transferred into MacPublisher. Tedious. 

MacPublisher is “fragile” on a 128K Mac but cruises 
along in 512K. $99.95; foreign and bilingual editions 
(French, German, Italian, Spanish), $129.95 

Manhattan Graphics 

163 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013 
(212) 924-2778 


A page design system for 512K Macintoshes. ReadySetGo 
pages arc built dynamically from component blocks that 
may contain text or graphics. The blocks can be dragged 
around the page or resized using the mouse. Graphics blocks 
can contain rules, borders, solids, or pictures. Pictures can 
be brought in from other programs, such as MacPaint or 

You can produce only one page at a time with Ready- 
SetGo — a disappointing drawback in a program that requires 


d File Edit Fo nt Size Style Special 





Interactive page makeup for thu 

ReadySetGo"*' automalos thejl 


512K. Pages can be printed on the imagewriter or the Apple 

Text can be typed in from scratch or brought in from 
other programs, such as MaeWrite. Unlike MacPublisher^ 
ReadySetGo supports full text-editing features; you can 
change fonts, style, and size at any point. When text is 
updated and blocks are resized, the display is also updated 
and text automatically re wraps to fit the block. 

A ruler shows page dimensions for “eyeballing” the 
blocks, and a spec sheet gives each block’s exact design 
parameters for more accurate positioning. ReadySetGo sup- 
ports all standard page sizes, with a “show page” facility 
that provides a scaled view of the entire page. The show 
page display is continually updated as you work. 

ReadySetGo and PageMaker take very different ap- 
proaches to page composition. We recommend getting a 
thorough hands-on demo of each program before purchase. 


Casady Company 

P.O. Box 223779, Carmel. CA 93922 
(408) 646-4660 

Fluent Fonts 

Two disks stuffed with fonts, in forty-nine different styles. 
Here’s some of what you get: Hebrew, Cyrillic, Polish, 
Czech, and Slovak; electronic, mathematical, architectural, 
and engineering symbols; symbols for astronomy, biology, 
chemistry, and meteorology; an image font; a borders font; 
a calligraphy font; and even “illuminated” characters to jazz 
up Venice and London documents. Some of our favorite text 
fonts are in this package. Recommended. $49.95 (plus $3 
shipping; California residents add sales tax) 

Devonian International 
Software Company 

P.O. Box 2351, Montclair, CA 91763 
F ontogenies 

Two disks of fonts. Most of the fonts are available in 12 
and 24-point and are a good mix of display and body fonts. 
Notable are Czech, Polish, and Cyrillic fonts, two fonts of 
borders, Oxford 12 (which contains medical symbols), and a 
delightful font that includes cooking symbols. 

Fontagenics /contains Baton Rouge 12 and 24, Boston 
18, Galveston 12 and 24, Lyon 12, Milwaukee 12 and 24, 
Novosibirsk (sic) 12, Portland 12 and 24, St. Louis 12 and 
24, Williamsburg 12, and Dcs Moines 12 (a borders font). 
Fontagenics II contains Albuquerque 12, Atlanta 18, Brob- 
dingnag 36, Dublin 14, Fresno 12, Lilliput 9 and 18, 
Lexington 18, Oxford 12, Prague 12, Trizekh 12, and Cedar 
Rapids 12 (a borders font). 

The company, founded by a moonlighting pediatrician 
with a talent for font design, also docs custom font designs. 
Write for details. Each Fontagenics disk, $22.50 (plus $3 
shipping and handling; California residents add sales tax) 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Professional Type Fonts for Headlines 
Special fonts styled after well-known industry standards like 
Helvetica, Times Roman, and Optima, in sizes from 24 to 
72-point appropriate for headlines. This one requires 512K. 

Professional Type Fonts for Text 
The same fonts as above, but in sizes from 12 to 24-point. 
These fonts were designed to give a professional look to 
letters, reports, term papers, newsletters, and more. Sixteen 
fonts, including a symbols font. $49.95 

Linguists’ Software 

P.O. Box 231 , Mount Hermon, CA 95041 
(408) 335-2577 

Linguists* Software helped us out with these descriptions of 
their special fonts for the Greek, Hebrew, and Japanese 
alphabets, math and science applications, and more. Each 
disk includes a manual that explains how to install and use 
these fonts, as well as a keyboard layout sheet. 


A 12 and 24-point font with high-quality printing using the 
basic Russian keyboard layout. Includes the extra symbols 
for the Ukrainian, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Mace- 
donian, and Yakut alphabets. $99.95 

MacKana & Basic Japanese Kanji 
A 12 and 24-point font with high-quality printing. Includes 
hiragana, katakana, punctuation marks, and seventy kanji. 

& Letters 

& Letters 



Radical-based. Hundreds of additional kanji in 12 and 24- 
point. Available late 1985. $119.95 


A 10, 12, 20, and 24-point font that includes all Korean 
letter combinations. $99.95 


A 12 and 24-point font with high-quality printing of the 
International Phonetic Alphabet, many standard symbols 
beyond the IPA for phonetics, standard punctuation sym- 
bols, accent and stress signs, and transliteration symbols 
for Greek, Hebrew, and Coptic. $99.95 

SuperFrench German Spanish 

Forty-one accents and diacritical marks, with non-deleting 
backspacing for fast typing. Includes the complete character 
sets of over 77 languages. $99.95 


All upper- and lower-case Greek letters, breathing marks, 
accents, diercses, punctuation marks, and iota subscripts. 
Features exact positioning of all diacritical mark combina- 
tions with automatic non-deleting backspacing. Includes 
special symbols for Bible study and TLG, as well as sym- 
bols for textual criticism and papyrology. $99.95 

SuperGreek, Hebrew & Phonetics 

Everything found in SuperGreek, Super Hebrew, and Mac- 

Phonetics. $179.95 

File edit Search Format Font Style 

1 0:45 kai gar "o u"i6v 

KAT A MAQ Q AION 4 14-15 "ina pihrwqi 16 'rhqen dt6 
Hsoeeou lou proftlou legoniov, GA ZotJouUn koi gA Nefqelim/odon qalosshv, 
peran tou ’lordanou. Gahlai'e tOn eqnOn 

5 43 'AgopEselv ton plhslon sou kel mis^selv Ion 'ecqrdn sou 


ilaclFjcbrcto: s-n/yvrp 

*vljw uhObw Uhl/ h/yj Jro'hw Jrh / w <ymVh /' <yhOI ’rB /yv'rB 
me nirimil A i n-AhlihA entAiAml meiMAA ii-iEiili| linlt oAii 
ni-iE IU*I I I14AA IH I nEinl 

^honCttC0I \pkycer-€!-b®I\ w9/5 ®-b/v d©A -fcoV ean-d'dno f‘=z .frA 
k"*! (’*^Ctoo§<l**9^A— d-©*i2 -— **cbcE J fi’Y o0Tin'*****«»a 'Gd/O/A-* b0diyCEx>CE4 
d(;/o)uUof''BAF5A6nNUy8AeieiCiANan6’'666uoO''«>>Au6u< i+d*’ =*\|-_1{1)\| 



Vowel points, punctuation marks, doubling dots, and more, 
including all nineteen accent symbols used in KitteL Fea- 
tures exact positioning of accents and vowel points under 
consonants by means of a “mini space key.** $99.95 


A 9, 10, 12, 18, 20, and 24-point font with high-quality 
printing of over 1,000 scientific symbols for equations in 
mathematics, engineering, physics, chemistry, economics, 
and astromomy. Includes the complete scientific Greek 
alphabet. Features 22 overstrike keys with automatic back- 
spacing and multiple-line-lcngth integrals, brackets, braces, 
parentheses, and absolute value bars. $99.95 

Megatherium Enterprises 

P.O. Box 7000-417, Redondo Beach. CA 90277 
(213) 545-5913 

Mac the Linguist: 

Phonetic Fonts for Macintosh 

Two new fonts, LGeneva and LNew York, modeled after the 
Macintosh*s Geneva and New York fonts. The new fonts 
include 120 printing symbols not found in any standard 
Macintosh fonts and arc available in 9, 10, 12, 18, 20, and 
24-point sizes. Included arc the most frequently used sym- 
bols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, as well as 
symbols from other transcription systems and orthographic 
symbols not contained in the original fonts. Fonts can be 
co-resident with Geneva and New York, so symbols from 
standard and Mac the Linguist fonts can be mixed in doc- 
uments. The documentation includes installation instruc- 
tions, Key Caps charts, tips for learning and using fonts, 
and an index. $50 (California residents add sales tax) 

Miles Computing, Inc. 

21018 Osborne Street, Suite 5, Canoga Park, CA 91304 
(818) 341-1411 

Mac the Knife, Volume 2 

One of our favorite font disks. More than two dozen new 
fonts, many suitable (really!) for body text. Lots of “hidden** 
icons (the manual tells where to find ’em). Just for fun, the 
company also includes a file of iwenty-onc new MacPaint 
patterns. The manual is well produced and chock-full of tips, 
font samples, and complete instructions. Recommended. 

Powertools Software 

5059 San Aquario Drive, San Diego, CA 921 09 
(619) 483-3436 


More than thirty new typestyles that, when double-clicked, 
install themselves automatically in the System file of your 
applications disk. You do, however, need Font Mover to re- 
move them. $34.95 


Sea-ess Graphics Company 

P.O. Box 451 , Olathe, KS 66061 
DecoWriter Fonts 

DecoWriter Fonts contains thirteen decorative character sets, 
represented both in individual font files and in a System 
folder to facilitate convenient access to the entire font 
collection. Emphasis is on visually striking, highly orna- 
mental alphabets suitable for headings, titles, labels, and 
other graphic applications. $24; with DecoWriter Letters, 
$40 ($35 if ordered directly from the manufacturer) 

DecoWriter Letters 

DecoWriter Letters lets you embellish documents with deco- 
rative initial letters, similar to the centuries-old technique of 
“illumination” practiced by book illustrators and hand 
letterers. The initial letters and detailed rectangular back- 
grounds are contained in MacPaint files and can be used 
separately or together. DecoWriter Letters includes two 
complete sets of outlined and shadowed Roman and Gothic 
alphabetic characters approximately 1 1/2 to 1 3/4 inches 
tall and fifty-two background rectangles. $24; with Deco- 
Writer Fonts, $40 ($35 if ordered directly from the 

ife File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 


1 Til DecolUriter 









n n n c j 



H 1 jr*|T|' y j i' 1 ‘ 



DecoWriter Letters 

large-size applications. Unlike Mac’s own fonts, these let- 
ters look great in 24, 36, 48, and 72-point — no jagged 
edges here. There are more than twenty alphabets. The 
smaller alphabets are presented as “fonts”; the alphabets too 
large for font form are presented as “typefaces.” Font 
alphabets are installed as usual with Font Mover. Typeface 
alphabets are contained in MacPaint files and can be used 
like any other MacPaint images. They’re also outlined, so 
you can fill them in with patterns. The package includes a 
pocket-sized MacPaint tips manual that’s handy and well 
written. $49.95 

21st Century Software 

2306 Cotner Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90064 
(213) 829-4436 

UltraFonts Edition Two 

Twenty-one fonts, in sizes ranging from 6 to 36-point. 
There’s a font of symbols and Mac icons, a tiny font for 
tiny lettering, a borders and boxes font, and a correspon- 
dence-quality font. Special accents allow you to type in 
more than thirty languages, including Albanian, Czech, 
Esperato, Hawaiian, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Polish, Samoan, 
Turkish, and Welsh. The accents and diacritical marks can be 
positioned over any letter in the alphabet. The manual 
includes type samples and good-humored tips. Here’s one of 
them: “Use a fresh ribbon. ..there’s no sense spending a 
couple of thousand bucks on a computer and then printing 
with a ribbon that makes your work look like it came out of 
an IBM PC.” $29.95; with UltraFonts Technical & 
Business Set, $49.95 

UltraFonts Technical & Business Set 
Includes a technical graphics font with more than 100 
commonly used symbols for astronomers, mathematicians, 
engineers, lawyers, and other professionals. The symbols 
come in 9 to 24-point sizes and can be easily typed from 
the keyboard. A math font enables users to print multi-level 
fractions, square roots, and integrals. There are also three 
Greek fonts, two serif and one sans-serif, which include the 
accents and diacritical marks needed to write in Greek. 
$29.95; with UltraFonts Edition Two, $49.95 

Software Apple-cations 

11510 Alejandro, Boise, ID 83709 
(208) 322-8910 


Sixteen new fonts, each in at least two size^, many in five 
sizes or more. Most are display or decorative fonts; sizes 
range from 9-point to 36-point. $29.95 

T/Maker Graphics 

2115 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 962-0195 

ClickArt Letters 

Lots of letters — big letters — designed especially for flyers, 
newsletters, posters, overhead transparencies, and other 

'•m File Ldil Search Format font Style 

UltraFonts Technical & Business Set 

& Letters 

& Letters 



Basel 48 


Fargo 48 abcdefg 

HoListon 3B 

Boston 48 

New Haven 24 abcdef 

Oxford 24 

Calgary 36 

Cambridge 36 


Plymouth 36 

Quebec 48 abcdefg 

llsillas ^lo 


Uegas 48 abed 


DecoWriter Fonts 

ocbbe'gdeco 14 
ocbcdep^bijKl'm. . . 

CactusDeco 30 

DanishDeco 24 
abcderghi jKIm... 

• \ •••• •••• •••• •••• I 

%mmm Y 1 / •••* / •••! !••• I 

I I / •••! •••■ / •••• laa* I 

!••• I I I •••! I •••• !••• I 

!••• I II I •••• •••• I 

•••• I IV •••! !••• V •••* *** / 

•••• I I V •••• V •••! J 

:::: I I ^ 


■••• \ mmu 

•••• \ ■■■ 

• "■•■■■a 


■ nmm ^«b 

! \ ;;; \ 
I' ~ *i»»» » 



Fonts ll 



I* * ^ *i^U|^n^b z^r 
-^^■RpPlS % 



OTTpa xi^ooxu^ABTAEOrHI 

T = %o 

SLetter Quality 



••• O .-. :^= Sg^j= s<> <>■;• H-;.-..o^^ vfo. </■<)- •(>{- -KI- ^ 


y/~ ogCEae 


Clean • 

fs • TYPESETTING FOR THE REST OF US • Fonts for word processing 

" ^ TechMicQl Synhals ^ 'Ul^kllElT 

iafibna£ & VERY smrll t-OLuznt & Clean 6>t Diitihctii^B & Plain 6i Fancy & 

IT ROUVE^U ^^Calligraphu^t^^^ 

frofessioMl u se in any program that uass fonts. T 7 )$^£LT^V 
>xt. PcA/iO^vaJti^^e. ^ouA Minimize the Jaggies • 

1 &<1 A 2 A . tiO ^ K &, I-AIEL YOU* DETAILED DAAWINM 

>L.L A Plain & Fancy 8l Co'rweAAationci2 &. btiiihcUvs ^ OLuznt & Clean & 

1% © ©arapofta?? Os this really a Computer? 

JOCDerillNg Ft>R eyePgbNe Productivity Enhancement Ilillll IllH 

Drts • ITileiwisDetters • Brochures • neimos • Reports • 

=>v rs \ 

DQcDPQSSOQS • Newsletters • <@312333330 ©ED^Iq @tlH3ffi£Sa00tD0 **:^nus 

iiiaii • loriiiejiaii • %A • Hreel * SweilisI • hM • Cjrillic* fran(;ais» hjlisl • Mm • [spliol ' 

• Tres Chic • Percme Bo? • Beautiful 

b • „CBSi 3 b” • H 4 >HI£ 4 Eh • BbicoKoe Ka^exBO •JTerKo yn 

t • ^lucfeliclvD • FORMIDABLE • QlGlSOIlGIGlIi • 

3HhK)B£3<IEr • HF<i>AZ'FfiXK5riYtP • ^ ETUKoiycDyCa to peuov 



' 123 H 567890 -=qwErtyuiopt]]]\asdf 3 hjkL;‘z>:cvbnm,./''!|a**$^" 5 *()_+ 


°F°C O o o o ^ o o >«i] 

Baton Rouse 12 

SpEciaL chanactEPs: o.2 ii o.3 (pound) o.5 h 0.6 ^ (oz. wt.) 

0.7 ^^(dash) o.8^(drop) o.Q’^^^CsLicE) o.O v^^cut) o.= 
o.w'^li(whip) o.p*(poast) o.yiJXminutE) o.o'/a o.pUKquart) 
o.sijii(pinch) o.d^i(stip) o.ffBKbakE) o-silitCsniLL) o.L^^^(poLL out) 
o.’)<i o.zl^(sift) o.x"'^ — *(basta) o.v;0;(cooL)^(boiL) 
o.mEKoz.fL.) 0. ,"F 0. .X s.o.' s.o.1 CPCEmpty cup) 

s.o.2D30<icup) s.o.30)0icup) s.o.HBKJticup) s.o.5 h s.o.6®)(1 cup) 
s.o.7<5>— (tsp.) s.0.8" s.o.9’'j=^(chop) s.o.Olv^(dicE) s.o.= ^ 
s.o.w®>“(tbsp.) s.o.y^Chour) s.o.oh s.o.pdKsaLLon) s.o.d^li(bLEnd) 
s.o.' )<i s.o.b ^^^(sautE) s.o.m E] (pint) 



" >>Bi»C'^6aei6uaeI6uaeIouaei6u5 
anohMiiDhhO L^on Font 12 




Miluiaukee Font 12 

Specials: s.o.'® s.o.ld]) s.o. 2^ s.o.Sp s.o.44 s.o. 5^ 
s.0.6 ^ s.o. 7^ S.0.9Q s.o.06> s.o.ujqi s.o.e 

& Letters 

& Letters 




Novosi6irsk Fonx 12 
Cy^illic Jnpha6cx: 

s.o.A ft 0.0 a s.o.B B o.b £ s.o.vB o.v B s.o.G F o.G F s.o.ofl fl 
eE®6 oHE o.u/e C s.o.’!^[C o.’ S.O.Z 3 °z 3 s.o.l H o.i/i H 
s.o.J M o.j HK K k k s.o.L JI 0.1 JI M Mm IHs o.N H on/n H 

0 □ 0 0 s.o.P n o pll S.o.s C 0 .S ClTtT y'5 V JJ s.o.F ® o.f$ 
xXxXs.o.Tif^ s.o.cq o.cxj vIII wM s.o.vIH o.w IlJ 



— CE0""» A /t Q <$► 6de i6 uacio ucicio Q y aeTo Qa no 
A^;aROAOU Portland font specials: 

S.oP^t S.O.lM S. 0 . 25 ^ S. 0.3 S.0.4^5T^ S.o.s J^IL 

S. 0 . 6 ® S. 0 . 7 ® S.o.s “ 

Special Characters: s.o. 1 ^ s.0.2 ^ s.0.3 %r s o. 4 















f OriTPflH Kmjjbury 

FOIMTPAk Godfr*!, 

FontPak Spencer 



honiPAk Miller 
FontPak frozier 

FontPali n.,..r 

FocitPalK Morgan 

FOWTP/^K Murphg 


f®iiiniPAi! Richardson 
FontPS^k Hopkins 


. Broille 

'^oiAt^ ah 

FontPak Cooper 




FontPak Thomas 

rCNTPAF Finney 




for^lPak Casey 

W i i ^ r--- Mitchell 



I livinyston 




I I LT ciis: Horton 

- -- -- — . — - - 

FomlLPak Jones 


Key fl B 


D E 



H I 

J K L M 

□ N? 




S€ i ^ a A 



^ Q 



® dll 

Dine (A 



^...w v\ 

^ Bi 



i ^ 

Key N 0 

P Q 

R $ 


U U 111 K V 2 

N ••• 

^ / ■■■ 



^4^0 IVES ( OK )© 





D [Cancel] © 

option Iggs 



llParker Conuersion Chart 


^ ♦ Y © ^ s © issfe P i 0 <3 ^ 

QRSTUUlDKVZab c def 

n V ifeiT I 

g h i J k I mnopqrstuuiOK 

fli If M S '9' I ^ a a fi a I i i s * 

yzl23456 7 8 90 Gibson 



& Letters 


MacKana, SuperGreek, 

ilacJwma ^ ■SSaaic Japane 2 « 35wm3i © P. B. Payne 1984 


-AcT)/ci:^(7)r^7-/7AJbn'i7“a7"vA-^(— ^^^■y:"^IZgg■H/z"^^T) 


Mat^vzzk: KATA MAOeAION 4: 1 4- 1 5 'iva TiATipaiexi to 'pT\eev 6i 

'Hoaiou ToO TTpo(j>'nTou A6YOVT09, rfi ZapouAibv Kai yf| Ne<{)eaA(p,'o66v 
0aAdoaT|S, Trepav tou ’lop6dvou, TaAiAaia Toiv 'eGvaiv. . . 

5:43 ’Ayairfjaeis t6v irA'naiov aou Kai [xia'qoei? tov 
15:4 'o ydp Geos eTirev, Tiixardv Trarepa Kai Tf)v jiTiTepa, Kai, 

’O KaKoAoyaiv Trarepa ’f) |i.T|Tepa Gavdrq) TeAeurdTco* 

21:13 reypaTTTai, 



ilacI)«brttD: 5 - 1:1 n’uixii 

WT\^ inai 'inn nn^n rYnm lyian hki n^niijn m n^n^K Kin n^iii^m 


V IT T /*• 

~ilK ^n^ nnK'n :o^nn nanm nni a 1 nn 

• : I- >s. j* : V v: v ✓ - • IT ” ✓*• : ~ v >v - : * v; - j ; ; j- : - 

i]^n ]lyn ^3in n^yiyDn '?■? nn '^ini 


\*T *. 


1mnnm loin 




Mac the Knife, Volume 2 

Dallas IS 

■^OISE 18 

STDVWAYZ es>ira^(D 





^Lxmmx ^4 


Copenhagen 16 


Greenbay 18 



Hiollywood ^i'3. 


Cupertino 2^ 



popple ^^^1 


lliollywood iiS 
a bed efQ h i J kl m n o pq r s... 

.oiaiMwaTfl. WTT-n-A-l^ 

V Vt) 

-('X ^ 'i 

& Letters 


Saic|on IB 



Manhattan 12 

Poini| Option I y Caps LoclT| 

l^i^"f|^ |Press| /^ [Backspa^ 

( ) [brag 1 1 Enter | ^ Enter | Drag I " 



nos EIsIe^ 3'=]' 



SunnyvQlG 24 

Qbcd0fghi jhinnnop 

O . tesi^ 

Paris 1 8 

Sydney 24 


V3V4 5/8 3/4 7/8 3/8 2/3 

Liverpool 18 
atocdef^hijK.liniiopqrst'u vwxyz 

L4^V8V2 Washington DC 16 



Rome Id Noo088ocft&e 

sbcdefghijklmnopqrs odcsefaosjfttiNnoPQttBBuvfiBxea 

=|j|ml234567690 ®ih 


Mac the Linguist: 
Phonetic Fonts for 

LGeneva ]0 

LGeneva rs 
abcdefghi jkljrnsa... 

LNew York 10 


abcdefghi jkllrhsa... 

Professional Type Fonts 
for Headlines 

nu black Z4 

Professional Type Fonts | 
for Text I 





LAMBl^A 18 

aL>^;clef§Ki jkliTv... 


& Letters 

& Letters 




18 abcdefghij... 






abcdefgh i jk Irn... 




City 18 


Firenze 1 8 

Fiitiira 24 




Honda 18 

UltraFonts I 


i¥^ 18 


-^n;izon i6 

Micropramma PH 
abcdef phi Jkim... 

Brook (6) 

Crhit SQ 


Colorado (20) 

Parisian 20 

abcdetqhijklm. . . 

Columbia 18 

PEiqiMOT 20 

Coii<|o 2^1 

Playbill 18 


Hudson IS 

nEUE? E4 


Hudson Uinlliin'e 1IS 

Russell Square IS 



Potomac 18 




& Letters 



l^hine 2^ 

^AC^^AmEnCO 18 

Seine 18 

btVX 18 


Thames 18 

Volga 18 

Volga Inlina 18 

Yukon 18 

Willamette 18 

Borders font: 

m It, IP HI ' 


— ^^11 111 = 1 

' (r=^*=^ 11 = 11 

1 !^ 

Symbols fonts; 




Games & 

Let’s get one thing straight: Just because a program is fun doesn’t 
mean it’s a game. Lots of programs are fun. Microsoft Word is fun. Mac- 
Paint is fun. Desk Accessory Mover is fun. Strange-looking fonts are fun. 

With Macintosh, fun is easy. But games are a different matter entirely. 
With games, you can lose. 

Oh, you can crash and ruin a 200K database (a delightful experience), 
or accidentally copy an old file over a newer file (always fun), or wipe out 
a hard disk (don’t tell the boss), but losing wasn’t envisioned — certainly 
not planned for — by the manufacturer. But with Macintosh games, losing 
is planned from the outset. Built in. 

Computer games have always offered opportunities to be outplayed, 
outmaneuvered, snookered, bested, whipped, or trounced. But often, on 
other computers, the games weren’t very good, or very smart. 

It wasn’t the fault of tlie game designers. They did their best, within the 
limits of the machines. 

Speed is the crudest limit. Think of it from the designer’s view: 
You’ve got to create a jazzy screen (the faster the better), handle inputs 
from the player (the faster the better), decide what to do with the inputs, 
update a score or position (quickly), and change the screen accordingly. 
Sound effects also help, but sound requires still more speed — and nobody 
likes to wait, no matter how engaging the tune. 

Luckily, Macintosh is fast. It can process two million low-level instruc- 
tions a second. A second. Think about it. Two million. A second. 

Think about it when Sargon humiliates you at chess. Or when Mouse 
Stampede buries you in shopping carts. You’ll feel better. 

Even games that take little advantage of Macintosh’s design benefit 
from its speed. Infocom’s games play exactly the same on Macintosh as on 
other computers, but faster. And it makes a difference. 

The Mac design helps in other ways. Multiple windows in Wizardry 
and Cyborg add fun to both games. Blue Chip Software’s business simu- 
lations also take maximum advantage of windows; profit and loss state- 
ments, business graphics, even tlie Financial Times, can be viewed in win- 
dows, all only two clicks away. 

Macintosh game graphics — already superior to the graphics produced 
on otlier computers — will only get better. Animation hasn’t quite made it to 
games, but it will. Digitized pictures, shot with cameras and incorporated 
into games, are also coming. So are adventure maps that “draw” as you 

Games & 



play. So are programs that not only fight back, but talk back. So are pro- 
grams with true three-dimensional graphics. On the way. 

Many of these advances will require a 512K Macintosh. A single de- 
tailed MacPaint picture can hog over 60K of memory. Sound, speech, ani- 
mation, and — oh, yes — the actual game program also need to be crowded 
into memory. 

It’ll happen. Nobody uses Jazz all the time. 

For now, we have games in every category: card games, board games, 
strategy games, arcade games, text and graphic adventures, casino games, 
simulations, even trivia games. 

All that’s missing in this chapter are educational games — programs that 
use arcade tactics to teach typing, for example. Macintosh has educational 
games too, but we put them in the Educational Software chapter. You’re 
meant to win at tliose games. 

It’s obvious that game designers like Macintosh. And Macintosh de- 
signers love games. Steve Capps, who wrote much of the software within 
Macintosh, was hired onto the Mac team as a result of a game. Alice has 
been spruce up and renamed Through the Looking Glass. It’s included in 
this chapter. 

And, of course, there’s the puzzle desk accessory. There was much 
wrangling prior to Mac’s release over whether the puzzle should be in- 
cluded as a desk accessory. After all, Macintosh was a “business com- 
puter,” right? 

The puzzle stayed. And, oddly enough, a year or so later comes this 
chapter — one of the longest chapters in this book. All games. 

Is Macintosh a business computer? Sure. 


Adventure Games 

Aegis Development, Inc. 

2210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 277, 

Santa Monica, CA 90403 
(213) 306-0735 

Pyramid of Peril 

A graphic action-adventure in three dimensions. The play 
takes place within a multi-leveled pyramid, full of treasures 
and monsters. Using the mouse, you progress forward, 
backward, left, right, up, or down. Along the way, you slide 
treasure into your bag and click monsters to oblivion. 
Tough monsters take many clicks. 

Half the screen shows the pyramid maze from your 
viewpoint in three dimensions. The remainder of the screen 
shows your location on a simplified map. Turn, grab, click, 
explore, and so on. 

Hardcore adventurers may find it tame but should enjoy 
the graphics. Children, though, will love it: There’s no typ- 
ing involved, the game isn’t frustratingly difficult, and it’s 
exciting for kids to click monsters and fiends back into the 

Pyramid of Peril 

depths of hell (or disk, or wherever they come from). The 
third release of Pyramid of Peril is out. Each release gets 
better: better graphics, better monsters, more challenging, 
more fun. Buy it. $49.95 

Ann Arbor Softworks 

308 1/2 South State Street, Ann Arbor, Ml 48104 
(313) 996-3838 

Lunar Explorer 

An adventure game with built-in arcade action. Your planet’s 
on the verge of anarchy; you must journey to distant cities 
for help. Before you begin, you must stock your spaceship 
with fuel and supplies, choosing armor, radar, food, 
weapons, and other standard adventure fare. Traveling 
through the canyons that connect your planet’s cities, you 
encounter renegade groups of outlaws (arc there any other 
kind?). The shoot-’em-up action happens here; bombs and 
missiles are fired with the mouse and spacebar. We haven’t 
seen the game, but the concept sounds like fun. $49.95 

Broderbund Software 

17 Paul Drive, San Rafael, CA 94903 


Cyborg is a classic text adventure game written by science 
fiction author Michael Berlyn. An operation has left you as 
a cyborg, part human and part machine, a monster in human 
form shunned by friends and family. In desperation, you 
accept a mission that takes you on a remarkable journey. 

Most of the necessary cyborg communication and control 
occurs through an instrument panel on the screen’s left side. 
Clicking the “Body Scan’’ button presents you with a list of 
the objects you arc wearing or carrying. “Area Scan’’ 
describes your location in detail. “Bio Scan’* details your 
physical and mechanical condition, and “Metabolism” lets 
you set your energy expenditure. “Compass Points” controls 
movement and “?” accesses cyborg opinion on cither a 
location or an object. You may save up to forty games and 
resume playing at any place where you previously saved. 
Cyborg also includes a handful of cleverly executed 
graphics. $39.95 

Pyramid of Peril 


Games & 

Games & 


Challenger Software 

18350 Kedzie Avenue, Homewood, IL 60430 
(312) 957-3475 


A two-disk graphic adventure game that casts you in the role 
of an apprentice magician in search of a mystical orb 
located in the legendary Drab Castle. Many obstacles lie in 
your path as you begin your quest. Legacy features detailed 
graphics and accepts full-sentence commands. $39.95 


55 Wheeler Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 
(800) 262-6868, (617) 492-1031 in Massachusetts 

Each of the Infocom games is a text-only adventure; there 
are no graphics, no extra windows, and no fancy dialog 
boxes to be found here. The only concessions to Macintosh 
arc the ability to cut and paste text and a menu bar with 
options to save or resume a game, or to switch the display 
font. Still, these games are by turns delightful, amazingly 
intelligent, and often maddeningly difficult. All games 
accept complete sentences as input. (’Tush the red button 
with the umbrella then get the shoe.”) The packaging is 
among the best in the industry. All Infocom games arc rated 
for difficulty: Junior, Standard, Advanced, or Expert. Novice 
adventurers should forego the more difficult games. 


Sunken treasure is the goal here. You have to work with 
some scurvy characters to recover the treasure from 
Hardscrabble Island, but can you trust them? Tough, in more 
ways than one. Standard level. $39.95 


An instant hit when it was released. Deadline is a re-creation 
of the “hard-boiled” detective genre story, where you’re the 
shamus. Inspect the house and grounds, grill the suspects, 
and paw through the material packed with the game. Watch 
out for red herrings. The sense of realism is, at limes, 
uncanny. Expert level. $49.95 


You’re a novice magician in a land of magic, out to defeat 
the evil Krill and earn a scat on the Circle of Enchanters. 
Unlike in the Zork trilogy, the emphasis here (and in the 
companion game. Sorcerer) is on learning and using magical 
powers rather than on solving knotty puzzles — though 
puzzles also play their part. Light touches, including talking 
animals, arc found throughout. Easier than Zork, Enchanter 
is a good first game for adventuring. Standard level. 

The Hitchhiker^s Guide to the Galaxy 
From the book of the same name. You arc Arthur Dent, sole 
survivor of Earth (which was demolished to create an 
interstellar bypass), off to puzzle and blunder through the 
galaxy. Challenging and hilarious. Hitchhiker was an 
instant cult hit upon release. Can Restaurant at the End of 
the Universe be far behind? Standard level. $39.95 

d Ciilt Commands I^Font 

i nedroom Score; 0/2 f - 

It is pitch block. 

>open eyes 
They ore 

>lurn on light 

Good slorl to the doy Pity U's going to be the worst one of your life The 
light IS now on 

Bedroom. In the bed 
The bedroom is o mess 

It Is 0 smoll bedroom with o foded corpet end old wellpoper There is o 
weshDosm, o choir with o totty dressing gown slung over It. and o window 
with the cjrtoins drown Neor the exit leoding south is o phone 
There is e flotheod screwdriver here, (outside the bed) 

There is o toothbrush here (outside the bed) 


The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy 


Being an soldier of fortune of less-than-sterling character, 
you’ve been marooned by your followers in the desert. The 
setting is Egypt, the goal is treasure, and the difficulty is 
advanced. Not a good game for first-time adventurers. 


You are an ensign in the Stellar Patrol. Your specialty: 
swabbing decks. Cast on your own resources when the 
Feinstein explodes, you must learn to survive on a distant 
planet. Your robot companion, Floyd, may or may not be 
helpful. Humorous, offbeat, and moderately difficult. 
InfoWorld magazine rated this one “Best Adventure of 
1983.” Standard level. $39.95 


The first in a new scries of games for kids from ten to 
presenility. In Seastalker, the Aquadome, the world’s first 
undersea research station, is in trouble. You, naturally, are 
the one to save it. Unfortunately, your specially equipped 
submarine, the Scimitar, hasn’t yet been tested in deep 
water, and the crew of the Aquadome may harbor a traitor. 
Some days it’s one thing after another. Junior level. 


The second game in the series that began with Enchanter, 
By now, we hope, you’ve defeated Krill and are a full 
member of the Circle of Enchanters. Good thing, because 
you’ll need to learn more magic spells and understand 
magical potions if you’re ever to rescue your friend the 
Necromancer and save the kingdom. Includes a roller coaster 
ride and an invisible 3-D maze. Standard level. $44.95 


A difficult science fiction adventure, Starcross is reminiscent 
of Arthur C. Clark’s Rendezvouz with Rama. You’re on a 
spaceship that’s seen belter days, accompanied by a smart- 
mouthed computer. But what’s that strange object out there? 
The mass-readings are interesting. Now, if you can just fig- 


ure out how to navigate this thing, and find your spaccsuit, 
and... Expert level. $49.95 


You’ve been awakened from cryogenic suspension to save 
your planet from destruction. You can’t be on the scene of 
the problem yourself, so you manipulate a crew of robots, 
each of which specializes in a different kind of task. It’ll 
take a while to get to know what works and what 
doesn’t — as in all Infocom games. This one is tough but 
engrossing. Expert level. $49.95 

The Witness 

Successor to Deadline, this murder mystery has, somewhere, 
everything you need to know to nail the culprit. A pity 
you’ve got only twelve hours to solve the crime. Easier than 
its predecessor. Deadline, but still plenty challenging and 
fun. Standard level. $39.95 

Zork /, //, and III 

The original trio of Infocom games, set in the now-famous 
Great Underground Empire. Zork I is the least complicated at 
“standard level”; II and III arc more difficult continuations 
(advanced level) of the story. Here lie enchanted swords, 
magical vistas, treasure, whimsy, utter frustration, and grues 
that enjoy snacking on adventurers. Zork I, $39.95; Zork 
II and III, $44.95 

^ It Edit Commands l^ont 

El ] Technology Museum Score: 3/179 

rusting in many spots 

Technology Museum 

This IS a large hall vvluch hosted the technological exhibits of the Great 
Underground Empire A door to the south is open 

Directly in front of you is a large golden machine, which has a seat with a 
console in front. On the console is a single button and a dial connected to a 
three-digit display which reads 946 The machine is suprisingly shiny and 
shows few signs of age 

A strange grey machine, shaped somewhat like a clothes dryer, is on one 
side of the room On the other side of the hall is a powerful -looking black 
machine, a tight tangle of wires, pipes, and motors 
A plaque is mounted near the door The writing is faded, however, and 
cannot be made out clearly The two machines seem to be in bad shape, 
rusting in many spots 

>enter grey machinej 

Zork III 

Origin Systems 

340 Harvey Road, Manchester, NH 03103 
(603) 644-3360 

Exodus: Ultima III 

In this fantasy role-playing game, you move four characters 
of your own creation through the world of Sosaria. Quest 
through castles, towns, and dungeons, over the high seas 
and the monster-filled countryside, building your strengths, 
getting treasure, and gathering clues, weapons, and abilities 
that will help you vanquish the evil Exodus. The first two 
Ultima games are Apple II classics. Ultima III, already a 
bestseller in the Apple II and other game markets, is the 

first of the series to allow multiple characters and give the 
player a realistically limited point of view; although you see 
the world from above, those places that are blocked from 
view by walls or trees arc not visible. A breakthrough game 
in its genre. $64.95 

Penguin Software 

830 Fourth Avenue, P.O. Box 311, Geneva, IL 60134 
(312) 232-1984 

The Coveted Mirror 

Penguin games are as popular for their imaginative scenarios 
as for their playability. The setting in The Coveted Mirror 
is typical: The once placid Medieval village of Starbury 
groans under the iron-fisted rule of blackhearted King Voar. 
The dazzling mirror that the Wizard Munjistan once used to 
protect the village is now broken into five pieces, of which 
Voar has four. The power of the whole mirror is absolute, 
and Voar will stop at nothing to find the missing piece. But 
should a champion find it first, Voar’s power can be broken. 

As the designated hero, you’re charged with finding the 
Coveted Mirror. Beware, though: With the mirror, Voar can 
spy on his enemies at all times. The Coveted Mirror is 

rile Inuentonj Other 

y.)u a Thron© 


The Coveted Mirror 

The Coveted Mirror 

Games & 



Penguin’s first all-mouse-drivcn adventure — the first to truly 
make use of Macintosh as Macintosh. You supply the 
ingenuity; everything else is on pull-down menus. $39.95 

The Quest 

In this graphic adventure, you’re cast as the King’s newest 
advisor, charged with finding and destroying a vengeful 
dragon that’s terrorizing the kingdom’s south forty. Ac- 
companied by the King’s champion. Corn, you venture off 
to explore the kingdom and slay the reptilian menace. The 
Quest accepts multiple-sentence commands and lets you save 
games in progress. 

If the game proves too tough, you might take refuge in 
the manual. Here’s a typical entry: ‘Thou mayst move by 
positioning the mystical mouse pointer on any lit compass 
point and pressing the mouse button. It is not known why 
the sorcerer chose to use a rodent for this enchantment, but 
it doth ease the fingers most remarkably.” $39.95 


One of the first graphic adventure games for Macintosh, 
Transylvania pits you against vampires and werew'olves as 
you race against time to save the lovely Sabrina. The full 
cast is included: garlic cloves, silver bullets, coffins, bats, 
rats, dark woods, and creepy graveyards. Seasoned adven- 
turers should find this an interesting diversion. Newcomers 
will need to learn about mapping, and about not making the 
same mistake twice. $39.95 


A fantasy role-playing game of many scenarios in which 
you enter the Lost Continent of Arroya in search of Xyphus, 
Lord of Demons. In your travels you encounter spells, 
weapons, and monsters and create four characters, which can 
move independently. Characters can be recruited from three 
Arroya races — Elf, Human, and Dwarf, each with its own 
strengths and weaknesses — and two professions: Fighters 
and Spellcasters. Characters continue from one scenario to 
the next; scenarios arc played through in order, each more 
difficult than the last. You can rest in forts along the veay 

Hyphus"* Character Options Test 


and get healing services, weapons, and armor from trading 
posts scattered throughout the Lost Continent. You can also 
save your game — good thing. $39.95 

Pryority Software, Inc. 

635 South Sanborn Road, Suite 22, Salinas, CA 93901 
(408) 757-0125 

Forbidden Quest 

A science-fiction text adventure spanning more than a 
hundred locations on two starships and three planets. Five 
hundred years after the end of the galactic civil war, your 
planet’s in a state of social and technological decline. 
You’ve heard that an alien race far in space has knowledge 
that can restore your planet’s technology; your quest is for 
this information. Points are awarded for collecting objects 
and solving problems. The harder the problem, the more 
points you win. Some “special” objects — you must discover 
which ones — arc worth extra points. Pay careful attention to 
the printed illustrations (one full-color, four black-and- 
white) that depict game locations; you can’t win without the 
clues they contain. As with all such adventures, map your 
progress, save often (you can restore the game at any point 
without being penalized), and be frugal in asking for hints. 

Help General Soucl^uit Inucntory 

I Control Room I 

WHAAMMMM IM You re slammed against Uie control panel and knocked 
unconscious I An alarm bell drags you slowly back to reality Nothing 
looks familiar. The tentacles of fear begin to tighten as the hiss of air 
escaping reaches your ears 




[. 1 

g jpnnlc 

® ® QD 

Forbidden Quest 

A “science fantasy” text adventure with graphics, plotted by 
science-fiction writer Michael Banks. You’re an adventurer 
faced with solving the mystery of a “Gateway” to another 
world that’s hidden in a decrepit building; on the other side 
lies a parallel universe and a malevolence that will eventu- 
ally threaten Earth. Your mission is to find and destroy this 
evil, aided by other characters who appear in the game. Like 
Forbidden Quest, Gateway has multi-level on-line hints, a 
save-game feature, and printed illustrations of game loca- 
tions that contain clues to solving the adventure. $49.95 


^ 4 Help General Snue/Quit Inucniory 



I— lent ) 

( ) 

(ljj) [piini cl(|] 

® ©*'e 


Hit Points 

l StfenRtH 

1 1 Agility 


O/O/O/O/O/O/O 1 Priest 



Give Item 





Priest Spells 

Identify Item 

Next Level 

Prey Level 

lUl f UililfJJlJI ■ ."Hgg ? J i J ' lfl ' f I i|. 

4 mizardrggi 





Sierra On-Line, Inc. 

P.O. Box 485, Sierra On-Line Building, 

Coarsegold, CA 93614 
(209) 683-6858 

Ultima II 

A bestselling fantasy role-playing game on the Apple II, 
Ultima II retains all the character of the original version 
while making good use of the Mac’s user interface. The 
graphics are intricate and plentiful, and pull-down menus 
provide easy access to essential information. $44.95 

n Intent Rrmour Uleopons 

Commond Journal 





i : 

d - 






2 Rnkhs 
I Red Gea 
I Skull ICey 
I Blue To99)e 
I TrI-Lithlua 

Ulorldly Potsassions 


4 Uli 2 ordrye 

Tf otfiing 




O/O/O/C/o/c/0 I Pries; 


? ^htfia 

Ixp ^ 

Gold • J • 1 

C Give Hem ) ( 

J Items ') 

C Take Hern 5 ( 

.Mage Spells j 

( (unlEquip Item j ( 

Priest Spells j i 



^ Next Lsvyi j ! 

( Cast Spell ) ( 

, Prov Level j j 

( Pool Geld j 




controls a cast of characters, each with his or her own 
strengths, weaknesses, and personalities. As this book was 
written, Wizardry was unfinished, but previews showed lots 
of menus, icons, and information windows — and, of course, 
mazes galore. $59.95 







Arcade Games 

Ultima II 

Sir-tech Software, Inc. 

6 Main Street, Ogdensburg, NY 13669 
(315) 393-6633 


A classic Apple 11 fantasy adventure rewritten to lake 
advantage of the Macintosh’s speed and graphics. The 
authors say that the Mac version is “faster, easier, and more 
fun to play. And, unfortunately, even more addictive than 
the original game.” In Wizardry, the player creates and 

if^nn Arbor Softworks 

308 1/2 South state Street, Ann Arbor, Ml 48104 
(313) 996-3838 

Grid Wars 

You’re on a grid, armed only with a mouse-controlled neu- 
tron cannon. Five species of attackers are coming at you 
over the grid; each strikes in its own way. Splitters reach a 
certain point in the grid and then — you guessed it — divide 
and conquer. Swoopers attack from the sky and drop other 


Games & 


species onto the grid. Gridwalkcrs travel only on gridlines. 
You get the idea. Grid Wars was still under development as 
this book was written, but it sounds worth a look. $39.95 

Broderbund Software 

17 Paul Drive, San Rafael, CA 94903 
(415) 479-1170 

Lode Runner 

The Macintosh version of a classic arcade game originally 
written for the Apple II. The Bungeling Empire’s repressive 
leaders have stolen a fortune in gold from the citizens by 
means of excessive fast food taxes; your job is to recover 
the gold. Grab the chests of booty and flee the bad guys 
through 150 levels, each representing a different room in 
the treasury. Or dig holes to escape through, or to encase 
your pursuers. When the money’s collected, skinny up the 
ladder to the next — more difficult — level. Includes an editor 
to create custom levels. Saves a list of high scores. Chal- 
lenging and fun, with good sound and animation. $39.95 

\ 4 File Editor Gome Options Scores 

General Computer Company 

215 First Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617)492-5500, (800)422-0101 in Massachusetts 

Ground Zero 

Missile Command, revamped. The nuclear missiles are 
coming, and it’s your job to save the world from global 
annihilation. Armed with your trusty mouse, you ward off 
bombs dropped from enemy planes on helpless U.S. cities. 
Which city to save first? Decisions, decisions... Good sound 
and graphics. $39.95 

Ground Zero 

Mark of the Unicorn, Inc. 

222 Third Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 576-2760 

Mouse Stampede 

Rabid mice aren’t your only threat in this shoot- ’em-up 
arcade game. You also have to dodge and destroy turtles, 
bats, sneakers (yes, tennies), knives, flies, and shopping 
carts (really...), all detailed in the colorful and colorfully 
written game packaging. Mice scramble around on the 
kitchen floor until they bump into a moldy piece of cheese, 
then they head for you. Hungry cats will help you by 
munching up mice, but the cats are sleeping most of the 
time. High scores are saved for posterity after you die. And 
you will, over and over again. $39.95 

SCORE: 006579 P) | 


_ Si ^ 






0 ® j 





0 0 0 

0 0 

0 0 




0 M 

<?ia tatjstata 


0 ^ 


Mouse Stampede 

Miles Computing 

21018 Osborne Street, Suite 5, Canoga Park, CA 91304 
(818) 341-1411 

Mac At tack 

A snazzy arcade shoot-’em-up that puts you at the controls 
of a radar-equipped Sherman tank, the last defender of 


Alaska’s battle zone on the brink of World War III. Your 
survival depends on outmancuvering the conventional and 
heat-seeking missiles fired at you from opposing tanks and 
fighter planes. This is the first 3-D Macintosh game, and it’s 
good. In ways, the scrolling landscape is reminiscent of 
Microsoft’s Flight Simulator. Your controls arc on the 
bottom of the screen; the remainder of the screen shows 
oncoming tanks and planes. 

The opposition tanks arc equipped v/ith powerful 
howitzers. Worse yet, the enemy planes have computer- 
guided missiles. The manual cautions that “ is very diffi- 
cult to escape them. It is possible to outmaneuver these mis- 
siles or even destroy them in midair, but it will take all your 
skill and experience to do so.” It does. Using both the 
mouse and keyboard, you position your gunsight, fire, 
change speed and direction, check the radar, and monitor 
fuel. And watch (and hear) your tank get blasted to oblivion 
every few seconds. Aim well, shoot fast, and move quick to 

MacAttack has four levels of sound, three levels of play 
(from hard to unbelievably difficult, it seems), a list of high 
scores, and a storc-demo mode. It’s a superior arcade game 
for those with catlike relexes. Think of all the quarters 
you’re saving. $49 

PBI Software 

1155B-H Chess Drive, Foster City, CA 94404 

(800) 843-5722; (800) 572-2746 or (415) 349-8765 in 


Feathers & Space 

An arcade game modeled — very loosely — on Defender. You 
defend your space outpost against flocks of menacing birds. 
The birds swoop onto the screen in waves; you shoot them 
from your spaceship before they land. Once zapped, the 
birds become (naturally) cooked turkeys. Having your space- 
ship hit by a falling cooked turkey is bad news; avoid it. 

If you’re not quick with your shots, the birds land, walk 
to your outpost door, peck at the door, and fly off with 
“your men,” who obligingly answer. Your guys never have 
the sense not to answer the door. 

There’s still hope: shoot the birds, catch the men, return 
them to ground, watch them scurry indoors, and hope 

scoRf rio^n iurue YVYVYY 

Feathers & Space 

that — this time — they’ll stay inside. They won’t. Fortu- 
nately, you’ve also got two types of bombs at your 
disposal, including a few deadly Smart Bombs that’ll clear 
the screen of those pesky birds. 

An excellent arcade game. The concept is good, the 
graphics arc excellent (and amusing), and the play (four 
levels) is fast and challenging at higher levels yet easily 
grasped by beginners. Has a high score list, good sound 
(four levels, including no sound), and a sneaky “boss 
coming” feature that blacks out the screen (until you next 
move the mouse). 

You’ll like this one. By the way, we’re told that the 
“PBI” in PBI Software stands for “Pretty Big Initials.” 
Obviously, these people were bom to game. $34.95 

Sierra On-Line, Inc. 

P.O. Box 485, Sierra On-Line Building, 

Coarsegold, CA 93614 
(209) 683-6858 


An arcade classic. For those with no arcade experience, it 
goes like this: You’re a frog. You’re trying to get home. 
Home, unfortunately, is far across the screen. Between you 
and your home arc swift-moving logs, things that want to 
cat you, and, worst of all, cars. The trick is to look before 
you hop. Sierra has produced a good graphic version of 
Frogger, one of the better games for the very young. 


Silicon Beach Software 

P.O. Box 261430, 11212 Dalby Place, Suite 201, 

San Diego, CA 92126 
(619) 695-6956 


This imaginative, carefully plotted arcade game should have 
been titled Die and Die Again. You’re on the ground, armed 
with an anti-aircraft gun and mortar to stave off enemy 
attackers. The attackers arc many: paratroopers dropped from 
helicopters, more paratroopers (and, occasionally, tanks) 
dropped from transport planes, and jets that launch air-to- 

Games & 

Games & 


ground missiles. If enough paratroopers land, they’ll run to 
the gun emplacement and the lead man will lob a hand 
grenade in. End of game. Tanks need only two shots to blow 
up the emplacement. The game’s authors recorded and 
digitized the sounds of actual explosions, helicopters, jets, 
and tanks and incorporated them into the game. Good arcade 
action; great sound. $34.95 

Card & Casino Games 


5547 Satsuma Avenue, North Hollywood, CA 91601 
(818) 985-2922 


In this variation of the popular card game, it’s you against 
three computer opponents. The player with the fewest points 
wins, and hearts are worth the most points. (Wouldn’t you 

know.) For its part, Macintosh shuffles, deals, and keeps 
track of points. Your job is to set up the game the way you 
want it using the many menu options: four skill levels, 
several passing variations, first trick discards, and more. The 
graphics are smooth and realistic, and play is done entirely 
with the mouse. Good, diverting fun. $29.95 

Computing Capabilities Corporation 

465-A Fairfield Drive, Suite 122, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 772-2666, Ext. 956; (800) 227-2634, Ext. 956, or 
(415)968-7511 in California 


A graphic solitaire game, played using the mouse. Shows 
number of games played, scores, dates, and names of players 
with high scores. (Up to four people may play.) A Help 
menu describes play, scoring, and rules. Like other Macin- 
tosh solitaire games, Klondike always provides a complete 
deck but penalizes cheaters. In Klondike, you win some and 
you lose a lot — the odds against you are 30 to 1. $39.95 

DataPak Software, Inc. 

1401 1 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 401, 

Sherman Oaks, CA 91423 
(818) 905-6419 

Mac-Jack II 

An animated blackjack game for one player that includes the 
option of choosing one, two, four, or six decks and a choice 
of a normal or “speed” deal. Cards are dealt immediately after 
you place your bet by a smart-alecky Mac dealer; the mouse 
is used to move chips onto the table, to call for a hit or to 
stand pat, and to split pairs, double down, and buy insur- 
ance. “Casino Cashier” is where loans are made and repaid; 
the betting limit increases as play progresses. “How You 
Stand” provides financial standings. High scores are saved 
and displayed. $39.95 





Stand Options 

$1 Chips 

Mac-Jack II 


A game of five-card draw against the Macintosh. You ante up 
by dragging chips from your Bankroll area into “the Pot.” 
TTicn you and Mac are each dealt five cards face down; the 
dealer, unfortunately, is not as speedy as you*d like. You can 
discard unwanted cards by dragging them into the Pot. (Mac 
also draws and discards to improve its hand.) Your cards 
always appear face down, though you can see them at any 
time by clicking a box labeled PeeL (We*d rather not have 
to memorize card positions, though.) Clicking other boxes 
lets you pass, call, call and raise, draw, or fold. Menus 
display general rules and remind you “what beats what.” 
“Cashier'* is where you go to get more chips, repay bor- 
rowed markers, or cash in and quit. Our biggest gripe: You 
don’t get to see what Mac folds with! $39.95 


Rules Help Cocktoils Casino Cashier 

Playing Donkroll 

Loose Change $0 

Rdditional llJinnings...$10 

Borroiiied Markers....$0 

BUSTI .. tvpteal 




Henderson Associates 

980 Henderson Avenue, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(408) 246-8939 

computer opponents with names like Wild Bill and Shady 
Sadie. There are three playing modes. Teach, Normal, and 
High Speed. “Teach” mode shows you your opponents* 
hands so you can study the behavior of each character in 
detail. (All the players are not alike.) In “Normal” mode you 
see the cards as they’re dealt and as they’re exchanged with 
the dealer. This action occurs in “High Speed” mode, too, 
but if you blink you’ll miss it. 

We had only a few criticisms: Sometimes the action's a 
bit too fast for beginners, and multiple “Go On” buttons 
(six of them, all with the same function) are confusing. The 
computer evaluates your hand, marks your cards with plus 
and minus signs, and suggests which cards you should keep: 
a nice feature that we wish was optional. Otherwise, a lively 
and fun game. It includes a user guide that’s clear, 
entertaining, and nicely produced. $39.95 

Loso ••• 

Black Bart 

Fold I 

Shady Sadie 


Mad Max 

p. the Rfoat 

^ Order of Hands Playing Mode Sound 


0404 * 


■ Quit 

Real Poker 


1095 Airport Road, Minden, NV 89423 
(800) 334-5470, (702) 782-9731 in Nevada. 
(800) 268-5535 in Canada 

Caesars Guide to Gaming — Blackjack 
Blackjack is the first in a series of casino simulations that 
will eventually include blackjack, craps, baccarat/roulctte, 
and pokcr/slots. Screenplay plans to release the series first 
on other computers and then on Macintosh. Blackjack 
simulates blackjack as it's played at Caesars Palace. Players 
can use the house rules or modify them to their own taste. 
They can also play any seat at the casino table, set the table 
limits, and play either one-on-one against the house or let 
the casino set up a table with a cast of characters, all with 
their own styles and strategies. The game tests players in a 
number of typical situations and records their moves for 
drilling in weak areas later. $69.95 

Real Poker 

Like its name suggests. Real Poker is a realistic simulation 
of five-card draw. It*s pot-limit poker, you against five 

Games & 


Soft-Life Corporation 

15411 South Butler, Compton, CA 90221 

(800) 235-6646, Ext. 561; (800) 235-6647, Ext. 561, or 

(213) 774-3054 in California 


Two casino games on one disk, Slot Machine and Keno. 
Slot Machine is a faithful replica of the real thing; playing 
is as simple as grabbing coins with the mouse, moving 
them to the coin slot, and, again using the mouse, pulling 
the machine’s lever. All three reels spin and slowly come to 
a halt. Your payoff is determined by the various combina- 
tions of symbols that appear. Menu choices let you review 
the payoff combinations and the house rules. “Cashier” is 
where you buy, borrow, and cash in chips. 

The object of Keno is to match up to ten numbers of your 
choice with the twenty numbers randomly picked by the 
Mac. Payoffs arc based on the amount bet and the number of 
correct choices. $49.95 


1105 N.E. Circle Boulevard, Corvallis, OR 97330 
(503) 758-0521 


Las Vegas on a disk. This program contains the largest 
assortment of Macintosh casino games available in a single 
package. Most of the favorites are here: Slots, Roulette, 
Poker, Keno, Craps, Blackjack, and Baccarat. You can play 
at any of four casinos, each with its own house rules. The 
presentation is good. There’s just enough animation to be 
entertaining without needlessly slowing down game play. 
Cards shuffle, roulette wheels spin, and dice roll. Provisions 
arc made for one or two players. You can only bet against 
the house; the poker game is video poker, not the kind you 
play with your buddies on Friday nights with lots of beer 
and potato chips at hand. Nevertheless, a good set of games 
for the money. An instruction manual and book on casino 
gambling arc included. $59 

Strategy & Board Games 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 

(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 in 


Through the Looking Glass 

Alice from Wonderland on a three-dimensional chessboard. 
You’re Alice, pursued by enemy chess pieces. Achieving a 
high score is mostly an exercise in how fast you can 
move — and click — the mouse. Design your own playing 
pieces and define their movements, or poke around for 
undocumented play modes. Written by Apple’s Steve Capps, 
the man responsible for much of the software in the 
Macintosh ROMs. One of the underground classics finally 
surfaces. $39.95 

Through the Looking Glass 

it Games Crops Finonccs 


Don* ^ 

Cord City 
Siluer Mouse 
Golden Apple 
Castle Macintosh 

4 to 1 ^ 4 to 1 


7 to 1 



9 to 1 



29 to 1 



14 to 1 













Through the Looking Glass 



Axion, Inc. 

1287 Lawrence Station Road, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 
(408) 747-1900 


A memory game for one to four players. MacMatch chal- 
lenges you to match pairs of objects and solve the hidden 
puzzle underneath. An added bonus: You can create your own 
puzzles. Choose from three levels of difficulty, including an 
expert level that does some sneaky reshuffling. Hints are 
available but will cost you points; you’ll also want to avoid 
matching “bombs.” $49.95 

^ € File Options Leuel Players '* 


Brainpower, Inc. 

24009 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 250, Calabasas, CA 91 302 
(818) 884-6911 


A chess program coupled with communications software that 
allows playing chess by phone, provided you can find a 
willing wood-pusher. The program also features a “chat” 
mode that lets players “talk” during the game. $69.95 

CBS Software 

One Fawcett Place, Greenwich, CT 06836 
(203) 622-2500 

Murder by the Dozen 

Twelve murder mysteries for one to four players. Here’s the 
scenario: Folks in the city of Micropolis have been kicking 
off at an astounding rate; you’re the top homocide detective 
on the force, assigned to discover the perpetrator of these 
crimes. Case histories reveal that many of the victims died 
unceremoniously, knifed during church confession or beaten 
with their hospital bedpan. As time runs out, you must grill 
suspects, surmise motives, examine evidence, solve prob- 
lems, and organize your information logically and sensibly. 
Each mystery counts as a single game. A game clock keeps 
track of time and determines the winner’s sleuth rating. A 
trusty Crime Computer directs you to numbered clues — many 
of them false — printed in the Clues book. A special piece of 

Murder by the Dozen 

red plastic lets you read the information revealed in the 
Solutions book. $44.95 

Expert Software Systems, Inc. 

P.O. Box 2352, Melbourne, FL 32901 
(305) 725-5614 


MacGammon! is the classic strategy board game backgam- 
mon, re-created to take special advantage of the Macintosh’s 
sound and graphics. Unlike a human opponent, MacGam- 
mon! is always in the mood for a game. It’s a knowledge- 
able opponent and understands essentials such as key 
points, blocking, timing, running, and doubling. MacGam- 
mon! will not let you make illegal moves but will let you 
cheat a bit and pick your own dice roll — shame on you if 
you use this option too often. 

MacGammon! uses tournament scoring and keeps track of 
game statistics, such as the number of points needed for 
each side to win; it also saves scores for up to ten people. 
You can save a game in progress and resume play later, or 
use this option to play out an interesting game using 
different strategies. Occasional passages of classical music 
brighten even a losing game. $50 



^ ^ aen 

Games & 

Games & 


Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell. MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 


A jigsaw puzzle-making program originally released by 
Industrial Computations as MacPuzzle. MasterPieces comes 
with several puzzles but encourages you to create your own 
from MacPaint pictures. There's a lot of potential here: How 
about sending a friend a cut-up “puzzle letter”? MasterPieces 
lets you select the number of pieces (from 9 to 196) and 
number them, if desired — helpful for very young players. 
The program keeps track of how many correct and incorrect 
attempts at matching pieces you have made. You can also 
choose how close the pieces must be before they will lock 
together. Unfinished puzzles may be saved. $39.95 

for a different view. You can enter words using the mouse or 
the keyboard and choose the time limit for each round. 
Friends can play the same grid against Lex, or you may want 
to create your own board. $39.95 

McCarron-Dial Systems 

P.O. Box 45628, Dallas, TX 75245 
(214) 247-5945 


McFlip is an offbeat rendition of the classic game of 
Othello/Rcversi, hosted by an irreverent Scotsman who 
seems to live in your Macintosh. The attraction isn't play 
quality, but rather the graphics and seemingly spontaneous 
comments of your host. Help menus offer instructions, 
hints, and high scores. $34 

S argon III 

A devastating chess opponent. Sargon was originally 
written, years back, for the 8080 processor, then honed and 
refined for other computers and finally outfitted for 
Macintosh. Sargon is blindingly fast and plays better than 
you might wish, even at the lowest levels. There arc nine 
levels of play, from five seconds to infinite, with an “easy 
play” option. Allowing Sargon only five seconds results in 
a lough game. 

Options abound: Change Sides, Self Play, Hint, Undo 
Move, Draw Offer, Cancel Opening Library, Show Search 
Tree, Show Move List, and many more. Games may be saved 
or printed. Board positions may be created, played, or saved. 
Sargon includes over 100 classic games, as well as forty-five 
problems in strategy, tactics, and endgame situations. 

Options I 

I Screen 



Change Sides 
Halt \\ 


Toke Bock 
Oroui Offer... 

Chonge Coior... 

Cancel Opening Librory 
Resign Enoblo 








Uiindoui on the Seorch 



Depth; 0/0 

Depth: 0/0 

Score: 0 

Score; 0 

Sargon 111 

Word Challenge II 

Word Challenge II is based on the popular game Boggle, but 
this time your opponent is Lex, the word master whose 
90,000-word dictionary has been known to choke even sea- 
soned wordsmilhs. The object of the game is to discover as 
many words as possible using contiguous letters randomly 
arranged on a grid. There's a choice of three board sizes and 
twenty-six levels of difficulty; you can also rotate the board 



P.O. Box 4035, Newport Beach, CA 92661 
(714) 646-0948 


An animated backgammon game that lets you play against 
the computer or another player. Many features: tournament 
scoring, multiple skill levels, and a doubling cube, as well 
as the ability to save games, change sides at any time, set 
up any position on the board, undo moves, and ask for 
hints. NewGammon also includes an arcade-style game based 
on backgammon, a nice touch. $39.95 

Penguin Software 

830 Fourth Avenue, P.O. Box 311, Geneva, IL 60134 
(312) 232-1984 


An excellent strategy game with similarities to chess, 
played on a grid of sixty-four squares. In Pensate, the goal 
is to advance your piece from the bottom of the board to the 
top, without colliding with opposing pieces. Each of the 
opposing pieces moves in a specified manner; your job is to 
outmancuver them. It's easy the first round, but each round 


File ((lit PlayMode SkHl| 


Round; 2 
Gamo ID: FEOA 
Last ID: A563 















4 Gomes MocCheckers Options 


adds one more opposing piece. Pensate is easily learned and 
progressively more difficult; musical accompanimept is 
delightful. A good, challenging, thinking-person’s game. 

Shapechanger Software 

Products Division 

Icon Concepts Corporation 

1 1 3 East Tyler, Athens, TX 78751 
(214) 677-2793 

Websier^s Revenge 

A captivating word-search game. As sand trickles through an 
hourglass, you must locate as many words as possible in a 4 
X 4 array of letters. Words are recorded by scrolling through 
them with the mouse; when time expires, Webster's Revenge 
compares your word list with the list Webster’s found. If 
your word isn’t in Webster’s dictionary, he’ll kick it out; 
you can retaliate by clicking the word and giving yourself 
credit. You can verify any of Webster’s words by clicking 
on them to see how they’re formed on the grid. Level and 
Time menus let you vary the difficulty and length of each 
round; even very young readers will enjoy playing on the 
low levels. $34.95 


1105 N.E. Circle Boulevard, Corvallis, OR 97330 
(503) 758-0521 

MacCheckers ani Reversi 

Two favorite strategy games. Both games have solitaire and 
two-player modes, move timers, and the option to see the 
computer’s thoughts. Mac will show or print a game record 
for either MacCheckers or Reversi at your request. Both 
games allow you to adjust the board. MacCheckers has three 
strategies and seven skill levels, including Postal, which 
gives the computer maximum time to consider moves. 
Reversi, also known as Othello, has three strategics, four 
skill levels, and a choice of two opening positions. Nicely 
executed. $49 

4 l^.mes Reuersi I 

I Skill Lcuel Strategy 




✓Moc Ploys UJhite 
Moc Ploys Black 

Tiuo Players 

.^Oblique Opening 
Square Opening 

✓Moc Thoughts 



lUhile Status 

n ( ] 

( ) U 

Black Status 


MacGammon and Cribbage 

Two more strategy games that also include elements of 
chance. Both have four skill levels that should satisfy 
novices to experts and options that let you vary the rules. 

I EE5!t!H 

✓Running Sirolcgy 
Blocking Strategy 
Fleuible Strategy 

Opening Book Comments.. 
Running Comments... 
Blocking Comments... 
Fleuible Comments... 


Games & 

Games & 


^ Gomes BSyffWirTiTTiTM Ontioni Skill Leuel 

Hand 2 is Denier 

Hand 1: 

Discord to Crib 

Count Is n 


^ i rile Neuis Inuestments Graph Dose Month Help 


MacGammon offers a choice of color, computer or human 
opponent, use of a doubling cube, board orientation (some 
players become completely disoriented with the board facing 
the wrong way), and strategics for the computer player. Play 
with your own dice if you prefer. Cribbage options include 
two or four hands, manual or automatic pegging, first dealer, 
times around the board, and Muggins. On-screen instructions 
arc available. $49 


Blue Chip Software, Inc. 

6744 Eton Avenue, Canoga Park, CA 91303 
. (800) 835-2246, Ext. 234; (818) 346-0730 in California 


Blue Chip calls their products “financial education software.” 
Baron is a realistic simulation centering on real estate 
speculation. Beginning with $35,000, you have fifty-two 
weeks to parlay your money into $1 million by buying. 




selling, and developing property in five states — homes, 
apartments, shopping malls, factories, farms, even forests. 
Fluctuating interest rates, today’s news, and natural disasters 
all play their part. $59.95 


A realistic stock market simulation game. Investors begin 
with $10,000, then invest it among fifteen corporations and 
five industries. Investment decisions are based on corporate 
histories, performance graphs, news headlines, price tables, 
and other factors. Good investing results in advancement 
from novice to investor, to speculator, to professional, to 
broker, and, finally, to millionaire. A carefully done game, 
tailored to the Macintosh. $59.95 


A financial planning simulation. Your goal: to retire as a 
millionaire. Lots of investment options — stocks, bonds, 
real estate, commodities. Factor in your income and ex- 
penses and create your own personal game plan. Then, if 
you win at Squire, try it in real life. Available summer 1985. 


This time the arena is international commodities — every- 
thing from gold and foreign currencies to soybeans and oil. 
The market is volatile and careful study is a must. The game 
spans fifty-two weeks, compressed into one hour of com- 
puter time. $59.95 

Gamestar, Inc. 

1302 State Street, Santa Barbara. CA 93101 
(805) 963-3487 

Star League Baseball 

The Apple II, Atari, and Commodore 64 versions of Star 
League Baseball won rave reviews for their realistic ani- 
mation, sound, and graphics. Here’s the scenario: You’re in 
the middle of a tight pennant race against a hard-hitting 
computer team. The action’s viewed from way up in the right 
field bleachers. You use the mouse to control the moves and 



INN I 5 ^ b / tt lU M 
VSIR 0 U I I 2 

HUME 0201 i 




Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 


This time you’re in the software business, competing 
against one to eight fellow entrepreneurs of the human or 
Macintosh persuasion. You have three (simulated) years to 
make your company’s profits the largest. To be successful, 
you’ll need to develop a business plan; make pricing, 
production, marketing, purchasing, and R&D decisions; and 
track your competitors’ progress in Bin magazine, the 
software industry journal. It sounds worth a look; 
Entrepreneur was developed by Harvard Associates, creators 
oi MacManager, and licensed to Microsoft as a MacLibrary 
product. $49.95 

Scarborough Systems, Inc. 

25 North Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591 
(800) 882-8222, (914) 332-4545 in New York 

Make Millions 

A business simulation that gives aspiring entrepreneurs all 
the right tools to become business tycoons — market re- 
search, newspapers, spreadsheets, databases, consulting 
services, and stock quotes. You’ll have to make decisions 
regarding manufacturing, inventory, pricing, and selling — 
all while managing your own staff. Your goal is to make 
your company’s stock the highest priced in the market, but 
watch out for the competition. $49.95 

Star League Baseball 

throws of the players, choosing different pitchers and 
batting lineups and planning your game around the single 
hitters or the big boomers. In two-player mode, the player 
at bat uses the keyboard as a game controller, and the other 
player uses the mouse. The Mac version was being targeted 
for a mid- 1985 release. Ask your dealer for a demo; it should 
be hot. $34.95 

Harvard Associates, Inc. 

260 Beacon Street, Somerville, MA 02143 
(800) 622-4070; (800) 942-7317 in Illinois; 
or (617) 492-0660 in Massachusetts 


An intricate, well-designed game that puts you at the helm 
of a large corporation. To win (and survive) you’ll need to 
watch expenses, budget carefully, and weather corporate set- 
backs and calamities. MacManager charts your progress, lets 
you take out loans, and gives you the latest news affecting 
your industry. It makes good use of the Macintosh user 
interface, with excellent graphics and a complete manual. 
Play alone or against others. Beyond its virtues as a game, 
MacManager is a detailed business simulation — worthy prac- 
tice for budding MBAs. $49.95 

' it File Special 

Make Millions 

Run for the Money 

An economic simulation with the flash, action, and sound of 
an arcade game. You and your opponent have crash-landed 
on a strange planet. Short on cash, you must develop a 
business that provides the profits needed to repair your 
spaceship. The economics arc detailed, the graphics arc 
detailed, the instructions are detailed. The manual explains 
real-life strategics that help in the game: The Burger 
Strategy, The Copycat Strategy, The Save and Splurge 
Strategy, and others. Kids may learn economic theory with 

Games & 

Games & 



16 Povil Qwrttwn 

Wbtcb world language is 
spoken most often? 

t — > English 
Ci^ Chinese 
CZD Laun 

< > Spanish 

t I None of the above 


V Play Help 

Run for the Money 


no pain; adults may find the scenarios — aliens, monkeys, 
bananas — a bit, well, good for kids. $49.95 

Trivia Games 

Kastel Technology Corporation 

621 Minna Street, San Francisco, CA 94103 
(415) 863-5636 

Triyia Savant 

A game for up to six players, Trivia Savant presents 6,000 
trivia questions in the categories of geography, history, 
politics, sports, math and science, arts and leisure, and 
potpourri. There are three levels of difficulty with optional 
hints, and you can save games-in-progress. Planned for 
future release are question disks covering the categories of 
music, sports, the 1970s, and music. The music questions 
will take advantage of Mac’s sound capabilities — a novel 
and welcome feature. $54.95 

McCarron-Dial Systems 

P.O. Box 45628, Dallas. TX 75245 
(214) 247-5945 


A trivia game with a sense of humor. Two players or teams 
compete to answer more than 2,000 multiple-choice 
questions about “interesting. ..but perhaps marginally useful 
facts.” Players have fifteen seconds to answer questions by 
clicking one of five possible responses. A game consisLs of 
two nine-minute halves. Three correct answers in a row wins 
you a bonus question; repeated wrong answers, or failure to 
answer promptly, elicit a humbling retort from a wise- 
cracking Scotsman. A single player can play against the 
clock for high score records. $40 

Mirage Concepts 

4055 West Shaw, Suite 108, Fresno, CA 9371 1 
(800) 641-1441; (800) 641-1442 or (209) 227-8369 in 


A game for up to six players. Trivia has more than 5,000 
questions — many frustratingly obscure — and is harder to win 
than multiple-choice-type trivia games. There are three 
levels of questions, and point value increases as the ques- 
tions get harder. To win, you must answer at least one 
question from each of the five categories: entertainment, 
geography, history, literature, and sports. If you’re espe- 
cially successful in a particular category. Trivia will block it 
out, forcing you into other areas. Playing time may be 
varied and complete games may be saved for future play. You 
can also create your own questions and answers. $24.95 

I TlUUIfl By MIroge Concepts | 




























lOQ gOQ 





Professional Software 

51 Fremont Street, Needham, MA 021 94 
(617) 444-5224 


Trivia Fever Volume 2 

A game for one to eight players or teams, Trivia Fever 
offers thousands of questions in the categories of films and 
entertainment, famous people, geography, history, nature 
and animals, science and technology, and sports. Three 
levels of difficulty. A Super Sports edition offers questions 
in the categories of amateur sports; baseball; basketball; 
football; golf, tennis, and racing; nicknames, numbers, and 
places; and all sports. $24.95; Super Sports edition, 


1095 Airport Road, Minden, NV 89423 
(800) 334-5470, (702) 782-9731 in Nevada, 

(800) 268-5535 in Canada 

The Trivia Arcade 

An arcade-style trivia game for one to four players. Each of 
five categories — sports, music, television, science, and 
general knowledge — is represented by a cavorting symbol in 
the main arena. Players enter the arena, capture a symbol 
(tricky — they move fast), and attempt to answer a question 
from the corresponding category. There are more than 3,000 
questions. Choosing the correct multiple-choice answer 
moves the player one or two steps closer to the winner’s 
circle. (Answers may also be typed from the keyboard, pro- 
vided that you choose this option at the game’s beginning.) 
An entertaining game, stimulating enough for adults but not 
so difficult that older children lose interest. $39.95 

^ Gome Sound 

- ' - ■ J, - A. 




The Trivia Arcade 

The Trivia Arcade Question Pack I 
Thousands of questions in the categories of literature, 
movies, history, comics, and general knowledge. Designed 
to be used with The Trivia Arcade, $34.95 

Brownbag Software Division 
Microcomputer Service Corporation 

8208 North University, Peoria, IL 61615 
(309) 692-7786 

31 All-Time Favorite Programs 
A collection of programs written in Microsoft BASIC. Some 
are games: Craps, Towers of Hanoi, Mastermind, Hangman, 
Othello, and more. Others are home programs or math and 
science programs. None are overly complex, and few take 
much advantage of the Macintosh interface. The programs 
were written by a university student attending a school 
belonging to the Apple University Consortium (where 
Macintoshes are found in large numbers). While not up to 
the latest offerings from Lotus or Microsoft, the programs 
are good demonstrations for anyone learning BASIC. 
Sometimes it’s easier to fiddle with someone else’s program 
than to write your own — and the author encourages fiddling. 
Includes a clear, A/acWrifc-produced manual. Requires 
Microsoft BASIC to run. $29.95 

Stel Enterprises 
Triple Play Division 

P.O. Box 6354, Lafayette, IN 47903 
(317) 742-5369 

Triple Play Game Disk Number One 
Three games on one disk, all nicely done. Backgammon is 
the classic strategy board game with some neat 
touches — you can save and resume games, undo your last 
move, choose new dice, choose from three skill levels, 
review game moves, or ask Mac to suggest a good move. 

Mancala is a two-player strategy game that’s intrigued 
players for thousands of years. In this version, it’s you 
against Mac. Each of you has a row of six playing pits 
before you and one scoring cup to your right. The goal is to 


Leuel Options Information 


Start Nem Game 
Undo Lost Moue 
Rouletii Gome Moues 
Set Up Playing Ooard 

It Is your turn, potti 
Turn 36, Moue 1 


M9 24 3 

Triple Play/Backgammon 

Games & 

Games & 


Triple Play/Mancala 

^ 4 Game Leuel Options Infornintion 

Triple Play /Deduce 

move all the pieces from your playing pits into your 
scoring cup, accumulating as many pieces as possible before 
cither your pit or Mac’s is empty. The program lets you 
choose the number of pieces in each pit (from two to fifty), 
save and resume games, and undo your last move (and 

Deduce is a game of logical deduction in which you 
attempt to duplicate a hidden sequence of tokens. Each time 
you make a guess, Mac tells you how many tokens you 
guessed correctly in the right position and how many you 
guessed correctly, but in the wrong position. Those who’ve 
played other versions of this game will appreciate the 
author’s attention to detail. 

Game histories are available at any time from pull-down 
menus — another thoughtful touch. $39.50 

Think Educational Software, Inc. 

16 Market Street, Potsdam, NY 13676 

Mind Over Mac 

Five games on one disk: MasterCodc, Destroyer, Third 
Dimension, On-the-Contrary, and Trivial Intrigue. Master- 

Code challenges you to decipher a three, four, or five sym- 
bol code; you use the mouse to make a series of guesses 
from a palette of symbols. Mac tells you after each guess 
how many of the symbols you selected appear precisely in 
their correct location and how many symbols appear in the 
code, but not in the position you clicked. A real challenge 
on expert level; darn near impossible if you choose the 
option “Mac May Deceive You Once.” 

Destroyer is a version of Battleship in which players 
enter the locations of their ships and then seek out and 
de.stroy their opponent’s fleet, using the mouse to score 
hits. Third Dimension is three-dimensional tic-tac-toe on a 
4x4 grid that can be played against the Macintosh or 
another player. Be warned: Mac’s a cruel opponent on the 
high levels. 

On-the-Contrary is a memory game in which players use 
the mouse to open doors, safes, garages, and coffins in 
search of pairs of objects; the higher the value of the pair 
found, the more winnings earned. A cop and robber also lurk 
behind the doors, and matching either with a prize will 

i file Rules Skill Help Sound ^ 

^ MdSierCode 










































Mind Over Mac/MasterCode 

Mind Over Mac/On-the-Contrary 


4 File Rules Leuel Sound 

I Destroyer j 























































^ lU 2 2 Bob E3 

FunPak/Four in a Row 

Mind Over Mac/Destroyer 

reduce your winnings (though pairing the cop with the 
robber protects your loot). By the twelfth and final round, 
you’ll be seeing these guys a lot. 

Your goal in Trivia Intrigue is to circle the trivia board, 
answering as many bonus questions as possible in the 
categories of science, sports, and entertainment. Mac moves 
your pieces for you. $49 


1105 N.E. Circle Boulevard, Corvallis, OR 97330 
(503) 758-0521 


An addictive set of diversions, FunPak is a collection of four 
games. King Albert and Klondike are versions of solitaire. 
Sevens is a card game against one or two computer oppo- 
nents, and Four in a Row is a sophisticated, upright 
variation on tic-tac-toc. 

King Albert is so hard to win that many players may 
give up in frustration. Also, unlike in a real card game, you 
can’t peek at cards already played. As compensation, there’s 

an undo option that moves play back to any previous 
layout. Klondike is difficult enough to be challenging but 
easy enough to be addictive. You can’t undo moves, but you 
can return to the beginning of the hand and start over. 

Sevens is a diabolical game, similar to Crazy Eights, in 
which you try to play out your hand before your computer 
opponents do. Mac deals eagh player seven cards and turns 
up the top card on the remaining deck to form a discard pile; 
if you can’t play onto the discard pile, you have to draw 
from the deck. Playing queens lets a player change the suit; 
playing aces causes the next player to lose his turn. Sevens 
are devastating to those opponents who can’t play on them. 

Four in a Row, played on a grid of forty-two squares, adds 
the force of gravity to the basic tic-tac-toe theme. Pieces are 
dropped into the grid on the bottommost unoccupied square 
in the column of your choice; the object is to position four 
of your pieces in a row horizontally, vertically, or 
diagonally. There are four levels of difficulty, and you can 
ask for “Mac Thoughts,” in which Mac evaluates each 
potential move (his, not yours). $39 


Axion, Inc. 

1287 Lawrence Station Road, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 
(408) 747-1900 

The Card Shoppe 

The Card Shoppe takes up where clip art programs leave off. 
Now that you’ve got the screen done, what’s next? With The 
Card Shoppe, what’s next is greeting cards. 

The program comes with five plastic templates. The 
templates, when placed over the MacPaint screen, show you 
what will be where on the finished card and where the fold 
lines go. Cards can be three or four sections, vertical or 
horizontal, regular or “studio” (wide) size. Colored paper and 
cards arc included. 

FunPak/King Albert 

Games & 




The Card Shoppe 

JMZ Enterprises 

2008 Las Palmas Circle, Orlando, FL 32822 
(305) 281-1557 

Scripture Bits 

Bible quotes for the Macintosh, stored as MaeWrite docu- 
ments. More than 350 different quotes with an index to more 
than 200 Scripture subjects from the Old and New Testa- 
ments. Quotes are arranged alphabetically, from the Book of 
Acts to Zephaniah, including chapter number, verse number, 
title, and recommended month and day of the year. You can 
search for any word or phrase. 

Quotes can be copied and pasted into MaeWrite ox Mac- 
Paint documents. The company recommends using quotes to 
create announcements, greeting cards, and invitations, as 
well as to add a religious touch to reports, memos, and 
flyers. $20 (plus $2 shipping and handling) 

The Card Shoppe drawings are the typical range of flow- 
ers, airplanes, borders, and animals. And seasonal images, 
and food and drink drawings, and so on. In all, another 
answer to “What can you do with a computer?’* $59.95 

Electronic Arts 

2755 Campus Drive, San Mateo, CA 94403 

Pinball Construction Set 

The classic make-a-game-then-play-it game, rewritten for the 
Macintosh by Bill Budge, who threatens to make this one 
even better than other versions. For Mac, the pinball parts 
are vividly sculpted in appearance, the “wiring kit” is more 
powerful, and the sounds are great. $39.95 


Human Edge Software Corporation 

2445 Faber Place, Palo Alto, CA 94303 

(800) 624-5227; (800) 824-7325 or (415) 493-1593 in 


Mind Prober 

Psychological software that describes a person of your 
choosing — no small feat for such a small program. The 
program lists words that describe personality traits — loyal, 
impulsive, trusting, unconventional, and other qualities. You 
click “yes” or “no,” depending on whether you agree or 
disagree that these qualities apply to your subject. When 
you’re done, the program evaluates your choices and creates, 
according to Human Edge, an accurate and insightful report. 
The report covers how the subject reacts to stress, his (or 
her) romantic inclinations, his attitudes toward work, and 
what makes him tick. 

Early Mind Prober ads implied that the product will help 
you get the object of your desire into the sack. For this you 
need software? At the least, a good party game. At the most, 
a great “divorce game.” $49.95 

d File Edit Search Format Font Style 

i Topics M - Q I 


"For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue 
from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: Let him eschew evil, and 
do good; let him seek peace, and ensue 11." 


'Happy the peacemakers; they shall be celled the sons of God * 


"Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord; and the people whom he hath 
chosen for his own inheritance.” 


’Be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect, soys the Lord.* 


There is no fear in love, but perfect love cesteth out fear because fear 
hath torment. He that foareth is not mode perfect in love." 

Scripture Bits 


P.O. Bbx 26731 , Milwaukee, Wl 53226 
(414) 442-7503 


Musical clip art, with a different approach. This time a 187- 
character “music font” is included. Instead of alphabetic 
letters, the font contains musical characters. The result is a 
music typewriter, which can be used to enter most notes, 
symbols, and staffs via a single keystroke. The program 
comes with a keyboard overlay that shows how to produce 
each character. High quality sheet music can be created and 

Includes four MacPaint screens (which contain only staff 
“borders”), a Scrapbook file containing ten musical images 
(notes, rests, crescendo bars...) to be cut or copied, and a 
manual. A new version will include an extra font containing 
detailed illustrations of musical instruments and a complete 
set of custom musical “brush shapes” for use in MacPaint, 



Music Character Set 

South Bay Software 

Box 969, Millbrae, CA 94030 
(415) 579-5455 

Music Character Set 

Musical MacPaint images — notes, staves, clefs, and 
chords — all ready to be copied and pasted somewhere else. 
Includes twelve files of keys, twenty-one files filled with 

predrawn chords (some you might not know exist), a blank 
staff, a guitar fretboard (with the notes indicated), and a 
keyboard. This disk is full. 

Although well-produced, the program should receive stiff 
competition from music composition programs that not 
only display, but also play and print, musical characters. 


Games & 



When educational software is bad, it’s bad. 

When it’s great — as it sometimes is on other computers — it’s fun, 
involving, challenging, and rewarding. Great. 

With few exceptions, Macintosh has no great educational software. 

Why? Maybe it’s Apple’s fault. They pushed Macintosh, after all, as a 
“business computer.” Or maybe it’s because the hot programmers are in the 
heavyweight categories: business, databases, and languages. Maybe it’s 
because software companies know the big money isn’t in preschool pro- 
grams. Maybe it’s because the Macintosh is, admittedly, an expensive 
computer — cheap as a business investment, expensive as an “educational 

Or maybe it’s only early in the game, and the great educational software 
will come, soon. We hope so. 

Traditionally, there are two types of educational software. One type 
teaches you new skills or new subject matter. A second type drills you on 
what you’ve learned. Some programs combine both approaches. 

On Macintosh, “educational software” is mostly drill, practice, and not 
much learning. And mostly for grown-ups. And mostly dull and poorly 

There are a few exceptions, most in the high school to adult range. The 
typing programs — four in all — are good. For younger people. Think Edu- 
cational Software’s Mac Edge makes counting, arithmetic, and vocabulary 
fun. But overall, most educational software for Macintosh takes little 
advantage of graphics, sound, or any of the other magic in this small, tan 
box. There’s little animation, minimal sound effects, and few offerings for 
very young children. 

Still to come are the programs that have delighted Apple II kids for 
years — animated programs that teach letters and numbers, counting, 
spelling and vocabulary, shapes and patterns, all in an entertaining way. 
With style, pizzazz, imagination. You know, fun. 

For older kids, expect software that teaches music theory, problem- 
solving, science, and logic. Rigorous software that stretches minds without 
patronizing or condescending. 

ChipWits, a program offered by Brainpower, is the first true entry 
here — a “game” that teaches logic and strict sequential thought. Any teen 
with an unconquerable ChipWit won’t have trouble learning to program in 
Pascal. That, of course, is the whole idea. We won’t tell if you won’t. 


Sherwin Steffin, president of Brainpower, pooh-poohs popular 
assumptions about educational software. He stresses “discovery learning.” 
Discovery learning, Steffin says, “aims to develop fundamental skills such 
as logic, memory, and problem-solving.” The goal is “to help people learn 
how to learn.” 

Sounds like the right attitude. 

And maybe, someday, there will be true educational software for 
adults. Programs that teach “learning how to learn.” Programs that teach 
math, relativity, and what’s in the ocean; how smog molecules interact in 
the absence of light (they do), and how stars are bom and why they die. 
What happens when you cook an egg? What’s the best way to lobby 
Congress? How can people, and nations, get along? What is the truth, and 
how can it be found? What is kindness, and how can it be learned? 

This year it’s ChipWits and typing programs. Next year, maybe we’ll 
learn what happens when the egg is cooked. 




Reading & Writing 

Intellectual Software 

798 North Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224, (203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 


185 Berry Street, San Francisco, CA 94107 
(415) 546-1937 

Writing Skills 

Writing Skills is a five-volume series that helps identify and 
correct common writing mistakes. First, the program tests 
you to determine your weak areas. Then it drills you in areas 
that need improvement. The series has a built-in text editor 
and keeps track of scores for up to forty students. 

Volume 1 covers possessives, contractions, and subject- 
verb agreement. Volume 2 covers pronoun-antecedent agree- 
ment, commas, and sentence fragments. Volume 3 covers 
quotation practice, pronoun cases, and subject- verb agree- 
ment/number. Volume 4 covers pronoun-antecedent 
agreement, troublesome modifiers, and subject- verb agree- 
ment/number. Volume 5 covers pronoun-antecedent agree- 
ment, case problems, and consistency. Each volume, 


Change I o t 

I possebbives nr contrac Iiomh 

I f your go I ng on this 
hike, its necessary 
that you prepare 
properly. The Conrads are 
taking they're 
waterproof tent and 
theirs going to be a 
group demonstrat ion to 
show how to set it up. 

Writing Skills 

tHIT CONTROL £0111)11 


Uhy do we co* 



I rase tisi 



two words: 

I ts it’s 

They sound ol ike but noons different 

They sound alike, but they have 
different meanings. 


Many of Intellectual Software’s programs have won high 
marks on the Apple II and IBM PC. Subjects covered span a 
range of curriculum areas and grade levels, from kindergarten 
through high school and beyond. 

Both tutorial programs and educational games are included 
in the company’s product line. Most of the tutorial pro- 
grams for Macintosh will be coming later. The company 
plans to include a tutorial management system on each soft- 
ware disk that will store up to forty students’ names and 

All the programs we previewed were games. Unlike the 
tutorial programs, the games assume you’ve already studied 
your subject and test you on how well you’ve learned it. 
Some reference material is available from pull-down menus 
(maps in the geography games, for example) but you’ll still 
need a book, atlas, or dictionary handy to answer the harder 

The games are text-only, usually in multiple-choice for- 
mat. Unfortunately, if you choose the wrong answer, the 
program advances to the next question without telling you 
the correct choice. Mac users will yearn for an Undo option. 

Overall, the programs we saw were packed with 
information. Unquestionably, a good value. The rub is this: 
The programs are rewritten versions of software designed for 
other computers, and experienced Mac users will often find 
the implementation clunky and unfamiliar. Multiple-choice 
answers, for example, arc labeled A, B, C, and so on, but to 
select an answer you must click buttons at the bottom of the 
screen. Alternately, you may prefer to type your selection 
from the keyboard and press Return instead of clicking 
OK — speedier than using buttons. 

A single manual is supplied for the “Macintosh” and 
“Apple” (Apple II series) versions; Macintosh folks arc 
advised to ignore imprecise instructions and do what comes 
naturally: Point and click as you would to use any ap- 

The following is a rundown of the company’s first Mac- 
intosh programs. Some subjects that haven’t made it to the 
Mac yet include literature, music appreciation, art history, 
physical education, health, science, accounting, and reli- 
gious studies. Interested persons should write or call for a 
current catalog. 

Agreement of Pronoun with Antecedent 
An interactive Practical Grammar Scries program that teaches 
and drills students in the following areas: agreement of pro- 
noun and antecedent in gender, gender and number of indefi- 
nite pronouns, agreement of pronoun with a compound ante- 
cedent, agreement of pronoun with collective nouns, 
agreement of pronoun and antecedent in person, vague ante- 
cedents, adjective-pronoun agreement. Look, this is impor- 
tant stuff. It just doesn’t describe well. High-school to adult 
level. $34.95 

Writing Skills 


Complements of Verbs 

A Practical Grammar Series program that covers direct ob- 
jects, transitive and intransitive verbs, indirect objects, 
linking verbs, and complements of linking verbs. $34.95 

Comprehensive Grammar Review I 
More than 200 exercises that quiz you on parts of speech; 
the correct use of verbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and 
capital letters; subjects and predicates; sentenee fragments; 
subject-verb agreement; possessives; verb complements; 
plurals; and lots, lots more. $54.95 

Comprehensive Grammar Review II 

More still. $54.95 

Lessons in Reading and Reasoning 
A program to help you identify common fallacies: shifty 
words, cither-ors, circular or fallacious reasoning, false anal- 
ogies, improper or inadequate data, self-contradictions, 
loaded words, red herrings, stereotypes, opinion versus fact, 
sexism, rationalization, and more. Things everyone should 
know, but most folks don’t. $149.95 

Punctuation Revie w 

Covers punctuation marks commonly misused in this book 
and elsewhere, including the period, the comma, the semi- 
colon, the colon, the question mark, the exclamation mark, 
the dash, the apostrophe, parentheses, brackets, and single 
and double quotations. Learning punctuation is hard; paying 
attention to it — constantly — is harder still. High school to 
adult level. $34.95 

Reading Adventure I 

An interactive program in which students read stories and 
win points as they choose the direction the stories will 
take. Two stories are presented, “Three Ponies” and “Nancy, 
Amy, Jim, and Tom.” Each has many possible versions, 
depending on children’s choices. Choices consistent with 


The noise was somebody picking the lock! 
Slowly the door opened. Two men hod come to 
steal Siluer and Goldie! Quickly Uictor: 

n. Ron straight at the two men. They Jumped 
out of the way, and Uictor ran out the door. 

B. Hid in his stall. 

C. Ron to the window. He stuck his head uut 
and neighed loudly. 

® ® 0 [ 1 

the theme are worth the most points, but even silly choices 
advance the story. Second-grade to third-grade reading level. 

Reading Adventure II 

A mystery story in which the reader is a detective investi- 
gating the disappearance of a valuable music box. At each 
stage, three possible decisions arc presented, each advancing 
the story in a different direction. Logical decisions win the 
most points. Fourth-grade to fifth-grade reading level. 

Further inquiry reueals that Freddy 
and Isabelle haue been dating for ouer a 
year without euer telling their best 
friends. R background check uncouers 
nothing suspicious about Freddy, but reueals 
that Isabelle was once engaged to marry 
Rstor Uincent. Howeuer, while she waited 
neruousiy at the altar, in Front of 500 
friends and relatiues, Rstor and Hermione 
eloped and were married in Mewico! Vou: 

R. cry B. talk with Hermione 
C. talk with Isabelle 

®® © ( ) 

Reading Adventure II 
Reading and Thinking I 

Reading exercises of varying difficulty that challenge chil- 
dren to “think infercntially” (figure things out that aren’t 
explicitly stated in the text). Supplementary materials in- 
clude reproducible classroom exercises. Grades 2 and 3. 

Reading and Thinking II 

As above, but for grades 4 and 5. $74.95 

Vocabulary Adventure I 

A game in which players improve vocabulary skills as they 
explore a fifty-room castle. In each room there arc multiple- 
choice vocabulary questions describing treasures. If you an- 
swer the questions correctly, you get the treasure. Words get 
harder as play advances. Players may ask for hints, but this 
cuts point value. New words are introduced throughout the 
game in the directions, room descriptions, and hints. Fifth- 
grade to seventh-grade level. $59.95 

Vocabulary Adventure II 

This time you’re in a maze, moving from room to room. 
Along the way you’ll answer multiple-choice vocabulary 
questions that describe the area and the creature that lives 
there. Questions get harder as you play. Asking for hints 

Reading Adventure I 





Vou are in a maze, a uehtable labyrinth. 

Vour goal is not to escape, but to explore. 

Each area of this elaborate labyrinth has 
a special name. If you do not choose the 
correct name you mill miss the area, and 
perhaps seueral other areas. The first 
area of the labyrinth is an area uibere 
pouerty is unknoiim, an area of mealth, of: 

R. abstinence 

B. adolescence 

C. altercation 
0. affluence 
E. agility 

® (iJ d) ® 0 ( ) 

Vocabulary Adventure II 

cuts the point value of questions in half. Seventh-grade to 
adult level. $59.95 

Ways to Read Words 

A remedial reading program that helps students develop 
strategies for reading unknown words: shape cues, word fam- 
ilies, rules, context, and so on. Third-grade reading level. 

Think Educational Software, Inc. 

16 Market Street, Potsdam, NY 13676 
(315) 265-5636 


Try another. 


1 2 3 4 5 6 


MacEdge ll/A Li’l Give ’n Take 


Long 'a ■ words 


Mother will 
We just _ 













































. dinner 

When you buy . you must 

I my bed this morning 

My grandfather walks with a _ 

You up in the morning 

Things, alike are the 

. for it 

MacEdge II 

A collection containing eight programs that help children 
develop reading and math skills. Six math exercises take 
students from basic object counting to multiplication and 
long division; two reading programs introduce such con- 
cepts as synonyms and antonyms and teach children how 
words relate to form a vocabulary. MacEdge delivers a lot of 
value (and fun) for a small price. Here’s a rundown of what 
you get: 

Count on Mac displays a group of objects and a.sks chil- 
dren to count them and click the appropriate button (num- 
bered from 1 to 9) on-screen. If the choice is incorrect, it’s 
marked out with an X (no nasty beeps or rude remarks) and 
the child is encouraged to try again. When the score reaches 
twenty points, the screen clears and a dot-to-dot exercise 
appears. Additional Subtraction takes children from counting 
objects to adding and subtracting objects. In both programs, 
correct answers are noted by a flashing button and 
enthusiastic sound effects. 

A Li’l Give *n Take introduces cardinal numbers, which 
arc added and subtracted in a horizontal format. Up to four 
“players” can type in their names from the keyboard and do 
the exercises. Give ’n Take is similar but introduces children 
to addition and subtraction in the vertical form. Numbers can 
be typed in from the keyboard or selected with the mouse 

MacEdge ll/Word Wonder 

from on-screen buttons. A Problem Size menu lets players 
choose problems of from one to nine digits. 

Good Times teaches multiplication and adds an on-screen 
“control panel” to move the cursor around. As digits arc 
.selected, the cursor moves automatically to the next appro- 
priate position. Menu choices let children select the diffi- 
culty of the problem. Dividing Line introduces long division 
and lets children vary the size of the divisor and llic 

Word Wonder is a lettered grid in which words arc hidden 
that complete sentences on-screen. Children use tlic mouse 
to drag tlirough words on the grid, which then appear in 
their sentences. Wrong answers elicit an encouraging mes- 
sage; correct answers win praise. Memory Match is a 
Concentration-style game that has players match pairs of 
hidden words: antonyms, synonyms, homophones, contrac- 
tions, compound words, and more. $49 


Foreign Language 

Intellectual Software 

798 North Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224, (203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 

Spanish Grammar / 

Includes gender of nouns, definite and indefinite articles, 
plural of nouns, the contractions al and del, regular verbs, 
first conjugation-present indicative, subject pronouns, uses 
of the present tense, the negative sentence, calling a state- 
ment into question, regular verbs, second and third 
conjugations-present indicative, how to say “you,” Scr and 
Estar-present indicative, uses of Ser and Estar, double nega- 
tives, uses of de, irregular verbs, pronouns that follow a 
preposition, possessive adjectives, the meanings of Su and 
Sus, and more. Whew! $34.95 

Spanish Grammar II 

A deeper exploration of the intricacies of Spanish, for those 
who made it through Spanish Grammar /.... $34.95 

& Problem-Solving 

Brainpower, Inc. 

24009 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 250, Calabasas, CA 91302 
(818) 884-6911 

Think Fast 

Brainpower describes Think Fast as a memory- training pro- 
gram designed to improve both left-brain and right-brain 
skills. What’s that mean? Well, it’s like this: Each hemi- 
sphere of the brain is believed to be responsible for its own 

Session Heports 

kind of activity. In general, the left side processes verbal 
and numeric information, and the right side processes visual 
data. Think Fast exercises help you work on improving your 
overall “brain power.” 

The program presents a variety of memory tasks. Right- 
brain tasks involve comparing, copying, and recalling sets 
of graphics. Left-brain tasks involve comparing and re- 
calling sets of letters and digits. 

You choose the speed and length of each session, the 
level of difficulty, and the degree of risk-taking. Points are 
awarded based on the difficulty of the exercises. Wrong an- 
swers cost you points. Docs Think Fast “work”? You’ll have 
to judge for yourself. $39.95 

Business Education 

Intellectual Software 

798 North Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224, (203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 

Starting a New Business 

A business simulation in which you’re an entrepreneur faced 
with the problems of creating and managing a new com- 
pany. Each correct decision creates greater opportunities; 
each mistake contains the seed of future problems. You’ll 
win points by answering multiple-choice questions; different 
responses branch the program to different scenarios. The 
manual includes a glossary of financial terms and a useful 
bibliography of business reference sources. High school to 
adult level. $59.95 

Market research confirms your hunch that 
a computer store mould do luell in your 
suburban area, fl large number of potential 
customers in the middle to upper income 
brockets Hues mithin o 15-mile rodius of 
your ideal site. Only one other competitor 
is present - a small, neiu, independently 
omned store in a lomer-rental district. 

Vou decide to: 

fl. Buy the other store. 

B. Find out mhat franchises are auailabie. 

C. Start another independent store. 

® ) 

Starting a New Business 

Think Fast 




College Preparation 

Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 

SAT Score Improvement System 
There are worse things in life than taking the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test. Not many, but a few. Hayden’s SAT Score Im~ 
provemeni System is designed to help you prepare for the 
real thing. 

The program’s Practice Test module includes a scries of 
questions in each of sixteen math and verbal subject areas 
found on recent SAT exams. After you’ve answered the ques- 
tions, the program analyzes your performance and indicates 
those areas that need improvement. 

Next, you’ll take a simulated SAT exam, timed and 
administered by the Macintosh, that helps you become 
familiar with the exam format and develop test-taking strat- 
egies. The program scores your test on the 800 scale. Then, 
after you’ve boned up in your weak areas, you’ll take a 
second practice test; the program measures your improve- 

A Verbal module covers vocabulary and reading compre- 
hension. A Math module quizzes you on algebra, geometry, 
quantitative comparisons, and word problems. 

Schools that purchase this program can accumulate points 
toward free computers, peripherals, and software as part of 
Hayden’s HcadStart Program. $99.95 

Intellectual Software 

798 North Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224, (203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 

College Aptitude Reading Comprehension 

SAT-style exercises that prepare high school-level readers 
for college aptitude tests. Questions are modeled after actual 
SAT questions. $95 

Score High on Math Aptitude Tests 
Includes math aptitude questions from recent SATs, plus 
copies of the complete exams published by the Educational 
Testing Service. Each wrong answer branches to complete 
analysis and explanation. $95 

History, Geography 
& Government 

Intellectual Software 

798 North Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224, (203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 

American History Adventure 

A game in which players meet and identify characters in 
American history and locate them in time and place. Asking 
for hints costs points. $59.95 

A Bill Becomes a Law 

A game in which you’re a member of Congress, trying to 
pass a bill favored by an important local interest group 
without jeopardizing your political career. You’ll deal with 
lobbyists, filibusters, subcommittees, vetoes, and other 
legislative challenges. Help is available from pull-down 
menus, but count on getting washed up many times before 
your bill becomes a law. Junior high school through adult 
level. $59.95 

: . HOUl ft BILL BECOMES ft LftUf 

The Chairman must; 

fl. Rssign your bill to a subcommittee uiithin 
tiuo meeks, unless a majority of the members 
of the Majority Party on the committee note 
to haue the bill considered by the full 

B. Rssign your bill to a subcommittee. 

C. Table your bill. 

0. Place your bill in the hopper. 

® (DCl)® ( om* 1 

A Bill Becomes a Law 
t/.S. Geography Adventure 

A game in which you journey to each of the fifty U.S. slates 
and the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the 
Virgin Islands. You’ll score points for correctly naming 
each state’s capital, largest cities, rivers, and other geo- 
graphical features. Hints arc helpful and amusing but cost 
you points. Fifth-grade to adult level. $59.95 


World History Adventure 

A game in which players locate, in time and place, events in 
world history and identify important personalities connected 
with those events. $59.95 

Math & Science 

Intellectual Software 

798 North Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224, (203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 

Algebra Word Problems 

Ten math programs of varying difficulty, each requiring an 
algebraic solution. Wrong answers arc followed by step-by- 
step explanations. $49.95 

U.S. Geography Adventure 
World Geography Adventure I 

A game in which players travel to countries in North and 
South America, identifying each country, its capital, its 
largest cities, its rivers, and other noteworthy geographical 
features. Each correct answer raises your score; asking for 
hints cuts the question’s point value in half. A wrong an- 
swer takes you to a new location — you’d better have an atlas 
handy to find your way back. Fifth-grade to adult level. 

World Geography Adventure II 

As above, this time in Europe. $59.95 



World Geography Adventure II 

Millett Software 

146 West 255 South. Orem. UT 84058 

The Solar System and Halley’s Comet 
The first in Millett* s Learn About series: math and science 
programs written in Microsoft BASIC. Halley’s Comet pre- 
pares budding astronomers to view the real thing, which or- 
bits Earth every seventy-six years. The program graphically 
displays the comet’s orbit through the solar system, as well 
as the individual planets’ orbits around the sun. 

The excellent graphics arc accompanied by facts. Then, 
of course, comes a test The test has a user-chosen skill 
level: beginner, intermediate, or advanced. Each level con- 
tains twenty questions. 

After a workout with this program, one of our favorites, 
you will, indeed, know much about the solar system and 
Halley’s comet Requires Microsoft BASIC, version 1.00; a 
new version is being readied for B.ASIC 2.00. $24.95 (plus 
$3 shipping and handling) 

'' 4 File Edit Control 

The Solar System and Halley’s Comet 






Palantir Software 

12777 Jones Road, Suite 100, Houston, TX 77070 
(800) 368-3797. (713) 955-8880 in Texas 


Computerized flash cards, with several skill levels. Students 
add, subtract, multiply, and divide their way through timed 
drills of ten cards each; when a wrong answer is given, 
MathFlash gives the correct answer and requires the student 
to enter it before going on. $49.95 

Think Educational Software, Inc. 

16 Market Street, Potsdam, NY 13676 
(315) 265-5636 

MacEdge II 

A collection of eight programs that help children develop 
math and reading skills. See the “Reading & Writing” sec- 
tion for details. 


Brainpower, Inc. 

24009 Ventura Boulevard. Suite 250, Calabasas, CA 91302 
(818) 884-6911 


ChipWits arc programmable robots that you create and then 
release on a scries of missions, some of which arc dangerous 
to your ChipWit's survival. ChipWit designers develop 
problem-solving skills by means of a generic, icon-based 
language called IBOL. IDOL introduces programming con- 
cepts such as operators, arguments, branches, and sub- 

You program each ChipWit (up to twelve at a time) by 
using the mouse to select “chip” icons representing a 
variety of qualities and behaviors. Your ChipWit is then 
turned loose in a number of environments (ChipWit Caves, 
Doom Rooms, Mystery Matrix, and more) and overcomes 
obstacles according to the way it*s been programmed. You 
can slow down execution or single-step through your 
program to find faulty logic. The manual is indispensable. 

ChipWits is fast becoming a popular cult game for Mac- 
intosh. ChipWit bragging, speculation, and challenges are 
showing up on the communications service CompuServe and 
on various bulletin boards across the country. It seems that, 
once in pos.session of a powerful ChipWit, it’s fun to pit 
your ChipWit against the best efforts of others. This may be 
soapbox racing for the eighties. $49.95 

Options Enuironments Workshop Ulorehouse 


Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 

Turbo Turtle 

Turbo Turtle teaches children how to use the Logo language 
to draw simple geometric shapes using basic programming 
instructions, then combine these procedures to make com- 
plex, artistic patterns. Encourages logical thinking and 
helps children understand how a computer operates. Ages 5 
and up. $59.95 

Orion Training Systems 

P.O. Box 94, Dallastown, PA 17313 
(717) 757-7721 

The Master 

The Master is a four-disk “how to learn BASIC program- 
ming” series that takes a didactic approach we all remember 
from high school: You’re asked to memorize facts, then 
repeat them — on cue — or fail. The cruelty is compounded 
when coupled, in The Master, with Microsoft BASIC. Here, 
even a wrong keystroke sends you, again and again, back to 
the place where you fouled up. And until you get it right, 
that’s where you’ll stay. 

Those wanting to learn programming in general, or 
BASIC in particular, have a world of options: classes, 
books, friends, or — perish the thought — reading (and trying 
the examples in) the Microsoft BASIC manual. Until on-disk 
BASIC tutorials have matured, those choices arc recom- 
mended. Requires Microsoft BASIC 1.00. $99.95 


The Professor 

959 N.W. 53rd Street, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309 
(800) 223-5838, (305) 771-6498 in Florida 

The Mac^s Core and The Mac^s Core, Part II 
Microsoft BASIC instruction in two parts. The first is an 
introduction to programming: icons, mouse and keyboard 
control, windows, scroll aids, variables, print statements, 
line numbers, menu bars, editing, displaying text and vari- 
ables, pre-set tabs, counters, semicolons, IF-THEN and FOR- 
NEXT loops, GOSUB statements, and more. Includes more 
than thirty-four hands-on tutorial programs. Part II gives 
more detailed explanation and examples of programming 
statements, with dozens of hands-on tutorial programs. 

It sounds good, but we didn’t get a chance to try it out. 
So, it sounds good, but... The Mac*s Core, $69.95\The 
Mac's Core, Part //, $84.95; both programs, $139.95 


American Training International (ATI) 

12638 Beatrice Street, Los Angeles, CA 90066 

How to Use Multiplan 

An interactive tutorial that shows you how to set up a Multi- 
plan worksheet, enter numbers and formulas, edit and save 
the worksheet, link and print worksheets, analyze growth 
rates, and conduct “what if’ analyses. Includes sample tem- 
plates. $75 


A “getting acquainted with Macintosh” tutorial that explains 
resizing windows; moving, renaming, opening, and trashing 
icons; initializing and ejecting disks; and saving, copying, 
and printing documents. MacCoach gives plenty of practice 
with pointing, clicking, dragging, and using close boxes 
and scroll arrows. It suffers only when compared to Apple’s 
own Guided Tour disk, which, though less interactive, is free 
with each Macintosh. $75 

'' ATI MacCoach 1 





Videodisc players, beaten out in the home market 
by more versatile videocassette recorders, are finding 
a place in education and specialized training — 
controlled by personal computers, no less. Not sur- 
prisingly, this highly specialized courseware is custom 

written and usually expensive. EduDisc Corporation 
develops and manufactures interactive courseware 
packages for organizations and corporations. Edu- 
Disc’s system package merges a Macintosh with a 
Panasonic optical disc recorder or player, cables and 
connectors, and software. From here, the details get 
too technical for this book. Contact the company for 
further explanation. 

EduDisc Corporation 

3410 Woodhaven Road. Nashville, TN 37204 

(615) 383-0601 




Typing Instruction 

Forethought, Inc. 

1973 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 622-9273, (415) 961-4720 in California 

Typing Intrigue 

A typing tutorial for up to six users, Typing Intrigue moni- 
tors speed, accuracy, and problem keys as you type and of- 
fers extra practice in areas that need improvement. It pro- 
vides basic exercises for beginners and refresher drills for 
advanced typists. Points are awarded for speed, accuracy, and 
improvement. The program includes an arcade-style game 
called “Rain** that lets you rack up more points by zapping 
“raindrop letters** before they hit the ground — you select Ihe 
number and speed of the raindrops and the letters you wish 
to practice. What do you do with all those points? You use 
them to buy clues that help you solve “The Case of the 
Missing Bathtub,** the program*s second game. Sessions can 
be saved for play — er, practice — later. $49.95 

it Names The Basics Rain 



Typing Intrigue 

Palantir Software 

12777 Jones Road, Suite 100, Houston, TX 77070 
(800) 368-3797, (713) 955-8880 in Texas 


MacType is a serious, “no arcade games** typing tutorial that 
teaches both the standard (QWERTY) and Dvorak keyboards. 
The approach is gentle but firm: Before beginning to type, 
you*ll be asked to cover the commonly used keys with blank 
keycap labels. If you really need to look at the keys, there *s 
a handy cardboard “key map** for quick reference. The pro- 
gram is friendly and encouraging, reflecting the authors* 
belief that “touch-typing is a habit that anyone who expects 

to type regularly can acquire in a few hours.** They recom- 
mend limiting individual sessions to fifteen or twenty 
minutes and aren*t hard-nosed about mastering less-used keys 
like the backslash. 

Beginners learn basic keyboard layout and typing skills; 
intermediates are drilled to improve accuracy; and advanced 
typists are helped to improve typing speed. The program is 
self-paced. At each level your performance is reviewed, 
you*re drilled in weak areas, and then you*re tested on what 
you*ve learned. MacType is a thoughtful implementation of 
Macintosh *s speed, sound, and graphics abilities. The Mac- 
Type disk can store the records of up to 100 students. Oh, 
and don*t refuse the pfogram*s offer to print a certificate of 
achievement. You*ll have earned it. $49.95 

it lilc Rrmiliu'l 


Metronome Special 

Locate the d' I 
Press the rioshin 
In the Home rou 
the 2nd finger o(, 
loft hand. (To type O', 
use the right shift key.) 

Stondord Key Map 




1 a 1 s lOI 1 1 g 1 h 1 , 


i |z|H|c|u|b|n 

1 L.J Ill 

MacType Tutoriot | 


Scarborough Systems, Inc. 

25 North Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591 
(800) 882-8222, (914) 332-4545 in New York 


*The universe is not always kind to those who type slowly.** 
So cautions the user guide for MasterType, a bestselling 
Apple II program, now on Macintosh, that makes learning 
to type good, painless fun. MasterType is as much an arcade 
game as a typing tutor and makes no apologies for it. 
There*s no advice to “sit up straight and curve your fingers 
slightly over the keys.** Just waves of attacking words and 
letters and you, armed only with your trusty keyboard and 
typing skills. The letters become missiles, satellites, and 
atomic meteors when they hit your command ship. If you 
type them successfully before they hit, they explode in a 
satisfying display. When your ship is destroyed, a humili- 
ating message appears on the screen: “The words won.** 
Enough said. 


MasterType, like other typing programs, monitors your 
speed and accuracy for each lesson and adjusts the speed of 
the next wave accordingly. It also suggests, none too tact- 
fully, that you should be typing on a different level (when 

We enjoyed MasterType. Is it as effective as “serious” 
typing tutorials? We don’t know. We already know how to 
type. $39.95 


Simon & Schuster, Inc. 

Electronic Publishing Group 

1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020 
(212) 245-6400 

Typing Tutor 111 

An updated version of Typing Tutor, a classic typing in- 
struction program. Typing Tutor III uses the traditional “read 
it and type it” approach, with one notable improvement: 
The program monitors your keystrokes and gives you prac- 
tice where you need it most — less gruesome than it sounds. 
After a bit of drill, there are tests to take, progress to be 
shown and recorded, and more arcane areas of the keyboard 
to explore. The program includes “Letter Invaders,” an arcade 
game where your typing skills are tested against falling 
letters. Type and destroy the letters before they reach the 
“ground” to chip away at your defenses. The action is fast, 
and two players can compete. A good game on its own 
merits. Be warned: Hunt-and-peckers will not survive “Letter 
Invaders.” $59.95 

^ Options I or 2 Players 

PinVER 1 570 

nSDF JKL ; HE I TC . UillhdlllJiaiU UmiidmiM 


Typing Tutor III 



It’s possible to dream about windows. In those moments before 
waking, to dream about — to see — windows. Title bars. Scroll bars. The 

Blank. Pasted on your eyelids. 

What’s in the window? 

Imagine a blank sheet of paper. What would you write on it? What 
could you write that would be read and reread? What would help people in 
their everyday lives? 

In business it’s easy. Business is defined. Business is numbers. Bills 
and billing. Taxes. Ledgers. Calculations. Appointments. Things-to-do. 

What about after work? After five, when you’re tired, ready to relax? 
After you’ve sat before a “business computer” for hours and moused and 
watched and typed and thought and typed and dragged again? 

Do you need a computer? Can a Macintosh — or any computer — beat 
out the TV? Or a newspaper and a recliner? Or friends around the bar- 
becue? Can a computer best a hot tub? 


Unless you’re a hobbyist, that is. Hobbyists would rather compute 
than hot-tub. Hobbyists will spend $3,000 to pursue their hobby, even if it 
means driving an older car, or not taking that vacation. 

As hobbies go, Macintosh isn’t that expensive. Hot air ballooning, 
photography, antique cars, and collecting Picassos are all far more expen- 
sive (and, we’d like to think, less fun). 

But what will it take to get Macintosh into the homes of non-hobbyists? 
Industry observers think it will take one or more of the following: 

• A greatly reduced price. Maybe a Macintosh costing $200 to $300. 
Less would be better — maybe not for Apple, but certainly for 

• The full-scale arrival of home banking and home shopping. 

• A product, or group of products, that would drive the market and 
make the purchase of a Macintosh almost mandatoiy for home users. 

The last is the most interesting. Apple’s greatest success with business 
users, in the Apple II days, came from the arrival of VisiCalc, the first 
electronic spreadsheet. VisiCalc, at first, was available only for Apple 
computers. With it, business users had a powerful tool that made pencils, 
erasers, and paper worksheets suddenly obsolete. 


What is we changed this twenty-year interest-rate projection from 12% 
to 13.5%? Zap! VisiCalc recalculated the entire worksheet. The savings in 
time were enormous. The guy with the Apple and VisiCalc was a hero. 
The phrase “what-if analysis” became commonplace. Apple sold thousands 
of computers. VisiCalc' s makers renamed themselves VisiCorp and be- 
came rich and powerful. Other companies introduced other spreadsheet 

The IBM PC came along. Shortly afterward, Lotus released 1-2-3, a 
huge, fast spreadsheet that also incorporated graphs and a limited database. 
It became a huge success. People bought IBMs to run 1-2-3 as others had 
bought Apples to run VisiCalc. 

There is no equivalent program for the home market. No VisiCalc. No 
1-2-3. No single program for the home that makes the purchase of a com- 
puter almost mandatory. 

To be fair, maybe there isn’t a single program that can fit the bill. 
Maybe it’s a combination of programs. Maybe all that’s lacking is a wealth 
of good educational software — a categoiy that’s still anemic in comparison 
to software in other fields. 

Still, heads are being scratched. Software companies are developing 
new products, trying new tacks. The home market is, after all, the biggest 
market of them all. Think about how many units you’d sell if you had a 
40% penetration of all the households in America! 

For now, this chapter is mostly a collection of personal finance and 
personal tax programs. There are a few programs that resist any category 
other than “home,” and we’ve included them in this chapter. When this 
book was conceived, we thought this chapter would be titled “Home & 
Hobby.” But when the software flooded in, the “home” programs were 
few and the “personal finance” programs were many. Undaunted, we 
changed the chapter title and lumped the few home programs with the 
many checkbook balancers. 

So here they are: programs to reconcile your bank statement, programs 
to handle your checkbook, programs to manage your credit cards, and pro- 
grams to manage your taxes. 

If you like personal finance programs, and have the stamina to enter all 
those check numbers and amounts, this is your chapter. You’re home at 



Money Management 

AIS Microsystems 

1007 Massachusetts Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20002 
(800) 343-8112, (800) 662-2444 in Pennsylvania, 

(202) 547-9113 in Washington, DC 

Mortgage Switch Calculator 

A Multiplan mortgage-rate template that helps you compare 
the cost of your present mortgage against the cost of refi- 
nancing. You enter basic information, such as your current 
mortgage balance, interest rate, and payment, as well as the 
proposed amount and rate of your new mortgage. The pro- 
gram calculates the cost of holding the mortgage, based on 
your estimated tax bracket, the inflation rate, how long you 
expect to own your home, and other factors. 

Mortgage Switch Calculator can deal with multiple mort- 
gages, fixed and variable interest rates, terms of thirty (or 
forty) years, and more. It includes an audio cassette that 
guides you through the program. The company plans to re- 
lease a stand-alone version of the Mortgage Switch Calcu- 
lator. For now, Multiplan is required. $65 

File Edit Select Format Options Colciilote 

Mortgage Switch Calculator 

Apropos Software, Inc. 

64 Hillview Avenue, Los Altos, CA 94022 
(415) 948-7227 

A series of nicely done templates for Multiplan. All come 
with slim, informative manuals that show the finished tem- 
plates and give all information necessary to complete them. 
The templates aren't massive productions; they're clear and 
understandable. A working knowledge of Multiplan is 

Financial Planning Series 

Five templates for use with Multiplan. Home Budget Planner 
prepares a personal budget and helps locate and reinvest 
cash; Personal Tax Planner calculates and prepares all 1040 

and Schedule A entries; Auto Buy vs. Lease Planner com- 
pares after-tax costs of purchase versus lease, including busi- 
ness tax deductions; Invest for College determines the yearly 
investment and return required to fund a college education; 
and Life Insurance Planner determines the amount of insur- 
ance a family needs if one income-earning spouse or parent 
dies. $95 

Investment Planning Series 

Five more Multiplan templates. Stock Planner keeps records 
and produces separate risk, tax, and industry analyses. Real 
Estate Planner prepares a five-year analysis for a real estate 
tax shelter investment. It also projects income and ex- 
penses, taxable income, before- and after-tax cash flow, 
estimated gain from sale, and net present value for property. 
Investment Planner records earnings and appreciation and 
produces a summary report to detect unbalanced or poorly 
performing portfolios. IRA vs. CD Planner compares an IRA 
with a taxable CD to evaluate the best investment based on 
your individual tax situation. Loan Planner prepares a five- 
year analysis of monthly payments, interest, and principal 
on any loan for a major expenditure. $95 

it File Edit Select Formal Options Colculote ^ 

Apropos Investment Planning Series 

Inuestrnent Planner t.t 

jD)l*r ;ortfolls Vtf»rrrulton vt uf^relvctvtf cells belov 
ijieM ejr t« entered either at i percent ( 4 for 40*) or 
4 dollor ameunt (any number greater than I or less than -1) 

Your federal Tax Dracket » 20 00* 





Br oker 4<)e, AccMn^ ( 
§4''!^ Certificate*. 








.6.700 __ 0,14 

13000 _ 0.11 

5300. .. „ qT2". 

Current Pre-Tax 

FMV Yield 





i' lib 

Continental Software 

11223 South Hindry Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90045 
(213) 410-3977 

The Home Accountant and Financial Planner 
The Macintosh version of the popular home accounting 
package, previously offered for Apple IIs and IBM PCs. 
Handles up to fifty automatic monthly transactions, man- 
ages checking accounts and money market funds, and prints 
names and addresses directly onto checks. Transactions may 
be split between categories. Also sets up tax record-keeping 

Reports include personal balance sheet, net worth state- 
ment, income and expense summaries, and cost of living. 
Home Accountant calculates loan amortization or total 
amount of interest paid on a loan in one year and compares 
the cost of loans. It also generates pie, bar, line, and trend- 
analysis graphs. 


It*s interesting to speculate on Home Accountant's con- 
tinued popularity on other computers. We’d guess that it’s 
part the program’s name, part advertising, part Home 
Accountant's flexibility in handling different (and differing) 
accounts, and — in large part — its ability to produce graphs. 
Graphs arc sexy, especially on machines where graphs (or 
any graphics) are seldom seen. On Macintosh, Home 
Accountant has serious graphic competition, for the first 
time. Compare features with Monogram’s Dollars and Sense 
before you buy. $150 

Creighton Development, Inc. 

16 Hughes Street, Suite C-100, Irvine, CA 92714 
(714) 472-0488 


A grab bag of home programs, including several desk ac- 
cessories. The names give ’em away: Financial Calculator, 
IRA Benefit Calculator, Checkbook Reconciliation, Banner 
Maker, Personal Financial Statement, Home Inventory 
Record, Stock Record, Improved Alarm Clock, New Puzzle, 
and Desk Accessories Editor. $49 

Electronic Arts 

2755 Campus Drive, San Mateo, CA 94403 
(415) 571-7171 

Financial Cookbook 

Thirty-two financial recipes to help you manage your money 
and make canny financial decisions. Each of the recipes is 
contained in a separate window and chosen off a master 
menu. Fill in the numbers and get back an answer. 

Ready for recipes? They are: Understanding Your Mar- 
ginal Tax Rate; Single Savings Deposits; Monthly Savings 
Deposits; Deposit Needed for Future Purchase; Monthly De- 
posit for Future Purchase; Living on Your Savings; Making 
Your Savings Last Forever; Earning Interest with Treasury 
Bills; Earning with Long-Term Investments; Finding Equiv- 
alent Interest Rates; A Single Payment’s lYescnt Value; A 
Monthly Payment’s Present Value; Saving Money with 
IRAs; An IRA’s Future Value; Living from an IRA; Early 

Withdrawal from an IRA; How Much Life Insurance You 
Need; Mortage Schedule, Yearly; Mortgage Schedule, 
Monthly; Variable Rate and Payment Mortgages; Variable 
Rate, Fixed Payment Mortgages; Interest Only Second 
Mortgages; Mortgages with Balloons; A Loan’s Interest 
Rate; Refinancing Your Home; Retiring Your Mortgage 
Early; Buying or Renting a Home; Energy Saving Devices; 
Owning Your Car; Fixing Your Car; Buying Your Car; and, 
finally. Leasing Your Car. 

The manual is clear and helpful, and contains all the for- 
mulas used for the calculations. A glossary of financial terms 
is also included. In all, a good package. The value here is 
simplicity, combined with many, many financial calcu- 
lations. Less messy (and more complete) than many Multi- 
plan template financial programs. $49.95 

Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 

Haba Check Minder 

A checkbook program that doesn’t suffer from “feature over- 
kill.’’ Check Minder works like (and even looks like) your 
own checkbook. A check appears on the screen and you type 
in the information. There’s no need to spell out the dollar 
amount; just type “$123.55’’ (in the correct place) and the 
program fills in “One hundred twenty-three dollars and fifty- 
five cents.’’ Check Minder records the transaction, prints the 
check, and updates the balance. It also does bank statement 
reconciliation and organizes deductible and non-deductible 
expense information. 

The program has simple, effective home budgeting func- 
tions and can display average cash flows for specific days, 
months, or years, or for particular types of expenses. It 
won't do credit cards, handle revolving charges, or deal with 
cash. This is a check program, remember? 

Using Check Minder, you can keep over 1,000 checks 
and transactions (bank drafts and deposits) on a single-drive 
Macintosh, or over 2,000 if you have a second disk drive. 

A recommended program. It does what it says, it’s easy, 
it’s fun. Take a look. $79.95 

it Fite Edit Financiol Cookbook 

1 Understanding Marginal Toic nates 

6 Liuing on Vour Sauings 

F i n rf!< ! hft f f erA r. f ;:» ! .nrir.Tul.'Ul- 

8 Earning Interest on Treasury Bills 

Finds T-b 

10 Finding Fquiuatent Interest nates 

Finds the interest role needed to 

12 Monthly Payment's Present Ualue 

1 Output I 

12 rionthly Poynenl's Present Uolue 
Finds the present ualue of a series 
of nonthly payients 

Expected ecnthly payeent $ 309 
Veors to receive incoee 5 
Interest role earned X 12 
Coipounding periods 365 
Marginal tax rate X 30 

jf a 


'll $ 




sd X 




le X 



I miiM 

it File Edit Arrange Reminders Statements 


Select oil items from dote; 

O Detoil Report 
(i) Summary Report 
□ Send to Printer 

Begin Report 


Pag to Printer Paper Sler* 

7hr*» Htrvdrvd Thuty-Tvo IkUctb & TTurtyThTP# Cent# 

Tex Deduction 


Haba Check Mincier 

Financial Cookbook 


Innovative Software 

4909 Stockdale Highway, Suite 169, 

Bakersfield, CA 93303 
(805) 832-6698 


MacCheck is a Microsoft BASIC program that allows you to 
keep up to 1,200 checks and other transactions on one disk, 
maintain an unlimited number of categories for the trans- 
actions, and password-protect your information. 

MacCheck also has some other handy features. It allows 
you to perform budget calculations for your cumulative ex- 
penses and display the expenses in chart and bar graphs. 
You can also search for a certain category, month, or payee 
to locate and chart that information. 

MacCheck worked well, but programs written in BASIC 
can be touchy. For example, you can't enter numbers with 
commas (2500.25, not 2,500.25) in MacCheck. While this 
seems like a simple thing to remember, making certain mis- 
takes could dump you back in Microsoft BASIC — a place 
where few beginners want to tread. 

However, if you’re a BASIC programmer and enjoy 
delving into BASIC programs, you might enjoy buying 
MacCheck to use, modify, or add to your own programs. It’s 
better than reasonably priced. $39.95 (plus $3 postage and 


5543 Satsuma Avenue, North Hollywood, CA 91601 
(818) 509-0474 


A program for managing checkbook transactions. Cheque^ 
Book statements resemble typical statements from your 
local bank. Entries are made into a checkbook or check- 
book register, then automatically transferred to various 
charts and ledgers that you’ve created. The program pro- 
duces a forwarding balance, reconciles bank statements, 
generates a trial balance, lists month-to-date and year-to-date 
totals for all general ledger accounts, and maintains personal 
information files. Up to 100 general ledger accounts arc 
supported; any check may be “zoomed into” for dis- 
bursement. $49.95 

Knowledge Engineering 

G.P.O. Box 21 39. New York, NY 1 011 6 
(212) 473-0095 


This is a work-in-progress. The advance information is im- 
pressive. Knowledge Engineering is a company founded and 
run by William Bates, bestselling author of The Computer 
Cookbook. The firm specializes in artificial intelligence 
applications for Macintosh. 

MacroBucks^ though, isn’t an artificial intelligence pro- 
gram. It’s reportedly a fast, compact, memory-based pro- 
gram for personal finance. Five years of financial data, and 
the program itself, can be stored on one disk, we’re told. 
Data from the program can be uploaded into text files for use 
by Mull ip Ian and other programs that accept data on the 

Macintosh Clipboard. MacroBucks also does graphs and 
reports. Suggested price, $49.95 


Another work-in-progress. This program will attempt to go 
beyond “fill in the blank” tax programs to allow A1 tech- 
niques that optimize complex tax returns. The program 
won’t be available until 1986. On release, plans include 
support of the LaserWriter and AppleTalk for use in small 
accounting offices. It’s a ways off, but we thought you 
might be interested. Price not determined. 

Tronix Publishing 

8295 South La Cienega Boulevard, Inglewood, CA 90301 

Dollars and Sense 

This personal and small-business accounting program is 
popular on Apple II and IBM systems but makes its best 
showing on the Macintosh. An excellent tutorial in the 
manual and generous on-screen help make it easy to Icam; 
Macintosh makes it easy to use. Dollars and Sense makes 
double-entry accounting simple, even for those with no ac- 
counting experience. 

You can enter up to 120 accounts in five categories — 
income, expense, asset, liability, and checking — or you can 
choose one of three predefined sets of accounts for house- 
hold, business, and tax preparation applications. Either way, 
you can add or delete accounts at any time. 

Dollars and Sense tracks fixed or variable monthly bud- 
gets on your accounts. A variety of reports and graphs show 
you how well you’re keeping to the budgets and where the 
money’s going. By temporarily adding or changing budgets, 
you can predict what effect a new expense — or new 
income — will have on your overall financial picture. The 
program helps you reconcile checking accounts, make 
automatic payments, and print checks. The addresses of three 
companies that produce tractor-feed checks compatible with 
the program are given in the manual’s appendix. Suggested 
applications include client billing, credit card and expense 

d File Edit Select Maintenance Report I 

I Controls 

fletuol us Budget for *Rs$e 

Diidget Contribution toTotols f( 

I Retool Contribution to 

Rctuols os. Budgets 
Rctuol-Budget llolucs 
Rcct. Cont. to Totals 

Monthly Rctuols-Oudgets 
Monthly Net Income 
Monthly Net UJorth 

Rbout Groph 

na nuifie 

I 20X1 S Savings Account 
I 20X] QU Stocks & Bonds 

Dollars and Sense 



account management, investment management, and house- 
hold inventory management. $149.95 

Orion Training Systems 

P.O. Box 94, Dallastown, PA 17313 
(717) 757-7721 


Handles up lo 200 accounts; stores and presents minimum 
monthly payment amounts, due dates, and account names; 
automatically balances your checking account; sorts ex- 
penses into categories for taxes; prints checks. The check- 
book program market is fierce; take a look before you buy. 

Owl Software 

79 Milk Street, Suite 1108, Boston, MA 02109 
(800) 343-0664, Ext. 5500; (800) 322-1233, Ext. 5500, 
in Massachusetts 

Soft Start Business Analysis 

Eleven Multiplan worksheets in two groups. The Payroll 
group has six worksheets for setting up a weekly payroll, or 
worksheets may be modified to handle other payroll periods, 
if desired. All federal withholding calculations are included, 
with state and local examples. Also maintains deposit rec- 
ords. The Operations group contains these worksheets: 
Break Even Analysis, Financial Statement Analysis, Cash 
Flow Budget, Receivables, and Payables. Overall, a good 
value. $49.95 

Soft Start Personal Finance 

A collection of twelve Multiplan worksheets in four groups. 
In the Investments group are worksheets for Net Worth and 
Bond Portfolio, as well as three linked worksheets titled 
Slock Portfolio. An AT&T Portfolio shows the value of pre- 
and post-divestiture holdings and lets you manage purchases 
made after divestiture. The Budgeting group contains three 
linked worksheets to help you plan and analyze a compre- 
hensive annual budget. The Property group of worksheets 
includes Rental Properly and Mortgage Analysis. Finally, 
the Cash Management group has two worksheets: Check- 
book and Credit Card. Detailed Multiplan templates at a low 
price. $49.95 

Softsync, Inc. 

162 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016 
(212) 685-2080 

The Personal Accountant 

Personal accounting using double-entry bookkeeping. Uses 
income, expense, loan, deposit, and equity accounts. Calcu- 
lates balances, keeps a history of accounts, shows income 
over expenses and net worth, and generates expense reports 
and trial balance sheets. Also handles tax-related infor- 

The program includes an address book, can print labels, 
and has a loan amortization and future values program. 

state of the Art 

3191-C Airport Loop, Costa Mesa, CA 92626 
(714) 850-0111 

Electric Checkbook 

Complete checkbook management — if you have the disci- 
pline to enter the information required. Electric Checkbook 
lets you establish categories, enter bills, pay bills, pay se- 
lected bills, note when payment is due, print checks, recon- 
cile your bank statement, and produce income statements and 
balance sheets. 

Although the program doesn’t actively help you set up a 
budget, its division of income, expenses, assets, and liabil- 
ities into categories like those of a double-entry accounting 
system makes budgeting easy. 

Electric Checkbook creates a number of reports. It also 
tracks tax-deductible expenses. Sample files and standard fi- 
nancial categories are included. Entries are restricted to five 
bank accounts per disk with a 128K Macintosh. Electric 
Checkbook comes with a sample check designed for use with 
the program and an order form for additional checks. 

Due to an unfortunate combination of a fine font and 
light-gray ink, the manual is difficult to read, but the help 
screens provide adequate guidance to the system. 

Electric Checkbook makes good use of the Macintosh 
interface. $99.95 

Superex International Marketing Ltd. 

151 Ludlow Street, Yonkers, NY 10705 
(800) 862-8800. (914) 964-5200 in New York 

The Home Executive 

Eight programs for the home: Address Book, Appointment 
Book/Calendar, Checkbook, Collector’s List, Gift List, 
Household Inventory, Portfolio, and Expenses. Each pro- 
gram is a limited file manager with predefined fields for in- 
formation. Reports can be created and printed. Not recom- 
mended in its present version; see our comments about 
Superex in the Business chapter. $89.95 

Tax Programs 

Apropos Software, Inc. 

64 Hillview Avenue, Los Altos, CA 94022 
(415) 948-7227 

Tax Planner ^84-^85 

Tax templates for use with Multiplan. The famous 1040 is 
here, along with nine other IRS schedules: A, B, C, D, E, F, 
G, W, and SE. The schedules take advantage of Multiplan's 
“Link” feature; a number entered and saved in a schedule 
winds up in the proper place on the 1040 form automatical- 
ly — a real convenience. A final template. Tax Analysis, is 
also linked to the others but requires no input. The template 
summarizes the information in the other tax forms and dis- 
plays the percent of marginal tax rate, total tax as a percent 


'' ^ File Edit Select Formot Options Colculote 

Apropos Tax Planner 

of wages, and other interesting percentages. A nice addition. 

EZWare Corporation 

17 Bryn Mawr Avenue, Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004 
(215) 667-4064 


A scries of personal tax preparation templates for use with 
Microsoft's Multiplan. Includes twenty-two IRS forms; in- 
formation entered on one form is automatically applied to 
all other required forms. Can also be used with other Multi- 
plan templates to keep expense records, maintain a general 
ledger, and simplify year-end bookkeeping tasks. $99.95 
(plus S3 shipping) 

Gamma Productions, Inc. 

817 10th Street, Suite 102, Santa Monica. CA 90403 

Tax Wizard 

A useful but limited tax program. You assemble your rec- 
ords, total the receipts, and enter the neeessary numbers into 
on-screen facsimiles of IRS forms; then Tax Wizard links 
the forms together, recalculating as required. When you're 
finished entering the data, you print out the schedules and 
transfer the numbers to your IRS forms. This is a better ap- 
proach than doing your taxes manually, but Tax Wizard has 
a few drawbacks. The documentation's skimpy, there's no 
tax information, data entry is sometimes quirky, and error- 
handling needs improvement. Compare with other tax pro- 
grams before buying. $64.95 


2699 Skokie Valley Road, Highland Park, IL 60035 
(312) 433-7550 

Tax Manager 

A tax planner and tax preparer. Helps you determine which 
forms need to be filled out and which deductions need to be 
claimed. Related information is automatically updated when 
an entry is added or changed. $180 

SoftWeave Company 

400 Mobil Avenue, Building D, Suite C, Camarillo, CA 93010 
(805) 388-2626 


Income tax preparation, done with on-screen forms: the 
Macintosh way. Forms include 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ, 2119 
(sale or exchange of principal residence), and 2441 (credit 
for child care). Schedules include 1,A (itemized deductions), 
B (interest income), D (capital gains and losses), E (rents, 
royalties, partnerships, estates, trusts, etc.), G (income 
averaging), and W (deduction for married couples when both 

Other forms may be prepared manually, then entered onto 
the displayed 1040 form. All worksheets and itemizations 
are saved with the form. Calculations for other affected 
forms arc automatically performed when a form is changed or 

Data may be printed directly onto IRS-supplied forms. 
Yearly updates will be made available for a nominal fee, 
according to the manufacturer. $70 

it File Edit Options Forms 

untitled/Form tO^O j 

LI040 II .S. Individual Incomv > 


Tax Ralurn 


For tht y**r Januirg I -Dteemtior 31, 1 984 , 

, 1904, 




Your first nama a^ti initial (it joint ralurn, Last nama 

abo yiva speusa's nama and initiaO 

Yo«a' socul 
saeurity rajmbar 





i^rasant noma addrass (Numbar and straat, 
inefjdiny apar tmani numbar, or rural roula) 

Spousa s social 
sacurtty no 

i ' 

City, town or post offica, Slala, and ZIP coda 

Your occupation 

Spousr’s occup 




Nitial . Oo you van! $1 to yo to this f.x4’ 

Vasl I 

Hole nj 

n Mf jomt ratum, doas your spousa want $| to 

opt i;o to this fund? . 



■ “>Vy a 
cAanyv voia' tj.\ or 
/>Mtxv pixa* tynijnJ 

rilng Status 

Chock anig 
on* box 

Marrjod filwvg jcv»t r#turn (tvtn U only on* had Inecrrio) 

Marriod fi1\ng saparal* rtlurn 

Enitr spouso's soctal soeuritg no abovo and full narno horo. 

Hoad of household (with qualifgmg por$en).(S*o pay* S of lnttructionsT~ 
if IKo quabfgn; parson ts your unmarriad child but not 

your dcpondanl. wrilo child's namo hero. 

Oualifyiny widav(or) vilh dapandanl child 
( spouso d^d ► 19 

) (Sfo papa 6 of lnstrv;io’'S 1 C 


Go on to the next chapter. You don’t need these programs. 

They’re fun, they’re handy, they make life with Macintosh easier, but 
you don’t need them. 

Unless, of course, you spill Diet Coke on your only copy of Think- 
Tank. You didn’t use Copy II Mac to back it up? Sorry. Who needs 

Here’s a definition of a utility program: a computer program for fooling 
with other computer programs. Utilities are “tinker” programs: tinker with 
this, tinker with that. Font Mover is a utility; it lets you tinker with the 
fonts in your System file. MacTools is a utility; it lets you tinker with file 
attributes and other nerdy fileish things. MacL^eler is a utility; it lets you 
tinker with disk labels. 

Macintosh owners need fewer utility programs than owners of other 
machines. Many utilities are built into Macintosh; the Control Panel is one. 
(Did you know that holding down the Option and Command keys while 
“booting” with a damaged disk starts a mini-program to repair the disk? 
That’s a utility. Built-in.) 

The utilities in this chapter are mostly for fun, pleasure, or piracy. Mac- 
Labeler is a favorite; swift and clean, it produces sharp, useful disk labels, 
however you like. Other utilities ded with uncovering and changing disk 
and file attributes; they’re loved by hobbyists who tinker with bits by the 
hour, but don’t interest most of the rest of us. 

True hobbyists should look in the public domain chapter. Utilities 
flourish in the free software market. Most are written in BASIC, and most 
do utility-like things to other BASIC programs. 

The utilities from Apple are also listed in the public domain chapter. 
While they’re not exactly free, Apple encourages spreading them around. 
Apple knows where its revenue comes from. It doesn’t come from selling 

Then there’s piracy. The copy programs do, indeed, copy almost 
everything. In theory, they allow users to make backup copies, for their 
own use. In practice, they make widespread illegal copying possible and 
frequent. Software firms, we’d bet, love Central Point Software, home of 
Copy II Mac. 

Piracy would fade without copy programs. Maybe it’s poetic justice 
that, while we’ve seen many copies of Copy II Mac, we’ve never seen a 
Copy II Mac manual. 

Has anyone? 


114 ununEs 

Assimilation, Inc. 

485 Alberto Way, Los Gatos, CA 95030 

(800) 622-5464; (800) 421-0243 or (408) 356-6241 

in California 

Lock It 

An encryption program that limits access to files by allow- 
ing you to embed password codes in documents — useful for 
confidential data on disk or other Macintosh files you want 
to keep from prying eyes. With Lock It, as with other 
Assimilation products, the idea is good and the price is 
right. $29 

Mac Memory Disk 

RAM disk software for use with the 512K Macintosh. 

RAM disks employ a scheme also used in software for 
hard disks: They trick the computer into thinking a disk is 
somewhere a disk isn’t. In this case, the “virtuar disk is 
created in RAM memory. The computer reads and writes to 
the RAM disk just as it does to a physical disk. Because 
RAM is fast and disks (by comparison) are slow, loading 
and saving applications and documents is speeded enor- 

The Mac Memory Disk is a thoughtful RAM disk im- 
plementation. The RAM disk software allows you to create a 
temporary RAM disk for “one time” use or to automatically 
create a RAM disk at startup. You can also specify the 
amount of RAM to be set aside as a RAM disk. The min- 
imum amount is 35K; the maximum is 316K. Decision made, 
you copy the files you want to use onto the RAM disk and 
compute away — fast. 

The only real drawback to the Mac Memory Disk is a 
drawback inherent in the 512K Macintosh — even with lots 
of RAM, you’ll still find yourself wanting more than 316K 
for use as a RAM disk. Throw in the System folder, a few 
applications and— argh!— you’re already out of room. Still, 
for use with a few small programs, it’s a convenient utility. 
And the price is great. $29 

Mac Mouse Tracks 

A clever utility. Mouse Tracks is billed as “a customized 
shortcut to mouse-driven commands.” The program is similar 
to macro programs for other computers. Those programs 
store a number of user-defined keystrokes, then allow the en- 
tire sequence to be blasted into the computer with one key- 
stroke (maybe two). A macro program for the IBM PC could 
take this entire paragraph and store it in the “FI” key. 
Then, whenever this paragraph was needed, a single key- 
press would feed it in. 

Mouse Tracks takes the idea further by including 
mouse-driven commands in macro creation. Another handy 
utility from Assimilation, another good price. $29 

Basic Business Software, Inc. 

P.O. Box 26311, Las Vegas, NV 89126 
(702) 876-9493 

Utilities for the Apple Macintosh 

Eight utility programs: a cross-referencer for Microsoft 

BASIC; a utility to display any ASCII file; a utility to print 

any ASCII file, complete with page numbers, dates, and a 
user-specified header; a utility to set a baud rate for the 
COMl RS-422 serial port; a program to “dump” any on- 
screen files in both hex and ASCII values; and a transfer 
utility to allow data being received by the serial port to be 
saved as a text file. Other utilities allow for files to be re- 
moved from disk or renamed. 

Includes source code for all programs. We haven’t seen 
this product and can only note that many of these utilities 
arc available in the public domain. $45 

Central Point Software, Inc. 

9700 S.W. Capitol Highway, Suite 100, Portland, OR 97219 
(503) 244-5782 

Copy II MacIMacTools 

Copy II Mac is a program that copies virtually any disk. 
Disks not copy protected can be “sector copied,” with full 
error-checking during the copy process. Copy-protected 
disks can be “bit copied,” a process that makes an exact 
duplicate of the disk. The program works simply and flaw- 
lessly. Few programs evade Copy II Mac's bit copier. 


Copy II Mac 




Copy II Mae 

S(!l(i( 1 Filee 

Read NeKt Olock 


Read Preuious Block 


Road Specific IJIock 


tUrite Block 




v'Rotource Fork 

Data 1 nik 

Finder Folder 
Fi I* Nuobor 
Ooto Start Block 
Data Logical Lerglh. 

Data Physicol Length: 0000 0000 
Rsre Start Block 00C5 

Bsre Logical Length 0000 0896 
Rsre Physical Length: OCOO OCOO 
Creation Data 9A26 SE38 

Last tiodi f ication 9^28 8183 



Central Point’s Copy II PC is a bestseller for the IBM 
PC. The program is billed as a way to make archival 
backups, not to supply the neighborhood with your favorite 
software. It works fine for both purposes. (That’s the 
ultimate compliment for a copy program: it works.) 

MacTools is a utility program that performs operating 
system functions (like renaming files) and also provides 
low-level inspection and manipulation of information on 
disks. The program shows visible and invisible files; locks 
and unlocks files; and copies, renames, and deletes files. It 
also formats, renames, and copies disks. Data can be recov- 
ered from damaged disks. Both programs, $39.95 


410 Tovi/nsend, Suite 408-B, San Francisco, CA 94107 
(415) 543-7644 

What’s so good about it? Most everything. The program 
is well-designed, works quickly, looks good, and makes ter- 
rific disk labels. MacLabeler loads itself in and spits itself 
out. You in.sert a disk. The program reads the directory and 
prints a label. Another disk, another label. 

The beauty is flexibility. The names can be sorted in a 
number of ways, and you can select which files (or folders) 
will be printed on the label. All done, of course, with the 
mouse. After the tough decisions, you can select your favor- 
ite border pattern for the labels and print ’em out. The name 
of the disk shows up on the front and back — even on the 

Special labels can be used but aren’t required. A hefty 
starter pack of pressure-sensitive label strips is included. 
Each strip becomes three labels. Those on a budget can use 
ordinary paper and “glue sticks.” 

And the manual is fine. $49.95 


A desk accessory that lets you flip through volumes of 
MacPaint pictures in a flash, locate the picture you want 
using Quickpaint*s “mini-view” feature (similar to Mac- 
Paint's “Show Page”), then cut, copy, or edit the picture 
using Quickpaint*s tool set. $59.95 


A handy utility for those who do a lot of repetitive typing. 
Quickword is a desk accessory that allows you to set up 
keyboard macros, so typing long or tricky phrases can be as 
easy as typing an A, B, or C. Quickword lets you create 
and edit multiple abbreviation tables for phrases of up to 
fifty characters. The program translates your abbreviation 
into its full meaning within your document. You can’t des- 
ignate Command-key macros with this program, but you 
can use any of the usual keyboard characters. Quickword 
can be used with both MaeWrite and Microsoft Word. 



by Some 
./by Size 
by Kind 
by Ilnte 

==i Multiplon Master 



W4 Multtpun 

4k r>(> 

Sk bui 

45k rsnJ*r 


1 7k Vrtf<fr 

5k ScrjfibJok ftU 




be"!h central 
Class 9*-a4es 
dailg sales 
Endin) inventerv 
P i. L statennent 

I? bus expenses 
^ System Folder 
a Fmier 

9 Muli-^lan He^ 
q Scrapbook File 

Multiplan Hosier 

56k areiUhle 


01 / 01/89 

01 /nt /B9 
01 /29/B5 

Multnlan Document 
Multiplan Document 
Mu1tx>lan Document 

MuHiplan Document 
Multiplan Document 

3k bus expenses 
22k Monthlysheet 
9Ck Multiplan 




Ok Empty Folder 
45k sheets 

3k bills 
4k birth control 






Hippopotamus Software, Inc. 

1250 Oakmead Parkway, Suite 210, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(408) 738-1200 


A utility to “encrypt” files, so that no one but yourself can 
access them. Protects MaeWrite files and other appli- 
cations and documents (including those highly confidential 
MacPaint creations) from prying eyes. Allows you to 
choose from three levels of security. Uses the Data Encryp- 
tion Standard (DES), which, according to Hippopotamus 
Software, is used widely by major corporations and the U.S. 
Government. This program is one alternative to locking the 
disks in your drawer at the end of the day. Compare with 
Lock It from Assimilation before you buy. $119.95 

Ideaform, Inc. 

P.O. Box 1540, Fairfield, lA 52556 
(515) 472-9795 


One of our favorite programs. MacLabeler makes disk 
labels. That’s it: disk labels. 

Jasik Designs 

343 Trenton Way, Menlo Park, CA 94025 
(415) 322-1386 


An interactive disassembler billed as a “disassembler for the 
rest of us.” This program is hot. It’s probably the single 
most useful utility for the developer, student, or pirate of 
software. MacNosy creates disassembled source code from 
any Macintosh application file, from ROM, or from any 
“code” resources on the System or other files. 

Ever wondered what’s really in the ROMs? The exact 
code in ROM, not the Pascal “skeletons” provided in 
Apple’s Inside Macintosh documentation? MacNosy 
will show you; all you need is an understanding of assembly 

You’ll also need a 512K Macintosh or a one-megabyte 
Macintosh XL, but we assume that anyone thirsting for this 
program will have already slaked their thirst for RAM. In 
many cases, the output of MacNosy requires only minimal 
cleanup before being run through an assembler. 

MacNosy includes features to automatically subdivide 
programs into procedures and reference data blocks by “tree- 
walk” and “global flow analysis.” The program automatically 



116 UnUTlES 


assigns separate classes of labels to procedure names, data 
areas, and local labels within a procedure. It performs value 
to symbol substitution via dictionaries for references to 
trapnames and global symbols. It also reformats data into 
“natural format,” if you wish. MacNosy allows selective 
viewing of procedures, code segments, and resources by 
name. It can direct disassembled output to a file, produce ref- 
erence maps, and allow files to be searched for references to 
selected addresses, trapnames, strings, etc. It can play back 
previously recorded journal files. 

A highly recommended program. The only question: What 
will Steve Jasik do next? $50 


P.O. Box 27583, San Diego, CA 92128 


Converts a MacPaint file into a file compatible with 
Microsoft BASIC. The converted document can be loaded 
into a Microsoft BASIC array or, optionally, the MacPaint 
file can be converted into a scries of data statements that can 
be included in a BASIC program. Comes with an animation 
demo. $39.95 

Micro Analyst, Inc. 

P.O. Box 15003, Austin, TX 78761 
(512) 926-4527 


A utility program to back up protected disks and perform a 
number of other functions. Disk tracks and blocks may be 
edited, read, and written to; disks may be compared; disk and 
file information may be displayed and changed. Also offers 
disk and file recovery utilities. 

Comes with a 170-page book detailing software protec- 
tion on Mac, IBM, and other Apples. $60; protection book 
alone, $40 

Practical Computer Applications 

1305 Jefferson Highway, Champlin, MN 55316 
(612) 427-4789 


Software to copy disks that arc copy protected. The wrinkle 
here is (to quote the ad) “FREE software updates FOR LlFEl” 
Wc*rc not sure if that’s the life of the program, the life of 
the manufacturer, or your life. The manufacturer claims that 
MaeSmith will copy all programs currently available — quite 
a claim — and that the program is “not a ‘bit’ copier.” 
Remember, archival purposes only. $59.95 

Silicon Beach Software 

P.O. Box 261430, 1 1212 Dalby Place, Suite 201, 

San Diego, CA 92126 
(619) 695-6956 

Accessory Pak #1 

The first in a scries of disks from Silicon Beach Software 
that will contain utilities, desk accessories, and small pro- 
grams. This disk contains a font named Silicon Beach Font 
in 12 and 24-point; a utility called QuickView that allows a 
look at MacPaint files without running MacPaint) a desk 
accessory ruler for MacPaint that measures the screen in 
inches, centimeters, or pixels; a Screen Saver utility that 
blacks out the screen after a definable period of inactivity; a 
QuickEJect desk accessory that pops out disks and resets the 
Macintosh without powering off; and, finally, Apple’s Font 
and Desk Accessory Mover, for moving accessories and 
fonts. Suggested price, $39.95 

Tardis Software 

2817 Sloat Road, Pebble Beach, CA 93953 
(408) 372-1722 


A hacker’s program. This one isn’t truly a utility; it’s an 
operating system “shell.” The Macintosh Finder is also a 
shell, and FastFinder is ^ replacement for the Finder. If 
you’re tired of clicking, miss MS-DOS, and love to type, 
this is for you. 

FastFinder adds a number of utilities to the Finder, in- 
cluding the ability to perform a sequence of functions, called 
a “batch file” in other operating systems. Files may be dis- 
played in multiple ways, files may be searched for a parti- 
cular string, input files may be combined in a single file, 
attributes and type/creator information for files may be 
changed, and file data or resource forks may be dumped to 
the screen in either hex or ASCII. More, more, more! 

Here’s what you’ll find under the Process menu title: 
Search, Scan and Count, Combine, Compare, Display Source 
(TYPE), Display Data (DUMP), Display Resources (DUMPR), 
Create Source Listing. The other menu titles are Quickies, 
Show, Transfer, Copy, and Utility. 

This is not the Macintosh way, obviously. But those 
who need the power or flexibility will love it. $49.95 

UnUTIES 1 17 

^ Quickies Shom Process Copy | 

^Transfer Help Disk 

^ Driue: 1, Uolu 





Enter comnond « 

Read Script (00) 











Set rile mtributes (SETOHR) 


Set Startup (STRRTUP) 
Printer Echo On UPON) 


Printer Echo Off UPOFF) 

✓Scon Rll Uolumes for Applications 


1 - 

Scan only default uolume for applications 


Tesseract Distributing, inc. 

P.O. Box 937, Saint Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2R 6Z4 
(416) 685-4854 


A recently announced “copy program” that the manufacturer 
claims will copy 95 percent of the currently available Mac- 
intosh software. The program analyzes each track of the disk 
and then attempts to duplicate the track. The software auto- 
matically configures for either a 128K or 512K Macintosh. 
The company intends to offer modifications and upgrades to 
MacCopy as new protection schemes are introduced. 
$69.50 (plus $4 shipping and handling) in the U.S.; $99 
(plus $3 shipping and handling) in Canada 


Here’s a story: When Macintosh was released, there wasn’t much 
software available. MacWrite, MacPaint, and Multiplan were about it. Mac- 
intosh was jeered at for not having software. 

At the same time, out in the weeds and bushes of America, people were 
thinking: “Gad, if we only had a Macintosh product, we could sell tons of 
copies and make tons of money,” 

But what to do? Databases take time, word processors take time. Jazz 
takes time. Languages are tough, business programs are complicated, 
games are no fun to develop. What to do? 

What’s easy? 

Here’s what’s easy: Draw some pictures with MacPaint and sell ’em. 
No programming necessary. No rigamarole with Lisas, no downloading to 
Macintosh, no need to become a Certified Developer. No fuss, no muss. 

Early Macintosh owners, of course, would buy anything, no matter 
how execrable. Overpriced, poorly done, it didn’t matter; these people 
were desperate for anything on a disk. 

What came next were some truly terrible “clip art” products. The name 
“clip art” became synonymous with “junk.” (We don’t mean to single out 
or disparage anyone who uses the name “clip art,” or any variation of it, 
for their products. And we’re sorry if it seems that we are, but, well, that’s 
just how it happened. Really.) 

Anyway, they were stinkers. Bad. Embarrassing. 

Some are still embarrassing. But that was a long time ago. Today, pro- 
grams like Mac the Knife and Hayden’s daVinci series are hot stuff — 
classy image collections by professional artists and designers. And some of 
the awful collections are getting better. Those that aren’t getting better will 
be gone soon, we suspect. 

And let’s face it, nobody programs in assembler all the time. It’s fun to 
mess with pictures in MacPaint. And six-year-old kids have a right to 
compute, too, just like “the rest of us.” 

As the originals improved, the category of Macintosh graphics wid- 
ened. The Reference Corporation offered anatomically correct images of 
human figures. Business forms appeared — MacPaint replicas of everyday 
forms, ready for printout or customization. Musical character sets showed 
up alongside birds and bunnies. Microsoft’s muscular Chart muscled in. 
Apple’s MacDraw promised image-twiddling for professionals. A few 
companies readied collections of digitized photographs (shot with a special 


camera, then converted to MacPaint documents) to give us still more bits to 
fatten, drag around, and abuse. 

Respectability looms. Yuppies should be pleased. 

In a normal introduction, this is where we’d try to offer good advice 
about “selecting the right product.” Not this time. If you want bunnies, 
that’s your business. You’re on your own. 

Well, here’s a little advice. If you need them, MacDraw and Microsoft 
Chart are indispensable. But, for the most part, the programs in this chap- 
ter are completely dispensable. The rise or fall of your business won’t be 
traced back to a bug in Borders 1. 

And you probably won’t pay over $150 for most of the programs that 
follow. lYobably not over $50. 

There is the nagging question of value, though. How much are these 
programs worth? $80? $50? $35? We know what they’re priced at; we’re 
just not sure that the price in every case matches the value. That’s for you 
to decide. 

But take heart. Pretty much everything, not just computer software, is 
overpriced, and most products don’t offer much value. That’s never 
stopped consumers before, so why should we worry about it now? 

Besides, do you realize how difficult it is to ^w a good cat with a 


Graphic Applications 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 
in California 


MacPaint for the office. MacDraw, unlike MacPaint, con- 
siders drawings as objects, not free-form images. MacDra\^*s 
graphic objects can be aligned to grids, scaled, rotated, and 
grouped (and ungrouped) with other objects. They can also 
be stacked over other objects, then sent to the back or 
pulled to the front again. A number of rulers arc available, 
and custom rulers can be created to your specifications. The 
approach simplifies the process of creating complex archi- 
tectural drawings and demanding drafting-board productions. 

Like MacPaint, MacDraw has a host of options. Unlike 
MacPaint, MacDraw allows more than one drawing window 
to be open at once, so images can be cut, copied, and pasted 
between windows. Drawings can be as large as 4 x 8 feet (if 
you*re willing to assemble the printouts). Text can be en- 
tered anywhere, in various fonts, styles, and sizes. 

If your drawing needs can’t be met with MacPaint, give 
MacDraw a workout. 

MacDraw has been under development, it seems, since be- 
fore most of us were bom. Well, maybe not that long, but a 
long, long time. A popular pastime among software pirates 
used to be comparing — and swapping — the latest version. A 
“.993” for a “.997,” for example. 

It’s understandable. Like other programs with long devel- 
opment times — Microsoft Word, Macintosh BASIC, and 
others — MacDraw is a world unto itself, a complex world 
that remains to be explored by professionals and hobbyists. 
MacPaint has already created a subindustry of “hanger-on” 
programs. MacDraw, if popular, may create similar classes 
of programs, more sophisticated and flexible than the current 
crop of images for MacPaint. 

MacDraw shines on the 512K Macintosh, where it can 
work with an almost unlimited number of graphic objects. It 

' ^ File Edit Style Font Layout arrange Fill Lines Pen 

also shines with Apple’s LaserWriter, where the printed re- 
sults are spectacular. And the price is bargain-basement. 


This is not a description of MacPaint. Books have been 
written about MacPaint. The Macintosh Library chapter lists 
them. Almost everyone reading this book knows about, has 
seen, or owns MacPaint. Most people get a copy thrown in 
(or for a reduced price) when they buy a Macintosh. 

Eveiybody likes MacPaint. IBM liked it so much they 
copied it for the PCjr. But MacPaint is more than a place- 
holder in this section. Many of the products listed here 
wouldn’t exist without MacPaint, a program that spawned a 
raft of other programs: clip-art programs, animation pro- 
grams, business forms programs, and many more. All 
designed to work with MacPaint. $195 (includes MaeWrite) 

4 File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 


Magnum Software 

21115 Devonshire Street, Suite 337, Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 
(818) 700-0510 

The Slide Show Magician 

The Slide Show Magician is a nifty program that allows you 
to link MacPaint documents into a rolling slide show. With 
Slide Show Magician, you can create what Magnum Software 
calls “movie-type special effects” such as bam door wipes, 
fades, checkerboard reveals, timed cuts, messages that appear 
at once or one word at a time, and more. You can even insert 
user-defined buttons and subliminal messages at the click of 
a mouse. 

The Slide Show Magician is easy to use. It took us about 
two hours to set up a demonstration that could run frame by 
frame, operate with user-defined mouse-clickable buttons 
(NEXT, JUMP, QUIT, and others), and even loop unattended. 
The Slide Show Magician can also appear to animate pic- 
tures if used properly. The demo has one scene of a spot- 
light appearing on curtains that is nothing short of amaz- 
ing, once you realize what you’re seeing. 

To run The Slide Show Magician you need only a 128K 
Mac. A second disk drive is advisable if you wish to run 



rile ront Slijle 

ilgSIIOlUi untitled! 

of 3 

!DB Master 3 I 


(5^ D<^ a[^ 

□ Up DOcwn □HLefl □ Righlf^ 

□-4- Open Out □— ►Close In ◄— 

■ OUT 

FADE □ aH.; • 



IRIS □ (^ IN 

Fast Slow 

Seconds until neut Frame appears 
2D 3D 4D5D10D I5H 20 □ 
25D30a35n 40D 45 0 50 □ 55 □ 
Minutes until neHt Frame appears 
OB l□2□ 3D4D 5D 6D7a 
0D 9D lOD 

The Slide Show Magician 

Gallery Chart Format 


Ncm Series 

Order: ma 

n Pint S(»i u«s 

ang Series 1:47:16 OM 

order: fl I 

0 Plot Series 

X V 


7 . 

y 0 

9169 4103946 
10401 275215 j 




Microsoft Chart 

Fite Font Slyle 

of 3 la DP Master 3 SHOllJ: untitled— ■gg 


□ Acd a New Frame to this Show 

□ Delete this Frame from the Show 

□ Demo Frame 3SF 

□ Demo Show XS 

□ Copy Frame ; -none- 

□ Paste Frame 

□ Reorganize Frames in this Show 

□ Change Frame 

□ Chain Carousel 

The Slide Show Magician 

large slide shows, however. Also, the program will not 
operate on a Mac XL. 

Anyone with presentation needs should find The Slide 
Show Magician useful. It operates consistently and is 
reasonably documented in its manual/hint booklet. $59.95 

Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

Microsoft Chart 

The premier program for graphing anything on Macintosh. 
Accepts data from Multiplan, Microsoft BASIC, other pro- 
grams, or from the keyboard. Lets you quickly create charts 
and graphs in column, bar, line, pie, or scatter formats. 
Each format has additional variations. Each variation can be 
tweaked. Each tweak can be diddled. If you know your 
graphs, you*ll be impressed. Also does statistical analysis 
on chart data. 

With Chart, data entry is convenient, adjustment is pain- 
less, and prettification is fun. Once created, graphs can be 
moved into MaeWrite, Word, and other programs. An extra- 
ordinary program for creating and manipulating graphs and 
charts. Chart, like all Microsoft products, comes with exten- 

LOOP Shoui 
(To Run Show and 
Bulomalically repeat) 

B Yes □ No 

sive help files on disk and an excellent manual. If you need 
charts or graphs, buy it. $125 

Penguin Software 

830 Fourth Avenue, Box 311, Geneva, IL 60134 
(312) 232-1984 

Graphics Magician Picture Painter 
This is a graphics program aimed, primarily, at software de- 
velopers. It allows graphic pictures to be created, stored, 
then used by other programs. This, it should be noted, is 
not an easy task. Here's how it's done: The picture is created 
in either Gra/7/iic5 Magician or MacPaint, then transferred to 
Graphics Magician. The program then massages the picture 
(and compacts it) into a picture file that can be “called" by 
other software programs. 

Here's a technical description that probably only devel- 
opers will understand: The graphic files are converted to 
resources, a pointer to the files is placed in the resource file, 
and hooks are supplied for use by the application. The 
pictures can then be inserted easily into the application with 
calls to the Resource Manager. That's how it was explained 
to us, anyway. 

Although Graphics Magician offers its own set of 
drawing tools, including pens, brushes, and user-defined 
“fill" patterns of variable sizes, most graphics will probably 
originate in MacPaint, which offers a richer set of drawing 

The most convenient capability Graphics Magician offers 
is the capacity to accept pictures from other computers: 
Apple II s. Commodores, Ataris, and more. If you can tele- 
communicate the picture to a Macintosh disk, Graphics 
Magician can seize it and convert it. 

In addition. Penguin will grant a free license to use 
Graphics iMagician routines in commercial programs. All 
they ask is that you request the license and give them due 

Although the price of this product wasn’t set as this 
description was written, expect it to be under $50. A good 
deal for developers. 



MacPaint Business Forms 


5547 Satsuma Avenue, North Hollywood, CA 91601 
(818) 985-2922 


A collection of twenty-two predrawn business forms for use 
with MacPaint. Here they are: employment application, 
weekly reminder, customer invoice, time & materials in- 
voice, monthly calendar, things-to-do list, follow-up memo, 
purchase order, routing form, telephone memo, credit appli- 
cation, payment reminder, call report, speed memo, inven- 
tory report form, receiving record, three-column accounting 
paper, graph paper, credit card rccordkceper, bank account 
rccordkccpcr, balance checkbook form, and speed gram. 

Like similar collections of forms, these may be custom- 
ized with MacPaint or merely printed, then photocopied or 
taken to a “quick-print” shop for multiple copies. A good 
idea, a natural for Macintosh, and cheaper than letting a pro- 
fessional printer make custom forms. 

And it’s nice to see products from companies with grasps 
equal to their reaches. $39.95 

'' 4 Fil)( Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 


Art & Images 

Axion, Inc. 

1287 Lawrence Station Road, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 

4 FilcK Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 



400 North du Pont Highway, Suite G-13, Dover, DE 19901 
(302) 736-9098 

MacF orms 

Over 100 business forms on four disks. The forms, created 
with MacPaint, can be customized for your business or 
simply printed out and whizzed through a copier for reams of 
forms. Disk 1 contains forms for accounting and financial 
management; Disk 2 has purchasing and materials manage- 
ment forms; Disk 3 has personnel and time management 
forms; Disk 4 has forms for sales and project management. 
Lots and lots of forms, nicely done. Comes with a disk 
holder. $79.95 

Art Portfolio 

Over 120 images. Most are small and look quickly done. 
The categories arc amenities, borders, buildings, critters, 
hands, office items, plants, scasons/holidays, sports, sym- 
bols, travel, and vehicles. The well-produced manual has lips 
and suggestions for souping up the drawings using Trace 
Edges, Duplicate, and other MacPaint options. The manual 
also explains how to make greeting cards — a good enough 
idea to become a stand-alone product, described next. Over- 
all, a nice package of images. $59.95 

' 4 Flip Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 

Art Portfolio 


The Card Shoppe 

The Card Shoppe takes up where clip art programs leave off. 
Now that you’ve got the screen done, what’s next? With The 
Card Shoppe, what’s next is greeting cards. 

The program comes with five plastic templates. The tem- 
plates, when placed over the MacPaint screen, show you 
what will be where on the finished card and where the fold 
lines go. Cards can be three or four sections, vertical or 
horizontal, regular or “studio” (wide) size. Colored paper and 
cards are included. 

The Card Shoppe drawings arc the typical range of 
flowers, airplanes, borders, and animals. And seasonal 
images, and food and drink drawings, and so on. In all, 
another answer to “What can you do with a computer?” 

As with similar programs, you don’t get the entire bor- 
der, just a portion. Selecting, rotating, then assembling 
with MacPaint gives you the entire border in whatever size 
you like. Documentation is included, as a MaeWrite file, on 
disk. $35 

Clip Art Volume 1 

More MacPaint drawings. The disk contains twelve MacPaint 
files. The images are grouped into related topics (animals, 
food) and comprise almost 300 images, gathered in 129 sub- 
groups. Also offers a page of sixty “paintbucket” patterns. 
Documentation is included, as a MaeWrite file, on disk. 
Borders 7, Clip Art Volume 1, and a third package. Fonts 
and Architectural Design, are offered together for $90. This 
one alone, $35 

The Card Shoppe 

Boston Software Publishers, Inc. 

19 Ledge Hill Road, Boston, MA 02132 
(617) 327-5775 

MacPublisher Professional DesignSy 
Volume One 

MacPaint illustrations for publications, in the areas of medi- 
cine, law, education, science, and more. The package has 
borders, boxes, and other goodies for spiffing up column 
heads and layouts. A design guide offers tips on getting the 
most out of the company’s MacPublisher page-composition 
system. $39.95 

DesignLoft, Inc. 

Box 1650, Palo Alto, CA 94302 
(415) 493-9500 

Macinshots Photo Album #1 

Digitized clip art. Unlike images in other “art” packages, 
these images originated as digitized photos of actual people, 
places, and things. For more on digitizers, look in the Peri- 
pherals chapter. The Macinshots images — despite their real- 
world origin — aren’t as crisp or as detailed as you might 
hope. Take a close look before you buy. $49.95 

d Fil^ Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 


Pleue refer to the notice 
In the Instruction booiclet 
concerning the use of 

Macinshots pictures. 

Macinshots Photo Album #1 

Decision Science Software 
Soft Palette Division 

P.O. Box 7876, Austin, TX 78713 
(512) 926-4899 

Borders 1 

Borders enough for the most crazed embroiderer. Seventeen 
MacPaint pages, about ten borders on each page; 160 bor- 
ders in all. Like borders? How about a border of grapes, or 
eyes, or ducks, or trees, or pine cones, or turtles and rab- 
bits? You get the idea. 

Frazier, Peper and Associates 

Box 3019, Santa Cruz, CA 95063 
(408) 476-2358 

Clip I 

Almost 200 images in this package. The manual is con- 
tained in a loose-leaf binder and includes hints and a printed 
copy of all images on disk. Not too expensive, but not too 
exciting, either. $29.95 


Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street. Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 

500 Paint Patterns 

This program was previously released by FingerTip Software 
as 500 Menu Patterns for MacPaint. It’s now one of the first 
programs in PocketWare, a new line of software from Haba 
Systems. The programs will include desk accessories, as well 
as other small and useful programs, and will sell for $19.95 
each — a refreshing change from the bloated prices often 
charged for small and useful programs. 

The 500 patterns are menu patterns like those in 
MacPaint — strange patterns good for filling or painting or 
revamping to your taste. Five hundred, admittedly, is a lot. 
Maybe more than most people need. Maybe more than any- 
one needs. 

How many potential patterns are there? Consider this: 
The grid for creating patterns is eight pixels by eight 
pixels. The number of possible patterns is two to the sixty- 
fourth power. Apple’s Andy Hertzfeld says that means over 
sixteen billion patterns. Most patterns, though, are forget- 
table; these are some of the good ones. $19.95 

File Edit Goodies Font FonISize Style 

Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell. M?K 0*1854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 

daVinci Building Blocks 
daVinci Buildings 
daVinci Interiors 
daVinci Landscapes 

Four packages with a common theme, created by a single 
artist, David Adamson. Each is a collection of MacPaint 
files, about twenty files per package, containing hundreds of 
images in all. 

No odds and ends here. No animals. This is real stuff, 
suitable for use by architects, landscapers, and designers. 
Each image is drawn to scale: 1/6-inch = 1 foot for land- 

^ rila rrtil nnndinc Flint FnntCi-va Ctiiln 

daVinci Building Blocks 

it File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 

daVinci Landscapes 

scaping; 1/8-inch = 1 foot for Buildings house facades. 
Interiors house plans, and the Landscapes “module tile sys- 
tem”; and 1/4-inch = 1 foot for Interiors room layouts and 
detailed looks at facades and landscaping elements. 


Whipping up a house plan with Interiors, right down to 
positioning electrical outlets, is quick and fun. The same 
goes for designing gardens or detailed exterior ornamen- 
tation with Landscapes. DaVinci won’t do blueprints, but 
any architect, given layouts created with daVinci, could 
easily translate your thoughts into two-by-fours. 

The Building Blocks package is unique. The blocks arc 
separate images, over 400 in all, divided into fourteen spe- 
cific categories of architectural style and treatment. The 
blocks are put together, by you, to create three-dimensional- 
appearing houses, skyscrapers, even entire city blocks. 

The blocks arc building segments. Your view of the 
blocks is “looking down from above at an angle.” Using 
MacPaint's Flip Horizontal, it*s possible to reassemble the 
blocks into structures with three dimensions — gables that 
meet at the comers of buildings or porches that wrap around 
the house. Darken one side with a gray-patterned shadow to 
complete the illusion. 

The block types arc house, building, Bau, Gotham, 
Palazzo, villa, garden, water, city, and country. Followers of 
architecture should recognize a couple of names in that list. 

Building Blocks seems a labor of love by a very talented 
man. Students (and professors and practitioners) of architec- 
ture and design should be impressed and fascinated. Jaded 
clip-artists can find new vistas for playful FatBitsing. A 
friend who sells a lot of these at his Apple dealership adds, 
“It’s a great program to get stoned and do.” 

The program’s author is working on other products 
grounded in three dimensions and plans to enlist Apple’s 
LaserWriter for high-quality output. Go, David! Each module, 

daVinci Commercial Interiors 

Everything you need to design commercial interiors: desks, 
chairs, conference room furniture, theater seats, lunchroom 
equipment, duplicators, modular walls, exercise facilities, 
coat closets, lavatory facilities, library equipment, even per- 
sonal computers. Commercial Interiors allows you to type in 
these images from the keyboard, using a “keyboard replace- 
ment set.” Changing scales is as simple as changing font 
sizes. $199.95 

Kyra Corporation 

3864 Bayberry Lane, Seaford, NY 11783 
(516) 783-6244 

Art ware Folio 

“Not another collection of images, Margie!” 

“No, Bob, this one is different. It’s a collection of 

“Cartoons, Margie?” 

“Well, Bob, actually it’s a collection of body parts. 
Faces, hands, arms, that kind of thing.” 

“Is there more?” 

“Oh, yes. There’re images of desks and computers and 
storefronts and even cars.” 

“What’s the point?” 

“The point, Bob, is that now people can express their 
ideas in ’interactive scenarios.’ ” 

“Interactive scenarios, Margie?” 

“Well, let’s call them ‘comic strips.* ” 

“That explains the images of... those things.” 

“Bob, those are balloons. It’s where you put the dialogue 
for your characters.” 

“1 get it. Just like that thing over your head, Margie!” 
“You got it, Bob.” 


Artware Folio 

Magnum Software 

21115 Devonshire Street, Suite 337, Chatsworth, CA 91311 
(818) 700-0510 

McPic! Volume 1 

Unlike other similar programs, this one has the images al- 
ready pasted into the Scrapbook. Fire up MacPaint, bring up 
the Scrapbook, and there they arc: over 130 images. But not 
all in one Scrapbook; it takes twelve individual Scrapbooks 
to hold all the images. The chosen file must be renamed 
“Scrapbook File” prior to use. Switching to a different 
Scrapbook means a trip to the Finder for renaming. The 
categories of images include business, holiday, animals, and 
symbols. We suspect that the images came first and the 
categories came second. Comes with a twenty-eight-page 
hints manual. $49.95 

d liUi edit liDDilirs loril InnISi/i* Sti||p 

McPic! Volume 1 



McPic! Volume 2 

Maybe the Scrapbook idea wasn’t a good one. In this vol- 
ume, the pictures are MacPaint files. The categories include 
science, exotica, maps, flags, special effects, and People 
Maker. People Maker offers dozens of heads, eyes, mouths, 
hats, torsos, and accessories for hours of people-making 
fun. Kids will probably love the idea. Comes with a Ihirty- 
six-page hints manual. $49.95 

Matrix Advocates Company 

P.O. Box 1238, Bricktown, NJ 08723 


Still another collection of predrawn images. This one has 
sixteen MacPaint files to fool with — over 200 images. The 
categories include zoo crew, holidays, sun fun, money, na- 
ture, recreation, art work, office, zodiac, time, and hodge- 
podge. Also includes a handy “M.A.C. Ruler” screen, filled 
with painted rulers, a 360-degrce compass, and explanations. 
Did you know that the MacPaint screen is 416 x 242 pixels? 
Or that using the lasso “shortens the screen by one pixel 
per side”? The disk also contains an “image index” and a 
documentation file. 

Like many similar products, Images offers more white 
space than you might prefer. You could do that yourself, 
right? $45 

^ 4 File Edit Goodies Font FontSizc Style ^ 


Miles Computing 

21018 Osborne Street, Suite 5, Canoga Park, CA 91304 
(818) 341-1411 

Mac the Knife Volume One: 

A Clip Art Treasury 

A useful and carefully done collection of images. The pack- 
age consists of eighteen MacPaint files. Each file is loaded 
with images and also contains a full set of fill-pattern tex- 
tures (like those along the bottom of the MacPaint screen). 
Two of the files contain borders — lots of borders. A handy 
disk label image should get much use; instructions in the 
manual tell you everything necessary, right down to, “We 

'' * File Edit Goodies Font FontSizo Style 

Mac the Knife Volume One 

use Avery #5597 labels.” Two other useful images are 
rulers — vertical and horizontal — that ensure accurate Image- 
writer printouts. If you want your duck printed out exactly 3 
inches from the paper edge, this is for you. 

Three fonts, and instructions for moving them into the 
System file, are also on disk: Manhattan, Mos Eisley, and 
Hollywood. Manhattan is a variation on the New York font, 
with the addition of several “hidden” characters. Mos Eisley 
is a font that looks the way robots talk; Hollywood is large 
and garish, just like you’d imagine. More: a U.S. map, a 
world map, international icons, animal silhouettes, and the 
usual collection of odds and ends, some odder than others. 
All are professionally drawn. The instruction/tips manual is 
excellent; even avid MaePainters should pick up some tips. 

The Reference Corporation 

212 Fifth Avenue, Suite 1312, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 685-4809 

HumanForms Volume 1 

You’ve heard of musical notation? Algebraic notation? 
Object-oriented programming language notation? Okay: This 
product is a “schematic system for graphic body notation.” 

Put another way, this is a collection of male and female 
figures, and segments of figures. All are anatomically and 
proportionally correct. Drawings are contained in twenty- 
seven MacPaint files. In all, over 1,000 individual body 
segments comprising the full range of human motion (full 
flexion, full extension) of all extremities, including head and 
torso, in approximately 15-inch increments. That’s straight 
from the press release. 

There are also four full views for both male and female: 
front, back, left side, and right side. 

Figures may be assembled, disassembled, studied, or 
combined in a variety of ways. Those with prurient interests 
should look elsewhere for titilation: Macintosh needs more 
pixels to turn outlines into steamy images. 

Upcoming volumes are planned. Volume 2 will include 
foreshortened views of human figures. Other volumes of ar- 
chitectural notation, veterinary notation, and engineering 



'' ^ File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 

HumanForms Volume 1 

are under development, and custom series are also possible. 
Contact The Reference Corporation for details. $79.95 


P.O. Box 26731, Milwaukee, Wl 53226 
(414) 442-7503 


A different approach to musical clip art. This time a 187- 
character “music font” is included. Instead of alphabetic let- 
ters, the font contains musical characters. The result is a 
music typewriter; most notes, symbols, and staffs can be 
entered with a single keystroke. The program comes with a 
keyboard overlay that shows how to produce each character. 
High-quality sheet music can be created and printed. 

Includes four MacPaint screens (which contain only staff 
“borders”), a Scrapbook file containing ten musical images 
(notes, rests, crescendo bars...) to be cut or copied, and a 
manual. A new version will include an extra font containing 
detailed illustrations of musical instruments and a complete 
set of custom musical “brush shapes” for use in MacPaint. 

Software Apple-cations 

11510 Allejandro, Boise, ID 83709 
(208) 322-8910 


The images roll on. Let’s see. ..five MacPaint screens of 
borders, categories of Americana, seasonal, weather, zodiacs, 
arrows, and symbols. Lots of white space. Thirty new menu 
patterns. Overall, not the most impressive image collection. 
$29.95 (plus $2 shipping and handling) 

d File Eilit Goodies Font FontSize Style 


South Bay Software 

Box 969, Millbrae, CA 94030 
(415) 579-5455 

Music Character Set 

This time, the MacPaint images are musical: notes, staves, 
clefs, and chords, all ready to be copied and pasted some- 
where else. Includes twelve files of keys, twenty-one files 
filled with predrawn chords (some you might not know 
exist), a blank sUff, a guitar fretboard (with the notes 
indicated), and a keyboard. This disk is full. 

*' Q File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 

^ d File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 


Music Character Set 


Although well-produced, the program should receive stiff 
competition from music composition programs that not 
only display, but also play and print, musical characters. 

T/Maker Graphics 

21 15 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 962-0195 

ClickArt Personal Graphics 

The first of three related products from T/Maker Graphics 
(the third product, Letters, is in the Words & Letters chap- 
ter). Personal Graphics contains images “more for fun than 
for serious business applications.’* Fun, these days, is a pot- 
pourri of images, from grapes and wine glasses to cars, bor- 
ders, cartoon people, arrows, cats, celebrities, paper clips, 
and. ..well, you get the idea. In all, over 100 images. Boy 
George is also here. T/Maker sends a clever, well-produced 
newsletter to registered users. $49.95 

^ File Etm Goodies Font FontSize Style 

ClickArt Personal Graphics 

ClickArt Publications 

A well-conceived collection of “practical images for en- 
hancing business communications.” Included are two- and 
three-column layout guides for newsletters and announce- 
ments, maps of the United States and Europe, large stencil 
letters, two full screens of decorative borders, and a number 
of clever column headings. The package then gets unprofes- 
sional with pages of cartoons, “dingbats” (a catchall of 
images), and other whimsy. Not necessarily for profes- 
sionals, but more professionally done than Personal 
Graphics. $49.95 

it nie Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style ^ 

ClickArt Publications 

' 4 File Edit Gandies Font FontSize Style 

ClickArt Publications 

ClickArt Personal Graphics 


Graphic Aids 

Diablo Valley Design 

4103 Hidden Valley Road, Lafayette, CA 94549 
(415) 283-1082 

Computer Shoppe 

P.O. Box 18344, Greensboro, NC 27409 
(919) 299-4843 

MacPlots II 

A software program that lets MacDraw use graphic plotters 
for high-qu^ity, color-plotted output. Supports the Hewlett- 
Packard HP 7470-001 (A size), HP 7475 (A/B size), and the 
HI DMP 41/42 (C/D size) plotters. Produces continuous one- 
piece drawings from multi-page documents, ignoring page 
breaks; no more taping sheets together. 

Virtually anything that can be pasted into MacDraw (text, 
charts, graphs, or other documents) can be plotted. Depend- 
ing on the plotter used, MacPlots II can produce up to 36- 
inch by 96-inch drawings on E-size plotters. 

Scaling up or down can be done at plot time, without 
changing the drawing, and can be used to enlarge charts and 
graphs for presentation purposes, or to reduce larger draw- 
ings (engineering, architectural, circuit designs) for a look 
at the overview. 

Some features of MacDraw are not supported; clipping 
and line-pen patterns are two features absent. Also, not all 
fill patterns are applicable for all objects. Various line 
thiclmesses arc supported, however. 

This is a Macintosh conversion of a program previously 
offered for LisaDraw on the Lisa (read: Macintosh XL). The 
output is clean, sharp, and sure to impress. The vendor is 
also refreshingly honest. Early ads for this product noted 
availability as “two months after MacDraw is released.** 



A softwarc/drawing aid combination to increase yo\xt Mac- 

The drawing aid is a transparent plastic sheet, letter-size, 
overlaid with a grid. You place the sheet over a picture, and 
thcrc*s the picture, under the grid, now “divided** into indivi- 
dual squares. The idea is that it*s easier to compose Mac- 
Paintings one square at a time. 

So far not thrilling, right? 

But there’s more. The MacGrid disk contains a tutorial of 
ten drawing lessons, each a full MacPaint page. The lessons 
explain, in detail, how to use the grid and also how to use 
MacPaint tools to their maximum advantage. The screens arc 
full of information and expertly done. Another MacPaint 
screen contains two grids for creating a two-fold Macintosh 
greeting card. Two more screens are on-screen grids, for 

*' * rile Edit Goodies Font FontSIze Style 


File Edit .Goodies Font FuntSize Style 

Lesson ^ 6. 

MacGrid Greetings 

l ’.l>lch Afi A pn fitfigl o« 

’h^fi Irftfoter li t*»{ * lo 
this lemplsle vtier« c«n turn 
It into® Mac- Art greeting card 

This is the last lesson 

To draw your ovn pictures, drag a 
copy of 4 $c rerfi Grid duplicate 
cr-^i ‘pttie fid*: Paint dial 

eajr SunijOA • S 

)i|biJ apicu| 







\ a \ 








creating original art. Two Gnal MacPaint screens arc stun- 
ning full-page drawings. 

Copy on the MacGrid package reads: “Beginning artists 
can use MacGrid to copy any subject (sketch, photo, etc.). 
Advanced artists will be able to turn their Gnished paper 
sketches into high-quality works of art.” We’ll admit this: 
MacGrid is not a gimmick, and it really docs help. $39.95 

Esoft Enterprises 

P.O. Box 179, Owasso, OK 74055 
(918) 272-7616 


Automates printing up to eight color overlays at one Lime. 
Works with the Imagcwriter and Scribe printers. With the 
Scribe, ColorPrint prints up to Gve primary colors. With the 
Imagcwriter, it prints up to eight primary colors. The 
Scribe, however, generates color transparencies and high- 
quality glossy prints; the Imagcwriter doesn’t. Additional 
colors can be made — on either printer — by overlaying pri- 
mary colors, yielding an almost unlimited palette. 

The software guides you through the printing process, 
scales images, and allows you to print images in full-page, 
half-pagc-tall, half-pagc-wide, or quarter-page sizes. The 
width-to-height proportion can be changed, for a total of 
eight different size options for printed documents. 

For color printing, you’ll need this program, MacPaint, 
and one to eight color ribbons. Esoft also sells the ribbons, 
or they can be purchased from other vendors. See the Acces- 
sories chapter for colorful ribbon details. $49.95; three- 
ribbon pack, $29.95 

'' 4 rile EdM Goodies Font FontSize Style 


Artists Rescue 
Failing FatBitters 

So here you are, with the world’s most affordable 
high-quality drawing machine. With the world's most 
affordable graphic software — MacPaint, MacDraw, 
graphic templates, hordes of clip-art packages— and a 
head full of stunning graphic visions. 

Except you can’t draw. 

There’s still hope. You can have someone else 
turn your amateurish efforts into professional graphic 
art. Here’s one company we found that frees you from 
failing at FatBits. 

The Computer Art Company does custom illustra- 
tions from photos, drawings, or other material and 
returns the finished art as a MacPaint U\e. Three styles 
of illustration, as well as caricatures, are offered. Class 
A drawings are recognizable likenesses — not highly 
stylized representations — of real people and things. 
Ciass B drawings are stylized illustrations of stock 
figures iike those seen in ads; send a rough sketch of 
what you want and an artist will draw K for you. Class C 
drawings are cartoons and line art like the pictures 
found in clip-art packages; you could specify, say, "a 
mother cat with three kittens" and that’s what you’d 

get. Or, “a generic college student." The company 
also does characterizations (sophisticated carica- 
tures), which require the most work and are the most 

You can combine more than one style in an 
illustration — say, a Class A drawing of a woman 
standing in front of a Class B fountain — but this costs 
extra. Class A drawing, $29.95; Class B drawing, 
$22.95; Class C drawing, $14.95; characterization, 

The Computer Art Company 
P.O. Box 2352, San Francisco, CA 94126 
(415) 362-234 


Heizer Software 

5120 Coral Court, Concx)rd, CA 94521 
(415) 827-9013 

Easy Trace 

Tools to aid in MacPainting. Like MacGrid, Easy Trace has a 
clear plastic background grid and a MacPaint background 
pattern (on disk, naturally) for precise placement of pixels. 
Easy Trace also adds clear plastic MacPaint “pixel rulers,” 
for easy conversion between inch and pixel measurements, 
and special sketch paper. Using the ruler and sketch paper, 
you can lay out and sketch a design on paper, then transfer 
it to MacPaint, using the background grid as a guide to pre- 
cise tracing. $39.95 

^ it File Edit Goodies Font FontSIze Style 

Easy Trace 



Sound & Animation 

When Macintosh was introduced, it beeped. Oh, there were a few 
other sounds — a “raspberry” noise accompanied the sad-faced Mac, and 
some early programs played simple tunes — but that was about it. 

Animation, of course, didn’t exist, except as a good idea. 

But the potential for both sound and animation was designed into Mac- 
intosh, at the lowest levels, as an integral part of the computer’s system 

Animation programs expand on the QuickDraw graphics routines in 
ROM — the fixed, internal read-only memory inside Macintosh. QuickDraw 
has what animation needs: speed, flexibility, bit-by-bit precision, and con- 
ceptual generality. Which doesn’t mean that writing animation programs is 
easy. Like all efforts, writing a good animation program is tough. Many 
questions need to be answered, and solutions carefully implemented. 

Expect to see more animation, and more animation programs, as more 
512K Macintoshes are sold, used, then used to write more animation pro- 
grams and more programs that use animation. 

We’re on the verge of awesome animation. 

We’re also on the verge of dazzling Macintosh-created sounds. 

A well-known story tells how Steve Jobs gave the Macintosh design 
team a final weekend to make Macintosh sing. If it didn’t, sophisticated 
sound capabilities were out. They did, it did, and today Macintosh does 
four-part harmony. And talks. 

Sound is typically produced with specialized chips. This, for engi- 
neers, is an easy way to produce sound. It’s also expensive. Macintosh de- 
signers, instead, made sound using only software. The software consists 
of three sound “synthesizers,” all in ROM. 

Depending on the sound required, one of three synthesizers is called 
into play. The three synthesizers, named for what they play, are “square- 
wave,” “free-form,” and “four-tone.” 

The square-wave synthesizer produces beeps and other less memorable 
sounds. Unsophisticated and undemanding, it takes about 2 percent of the 
processor’s time. The free-form synthesizer is used for complex music and 
speech; it takes about 20 percent of the processor’s time. The four-tone 
synthesizer is the most memory-hungry; it requires 50 percent of the proc- 
essor’s time — still a modest amount overall. 

Music programs often use the four-tone synthesizer to generate a maxi- 
mum of four simultaneous voices — one tone for each voice. 


The free-form synthesizer is used to design new “instuments,” new 
waveforms, or in the case of MusicWorks, to masquerade as a “syn- 

(One important note about sound: Don’t count on running sound or 
speech generating programs on the Lisa — now redubbed the Macintosh 
XL. The XL doesn’t excel at music or speech. It can only beep.) 

Back to the free-form synthesizer. Speech synthesis programs also use 
the free-form synthesizer. But don’t be misled: Even aided by the sound 
routines in Mac’s ROMs, these programs are remarkable programming 

At present, SmoothTalker is the only commercially available speech 
synthesis program. That will change soon; Apple has its own proprietary 
speech software called MacinTalk. 

MacinTalk consists of two drivers. The first is a speech “reader” that 
resides on disk, much like the Imagewriter file (also a driver). This speech 
driver reads specially prepared text, created by programmers and placed 
within programs. When a program wants speech output, it “calls” the 
driver to supply the speech routines. 

The second driver adds advanced features. It analyzes and reads text 
from the keyboard or other input devices. With the additional driver, Mac- 
intosh can “talk” your typing or read the latest stock quotes as they whistle 
into your modem. In a sense, the first driver talks and the second listens. 
Programs that need the extra feature can add the extra driver. Programs that 
don’t need to analyze text can save on disk space. 

As this book was written, Apple was licensing MacinTalk to devel- 
opers for inclusion in their own programs. Like the Finder and System 
files, the Apple speech programs are licensed for a fee. But, with Apple, 
the fee is almost insignificant; developers can include Finder and System 
files on their disks for under $100 a year in license fees. MacinTalk license 
fees should also be laughably modest, which should result in lots of pro- 
grams that talk, in lots of educational, entertaining, and provocative ways. 

Don’t expect things to stop with talking Macintoshes. Peripherals will 
also make their voices heard. We’ll have talking modems (now under 
development) and (probably) printers and plotters and hard disks — all with 
a few words to say. 

When Apple satisfies developers (never an easy task), its attention 
will turn to hobbyists — regular Macintosh owners. Us. Apple hopes to 
create a version of MacinTalk that can be called from BASIC, Pascd, and 
other popular programming languages. First Byte, Inc., which markets 
SmoothTalker, has similar plans for developers and has already licensed a 
number of companies to use their speech technology. 

The winners in the talking Mac competition will be Macintosh users. 
Developers and hobbyists will soon add speech to programs both profound 
and trivial. Then we’ll not only watch, but listen to, our Macs and make 
them speak at last. 

May the most elegant program, and the best enunciation, win. 


Music & Sound 

Electronic Arts 

2755 Campus Drive, San Mateo, CA 94403 
(415) 571-7171 

The All-New Deluxe Music Construction Set 
Now that the company has reviewed this product in its title, 
we can move along to something else. Seriously, Construe^ 
tion Set wasn’t released as this book was completed. Elec- 
tronic Arts promises the ability to input notes directly on 
the staff using either the keyboard or mouse; full cut, copy, 
and paste editing; and “smart” measures. We hope it’s good, 
and it’ll need to be — the competition in this area is fierce. 

4 File tdH Speech Uoice Longuoge Dictlonnnj| 

I ComplBH r 


phonetic coding, the variables used Iher 
the upper cose habit now 

TIim vonot'iH codes must be located tintn 
111 e this: S6 this win be said at 
follow the last variable encoded, HI e rii 
iiiir III the above e::ampie 

As you reed the following enamples, try 

The Order of the Variables 

«V457 This will be said at volume 


License And Use Agreement 

Horn To Use This ‘User s Guide* 
Introduction To SmoothTolker'^ 
Tent Entry 
Actluating Speech 
Souing And Recalling Tout 
Reading A MacUJrite Document 

Changing The Speech Uariobles 
Using The Eiiception Dictionary 
Using Phonetics 

Computer Programming Interfaces 









[ Reset Settings ] 
[ Set Entire Document ] 
[Set R Single Selection) 


First Byte, Inc. 

2845 Temple Avenue, Long Beach, CA 90806 
(800) 523-8070; (800) 624-2692 or (213) 595-7006 
in California 

popular programming languages. Microsoft BASIC 2.00 is 
now able to access SmoothTalker; and new versions of other 
languages, including Macintosh Pascal, are also expected to 
call on speech. $99.95 


Speech comes to Macintosh. SmoothTalker is a software 
application that converts text to high-quality speech without 
requiring additional hardware. The text may be entered from 
the keyboard or “read” from text-only files created by 
SmoothTalker, MaeWrite, other programs, or other sources. 

The program has a wealth of options. Speech files may 
be saved and recalled. Users can create custom speech dic- 
tionaries. Entire documents, or portions thereof, may be 
read. Male or female voice may be selected. Speech can be 
tailored by speed, pitch, volume, bass, and treble — each 
with nine leVels of variation. The settings may affect entire 
documents or portions of documents, or be inserted as 
“variable speech codes” directly into text. Speech files may 
be plain English (SmoothTalker could easily read this 
description) or include precise phonetic spellings. An excel- 
lent on-disk tutorial is included. Registered users receive a 

The program is fun, sophisticated, and extremely easy to 
use. But what’s it good for? Potentially, lots of things. 
Applications suggested by First Byte, Inc., include text-to- 
speech conversion for the blind, English language instruc- 
tion, educational uses, product tutorials and demonstrations, 
electronic mail distribution, and proofreading for writers. 

Many potential uses, however, require “calling” Smooth- 
Talker speech routines from other software programs. First 
Byte, like Apple, is now licensing its speech technology. 
Developers may contact First Byte for information on 
licensing speech routines for use in their programs. Com- 
panies already under license with First Byte include Haba 
Systems, Future Design Software, DC Systems, Mesa Graph- 
ics, Structural Management, SoftSpot magazine. Sterling 
Couch, Words Plus, MMATS, Palantir, Hayes, and others. 

For hobbyists hoping to take advantage of Smooth- 
Talker routines. First Byte is creating interfaces for use with 

Great Wave Software 

P.O. Box 5847, Stanford, CA 94305 
(415) 325-2202 


Uses the Macintosh four- voice synthesizer to simulate a var- 
iety of musical instruments and play up to two hours of pre- 
recorded musical selections. The package consists of three 
programs. The ConcertWare Instrument Maker lets you de- 
sign your own instruments and sounds to use with the music 
player. The ConcertWare Music Writer allows quick entry of 
your favorite written music. And the ConcertWare Music 
Player links the other programs together and plays the 
result. Recommended. $49.95 

I Picture Transfer 

Compute from Harmonics Unsealed 
Compute from Harmonics Scaled To Fit 



4 File 



Hayden Software Company 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 


A delightful music composition program. The program offers 
two ways to compose: with conventional notation on a mu- 
sical staff or with MacPaintAikt bars on a 7 1/2-octave 
musical grid. 

Both methods are painless. When you’re using the staff, 
you select notes, rests, sharps, and flats with a mouse click, 
then click them onto either the bass or treble clef. A famil- 
iar eraser is available for reconsiderations. 

The process is even easier on the grid; you simply draw 
lines that correspond with graphic "piano keys." The entire 
composition, or portions of it, may be played back in- 
stantly. And, once created, your invention can be immedi- 
ately displayed, or printed, in traditional notation. And you 
thought you couldn’t write music. 

During composition, the familiar cut, copy, and paste 
options are available, along with a stretchable insertion bar, 
to rearrange or duplicate portions of your score — or to paste 
portions of one score into another. Scroll bars keep your 
work in view. 

On a 128K Macintosh, compositions are limited in size 
to sixty-four measures of 4/4 time or 128 measures of 2/4 
time. With 512K, it’s better: 265 measures of 4/4 or twice 
that number of 2/4 time. 

Another window, the Panel, lets you set volume and 
tempo and select which voices will be played. Four voices 
may be played simultaneously — a limit imposed by the 
Macintosh design. The voices may be massaged, then played 
back, in a variety of ways. Eight preset voices are found on 
the Instruments menu: piano, organ, trumpet, kazoo, 
chimes, flute, and two synthesizer choices. It’s even pos- 
sible to create a new audio "envelope” for sounds never be- 
fore heard. 

Another menu. Variations, gives you these tone options: 
Plain-Normal, Plain-Loud, Hard-Short, Hard-Long, Soft- 
Short, Soft-Long, Slow Vibrato, and more — including two 
forms of percussion. 

That’s not all. A Master Score window gives a graphic 
overview of the entire composition. And a Meter window 
lets you play Beethoven’s Fifth in march time or in any of 
six other time signatures, if you’ve got the nerve. A Key 
Signature window lets you transpose the score into one of 
twelve keys — maybe four flats or six sharps. Or C. 

MusicWorks comes with forty-five prewritten "cas- 
settes," ranging from classics to contemporary selections, 
from Mozart to rock, jazz, and "Row, Row, Row Your Boat." 
The seventy-two-page manual is clear; it covers program use 
and also touches on basic music theory. The manual includes 
a glossary and list of reference books. As a bonus. Music- 
Works also includes a desk accessory called Trails that lets 
you create and alter kaleidoscopic doodles. 

The program isn’t perfect, though. It won’t do triplets — a 
frustrating omission. Another drawback is the maximum 
composition length: 128 measures in 2/4 time or 64 in 4/4 
lime. One more reason to go 512K. If you’re interested in 
MusicWorks, compare the program to ConcertWare. Both 
programs are well-done; both are recommended. $79.95 

\ / sriAKcr 

4 File Edit Options lUmdouiy Inst njments Uoriotions 

(PlflVlBiiiji REPERT ] ^ 

Symphony*^9 OueruieiPy^ 


Tempo Uolume 

pAwa v»c<»v 

I Symphony*^9Sioff j 



G CllF 





Hi KSU' V 




Mark of the Unicorn, Inc. 

222 Third Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 576-2760 

Professional Composer 

Like the name says, this is a heavy-duty system for profes- 
sional composers. A point-by-point comparison with Music- 
Works would be unfair; this program does indeed offer more, 
but it also requires — with no exceptions — a 512K machine. 
And it carries a hefty price. 

For the money, you get a full-blown composition sys- 
tem. No frilly extras and no nods to beginning musicians 
(although interested beginners will be fascinated and, hope- 
fully, drawn into the program). 

Professional Composer lets you enter musical notation 
with vast flexibility and few restrictions. It prints high- 
quality sheet music, complete with title page, and allows 
lyrics under the score in a variety of type fonts. 

The main program window displays the score and scrolls 
both vertically and horizontally. Clefs and staves arc chosen 
from the Basics menu and clicked into position. Although 
Macintosh is capable of producing only four-part sound. 

d File Edit! 







1 1 

















Q ' 






j 1 























Lsymbols Uariations CHtras Groupings 

Professional Composer 



Professional Composer 


you’re not limited to four on-screen staves. As elsewhere, 
the options on the Basics menu arc many and varied; it 
takes a knowledgeable musician to understand, or even 
appreciate, the possibilities of this program. 

Tempo, key signature, meter, and other parameters may 
be easily changed or extended. Under “meter,” for example, 
you can click your choice or type in a personal choice. 
Maybe 9/8ths. 

Notes can be clicked onto the staff, as in similar pro- 
grams, or entered directly from the keyboard. Keys that cor- 
respond to notes arc located on the left side of the keyboard. 
The mouse controls note placement. 

The Groupings menu offers ways to clean up or add to the 
notation. From standard beams to triplets, tuplcts, slurs, 
tics, crescendo, decrcsccndo, brackets, grace notes, and stem 
changes. Got that? If so, take a look at this program. For 
now, it’s by far the most sophisticated music composition 
program available. 

Mark of the Unicom is an old-timer among software 
firms. Until now, they’ve been best-known for Final Word, a 
“do everything” word processor for the IBM PC. With Pro- 
fessional Composer, they’ve cornered the market for “do 
everything” music composition programs. $495 

Rubicon Publishing 

6300 La Calma Drive, Austin, TX 78752 
(512) 454-5004 


A song-creation program that uses pictures and patterns to 
represent notes, instruments, and other musical character- 
istics. Voices (such as clarinet or trumpet) are represented by 
pictures of the instruments. Notes are represented by pat- 
terns. Note intensity is denoted by the height of the pattern, 
and duration is indicated by the pattern length. The pictorial 
notation is geared to children and complete musical novices. 
Songs may be constructed one note at a time or from a 
library of musical building blocks that include chords, 
scales, sequences, and even complete songs. $59.95 

Rune Software 

80 Eureka Square, Suite 214, Pacifica, CA 94044 
(415) 355-4851 


This is an interesting software concept. Unfortunately, we 
weren’t able to review this product. Maybe in the next 

Anyway, here’s some information gleaned from an in- 
triguing press release: “Imagine a picture, graph, chart, or 
diagram on the screen, accompanied by text and a vocal 
description. Imagine clicking the mouse on any region of 
the picture to see and hear a more specific description of that 
region. Imagine an even more specific visual and verbal de- 
scription by clicking again. Imagine moving through mul- 
tiple levels, anywhere your interest takes you.” 

According to Rune, TalkShow begins with MacPaint pic- 
tures or digitized images. Text is added with MaeWrite or 
other word processing programs. The picture and text files 
are then combined with speech. The result is a '"TalkShow 

The programs reportedly can incorporate many levels of 
difficulty and allow the inclusion of visual and vocal de- 




scriptions at all levels. In stories and games, plots may 
change as users take different paths into the story. If you’ve 
ever played computer adventure games, you know the feeling 
of wandering around on an imaginary landscape. With Talk- 
Show, the landscape promises to include not only text but 
pictures and speech. 

The software has many potential uses, including educa- 
tion, entertainment, and sales. If done well, this one could 
be a killer. $149 

Silicon Beach Software 

P.O. Box 261430, 11212 Dalby Place, Suite 201, 

San Diego, CA 92126 
(619) 695-6956 

of the helicopter blades is an experience. Still another 
reason for hooking the stereo to the Macintosh. 

WaveEdit is slated for summer 1985 release. $49.95 

utopian Software 

P.O. Box 40028, Long Beach, CA 90804 
(213) 597-2130 


A music composition program. To use it, you click notes 
onto a staff in a manner similar to MusieWorks, though not 
as well implemented. MacMusic allows tailoring of sixteen 
different music waveforms. Volume, key signature, and meter 
may be changed. A maximum of 123 musical “subroutines” 
may be created, then called into compositions. 

MacMusic has a few advantages over MusieWorks, It 
handles longer compositions, and it docs triplets. 

On other computers, this program would be well-received. 
On Macintosh, MacMusic is cumbersome, lacks features, and 
suffers from comparison to MusieWorks, a program that is 
more refined, more comprehensive, easier to use, and $10 
cheaper. $89.95 


Ploy nil 
Ploy os I 

ent Design 

4 =^ 

' — ■ 

1 F 

i' '» ^ 


I r 

- J- 1 j 

It 1 




An exciting sound-editing tool for hobbyists and program- 
mers. WaveEdit shows the waveform of recorded digitized 
sounds and allows you to play the sounds, select and play 
segments of the sounds, repeat-play, or copy the sounds to 
separate files. The selected segments can then be combined 
into one resource file using a build module. 

According to Silicon Beach Software, the package will 
include sound “play routines” for BASIC, Pascal, assembler, 
and various versions of C. The company also plans to make 
available a library of disks containing digitized sounds. 
Also, they plan to offer a custom digitization service. You 
send them a cassette tape filled with sounds of your choice, 
they’ll digitize the sound, store it on a Macintosh disk, and 
send it back — ready for use by WaveEdit or inclusion in pro- 
grams you write. 

Although still under development as this book was 
written, WaveEdit may be a comer. We saw a prerelease ver- 
sion and were impressed, both with the product and the pro- 
grammer. Digitized sound is a natural for Macintosh and 
needs to be heard to be appreciated. 

Another offering from Silicon Beach is an arcade game 
called Airborne! It’s a spiffy shoot-’em-up that features — 
naturally — digitized sound. Hearing the sounds from the jets 
(real jet sounds!) and the almost sub-sonic thwump-thwump 

oQj f M li 5 3 I 

Uolume 1 











I 3241 B i 

File Nome 



American Intelliware Corporation 

330 Washington Street, Marina Del Rey, CA 90292 
(213) 827-0803 

MacFATS Story boarder 

A program for use in the film, advertising, and television 
industries, hence the FAT in the program’s title. Story- 
boarder is used to create a visual sequence of scenes, called a 
storyboard. The scenes can be created by MacPaint or Mac - 
Draw, or assembled from “clip art” collections or American 
Intelliware’s Image Library, which is under development. 

The selected images can be aspect-ratio formatted, 
assembled sequentially, edited, time-coded, and played back 

Sound & 


File Edit format Montage Playback Notes Special Library 

MacFATS Storyboarder 

for review. More options are zoom/pan, moveyflip, dissolve, 
number or shuffle images, and preview screen icons. Images 
can also be animated. A Montage menu allows up to nine 
images to be displayed on a single screen. The program for- 
mats MacPaint or other images in four aspect ratios: Mac- 
Paint, TV format, standard theatrical film format, or wide- 
screen format. Script notes may be viewed for dialogue and 
production details. 

Related modules are Scriptwriter, Production Planner, 
Budget Planner, Contracts, Talent, Travel, Directory! 
Calendar, and Image Library. Each is a full-scale application 
in its own right, and each module can share data with other 
modules. Together, the packages may be the most sophis- 
ticated “single-industry” software system now available. 

Storyboarder requires 512K and is offered in many forms. 
A complete “turnkey” package includes Storyboarder, a512K 
Macintosh equipped with a 10-megabyte internal hard disk 
drive, and a LaserWriter and associated cables. That package 
costs $11,490 (not a bad price, when you add it all up!). The 
Storyboarder software alone is $995. A Storyboarder demo is 
also available for $50. Between the demo disk and the 
turnkey system are a range of options and prices, including 
systems for direct output to wide-screen projectors, travel 
systems bundled with modems and communications software, 
and additions that enable the system to be used with 
scanners and digitizers. 

Storyboarder is worth a hard look by professionals in- 
volved with visual scripts. We*rc impressed with the range 
of products offered. At the moment, there’s nothing like 
them from any other company. Call for availability. Story- 
boarder software, $995 

Ann Arbor Softworks 

308 1/2 South State Street, Ann Arbor, Ml 48104 
(313) 996-3838 

Animation Toolkit: Advanced Version 
Animation Toolkit /: The Players 
Animation Toolkit II: The Stage 
Here’s how animation works: You create a number of pic- 
tures, each a bit different, then show them — quickly — in se- 

quence. The mind, being a slow yet obliging beast, sees the 
sequence as continual motion. 

With Animation Toolkit, the pictures are frames and the 
total sequence is a filmclip. Frames come in three sizes: 32 
X 32, 48 X 48, and 64 x 64. The size of the frame deter- 
mines the quality of resolution (a 32 X 32 frame contains 
1,024 pixels) and the allowable length of the filmclip. On a 
128K machine, for example, a 32 x 32 frame results in a 
maximum filmclip length of 140 frames. With a 512K Mac- 
intosh, that figure zooms to over 3,000 frames — enough for 
serious animation endeavors. 

Frames are created in the Frame Editor — a window with a 
scaled-down set of MacPaint tools. Pictures may also be 
transferred to the Frame Editor from another window, the 
Sketchpad. The Sketchpad’s main purpose is receiving 
Scrapbook images, a feature that allows precision drawings 
to be created in MacPaint, then transferred into Animation 
Toolkit. A nice touch. 

A third window, the Frame Display, shows the filmclip 
and allows you to scroll through the entire production or to 
select frames for more manipulation. A fourth window, the 
Animation Window, displays a constant animation sequence, 
even as you work on individual frames. The final window is 
Make-a-Scene, which governs the entire animation sequence 
and lets you change direction, the first and last frame of the 
sequence, and speed. Frame speed is adjustable up to a racy 
thirty-five frames a second. 

During and after creation of the filmclip, opportunities 
for diddling are vast. It’s possible to “skew” or “distort” 
individual frames. The animation window can be resized from 
tiny to full-screen. Frames can be rearranged, cut, copied, or 
pasted. Animation files can be appended (tacked on) to other 

The advanced version of Animation Toolkit I adds sound 
and new sequencing abilities. Animation Toolkit II: The 
Stage adds the ability to create static backgrounds for ani- 
mated sequences. 

The program is carefully done and includes a comprehen- 
sive manual with a “beginners only” tutorial. Nonbeginners 
will find program operation obvious and easy. Children 
acquainted with MacPaint should strongly approve. Serious 
animators should consider 512K and coupling Animation 
Toolkit with the ThundcrScan or other digitizers. 

Animation Toolkit I 


Animation Toolkit I 


Registered users of Animation Toolkit I can upgrade to 
the advanced version for $20. Animation Toolkit I: The 
Players, $49.95; Animation Toolkit: Advanced Version, 
$69.95; Animation Toolkit II: The Stage, $69.95 

Hayden Software Company, Inc. 

600 Suffolk Street, Lowell, MA 01854 

(800) 343-1218, (617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 


The best Macintosh animation program we’ve seen. Like 
MusieWorks, VideoWorks was created by MacroMind, Inc., 
and is distributed by Hayden Software. Like MusieWorks, 
VideoWorks offers feature after feature and window after 
window. Like MusieWorks, VideoWorks should be a big, big 

VideoWorks allows both traditional “cell animation” and 
“real-time” animation: Grab an object with the mouse, move 
it around, then play back the animation you just created. 
Objects to animate can be created in VideoWorks or any 
other program that allows graphics to be placed on the 
Scrapbook or Clipboard, which includes software provided 
with most digitizers. 

MusieWorks and VideoWorks share a similar interface. 
VideoWorks has a Panel window for fiddling with speed, 
direction, and other parameters. There’s a Cast window that 
displays individual cast members, a Stage window that gives 
the animated production a full screen, a Monitor window that 
allows the animation to run in a chosen position, a Cheap- 
Paint window (more full-featured than you’d expect) for creat- 
ing things to animate, a Score window with full cut, copy, 
and paste for rearranging the animation sequence, and even a 
Tweak window. If you’ve seen MusieWorks, you’ll get the 
idea. Oh, and there’s CheapSound, too. Not as flexible as in 
music programs, but still capable of great explosions and 
other sounds and effects. 

The options for placing animated figures on backgrounds 
arc impressive. The options arc No Erase, Copy, Or, Xor, 
Bic, NotCopy, NolOr, NotXor, NotBic, and Matte. Let’s just 
say that each is different, useful, and delightfully illustrated 
by an on-screen “movie.” Animation options arc BurnSccnc, 

lUindouis CfH Draiu 


Step, Add, BackStep, KillFramc, Blank, Rewind, Switch, and 

The package includes three disks: a disk containing 
VideoWorks and tutorials, a disk of animation example tem- 
plates, and a disk of cell-animation sequences, foregrounds, 
backgrounds, and VideoWorks “movies.” Animation “clip 
art,” in a sense. 

For the best in animation, a 512K Macintosh is recom- 
mended. The 512K Mac can animate over 2,000 frames with 
up to twenty-four animated objects on screen at once; a 
128K machine is limited to about 800 frames and sixty-four 
“cast members.” 

VideoWorks is an amazing program that should foster 
amazing animated productions. Highly recommended. 



Hardware & Software 

Bill Atkinson, author of MacPaint and the QuickDraw graphic routines 
in the Macintosh ROMs, has this to say about most computers: They make 
people feel stupid. You try to do something with a computer, it doesn’t 
work, you get beeped at, maybe. You fail. 

The message from the computer is clear: You’re stupid. 

One goal of the Macintosh design team was to create a computer that 
wouldn’t make people feel stupid. Products that are bad for your self- 
esteem are bad products. A wonderful notion. Manufacturers in other fields 
should take note. 

With Macintosh, the “stupid me” days are over, right? 

Not yet This is the communications chapter. The final resting place of 
“Why am I such an idiot?” 

If you know all about baud rates and parity and stop bits and other 
communications protocols, just skip ahead and read about your favorite 

That didn’t clear out the hall, did it? 

Communications is confusing. The confusion comes, mainly, from a 
welter of communications conventions and protocols, all different. 

A protocol, simply put, is an agreement: I agree to do this and you 
agree to do the same thing. In communications, the agreed-upon protocol 
might be “300 baud with seven data bits, even parity, and one stop bit.” 


If my communications program is set up that way, and yours is also, 
there’s a fairly good chance we can communicate. Not a certainty, but a 
good chance. If we each use a different baud rate, no good will come it it. 

Explanations follow. 

To telecommunicate, you need communications software, a modem, 
cables, and possibly a few extras like a Macintosh or a phone line. The 
modem is connected between the computer and the phone line. The modem 
processes output sent from the Macintosh modem port into digital signals 
that can be transmitted through phone lines. 

Modems are “serial” devices. The information-packed electrons stream 
from Macintosh in an orderly line, serially, like peas through a straw. The 
modem does the necessary magical acts, then passes the stream of “bits” 
into the telephone line. 

Baud rate refers to how fast a modem transmits information. Three- 
hundred baud is fairly slow, but 300 baud modems are fairly cheap. 
Twelve-hundred baud is four times faster, but 1200 baud modems are 
more expensive. Not four times as expensive, but substantially more. 

Twelve-hundred baud is better. 

Modems also have differing degrees of “intelligence.” Some can an- 
swer the phone automatically, or redial until someone (or something) 
answers, or accept long strings of commands from the keyboard. Some 
can even filter out undesired characters or make character substitutions. If 
that sounds like a good idea, you’ve been reading this introduction far too 

At heart, though, most modems have the same basic functions. And 
most any modem will work with most any communications program. We’d 
like to say “all modems,” but we don’t dare. 

Then there are data bits, parity bits, and stop bits. Tiny blips, all in a 
line. Without going into detail, the common protocols are either “seven data 
bits, even parity, one stop bit” or “eight data bits, no parity, one stop bit.” 
In other words, it’s either seven or eight data bits, even or no parity, and 
almost always one stop bit. 

In practice, when something isn’t working — when you’re trying to 
telecommunicate and your screen fills with garbage (or wiA nothing) — ^you 
hit Return a couple of times. Then a few more times. Sometimes this 
works; the other system (after listening to you bang Return) figures out 
your protocol and changes protocols to match yours. This is often the case 
when you’re using bulletin boards or information utilities like The Source 
or CompuServe. 

If things still aren’t working right, and you’re beginning to feel stupid, 
you change either data bits or parity. You assume the right choice is “the 
other one.” 

That usually fixes the problem. If not, you hang up and be cranky and 
feel stupid. 

Most communications software comes to life “configured” for standard 
protocols for standard types of communications. Beyond that, the options 
are many. MacTerminal can provide terminal emulation (read all about it in 

Hardware & 

Hardware & 



the Networking intro); Dow Jones Straight Talk has a custom menu bar for 
use with (surprise) the Dow Jones News/Retrieval Service. 

A modem is a necessary expense if you want to telecommunicate. 
Some of the best communications software, though, is free. Lxx>k in the 
public domain software chapter for MacTep, Red Ryder, and others. These 
programs aren’t for everyone, though. You might be more comfortable 
with a good manual, a toll-free help number, and the friendly computer 
store salesperson on those days when the data bits are wrong, the stop bits 
won’t, and you’re not feeling all that smart. 




Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 
in California 


Apple’s popular communications software. MacTerminal has 
gone through a lengthy design process. At first (in prere- 
lease versions) it was a small, clean, fast program. Over 
time, feature upon feature was added. We suspect that Apple 
marketing was responsible. 

As a result, Apple now happily proclaims that ''Mac- 
Terminal can be used to emulate IBM 3278 terminals when 
linked to a mainframe computer through AppleTalk, a coaxi- 
al attachment unit, or the Apple Cluster Controller, a proto- 
col converter that emulates IBM 327x-type cluster con- 

The program also emulates VTIOO, VT52, and TTY 
terminals. A pull-down menu displays the function keys 
available on the VT terminals. You use the mouse to select 
the right keys. Handy for emulating tliose particular ter- 
minals, but a strange artifice for naive users. 

MacTerminal can be used for less esoteric purposes — 
calling your local BBS, for example. And the program does 
offer many handy features. A “Save Lines Off Top” option 
lets you scroll back through whatever scrolled off the top of 
your display, and the dialog boxes to set parameters are 
complete and informative. 

The typical forms of data transfer and receive are avail- 
able, including the XMODEM protocol for error-free trans- 
fers. Full use of the Macintosh Clipboard and desk acces- 
sories is also offered. 

Still, MacTerminal is neither as easy as beginners would 
like (help screens would be welcome) nor as powerful as 
“power users” would hope. Early release versions of the pro- 
gram crashed and “hung up” (forcing you to switch off the 

(ft File Edit Commonds I 

[Phone Keypod 

;Lt 0| |L2 0| I '.-3 0| 1L4 Oj 

I On Line •! ILocot O iK&d Locked Oj 


Terminal Settings 


®UTioo onv 

O IBM 3278 




Cursor Shape 

(£) Underline 

O Block 

Character Set 

(8) United States 

O United Kingdom 

Lino llildth 

® 00 Columns 

O 1 32 Columns 

Protocol Conu 

O iri« 

Onnster Clh 

^ On Line 

□ Local Echo 

^ Status Lights 

IS nuto Repeat 

□ nuto lUraparound 

□ Neiu Line 

□ Repeat Ctrls 

Q Tr<iris|>nr»'nl 

( OK ] [cancel] 

Macintosh and start all over again) far too often. To its 
credit, Apple has released an improved MacTerminal that 
corrects many of these problems. If you have an older ver- 
sion, see your dealer for a no-cost upgrade. $99 

Applied Ideas, Inc. 

300 Goodhope Avenue, San Pedro, CA 90732 

Software for general communications or connection to main- 
frame computers. Supported terminal protocols include TTY 
and DEC VT52 and VTIOO. Supported computer systems in- 
clude DEC 10/20, CP/M, MS-DOS, RT-11, RXS-11, CMS, 
VMS, PDP-11, VAX, IBM, and Unix. $125 

DataViz, Inc. 

P.O. Box 1319, Norwalk, CT 06856 
(203) 866-4944 


Performs standard ASCII terminal functions and provides a 
“data link” between IBM PCs and Macintoshes. Comes with 
software for both machines. According to the manufacturer, 
MacLink can translate 1-2-3 files for use with the Macintosh 
version of Multiplan and can translate WordStar and Multi- 
Mate files for use with MacWrite.%9S\ with 8-foot interface 
cable, $125 

DeskTop Software Corporation 

244 Wall Street, Princeton, NJ 08540 
(609) 924-71 1 1 


A communications and data conversion program. Has stan- 
dard communications program features (file receive and trans- 
fer) but also allows data to be converted into different 
formats for use by a variety of programs. The options for 
conversion are 1st Base file, DIF file (DIF files are created by 

4 File Edit Settings 



Hardware & 

Hardware & 


VisiCalc and other similar programs), SYLK file (SYLK files 
can be used by Microsoft Chart and Multiplan, and by Lo- 
tus’s Jazz), fixed-record-length text file, and Clipboard file. 

Handy for the transfer of specific files, and not loo 
expensive. $95 

dilithium Press 

921 S.W. Washington Street, Suite 870, Portland, OR 

(800) 547-1842, (503) 243-3313 in Oregon 
PC to Mac and Back 

A software/cable combination that enables file transfer be- 
tween Macintoshes and IBM Personal Computers. Includes 
software, on disk, for both computers; a cable and null mo- 
dem to link the Mac and the PC; and a manual. 

Does it work? Sure. What the advertisements for this pro- 
duct don’t tell you, though, is that transferring information 
between the two computers is easy, even without this pro- 
gram. Run most any communications software on either 
computer, cable the computers together, and go at it. 

The real value in this package, it seems, is the 
Macintosh-to-PC cable — an item that’s hard to come by, and 
one that most people can’t easily “hack” together. 

4 File I (111 I 

Tcrtiinal tkx}* 

I Connector Baud Rote Mode Break 

loc and Bock I 

./'Keyboard Print 
Remote Echo 

w>'Smooth Scrolling 

v^fluto LF Off 
Ruto LF Receiue 
Ruto LF Send 
Ruto LF Both 


PC to Mac and Back 

Dow Jones Software 

P.O. Box 300, Princeton, NJ 08540 

(800) 257-5114, (609) 452-151 1 in New Jersey 

Dow Jones Market Manager Plus 
Specialized communications software for use with the Dow 
Jones News/Retrieval Service. The focus here is portfolio 
management, using information downloaded from Dow 
Jones. $199 

Dow Jones Spreadsheet Link 

A specialized communications program. Spreadsheet Link 
has a single purpose: retrieving information from the Dow 
Jones News/Retrieval Service for inclusion in spreadsheets. 
With Macintosh, that means (for now, anyway) slamming 

information into Microsoft’s Multiplan. The program is also 
expected to support the spreadsheet in Lotus’s Jazz. $99 

Dow Jones Straight Talk 

A sharply tailored package for busy business users. Al- 
though the program can be used as a typical communications 
program, it’s written primarily for use with the Dow Jones 
News/Retrieval Service. 

The program’s menu bar reads: File, Edit, DJ News, 
Quotes, Investment, General, & More. If you’ve used Dow 
Jones, you’ll recognize the familiar menu subheads. 

Program operation is smooth and easy. Straight Talk 
comes with a good manual and a free hour on Dow Jones. 
The software is compatible with the Apple, Hayes, and No- 
vation modems. 

Although many parameters are changeable, many options 
aren’t available; fortunately, most won’t be missed by many 
users. Strongly recommended for heavy users of Dow Jones. 
Others should look elsewhere. $79 

it File Edit l).l Simiis RiidIi's inui'sKrunit bi'nrriil iV Mmc. 

Dow Jones Straight Talk 

Dreams of the Phoenix, Inc. 

P.O. Box 10273, Jacksonville, FL 32247 
(904) 396-6952 

Mouse Exchange BBS 

The first software available to convert Macintosh into an 
electronic bulletin board system. Can also be used for elec- 
tronic mail or a file distribution system. Supports file trans- 
fer for ASCII text and XMODEM transfer of binary files. 

Mouse Exchange Terminal 

Inexpensive communications software. The manufacturer 
says, “It won’t do everything that MacTerminal does . . . 
but then it doesn’t cost as much either.” $39.95 


Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 


Wc tested a prerelease copy of HabaCom, a stand-alone com- 
munications program. All the usual functions are here, and a 
few frills like automatic log-on are also supported. The pro- 
gram was in its infancy during our time with it; see your 
dealer for a demo. $69.95 

Hayes Microcomputer Products 

5923 Peachtree Industrial Boulevard, Norcross, GA 30092 
(404) 448-3146 

Smartcom II 

A bestselling program for other computers, now on Mac- 
intosh. Smartcom II supports the new Hayes SmartModem 
2400 — a modem that kicks out at twice the speed of “fast** 
1200 baud modems. When two computers arc directly con- 
nected, the software allows transmission rates of up to 
19,200 bits per second. 

This program allows unattended operation; log-on and 
full transfer and receive functions are all performed when 
you’re somewhere else. Good for taking advantage of low 
phone rates at odd hours. 

Smartcom II allows switching between voice and data 
transmission modes; in addition, data can be transferred, and 
the transfer confirmed by voice, during the same call. 

When communication between Macintoshes is taking 
place, a graphics “canvas** allows users to create images 
with MflcPfl/n/-like tools and have the graphics instantly 
transmitted to the other computer. The person on the other 
end can then collaborate on the drawing. The finished image 
can be saved by either user. A nifty feature; we haven’t seen 
it. (As this was written, nobody that we know had seen it.) 

Smartcom II may become one of the most popular com- 
munications programs for Macintosh. Hayes is a big name 
in the modem business; Smartcom is a big name in com- 
munications programs for other computers. Hayes has lots 
of marketing muscle and produces dependable products. Ex- 
pect this program to offer an extremely good value for the 
money. $149 


2861 1 B Canwood Street, Agoura Hills, CA 91301 
(818) 991-6540 

Tele scape 

Telecommunications software with an extra feature: the abil- 
ity to transmit, receive, and display graphics, as well as 
conventional text and binary files. An on-screen directory 
lists frequently called names and phone numbers. Each entry 
may have associated terminal, macro, and protocol definition 
screens. The program supports automatic log-on, password 
entry, menu selections, and log-off. The program also in- 
cludes an improved version of the popular BinHex utility, 
which helps the transfer of Macintosh application programs. 

4 rile UtHities Settings Editor BinHcH ^ 



KVZ Corp. 


Mycroft Labs, Inc. 

2615 North Monroe Street, Tallahassee, FL 32303 
(904) 385-1141 


One of the best communications programs for Macintosh, 
and certainly the most flexible. MITE is a popular, respected 
program available for many computers under the CP/M-80, 
CP/M-86, and MS-DOS operating systems. Ashton-Tate even 
included MITE with their vaunted Framework integrated 

This is the second review of MITE for this sourcebook. 
The previous description covered an early release of the pro- 
gram. In its first incarnation for Macintosh, MITE looked 
much like it does on other computers: a keyboard-oriented 
maze of menus and options, totally un-Macish. The resulting 
description was kind to the features, but brutalized the pack- 
age’s user interface. 

Times have changed. The latest version of MITE fits Mac- 
intosh well. The options and power remain, but it all seems 
simpler now — as it should. Options, parameters, file re- 
ceives, and file transfers are now a click away. Complete, 
well-written “context-sensitive** help menus guide beginners 

d Edit Macro Commond(R-M) 


MITE U2.90 - Copyright 

Protocol ^ 3 ft 


OFFLINE. Bytes Copturct 

fcl - Go Stort Communications 
nn - Hong Up Phone 

CD - Site: 

nn - Lood Porameters from Disk 
m - Saue Parameters on Disk Fil 


fFl - Parameter 
(T) - Upload / Tent Send 
m - Binary File Transfer 
m - Command Processor 

CD - to Finder 

Receiue File 
Send File 



I Lobs, Inc. 

Capture - OFF 

load / Tent Capture 

(m) - Macro Definition 
m - Chorocter Filter 


Hardware & 


through tricky communications matters and arc educational 
even for jaded communicators. Multiple “macro definitions” 
allow automated log-on sequences. A number of different 
communications and error-checking protocols arc avail- 
able — at least one of which should allow you to trade infor- 
mation with any other computer. 

As an example, here are some of the options for up- 
loading text files: intercharacter delay, await character echo, 
CR/LF handshaking, turnaround character, garbage character 
count, and strip control characters. All this is done with a 
mouse click and clearly presented in a dialog box. 

The manual, like the program, is thorough. It begins 
with an overview of the program and ends with all the tech- 
nical information that anyone would want. 

Take a look at this one. Recommended. $145 

Prometheus Products, Inc. 

45277 Fremont Boulevard, Fremont, CA 94538 
(415) 490-2370 


Another communications program. Features a fifty-number 
phone directory. Macro capability allows automatic log-on 
through predefined commands. ProCorn-M logs calls by 
time, duration, and name or number called. Works with Pro- 
metheus or Hayes-compatible modems. $99; with Prome- 
theus 1200 baud modem, $549 

Software Masters 

3330 Hillcrott, Suite BB, Houston, TX 77057 
(713) 266-5771 


Communications software for general use, file transfer, and 
terminal emulation. Allows any type of file to be transferred 
easily between Macintoshes. Standard protocols, including 
XMODEM, are supported during transfer between Mac and 
other computers. The program also supports the CompuServe 
VIDTEX protocol for transmission of graphics. $149.95 


This listing includes modems being actively marketed for 
Macintosh. Other modems, not listed here, will also work 
with Macintosh, but we think modems not marketed for 
Macintosh probably shouldn’t be purchased by Macintosh 
users. Not for reasons of being merely “stuck-up,” but be- 
cause it’s good to know that your modem manufacturer ac- 
knowledges your computer, supports it, and might even sup- 
port it in the future. 

Almost any modem will, in fact, work fine with Mac- 
intosh, provided you have the right cable. Other computers 
typically use a large, twenty-five-pin connector, called a DB- 
25, to hook up modems and other peripherals. Macintosh, 
instead, uses only nine pins. Regardless of what’s needed at 

the modem end of the cable, the Macintosh needs a DB-9 
connector on its end. 

Many modems are sold without cables. Cables are ex- 
pensive. The wrong cable won’t work. You’ve been warned. 

Anchor Automation, Inc. 

6913 Valjean Avenue, Van Nuys, CA 91406 
(818) 997-6493 


The least expensive 300 baud modem available for Mac- 
intosh, the Volksmodem requires more effort than other mo- 
dems listed here. And don’t expect much “intelligence” at 
this price; the modem won’t store numbers, automatically 
redial, or perform other tricks found in more expensive 
modems. For example, a talk/data switch must be set to 
“talk” when dialing, then flipped to “data” when the con- 
nection is made. The modem also requires a special “G 
cable” to operate. 

With those exceptions, the Volksmodem operates in 
much the same way as other modems (most of the intel- 
ligence, these days, is in the communications software, not 
the modem). The modem works fine with MacTerminal and 
other popular communications software for Macintosh. 
$79.95; “G cable” with phone cord (required), $12.95 

Volksmodem 12 

A 1200 baud modem. Again, the focus is price: $299 for 
1200 baud. Although not as smart as some other modems. 

Volksmodem 12 

Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc. 


the unit offers auto dial/auto answer, unattended operation, 
dial tone detect for fast dialing, and full control from any 
Hayes-compatible communications program (which means 
nearly all programs). A good combination of features at a 
good price. $299 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 
in California 

Modem 300 and Modem 1200 

The most popular modems for Macintosh, not surprisingly. 
The modems are repackaged U.S. Robotics modems (with a 
few changes made by Apple) and work dependably and well. 
Speed is the only difference between the two models. The 
modems are styled to match Macintosh and sized to be 
placed under standard desk phones. 

Besides guaranteed performance with MacTerminal, the 
modems are capable of "intelligent” functions, if you’re 
willing to learn the necessary keystrokes. An awkward on/ 
off switch and a tiny power pin connection (both at the rear 
of the modem) are the only obvious flaws. Service, if 
needed, is available from any Apple dealer — a point to 
remember. Price shoppers will probably look elsewhere; 
conservative buyers will find these modems hard to resist. 
Manuals for both modems are complete, well designed (like 
all Apple manuals), and readable — often a feat when ex- 
plaining the intricacies of modems. More technical infor- 
mation would be welcome, though. Modem 300, $225; 
Modem 1200, $495 

Apple Modem 300/1 200 

Hayes Microcomputer Products 

5923 Peachtree Industrial Boulevard, Norcross, GA 30092 
(404) 448-3146 

SmartModem 300, 1200, and 2400 
Here they are: Hayes modems. These modems are the stan- 
dard against which other modems are measured. Hayes is the 

big name in modems. Their products are reliable, offer many 
features, have an array of enticing red LED lights across the 
front, and work with just about any computer and any com- 
munications software. Actually, it’s the other way around. 
Manufacturers (including Apple) make sure their products are 

All Hayes modems are auto dial/auto answer; all can re- 
ceive many "command strings” entered from the keyboard to 
program a variety of parameters. 

Other manufacturers claim their modems are more reliable 
than Hayes’s, or offer more error-free transmission. Maybe 
so, but Hayes modems are known for both reliability and 
good transmission. 

The newest SmartModem, the 2400, is one of the first 
high-speed modems available. Until now, most trans- 
missions were conducted across phone lines at 300 or 1200 
baud. The new 2400 baud modems offer blistering speed — at 
a price. Unfortunately, it’s still a bit early for these mo- 
dems; very few communications services support 2400 baud, 
and only a handful of communications programs accept the 
higher baud rate. One of the few that does is Hayes’s Smart- 
corn II communications software, described in this chapter. 

Unlike some other modems, these don’t come with cables 
to Macintosh. You’ll need to look elsewhere (in a good 
computer store or catalog) for the unique Macintosh-to- 
modem cable. 

The modems are a good choice for conservative buyers, 
those who need the features, and Hayes fans. Price shoppers 
will look elsewhere. SmartModem 300, $289; SmartModem 
1200, $599; SmartModem 2400, $899 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Portable Modem 
A battery-powered 300 baud modem that slips easily into a 
Macintosh carrying bag. The modem weighs a mere 12 
ounces, includes a carrying case, and is styled to match the 
Mac. It comes with cables for both the Macintosh and Apple 
lie and is warranted for five years. A nice little modem at a 
nice little price. $140 

Hardware & 


Microcom, Inc. 

1400-A Providence Highway, Norwood, MA 02062 
(617) 762-9310 


A complete telecommunications package: 1200 baud modem, 
modem cable, telephone cord, communications software, and 
one free hour on the Dow Jones News/Retrieval Service. 

The Microcom modem supports auto dial, auto answer, 
and tone and pulse dialing. A speaker inside the modem 
monitors the progress of calls. Tlie front panel includes an 
array of LED status lights. 

The software takes good advantage of the Macintosh 
interface. An “almost unlimited*’ number of telephone num- 
bers can be stored, then called with a mouse click. Mac- 
Modem automatically sends log-ons and passwords, if 

Unattended operation is also possible. According to 
Microcom, ‘The possibilities are nearly unlimited. You can 
tell it to wake up in the middle of the night, call another 


it File Cdil Setup Phone Transfer Perform 

computer, enter your password, get a file, store it on disk so 
it will be ready for you in the morning, hang up, and then 
call another computer and do the same thing all over again.** 

MacModem also supports the Microcom Networking Pro- 
tocol (MNP) for error-free communications with other MNP- 
equipped computers. 

A final note: This is the only modem we’ve found that’s 
designed to be upgradable to 2400 baud operation. Price and 
availability of the upgrade have not yet been announced. 
Price for the MacModem package (1200 baud modem, 
software, and cables), $699 


20409 Prairie Street, Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 
(800) 423-5419, (818) 996-5060 in California 

Cat Communication System 

This package is billed as a “communication system** rather 
than a “modem** because it includes software. The software, 
named MITE, is described in the software section of this 
chapter under Mycroft Labs. MITE is a good program. 

Now for the modem. Novation’s 1200 baud, Mac- 
Termmfl/-compatible modem is better than Apple’s modem, 
for a number of reasons. On the ergonomic side, which may 
not seem important unless you use a modem frequently, the 
on-off switch is located at the front, not the back. Is this 
important? Well, if you forget to turn the Apple modem off 
when you’ve finished a transmission, it will often answer 
the phone before you do and greet your friends with a 
screeching carrier signal. This is bad manners. The Novation 
modem, in contrast, won’t start up in auto answer mode. 
Leave it on (if you’d like) and don’t worry about incoming 
“real** phone calls. It will ignore them (like all good mo- 
dems should). 

Another convenience: You can adjust speaker volume 
with your thumb instead of a screwdriver. It’s the little 
things that count. Also convenient are Novation’s two 
lights — power and ready. The ready light is nice to have 
when there’s no other indication that a transmission is oc- 
curring. The Apple modem has only an “on** light. 

On to features. The Apple modem allows one special 
command character in phone numbers — a comma, which 
means “pause two seconds between numbers.’’ The Novation 
has the same feature, plus the more useful W, meaning “wait 
for dial tone.’’ It also has commands to call an originate- 
only modem and to return you to command mode instead of 
data mode after dialing. Another contrast is that the Nova- 
tion modem distinguishes between command and data modes. 
With the Apple modem, it’s possible (though not likely) to 
inadvertently issue a modem command while casually typing 
to a friend, “ATS 1=6.’’ 

Finally, the Novation modem’s manual contains tech- 
nical information that Apple thought we’d find too fright- 
ening. We didn’t, and this stuff’s useful to have. The man- 
ual does lack an index. 

Overall, a good product. $499, including MITE com- 
munications software 

MacModem software 


Cat Communication System 

Prometheus Products, Inc. 

45277 Fremont Boulevard, Fremont, CA 94538 
(415) 490-2370 


Includes the 1200 baud ProModem and ProCom-M communi- 
cations software. The ProModem is a sophisticated modem 
that offers unattended operation, Hayes command set- 

compatibility (and extended instructions), internal and re- 
mote diagnostics, and a built-in clock/calendar. It has pro- 
grammable dialing for accessing PBX, MCI, Sprint, and 
other systems. This one is loaded. MacPac with ProModem, 
Macintosh-to-ProModem cable, and communications soft- 
ware, $549 

Visionary Electronics, Inc. 

141 Parker Avenue, San Francisco, CA 941 1 8 

Visionary 1200 system 

This is an intelligent buffered modem that can answer the 
phone, receive and store up to 48K of data, and then turn on 
a blinking light to alert you. Essentially a computer with a 
modem built-in, the system comes with advanced com- 
munications software to allow unattended operation. Program 
it with a few command lines and the system will (for ex- 
ample) call MCI Mail, log on, store your mail in a buffer, 
log off, hang up, and wait for you to get home from work. A 
very slick system. Visionary 1200 with 2K of memory, 
$795; additional 16K modules, $100 each (maximum 48K 
of buffer memory) 

Visionary 1200 

Phones & Dialers 

Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 


This cute little box plugs into the phone system, the Mac- 
intosh speaker port, and a power socket. With it, Habadex 
and desk accessories such as the WindoWare Phone Book 


Hardware & 

Hardware & 


can dial the phone by playing tones through the Macintosh 
speaker. This is an inexpensive way of using the Mac to 
dial if you don’t have a modem. If you have the HabaDialcr 
hooked up, however, avoid doing anything with the Mac 
that would beep the speaker while you’re on the phone with 
someone. Reportedly, the victim’s hearing returns within 
two to ten minutes. $49.95 


5543 Satsuma Avenue, North Hollywood. CA 91601 
(818) 509-0474 


Love it or cringe. MaePhone is a telephone that sticks on 
the side of your Macintosh. It comes with specialized soft- 
ware or can be used as a regular telephone. 

The first temptation is to fire up the software. The 
MaePhone software lets you store and automatically dial up 
to 200 names and phone numbers. It allows Touch-Tone 
compatibility with various phone services, supporting up to 
twenty prefixes of twenty-two digits each. Phone calls arc 
automatically logged. Who you called, the starting and 


ending time of the call, the date the call was placed, the cost 
of the call, and consultation charges comprise the log. A 
note pad is included for notations about the calls. The notes 
arc automatically added into the MaePhone phone log. 

There’s a memo pad to record longer notes about (we 
assume) the calls you’re making. If you wish, an audible 
tone signals the passing of each minute and/or hour. 

Our favorite f^cature is a built-in area code directory for 
looking up the state, region, and time zone of any old area 
code. The call was from — let’s sec — Washington, D.C.? No 
need to call back. 

Is this the greatest thing since hexadecimal arithmetic? 
No. Here’s the problem: Although the software is peachy, 
it’s an entire application! When you’re using the MaePhone 
software, you won’t be using your Macintosh for anything 
else. It’s rare that anyone would want to use just the phone 
software. Ideally, the package would be a desk accessory (or 
a scries of accessories). In that configuration, the software 
would get much use. As a stand-alone application, we’d 
guess it will often stand alone in your disk case. 

If, however, you make a raft of calls, want the capa- 
bilities of the software, and won’t miss using other applica- 
tions while using MaePhone, you may be well satisfied. The 
software is enticing; you may wish you had an extra Mac- 
intosh to dedicate to this system. 

The phone itself is a very inexpensive unit that plugs 
into the speaker port at the rear of the Macintosh. Cheap 
plastic, poor quality, and poor electronics; you’ll find 
people asking you to “Speak up, we must have a bad con- 
nection.” But that isn’t the problem; it’s the phone you’re 
using. The phone is covered by a ninety-day warranty. 

Last comes the appearance of the MaePhone hanging 
alongside the Macintosh. Some may feel this is a real “Buck 
Rogers” combination — snazzy and so high-tech. Others may 
feel otherwise. At least, even when used as merely a pe- 
destrian telephone, MaePhone isn’t another piece of clutter 
on your desk. $199.95 

Set Rrea Code 
Set Phone Number 
Look Up nrcQ Code 


Nov 1904 

Doc. 1984 




























1 ' 









1 1 































0 0 ( 3 ) 

0 0© 
0 0 0 
0 ) 0 : 0 ^ 



27. 1984 ) 


Time : 

j 1 10:07:02 AM | 


Stop : 




D(_ ) 

r Blllinq \ [ 1 



Ji 1 

I Clear \ 

[ Phone Book \ ( Calendar"! \ Neui Entr^ | 

MaePhone software 


Hardware & Software 

Networking is both the Next Big Thing and a relic from the past. 

Here’s some history: 

In the beginning, there was IBM and large, mainframe computers. The 
computers were expensive. The idea of “one person, one computer” was 
ridiculous, unless the person was a millionaire. The idea of a “home com- 
puter” was also ridiculous. Apple Computer, Inc., didn’t exist. 

Corporations had mainframes. Individual users had terminals. Wires 
ran from the terminals to the mainframes. 

The terminals varied in their degree of “dumbness.” A dumb terminal 
was essentially a video display device, a keyboard, and whatever skimpy 
circuitry was needed to communicate with the mainframe — where the actual 
processing was performed. 

IBM dominated the market for mainframes and still does. As a result, 
other manufacturers were forced to make their equipment compatible with 
IBM mainframes. If you sold terminals, you made sure your terminals 
communicated with IBM mainframes. IBM decisions became de facto stan- 
dards. If IBM computers wanted electronic digits in a certain way, other 
companies followed, lock-step. 

“Live by IBM standards or die” was a way of life for many computer 
manufacturers. As IBM prospered, IBM standards became more pervasive, 
and the pressure increased for other firms to be IBM compatible. And, of 
course, IBM kept changing the rules whenever possible, driving non- 
compatible competitors from the market, one by one — a grand old tradition 
at EBM. Some cdled it capitalism; others called it antitrust. 

Then Apple and other small computer makers arrived. They began 
selling thousands of computers. Some to schools, some to homes, but 
most to small businesses. 

Next, big companies began making smaller computers, and smaller 
companies began making bigger computers. 

Computers grow more powerful. This introduction shifts to the pres- 
ent tense. 

Apple suddenly finds itself in a strange new world, dominated by IBM 
and IBM standards. Marketing departments make projections. The projec- 
tions all point to the office market. Sell to business and prosper; ignore 
business and fail. 

Apple goes after small business. VisiCalc — the first electronic spread- 
sheet — helps Apple get a foothold in the business market. 

Networks (also called local area networks or LANs) begin to appear. 
The networks borrow from the terminal/mainframe concept. This time. 

Hardware & 



though, the terminals are computers in their own right, connected to other 
computers. The computers are cabled together, and information can be sent 
and received between them. A number of computers, interconnected, can 
share fast, expensive printers or sophisticated plotters. Hard disks with 
built-in networking software, called “fileservers,” are introduced. The file- 
servers allow a number of computers to share large, expensive hard disks. 

A number of companies introduce networks. Unfortunately, each com- 
pany devises its own networking scheme. Some networks are blindingly 
fast (an important consideration) but expensive. Other networks are slower 
and cheaper. Different approaches are tried and marketed. The concepts 
and hardware are technical and confusing — cluster networks, packet- 
switching, collision avoidance. Xerox’s Ethernet (fast and expensive) is a 
carefully planned, technically superior network. It almost becomes a 
standard, but Xerox fails to capitalize on the opportunity. Instead, Xerox 
seems content with merely having originated Ethernet. The network is used 
extensively and well within Xerox, but few are sold. 

(The situation is reminiscent of another Xerox creation — a computer 
called the Star. It had images on the display screen called icons and used 
something called a mouse. Everyone agreed it was a swell computer. 
Xerox didn’t sell many. They sold copiers instead.) 

IBM also has a network, but it’s expensive. Too expensive for small 

IBM introduces the IBM Personal Computer. It’s a smash. IBM also 
introduces software that allows the IBM PC to be used as an “intelligent 
terminal” with IBM mainframes. A smart move. 

Apple watches. It appears that, in the words of Steve Jobs, “IBM 
wants it all” — big business sales, medium business sales, small business 
sales. Big EBMs, little IBMs. 

Willful and hungry, Apple plots survival in an IBM world. New pro- 
ducts are developed. First is the Apple Cluster Controller. Here’s a para- 
graph from a press release describing the product: 

The Apple Cluster Controller serves as the interface between an IBM host and 
the Apple computer by emulating IBM 3287-2 terminal functions and 3287-1 
printer functions. It comes in two versions: Systems Network Architecture/ 
Synchronous Data Link Control (SNA/SDLC), which emulates the IBM 3274 
or IBM 3276 Control Unit/Display Station; or Binary Synchronous Communi- 
cation (BSC), which emulates the IBM 3271 Control Unit 

There’s more, but you get the idea. 

Behind the scenes, Apple plans strategy. If the IBM PC can emulate 
(mimic) mainframe terminals, Apple computers will also emulate terminals. 

Apple introduces the Lisa and targets it at the Fortune 500 companies. 
Apple creates a new sales force to sell Lisa. Lisa will be Apple’s first ex- 
cursion into IBM territory. LisaTerminal software is written to commun- 
icate with IBM mainframes. Apple also announces plans to develop a local 
area network called AppleNet. 

Lisa is a heralded technical success but only a modest sales success. 
AppleNet is on again, off again. Hinted at, but not introduced. Eventually, 
it becomes clear that Apple will not introduce AppleNet. 


Industry observers see Apple’s reticence over AppleNet as a wise, stra- 
tegic move. IBM will soon introduce a low-cost LAN. Once introduced, 
the IBM network will surely be a standard. If Apple’s network is different 
and can’t be used with IBM’s network, it will surely fail. 

Apple, it seems, is lying in the weeds. When IBM introduces its net- 
work, Apple will — quicidy — introduce a compatible network. Apple’s su- 
perb marketing will offer business a choice, without the risk of incompat- 
ibility. Apple’s network will succeed. 

Apple waits. IBM does not introduce a LAN. Apple waits some more. 
Still no IBM network. 

Apple builds the Macintosh. In it, a chip called a Serial Communi- 
cations Controller is the guts of a network, on a single chip. Almost a 
microprocessor in itself, the SCC can send and receive messages on a net- 
work and constantly monitor network activity without burdening the 68000 
microprocessor. When networking arrives, a cable will be plugged into the 
Macintosh printer port. The sophistication is built into every Macintosh. 
Other networks require boxes of special circuits for networlang. Apple’s 
network “box” is a single, fast chip; its design is general and doesn’t limit 
Apple to a particular network design. 

The Macintosh is a smash. Apple waits for the IBM network. The IBM 
network remains a rumor. 

Apple, never good at lying in the weeds, acts. 

And here we should note a significant fact (and revert to the past 
tense): The first Apple computers didn’t have covers. They didn’t need 
them. Steve Jobs was responsible for putting a cover on the Apple n. He 
wanted a computer that was an appliance, not a mystery. Other small com- 
puters were imposing; the Apple II was friendly. 

This is the same guy who allowed only a single button on the Mac- 
intosh mouse, overruled those who wanted circuit card slots in Macintosh, 
and made sure the manuals were slim and colorful. The idea was this: Keep 
it simple, sophisticated, cheap to build, and relatively inexpensive to buy. 
Make it cheap, sell a bunch, and give maximum value. 

AppleNet was next renamed AppleTalk and the philosophy was applied 
with a vengeance. 

Why isn’t every business networked already? Because networks are 
complicated and expensive. Apple’s network was simple and cheap. A net- 
work for “the rest of us.” 

To create an inexpensive network, Apple made tradeoffs. Rather than 1 
to 10 megabits per second of raw transfer speed, Apple chose a more mod- 
est speed of 230K bits per second. Lower speed, lower cost. Apple limited 
distance between computers to 1,000 feet. More expensive networks allow 
more distance; Apple settled for 1,000 feet. The combination of lower 
speed and less distance allowed Apple to use simple “twisted pair” wiring 
instead of more expensive coaxial cables. 

Expensive networks can connect hundreds of users. Apple settled on a 
maximum of thirty-two computers per network, enough for large work 
groups within corporations. Most networks would have fewer connec- 
tions, Apple guessed. As an extra benefit, one of the connections could be 







a bridge to another network. The other network could be AppleTalk or, 
oddly enough, a network from another company. 

Apple also announced a circuit card for the IBM PC. The card would 
allow IBMs full access to AppleTalk nets. Profit before pride. 

Hooking up an AppleTalk network is easier than hooking up a stereo. 
The cables come in two-meter or ten-meter lengths. (Cable can also be pur- 
chased in larger rolls.) Each end of the cable has a male connector. Another 
two-foot cable plugs into the Macintosh (or the Macintosh XL). One end 
goes in the printer port; the other end terminates in a small plastic box. The 
box has two female AppleTalk sockets. One connecting cable goes in each 
socket. Plug in one computer, then another, then another. Plug in a Laser- 
Writer anywhere. 

The computer cables are $50; the ten-meter cables for interconnection 
are $50. The complete cost for a five-person network is about $500 — less 
than the price of a single “network card” for insertion in other computers 
(only the first expense with other networks). 

This is the Macintosh Office. The computers can share information and 
share Apple’s LaserWriter — a $7,0(X3 high-speed printer that offers near- 
typeset quality print and graphics. 

Still to come is Apple’s fileserver. The fileserver will be a twenty- 
megabyte hard disk (with an optional second twenty-megabyte drive) that 
can store files, handle electronic mail between users on the network, and 
perform other networking feats. The fileserver will contain a micro- 
processor and have full multiuser file-management capabilities. To users of 
the network, the fileserver will probably appear as just another icon on the 
Macintosh screen. 

For now, communicating on the network is much like communicating 
by modem: Power up MacTerminal (or a similar program) and call another 
computer. Eventually, software will monitor the network invisibly while 
you work. A desk accessory network window may appear in which you’d 
use the network; then you’d click the network window to the rear and go 
back to playing Lode Runner or whatever else was on the screen. 

As with Macintosh, Apple is supporting developers who wish to 
develop hardware and software for AppleTalk. 

With those few, brief remarks behind us, welcome to the Networking 
chapter. Along with AppleTalk products, we’ve also included software for 
IBM terminal emulation and other network and mainframe-related 

There's one product we haven’t included, though. It’s a product that’s 
still under development at Apple. The product is a plug-in circuit card for 
IBM Personal Computers. The card will allow IBM PC users to plug into 
the AppleTalk network. 

A nice option, don’t you think? 

Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc. 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 
in California 


Apple’s network. Despite giving away the goods in the in- 
troduction, we’ll repeat some information here, so every- 
thing is in one place. 

The AppleTalk network has a “bus” topology. In other 
words, computers and other devices on the network arc 
daisy-chained together. The maximum number of connec- 
tions is thirty-two, though speed will probably slow drama- 
tically with the maximum number of computers all trying to 
yak at once. The medium used to connect devices is a 
shielded, twisted-pair cable. The maximum operating dis- 
tance is 1,000 feet total for all devices. The maximum speed 
at which information can be transmitted over the network is 
230.4 kilobits per second — about as fast as a Macintosh 
floppy drive. 

The “Link Access Protocol” is called carrier-sense mul- 
tiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA). In other 
words, when a computer or peripheral wants to transmit in- 
formation, it checks the bus. If the bus is busy, it waits 400 
microseconds or so, then tries again. 

The software necessary for using the network consists of 
only a 6K “driver” for each computer. The driver looks and 
behaves like the Imagewriter icon; it siLs on the system disk 
and allows access to the network, much like the Imagewriter 
icon allows access to the Imagewriter. (A communications 
program is also necessary.) 

The AppleTalk network can also serve as a “tributary” to 
other networks, in a scheme where one connector serves as a 
“bridge” to another network. It’s possible to connect mul- 
tiple AppleTalk networks in this fashion, or bridge to non- 
AppleTalk networks. 

The AppleTalk network is nonproprietary. Apple is pub- 
lishing the full specifications of the network and is encour- 
aging outside developers to develop AppleTalk products. 
This sourcebook is good evidence that it’s a smart corporate 
move to encourage outside developers. 

The Macintosh Office 

Suggested retail price for AppleTalk is $50. The price 
includes the small AppleTalk connector box and two meters 
of cable. Each computer or device means shelling out 
another $50. Because two meters isn’t very long, Apple 
will also sell longer lengths of cable and 100-mcter custom 
wiring kits. Prices for the longer cables have not yet been 

Later in 1985, Apple will release fileservers for the 
AppleTalk network. The fileservers will be “intelligent” hard 
disk drives, in 20 or 40 megabyte sizes, that will allow 
users on the AppleTalk network to store and retrieve 
information from a central location. It’s hoped that the filc- 
servers will also allow documents to be “spooled” to the 
LaserWriter printer; documents could then be quickly sent to 
the fileserver, and the fileserver would queue the documents 
and print them in order, allowing the sending computer to 
return to other tasks. 

Cluster Controller 

This is it — the famous Apple Cluster Controller, used as an 
introductory example of the complexities of links between 
micros and mainframes. 

AppleTalk cable and connector box 

Apple Cluster Controller 





Without becoming mired in detail, let’s say this: The 
future of this product is uncertain. In 1985, Apple will intro- 
duce a number of new products that may supplant or enhance 
the Cluster Controller. If you need hardware to connect your 
Macintosh to IBM mainframes, talk to a knowledgeable 
Apple representative. Tell the representative which particular 
type of IBM terminal you’d like to emulate. The information 
we have on this unit says it emulates an IBM 3278-2 termi- 
nal and 3287-1 printer functions. Is that what you need? 
You’re not sure? Find out first, then talk to your Apple rep. 
Apple probably has, or will have, some eombination of 
hardware and software that provides what you need. The 
Cluster Controller is offered in several configurations, all 
expensive. See your dealer for details. 

Cogitate, Inc. 

24000 Telegraph Road, Southfield, Ml 48034 
(313) 352-2345 

Blue Mac! 

This product may be of interest if you’ve got an IBM XT and 
a number of Macintoshes. The Blue Mac allows up to eight 
Macintoshes to be connected to an XT. The Macs then get 
to use the XT hard disk. The package includes start-up pro- 
grams and utilities on an IBM disk, a Macintosh disk with 
the necessary drivers and utilities (which allow Macs access 
to the XT hard disk or printer), a board to be installed in the 
XT, a cable to connect a Macintosh to the XT, and documen- 

To add more than one Macintosh, you’ll need another 
board for the XT — one board per Macintosh. Although it’s 
possible to hang eight Macs off the XT, we doubt if your (or 
anyone’s!) XT has that many free slots. $599 

Fortune Systems Corporation 

101 Twin Dolphin Drive, Redwood City, CA 94065 
(415) 595-8444 


Software to convert the Fortune 32:16 computer into a file- 
server for AppleTalk. Price and availability not announced. 

Infosphere, Inc. 

4730 S.W. Macadam. Portland, OR 97201 
(503) 226-3515 


Software for the Macintosh XL that allows the XL to func- 
tion as a printserver and fileservcr for other computers on 
the AppleTalk network. Allows partitioning of the XL’s 10- 
megabyte hard disk into a number of volumes. The volumes 
can then be assigned for common access use or exclusive 
use. The software also features print spooling and backup 
and restore utilities. $200 

Iomega Corporation 

1821 West 4000 South, Roy, UT 84067 

(800) 556-1234; (800) 441-2345 or (801) 776-7330 in Utah 

AppleTalk Bernoulli Box 

A 20-megabyte fileserver for AppleTalk. Includes two 10- 
megabyte Bernoulli drives, two 10-mcgabytc Bernoulli car- 
tridges, AppleTalk software, and utilities. The software 
allows password protection of files on the fileserver. Call or 
write for prices and other information. 

Lutzkey-Baird Associates 

5601 Slauson Avenue, Suite 222, Culver City, CA 90230 
(213) 649-3570 

Ultra-Office Unix! Macintosh network 
This one, we think, is a system that allows up to thirty 
Macintoshes to be connected to a “central, Unix-based 
cluster processor.” The Unix computer, we’re told, handles 
data management, data storage and backup, electronic mail, 
and other functions. Better drop these folks a line if this 
sounds interesting. Each Unix computer, $1,595; each 
Macintosh link, $200 

Mesa Graphics 

P.O. Box 506, Los Alamos, NM 87544 
(505) 672-1998 


This is software that allows Macintosh to emulate Tektronix 
graphic terminals. It emulates Tektronix 4010, 4012, 4014, 
and 4016 terminals, and is compatible with software from 
Issco Graphics (Tellagraf, Disspla, CueChart, TcIIapIan), 
Precision Visuals (DI-3000, Graphmaker), SAS/Graph, SPSS/ 
Graph, Tektronix (Plot- 10, Easygraph), and other software 
from other manufacturers. Tekalike supports local zooming 
on graphic data and can generate a MacPaint document for 
further editing. The program is good, the manual is bad. 

Sunol Systems 

1 1 87 Quarry Lane, Pleasanton, CA 94566 
(415) 484-3322 

Sun*Mac and other products 

Sunol markets a broad line of networking products: file- 
servers, networking hardware, and networking software. 
Prior to Apple’s introduction of AppleTalk, the firm ran a 
number of “Wait and see what we’ve got!’* leaser ads. 

Here’s what they had: the first fileservers for AppleTalk. 
And a range of other products for use with Apple’s network. 

Starting at (we think) the beginning is Sun^Mac, an in- 
terface between AppleTalk and the Sunol Sun*Disk. The 
Sun+Mac interface allows up to thirty-one devices to share a 
single Sunol Sun^Disk. The interface also allows connection 
to multiple Sun^Disks, which ups the number of users the 
network can accommodate. 


The Sun*Disk can queue drive requests from a maximum 
of eight users simultaneously — a healthy number. The hard 
disk fileserver is offered in various sizes: 8, 16, 25, 40, 60, 
and 92 megabytes. Ninety-two megabytes; what a concept. 

Also available is Sun*Safe, a back-up Upe system for use 
with the fileservers. Each of the removable cartridges can 
hold a maximum of 31.5 megabytes of data, and can be read 
and written to with “standard operating system commands.” 
Then there’s Sun*Server, an intelligent print server. It 
consists of two RS-232 ports, will handle two printers, and 
utilizes the Sun*Sharc common storage area to receive, 
store, and forward data files from users. 

As you’ve probably guessed, none of these products is 
cheap. If you’re interested, write for more information; 
you’ll receive much information and four pages of prices. 

Prices for the hard disk fileservers range from $1,995 (8 
megabytes) to $6,695 (92 megabytes). The same file- 
servers with built-in tape backup range from $3,345 to 

Sytek, Inc. 

1225 Charleston Road, Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 966-7330 


The PC stands for “IBM Personal Computer.” Sytek makes 
networks for linking up IBMs and intends to add support to 
allow Apple’s network to tie into Sytek networks. Call or 
write for more information. 

3Com Corporation 

P.O. Box 7390, Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 961-9602 

Networking hardware and software 
3Com is well-known for networking products. The corpor- 
ation is now hard at work producing a full line of products 
for use with AppleTalk. The products will allow AppleTalk- 
connected computers to gain entry into existing 3Com net- 
works. Products already announced include the 36-megabyte 
3Server fileserver, a 36-mcgabyte add-on hard disk, and a 60- 
megabyte tape backup system. Call or write for more infor- 
mation. 3Server, $7,495; add-on 36-megabyte drive, 
$3,995; 60- megabyte tape backup unit, $2,995 


505 East Middlefield Road, Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 969-3700, Ext. 221 

Netway 1500 

Hardware to connect AppleTalk networks to other networks 
or to mainframe computers. The system allows individual 
workstations to appear as native terminals to each host. 
Call or write for more information. Announced price for the 
system, $6,500 

Touchstone Software Corporation 

909 Electric Avenue, Suite 207, Seal Beach, CA 90740 
(213) 598-7746 


The Macintosh-specific software in a trilogy of programs to 
allow file transfers, over a network, between IBM PCs, 
Macs, and Unix-based computers. 

When used with PCworks or UniHost software (for PCs or 
Unix computers respectively), information can be converted 
from Macintosh format to a format compatible with MS-DOS 
or Unix systems. $145 


Winterhalter, Inc. 

3853 Research Park Drive, Box 2180, Ann Arbor, Ml 48106 
(314) 662-2002 

DataTalkerlMac 3270 emulation 
Software emulation to allow the Macintosh to fool main- 
frames into believing that Mac is really an IBM 3271/3277, 
3274/3278, 3275, or 3276/3278 interactive terminal sys- 
tem. Macintoshes may be connected to the mainframes via 
modems, or locally with modem eliminators or limited dis- 
tance modems. The protocol, it says here, is bisynchronous. 

Transmission may be either ASCII or EBCDIC. Other 
controller characteristics include audible alarm, control unit, 
device addresses, and user-modifiable transmission param- 
eters. The Macintosh screen will display 1,920 characters in 
twenty-four lines. 3270 status indicators arc also displayed 
on-screen. All 3270 function keys are supported. $1,095 


Hardware & 

P rinters are a lot like modems. Both are peripherals, both connect to 
serial ports, both operate at baud rates, both translate information from one 
form to another form, both are expensive, and both are complicated feats of 

Do you enjoy simplicity? Buy an Imagewriter, plug it in, and print. Go 
on to the next chapter. 

We tried. 

It is true that most serial printers work with Macintosh, if you have the 
proper cable. In that respect, again, printers are like modems: Get the 
proper cable and it’ll probably work. But unlike modems, printers for Mac- 
intosh have to deal with Mac’s graphic view of the world. 

This is not an easy task. To the Imagewriter, and to Macintosh, every- 
thing is graphics. Pictures are graphics and text is graphics. You may think 
that the letter you just wrote to Auntie Mae — the one with the boldfaced, 
underlined, and shadowed words — was text, but it wasn’t; it was a graphic 
picture. The Macintosh took your keystrokes and transformed them into a 
graphic image. To us, it looks like words; to the Macintosh and Image- 
writer, it’s just another picture. 

There’s elegance in this approach. Macintosh treats everything exactly 
the same. The Mac is finely tuned to create pictures, and the Imagewriter is 
finely tuned to print pictures. If you’re using “standard quality” mode, the 


printed image is tailored to closely approximate measurements on the Mac- 
intosh screen. “High quality” doubles the resolution of that text, at a cost in 
printing speed. 

Apple engineers spent much time making the Macintosh and Image- 
writer a closely paired team. 

With other printers, it’s a different story. Some printers are termed 
“letter quality.” Like typewriters, they have printheads of fully formed 
characters that strike the page. The “A” you get is the one on the printhead. 
Want a different “A”? Get a different printhead. (It’s now time to lay the 
phrase “letter quality printing” to rest. The Imagewriter does letter quality 
printing — with imagination, readability, and flexibility. And what about the 
LaserWriter? Is that letter quality? The issue is absurd. The phrase, like the 
typewriters that spawned it, is antiquated. The new phrase is “typeset qual- 
ity.” From now on, we’ll be hearing, “But is it a typeset quality printer?” 
Time marches on.) 

Those typewriter-like printers are still around, though. Maybe you 
want one. Maybe you need one for work. Maybe the law firm of Schu- 
macker. Smith, and Shendelman likes legal briefs to look typed and never 
needs MacPaint graphics. That’s fine; we’ve included a few of those 
printers in this chapter. From most, though, don’t expect anything but text, 
in only a few typefaces (unless you want to buy more printheads). 

Some of the typewriter-like printers try to print graphics, usually by 
attempting to use the period (.) to represent individual pixels. Some do a 
better job at this than others, but none can match the graphic output from 
the Imagewriter or LaserWriter. 

Then there are dot-matrix printers. Like the Imagewriter, they make text 
and graphics by controlling pins on a printhead. The pins are “fired” into 
the printer ribbon as the printhead travels across the page. The rule here, 
roughly, is, the more pins, the sharper the text. More pins yield more dots 
per inch. More dots per inch means more dots available to form characters. 
The Imagewriter has nine pins. Nine isn’t a huge number, but the Image- 
writer mSces up for it in high quality mode by t^ng two passes to create a 
single line of text 

Non-Apple printers often have more pins. The Toshiba, for example, 
has twenty-four pins. These printers often shine in “correspondence qual- 
ity” mode. The term is similar to what Apple calls draft; but with more 
pins, the output is clean, legible, and deserves better than being called 

More dots per character produces sharper-looking characters. A “y” 
looks more like a “y.” 

If the tail of the “y” curls seductively under the baseline, and if the 
width of the “y” varies within the letter itself (as it does on this page), you 
can be sure that many dots were gainfully employed. The Imagewriter is 
capable of 72 dots per inch. The LaserWriter does about 300 dots per inch. 
Phototypesetting machines — used for books and magazines — deliver 1,000 
or more dots per inch. That’s the upper limit. You’ll never see those indi- 
vidual dots. 

If you want “plain text” that looks good and don’t mind corres- 
pondence quality printing, you might be happy with a non-Apple printer. 
But if you want shadows or outlines, be wary. Even though other printers 



take a stab at duplicating the Imagewriter’s high quality output, none that 
we’ve seen can duplicate or exceed the Imagewriter’s print quality. None. 
Not counting the LaserWriter. 

Unfortunately, the Imagewriter is a pricey item. Other printers can be 
had for much less. They won’t print as well, but they will print in draft 
mode, and print dependably. 

If you don’t need fancy printing, try out a few of the inexpensive 
printers. Be prepared to set lots of DIP switches. Be prepared to study 
extremely technical manuals full of references to “escape sequences” and 
hexadecimal equivalents. Want to make that Japanese printer do a “half line 
feed”? No sweat; it’s “ESC U,” better known as hex IB 55. 

Then again, the Imagewriter is styled to match the Macintosh. An im- 
portant consideration. 

Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc. 


Dot-Matrix Printers 
& Related Software 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 MarianI Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 

(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 in 



The printer of choice for choosy people. The one printer 
that should work with every Macintosh application. The 
Imagewriter isn’t the fastest printer or the quietest printer, 
but it’s dependable, and service is widely available. We 
recommend purchase of an Imagewriter printer. 

The Imagewriter prints using a 7 x 9 dot matrix at a top 
speed of 120 characters a second — a speed you’ll never see 
unless you plan on using draft mode. The Imagewriter ac- 
cepts both single shed and tractor feed paper. 

If your work involves printing spreadsheets, large Mac- 
Draw documents, or other large and nonstandard papers, 
consider the wide-carriage Imagewriter. Like the standard 
model, the wide-carriage Imagewriter can accept paper a 
minimum of 3 inches wide, but the wide version also 
handles paper up to 15 inches wide. Standard Imagewriter, 
$595; wide-carriage Imagewriter, $749 




Apple LaserWriter 

The LaserWriter produces near-typeset quality printing at 
a fraction of the cost of phototypesetters, which can run 
$50,000 and up. The LaserWriter comes with Times Roman, 
Helvetica, and Courier fonts installed in ROM memory. 
Additional fonts are expected to become available from 
Apple and other vendors. 

Any Macintosh font can be easily printed on the 
LaserWriter, but for the very best look, you’ll want the best 
fonts available. Macintosh fonts are stored as dots on a 
grid; LaserWriter fonts are stored as outlines. This makes 
scaling fonts and changing styles faster and better with a 

The LaserWriter is an integral part of the AppleTalk 
network. It’s not possible, in fact, to use the LaserWriter 
without using AppleTalk, even if “hooking into AppleTalk” 
merely means running just one AppleTalk cord from your 
Macintosh to the LaserWriter. That setup is a network. Just 
a very small network: one computer, one LaserWriter. 

The LaserWriter is expensive, but only in comparison to 
other computer printers. In comparison to the machines it 
competes against, it’s a bargain. 

Expect the LaserWriter to make great changes in the self- 
publishing industry. $6,995 


Apple wide-carriage Imagewriter 

DataPak Software, Inc. 

1401 1 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 401, 
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423 
(818) 905-6419 


A printer that may spawn a revolution. The LaserWriter, 
essentially, is a Canon copier coupled with a souped-up 
Macintosh. The entire computer— ^8000 processor, two 
megabytes of memory, interfaces, and more — is inside the 
LaserWriter “box.” A sophisticated programming language 
designed for graphic imaging — PostScript — is also tucked 
inside the LaserWriter. 

Printer Interface for the Macintosh 
Software promoted as a “completely ‘transparent’ — all Mac- 
intosh software works” printer interface. Includes interfaces 









'' i File Edit Uiciu Speciol 

Letter Quality Printers 

IDl Program Folder 


r Prmlers D«t Matrix Prvtltrt 

28< m fel8*r 

I3SK ivalUbIt 

^ 3 ^ ^3 ^3 


Dot MotriH Printers 

3K m folder 

I33K avaiUbte 

FH CORONA D200 SMITH CORONA D300 AppW Imaqtvnttr 

Printer interface 

Printer Interface for the Macintosh 

that, according to the manufacturer, allow Macintosh to use 
Qume, Epson, Smith Corona, NEC, Okidata, C. Iloh, and 
Siemens printers, among others. $59.95 

Dresselhaus Computer Products 

837 East Alosta Avenue, Glendora, CA 91740 

All You Need printer interface 
All the necessary parts to use an Epson FX-80 printer with 
Macintosh. The All You Need interf^ace consists of a circuit 
card that plugs into a socket inside the FX-80 and a 5-foot 
cable that plugs into the Macintosh printer port. Also 
includes a set of special Finger Print chips for the FX-80 
that allow it to properly interpret Macintosh printer codes. 

Epson America, Inc. 

2780 Lomita Boulevard. Torrance, CA 90505 
(800) 421-5426, (213) 539-9140 in California 

Epson printers and Epstart software 
Epson is a success. Epson printers are popular, reliable, and 
competitively priced. Their biggest corporate boost came 
when they were selected by IBM to bear the IBM name and 
become the official IBM Personal Computer printer. The 
IBM dot-matrix printer was a virtual duplicate of the Epson 
MX-80 printer. Epson has since added RX-80 and FX-80 
printers that are much the same but faster. 

Because of IBM’s blessing, there are now Epson (or IBM) 
printers everywhere. ComputerLand and most other computer 
chain stores carry Epson printers. They’re everywhere. 

As a consequence, the Macintosh-Epson connection was a 
natural. Here’s how it works. You buy an Epson printer 
(make sure it’s a serial version), then buy the Epstart soft- 
ware (developed by SoftStyle and marketed by Epson). Copy 
the Epstart software onto your application disks, plug in the 
Epson, line up the tractor feed paper properly (this can take 
forever — one of the Epson’s most annoying design flaws), 
and start printing. Epstart allows all Macintosh-compatible 
programs to print on the FX-80. 

Here’s the advantage: Epson printers are less expensive 

than Imagewriters and are often sold mail-order for less still. 
And used Epson printers are common. You can save a lot of 
money by choosing an Epson. Here’s the disadvantage: The 
Epson’s print quality isn’t as good as the Imagewriter’s. 
Close, but not as good. The Epson is quieter than the Image- 
writer (a plus), but most people will put up with the noise 
for the increased quality. Try each and decide: more bucks or 
lesser print quality? 

Hanzon Data, Inc. 

18732 142nd Avenue NE, Woodinville, WA 98072 
(206) 487-1717 

Hanzon 12319 Universal Interface Card 
A circuit card that fits into an Epson printer and enables the 
printer to be used with a Macintosh, Mac XL, or Apple IIc. 
In “Apple mode,’’ the Hanzon card checks incoming data for 
the control codes used with the Imagewriter and converts 
them into the equivalent codes for an Epson MX, FX, or RX 
printer. $129.50 

Hanzon 12319 Universal Interface Card 


532 Fellowship Road, Mt. Laurel, NJ 08054 
(609) 235-2600 

Okidata Microline 92 and Microline 93 
Two popular printers, newly outfitted to work with Macin- 
tosh. The printers include a factory-installed option that 
enables them to produce “correspondence quality text and 
high-resolution graphics.’’ We haven’t seen these printers, 
but suspect that they do indeed print in correspondence 
mode, but aren’t capable of printing the full range of bold- 
face, italic, underline, outline, and shadow text. 

The Okidata Microline 93 is a wide-carriage version of 
the Microline 92. Microline 92, $569; Microline 93, 


Toshiba America, inc. 

2441 Michelle Drive, Tustin, CA 92680 
(714) 730-5000 


A fast, high-resolution dot-matrix printer that’s well sup- 
ported. Microsoft Word works well with it, ProPrint has it 
on the menu for printer selection, and most Macintosh pro- 
grams should access it handily. The twenty-four-pin Toshiba 
delivers a fast, correspondence print quality that looks good: 
sharp and clean. The printer is capable of boldface and other 
print attributes, but — and this is a big but — it won’t print 
attributes with Macintosh. The printer is willing, but the 
software hasn’t been written to access the features. 

The PI 340 comes with printer driver software that works 
with MacPaint and MacDraw, but it prints graphics 
extremely slowly. The graphics look great, but the Toshiba 
takes forever (compared to an Imagewriter) to print them. 
Toshiba is working on new drivers to get the PI 340 up to 
speed on graphics. $995 

Toshiba PI 340 

Letter Quality Printers 
& Related Software 

Assimilation, Inc. 

485 Alberto Way, Los Gatos, CA 95030 

(800) 622-5464; (800) 421-0243 or (408) 356-6241 in 


Mac Daisywheel Connection 

A software/cable combination that enables Macintosh to use 
some letter quality (daisy-wheel) printers. The printer inter- 
face cable supports the Apple Daisy Wheel Printer, the 
Brother HR series, the Comrex CR series, the NEC Spin- 

Mac Daisywheel Connection 

writer series, the Qume LctterPro, and the Qurae Sprint 11. 
An adapter cable is also available for Diablo printers and the 
ClI Daisywriter. 

The software contains two programs: Set Printer and 
Daisywheel Connection. Set Printer modifies the Macintosh 
Imagewriter driver to support daisy-wheel printers. The 
program modification also allows Macintosh to use widc- 
carriage printers. Daisywheel Connection, the second pro- 
gram, enables MacWrite to deliver justification and print 
attributes to daisy-wheel printers. $99 

Creighton Development, Inc. 

16 Hughes Street, Suite C-100, Irvine, CA 92714 
(714) 472-0488 


A software program that enables Macintosh to use some 
letter quality printers. The printer must be serial; if it’s not, 
ProPrint (and similar software) must be used with a print 
buffer to make the switch from serial to parallel. ProPrint 
supports more than thirty-three popular printers: most well- 
known letter quality printers, the Hewlett-Packard LaserJet, 
and six dot-matrix printers, including the Imagewriter, C. 
Itoh 8510, and the Epson/IBM dot-matrix printer. 

Installation is easy: Double-click the ProPrint icon and, 
in most cases, click the button in the Choose Printer win- 
dow. If your printer isn’t among those listed, you can use 
another menu to set printer baud rate (speed), protocol (hard- 
ware or XON/XOFF), character pitch, proportional printing, 
paper size, lines per inch, and continuous or cut sheet feed. 
Control characters may be filtered, and up to 999 copies of 
each document may be printed. 

ProPrint supports boldface, underlining, superscripts, 
subscripts, tabs and decimal tabs, proportional spaces, line 
justification, headers/footers, and page breaks. 

One of ProPrinPs best features is its ability to “queue” a 
number of files for printing, one after the other. The files are 
selected from the directory, then placed in a Files to Print 
window. After Start Printing is selected from the menu bar, 
the files are printed in sequence, and each filename is listed 
in a Files Finished window after printing. The printing of 
individual files, or the entire queue, may be aborted. 








' * 

File liUil Connections 

® npple DoisyUlheei 
O Smith Corona L-1 000 
O DalsyUJrlter 
O Diablo 620 
O Diablo 630/36 
ODioblo 1610/1620 
OHeroH 1710/1720 
O Star PouierType 

O Transtar 130 OObati 

O Brother O Blue Chip 

OOynaHOKtS OComreii 

Oduki6IOO Onmdek5040 

O Qume Sprint I l/LetterPro 20 
OC. Itoh n-10/F-l0 
ONEC 7710/7720 
ONiC 2010/3510/3520 
ONEC 2015/3515/7715/3525 

Co To Page 2 



The manual is clear and provides DIP switch settings for 
seventeen printers in an appendix. Included in the ProPrint 
package is a printer cable that can be used with all printers 
that accept a standard DB-25 connection. 

An important caution: As this book was being prepared, 
ProPrint did not work with Microsoft Word files. Changes to 
enable ProPrint to handle Word documents were planned but 
hadn’t yet been made. Check first if you use Word. $99 

Intrepid Technologies 

P.O. Box 31211, Santa Barbara, CA 93130 
(805) 685-6770 


Software that enables any application program capable of 
draft printing to output to a letter quality printer. Supports 
all popular daisy-wheel printers. Includes a cable, which 
plugs into either the serial port or the modem port. Supports 
underlining, boldface, superscripts, subscripts, and propor- 
tional spacing. Documents must be converted to Monaco 12- 
point before printing. $99 

NEC Information Systems, Inc. 

1414 Massachusetts Avenue, Boxborough, MA 01719 
(8C0) 343-4419, (617) 264-8635 in Massachusetts 

Spinwriter/Macintosh Connection 
An accessory kit to allow NEC Spinwriter printers to be used 
with Macintosh. Includes a disk (and backup), interface 
cable, and manual. Allows selection of the 2010, 3510, or 
8810 Spinwriter. $100 


It seems like a con. Everyone says Macintosh is fast. The microproces- 
sor’s fast, the serial ports are fast, the screen-writing routines are fast, the 
ROMs are fast Everything is fast. 

So why do you spend so much time listening to disk drives grinding? 
Simple: The drives are slow! 

They are, granted, faster than they might be. They spin faster than 
other drives, but they’re still slow in comparison to other Macintosh hard- 
ware. It’s all the result of Apple’s cleverness — always something to reckon 
with. The Macintosh uses a special chip called an “IWM.” The initials 
stand for “Integrated Woz Machine.” Woz stands for Steve Wozniak, co- 
founder of Apple and creator of simple, clever circuits for controlling disk 

Disk drives need to be controlled. Good engineers control them with a 
few, inexpensive chips. This lowers manufacturing price and helps stock- 
holders get dividends. 

Apple, more or less, stuck everything needed to handle the drives on 
one chip — the IWM. A great solution from a manufacturing and reliability 
standpoint. Not the best solution for maximum disk speed. 

The drives slow performance for other reasons. Apple wanted a ma- 
chine that could run sophisticated programs in a mere 128K. And a 
machine that required only the intemd drive. How to do it? Simple: Keep 
much of the necessary data on disk, not in main memory. Need a new font 
in MacWritel Go get it from the disk! How about a listing of disk files? 
Get it from the disk! Dialogs? Leave ’em on the disk! 

This presents tough choices for designers. Everything eats into RAM. 
The Finder, an application program in its own right (when you think about 
it), takes up about 16K of RAM. A buffer to hold the screen display takes 
another 22K. A “K” here, a couple of “K” there, and pretty soon you’re 
talking real memory. After everything chips away, there’s about 80K left 
for programs. (Still enough, though. 'Hie ROMs include a Segment Loader 
that allows programs to be divided into 32K segments. The segments are 
swapped in or out, when needed, from — ^you guessed it — the disk.) 

That’s why you’re always listening to disk melodies. Annoying tunes, 
with endless variations. 

Hard disks are a way out. No more waiting for endless seconds while 
MacWrite whirs to life. No more coffee breaks after selecting Show Page 

Hard Disks 



in MacPaint. Hard disks are fast Very fast. The drive platters in hard disks 
spin 3,000 times a second or faster. By comparison, Mac floppies revolve 
360 to 600 times a second. In real life, a hard disk cuts the time for most 
disk operations in half or in third. Instead of waiting thirty seconds to load 
MacWrite, you wait ten seconds. 

A grand improvement. Life is for computing, not for waiting. 

Increased storage is another reason for hard disks. Floppies offer about 
400K of room. Throw on System files and things get tight; a scanty 200K 
or so remains. Hard disks range from 5,000K to 45,000K or more. Mil- 
lions of bytes, yours for the filling. Enough for monster database files, all 
the clip art you want, or huge System files stuffed with funny fonts. 

Some hard disks also allow print spooling. You compute in the fore- 
ground while the printer keeps printing “in the background.” A blessing, 
and worth the noise. Some hard disks even have printer ports to replace the 
port lost by plugging in the hard disk. Some, instead, use the external drive 
port. Gain a hard disk, lose an external drive. 

Now the bad news. Macintosh isn’t designed for hard disks. You can 
use them, but it’s an effort for hard disk designers, and for you. 

Think of it as a partnership to circumvent Apple. No one said life in the 
fast lane was easy. 

The problem is the Finder. The Finder handles files. It works fine with 
one drive or two. It handles twenty files gracefully. It manages fifty files 
with little strain. It wheezes and groans with eighty files. 

When asked to handle more than 128 files on a 128K Macintosh, it 

With a twenty-megabyte hard disk, you will — believe us — have more 
than 128 files. Too bad it can’t be done. 

But of course it can. It just takes trickery. Computers are easy to trick. 
Programs do it all the time. The hard disk trickery involves creating 
“logical volumes.” 

Logical volumes are the counterpart of “physical volumes.” A physical 
volume is an ordinary floppy disk drive. It exists, you can see it, it’s 
physical. Real. 

A logical volume is a trick. An area on a hard disk that seems — to Mac 
ROMs — like a physical volume. It acts like a drive, it feels like a drive, it 
must be a drive! The ROMs, being simple-minded, treat logical volumes 
just like physical volumes. The volumes get icons; ^es reside in the icons; 
and copying, reading, writing, and cleaning up behave in expected ways. 
Each volume contains only a manageable number of files. Make a logical 
volume the “default disk” (by holding down the Option and Command 
keys while double-clicking the Finder) and the computer returns to the 
System file (if there is a System file) on the logical volume for fonts and 
desk accessories. Life is peaceful. 

Computers are easy to fool. 

All this foolery, though, takes effort. All hard disks come with special 
software. In most cases, the software includes a “volume manager.” This 
allows you to partition the disk into logical volumes. Usually, you get to 
decide how many volumes to create, how large each will be, and (some- 


times) how many “blocks” should be allocated for each file (hard disks run 
faster when seeing files in predetermined chunks). You must choose 
wisely — not too many volumes, not too few. Volumes should be large 
enough to be handy, but not too large; the Finder is lurking, waiting to ruin 
your day. 

Getting fun, isn’t it? If you’ve had enough, look in the Peripherals 
chapter for lowly add-on floppy drives. 

Still here? Okay: After you’ve set up your logical volumes, you’ve got 
to consider “mounting.” Mounting is what happens automatically when 
you shove a disk into Macintosh. The computer thinks, “Ah! A disk!” and 
proceeds to read the directory and do other binary things. If another disk is 
mounted (in the external drive, say), Macintosh reads that disk, also. You 
mount, it reads. The Finder swells with information. 

Because logical volumes can’t be easily inserted, hard disk software 
has you mount using various methods — sometimes with a “mount manag- 
er” application, sometimes using a special dialog box. 

Well, that’s easy enough. Now mount a few logical volumes. Five or 
six, say. Maybe eight. 

You guessed it: “Serious System Error.” 

This can be avoided, but it takes thought and caution. Not having too 
many volumes on-line at once, for example. And making sure that the 
proper volume is the default (or “root”) volume. It’s not as difficult as 
doing your taxes by hand, but it’s harder than you might imagine. Certain- 
ly harder than you’d wish it to be. 

Is a hard disk worth the trouble? You bet. After you’ve suffered 
through strange hard disk software, you’ll grow to love hard disk speed. 
You’ll be spoiled. Your programs will fly; your saves will zip. Microsoft 
Word will breeze through 40K files. You’ll download massive documents 
with the greatest of ease. Thirty seconds will seem like an eternity. You’ll 
love it. 

Apple will eventually simplify things. A new Finder is being written to 
handle more files with fewer complaints. Until then, you’ll need more new 
concepts than “the rest of us” would prefer. 

Or a 512K machine. Many hard disk problems disappear (or are some- 
what softened) with 512K of RAM. Some people say, “Upgrade first, then 
get the hard disk.” Good advice, but good advice is easy, especially when 
the advice is, “Spend more and everything will be fine.” 

Two more decisions: which hard disk to buy, and what size? Well, the 
Davong is fast, an important plus. We are talking hard disks here, after all. 
The Quark is also faster than most drives, but gains speed at the expense of 
usurping the external drive port. 

The HyperDrive is simply wonderful. Still, the HyperDrive is a new 
product, and it hasn’t yet been jostled by baggage handlers or spun for 
months on end within the Macintosh. Once it’s inside your machine, 
you’re stuck with it. But it’s wonderful. 

Size is a simpler matter. Decide how much storage capacity you need (a 
good computer store can help), then double the figure. Better yet, triple it. 
Need ten megabytes? Get thirty; you’ll use it. 

Hard Disks 



Don’t buy a five-megabyte drive. Only wimps buy five-megabyte 
drives. Would you buy a car with a five-gallon tank? 

As always, pick a reputable dealer. Ask about service. Ask about help. 
Ask if the company has been in business longer than a week. 

Expect a few more drives besides those listed here. Tallgrass and 
various other well-known manufacturers will soon introduce hard disks for 

Someday, your grandchildren will probably say, “Tell us about the old 
days. What was a ‘volume manager,’ anyway?” 


Corvus Systems, Inc. 

2100 Corvus Drive, San Jose, CA 95124 
(408) 559-7000 


Hard disks in four sizes: 5.5, 11.1, 16.6, and 45.1 
megabytes. Because of current Macintosh Finder limitations, 
the drives are configured into volumes, each of which can 
hold a maximum of 128 files (though that number is pushing 
it). The smallest drive can hold four volumes and a total of 
512 files (if all volumes are filled). Tbe 45.1-megabyte drive 
can be partitioned into seventeen volumes and can hold 
2,176 files when everything’s filled up — an unlikely occur- 
rence. Transfer rate for data is 730 kilobits/second. 

The drives come with a “mount manager” utility for 
switching between volumes and utilities for backing up onto 

We used the drive for a number of weeks and found it reli- 
able and fast. Switching between volumes was tedious, as 
with all Macintosh hard disks, but the drive never lost data 
or caused the smallest problem, despite being used heavily 
and treated less than gingerly. 5.5M, $1,795; 11.1MB, 
$2,495; 16.6MB, $3,195; 45.1MB, $4,995 

Davong Systems, Inc. 

217 Humboldt Court, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 
(408) 734-4900 

Mac Disk 

Davong makes its Mac Disk in a range of sizes: 5, 10, 15, 
21, 32, and 43 megabytes. Like other manufacturers, Da- 
vong uses a disk-partitioning scheme that makes the drive 
appear (to Macintosh) as individual “virtual” drives. Davong 
includes a “volume management” utility to partition the disk 
into various sizes. Each drive comes with utilities to back 
up files onto floppy disks. Backup is flexible, allowing wild- 
card file selections or backup of files changed since last 
backup. Another utility optionally “parks” the drive head 
over an unused track, preventing damage to llic disk if power 
fails during use. lOM, $2,395; 15M, $2,795; 21MB, 
$3,295; 32MB, $3,995; 43MB, $4,495 

General Computer Company 

215 First Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 

(800) 422-0101, (617) 492-5500 in Massachusetts 


One of the most talked-about peripherals for Macintosh. 
Does other hard disks one better. This one is a 10- megabyte 
hard disk that mounts inside the Macintosh (yes, there really 
is room). This allows the hard drive to tap directly into the 
Macintosh “bus” instead of using the slower serial ports for 
access to the machine. The increase in speed is dramatic. 
While most hard disks are two to three times faster than 
conventional Macintosh floppies, the HyperDrive is about 
seven times faster than other hard disks! And you don’t lose 
any serial ports. Awesome thoughts. 

To handle the extra heat produced by the hard drive, a 
heat-controlled fan is part of the package. When the Mac- 
intosh gets warm, the fan comes on. 

The drive uses a partitioning scheme similar to those em- 
ployed by other hard disk manufacturers — dividing the drive 
into small, virtual volumes. General Computer calls them 

Switch on the Macintosh without disks in any drive and 
the HyperDrive automatically boots from the hard disk. Boot 
with a disk and you’ve got a fully functional 512K machine; 
the hard disk sleeps until you wake it. 

The HyperDrive we received was dead on arrival. That is, 
the hard disk was inoperative; other than that, the Macin- 
tosh functioned fine. For about four hours. Then the screen 
went “pop” and the machine went dead. We packed the 
HyperDrive up and sent it back to General Computer. 

When it returned, it worked fine. And fast. 

Cost, including expansion to 512K (required), instal- 
lation, shipping, and warranty, $2,795; without the RAM 
upgrade, $2,195 

Iomega Corporation 

1821 West 4000 South, Roy, UT 84067 

(800) 556-1234, Ext. 215; (800) 441-2345, Ext. 215, in 

California: (801 ) 776-7330 in Utah 

Bernoulli Box 

The Bernoulli Box offers advantages of both floppies and 
hard disks, but is neither. The box accepts 5-megabyte re- 
movable cartridges and offers speed comparable to hard 

This isn’t a glamorous product. The advantage of Ber- 
noulli Boxes is dependability. Many users swear by them. 
They work reliably and well. $1,995; additional 5-mega- 
byte cartridges, $59 


6301 Manchaca Road, Austin, TX 78745 
(800) 531-5002, (512) 441-7890 in Texas 

The Keeper 

A range of hard disks and fileservers, from 5-megabyte 
removable cartridges to 30-megabyte fixed drives. The Pro 
series includes three fixed drives: 10, 20, and 30 megabytes, 
which may be partitioned into volumes. Volumes may be 
pass word -protected. The SQ series is based on 5-megabyte 
removable cartridges. The series includes a single-cartridge 
drive, a double-cartridge drive, and a combination of a 5- 
megabyte cartridge and a 10- megabyte fixed drive. 

The Keeper connects to the Macintosh printer port; the 
Imagewriter connects to the back of the Keeper. The Keeper 
has a built-in printer buffer, so you can continue working 
while documents are printing. The company was finishing up 
software for the units as this book was being written. Also 
in the works are fileserver capabilities, built into the drive, 
for use with the AppleTalk network. Call for more infor- 
mation. lOM fixed, $2,195; 20M fixed, $2,695; 30M 
fixed, $3,295; 5M removable, $2,295; two 5M remov- 
able, $3,595; 5M removable plus lOM fixed, $3,595 

Hard Disks 

Hard Disks 


Paradise Systems, Inc. 

21 7 E. Grand Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94080 
(415) 588-6000 

Quark Peripherals 

2525 West Evans Avenue, Suite 220, Denver, CO 80219 
(800) 543-7711, (303) 934-221 1 in Colorado 

Paradise Mac 10 

Another stylish hard disk drive. Maybe the traditional hard 
disk makers should pay attention. Maybe this is a trend. The 
Paradise unit includes an extra serial port — lose one, get 

Although we got only a glance at this drive, it seemed to 
handle large numbers of files better than other hard drives. 
Worth a look, if you can find a dealer that carries the 

The Paradise Mac 10 will be available (we*re told) in the 
summer of 1985. $1,495 

Paradise Mac 10 

Personal Computer 
Peripherals Corporation 

6204 Benjamin Road, Tampa, FL 33614 
(800) 622-2888, (813) 884-3092 in Florida 


A hard disk that incorporates a number of good ideas. Mac- 
Bottom is the size of the Macintosh footprint and fits under 
the Macintosh. The hard disk weighs 5 pounds, holds 10 
megabytes, includes a print spooler, and has a transfer rale, 
we*re told, of “more than 700 kilobaud.” MacBottom plugs 
into either the printer port or the modem port, and you can 
have up to six volumes on-line at once. An automatic turn- 
on feature requires no extra switches and prevents the unit 
from being inadvertently left on. In all, a smart-looking 
hard disk drive that may give the big guys a run for the 10- 
megabyte market. Or, it may end up on, ahem... $1,595 

QCIO and QC20 

Ten or 20 megabytes for use by the Macintosh, Apple 11, 
lie, or III — any combination of Apple computers. In theory, 
a QC hard disk can be set up as a single 10 (or 20) 
megabyte volume. (Or, as with other hard disks in this 
section, you can configure the total 10 or 20 megabytes into 
smaller volumes.) When the hard disk is divided into 
volumes, each volume can contain a different operating sys- 
tem and be dedicated to a different computer. In the QCIO, 
for example, 5 megabytes could be dedicated to ProDOS and 
an Apple II computer, and 5 megabytes could be reserved for 
the Macintosh. 

The QC connects to Macintosh’s external drive port, so 
you can’t use an external floppy when the QC is connected 
(you can, however, use a modem). Each volume, optionally, 
can be password -protected to limit access. 

We found the drive to be fast and dependable. Recom- 
mended. QCIO, $1,995; QC20, $2,595 

Quark QCIO 

Tecmar, Inc. 

6225 Cochran Road, Solon, OH 44139 
(216) 349-0600 

Tecmar was the first vendor to market hard disk drives for 
Macintosh. They were also the first to receive extremely 
negative reviews. The reviews were justified; the software 
released with the drives was bad: Finder and 128K memory 
limitations weren’t taken into account. The drives were un- 
predictable, and crashes and unpleasant dialogs were a fre- 
quent occurrence. 

Tecmar has since released a 2.00 version of their hard 
disk software. Things are better now. The new software 
allows up to twenty partitions (volumes) within drives. Files 
are no longer artificially “bloated” into minimums of lOK, 
as before. Now, if the letter you put on the hard disk is 
1.3K, it’ll be 1.3K on the hard disk. The new software also 
allows optional print spooling, a feature that lets you 
continue to compute while the printer grinds away. 

The Tecmar disks plug into the Macintosh printer port. A 
printer port at the rear of the hard disk replaces the port you 
lost. A welcome feature. 


MacDrive 5-megabyte removable hard disk 
In theory, maybe the way to go. The unit uses removable 
cartridges, each with a capacity of 5 megabytes. The car- 
tridges are about $100 each. Slip in a cartridge, enjoy the 
benefits of hard disk speed and size, then slip it out and slip 
in another cartridge. You *11 never run out of hard disk space, 
if you have enough cartridges. 

In practice, though, the system is not ideal. Hard disk 
cartridges have received bad press; they’re reported to be 
unreliable sometimes. Sometimes is too often. $1,995; 
hard disk cartridges, $120 

MacDrive 10-megabyte fixed hard disk 

A traditional, fixed hard disk. $1,995 

MacDrive 10-megabyte fixed hard disk and 
5-megabyte removable hard disk 
This one’s a combination of the two drives described above, 
in a single unit. $3,290 

MacDrive 5-megabyte removable 
hard disks (two) 

This one is a double-stack of two removable cartridge drives. 

MacDrive 5-megabyte removable 
hard disk upgrade kit 

Adds a 5-megabyte removable cartridge to a fixed 10-mega- 
byte Tecmar drive. $1,295 

Hard Disks 


Where does this go?” 

“What is it?” 

“An external drive.” 

“A hard disk? Goes in the Hard Disks chapter.” 

“No. Not a hard disk. An external drive. Like the internal drive, but 

“Peripherals chapter. It’s a peripheral.” 

“What about printers?” 

“They go in the Printing chapter.” 

“But printers are peripherals!” 

“I know, but we’ve got a printing chapter. Printers deserve a separate 
chapter. We’ve got dot-matrix printers, letter quality printers, printer 
cables, and software. Gotta have a chapter for printers.” 

“External drives don’t get a chapter?” 

“How many are there?” 

“One. Well.. .two if you count the Apple external drive. And maybe 
one from a company in Texas. Maybe.” 

“Goes in Peripherals.” 

“Okay. But what’s a peripheral?” 

“Anything that’s not an accessory.” 

“What’s an accessory?” 

“Anything that’s not a peripheral.” 

“Thank you.” 

Put another way, everything in this chapter is a peripheral, but not all 
peripherals are in this chapter. 

A traditional definition of a peripheral reads something like this: “A 
peripheral is something that’s electronic, plugs into a computer, and costs 
more than anyone would guess.” 

Maybe that’s not a traditional definition of peripherals. Maybe it’s 
“accessories with cables”? 

Whatever peripherals are, it’s (once again) Apple’s fault. Apple made a 
wise decision by eliminating slots in the Macintosh. No slots, no opportu- 
nities for confusion. Everything would be standard; all software would run 
on all machines. No funny circuit cards to contend with. 

Apple’s mistake — a big one — was putting output ports at the back of 
the Macintosh. A foolish decision (probably a marketing decision; all the 
mistakes come from marketing). 


Put ports on a computer and you’re asking for trouble. Take the disk 
drive port, for example. It’s for the external disk drive, right? Wrong; 
Some companies plug a hard disk into that port! Or the modem port; It’s 
for a modem, isn’t it? Not necessarily; Microsoft wrote Word to handle 
two printers — one plugged into the printer port, the other plugged into the 
modem port. It’s possible to have both a dot-matrix and a letter quality 
printer connected at once. You can switch between one printer and the 
other from within Word. Some people, we suppose, call that convenient. 

Printer and modem ports can be abused in many ways. A few com- 
panies offer “digitizers” for Macintosh that plug into — ^you guessed it — the 
serial ports. A digitizer is a camera that takes a picture, converts it into a 
“digital image,” and feeds it into Macintosh. The image can be used by 
MacPaint or other programs, thrown into a report, or slammed into a letter 
to the judge. 

Those ports were a mistake. 

Another mistake was the “audio out” jack (or whatever it’s called). 
That’s asking for trouble. Macintosh already has a speaker. With that plug, 
it was only natural that some company would introduce an external 
speaker! Worse yet, Intermatrix uses the jack to plug in a telephone! 

An entire telephone! Can you believe it? 

Even the lowly power cord connector is unsafe. A group of capitalists 
came along with a “control center.” It sits between the Macintosh and the 
wall plug. It has surge suppression, power filtering, and buttons on the 
front that let you control a number of — ahem — peripherals; printers, mo- 
dems, even a table lamp, if that’s your thing. The Kensington Control 
Center has a power cord that plugs into Macintosh. The Apple cord isn’t 
even needed anymore. You can put it in mothballs. 

Ports were a bad idea. 

Parents with beautiful, sexy teenagers must know the feeling. Nothing 
is safe. A good-looking peripheral comes along and — well, this is a family 
sourcebook. Anyway, it’s a mine field out there. 

Still safe — about all that is safe — is the jack where the keyboard plugs 
into the Macintosh. It’s still safe. For now, anyway. 

^*Where’s this go?” 

“What is it?” 

“A musical keyboard. The Sound & Animation chapter?” 

“Ah... Peripherals, I guess.” 

“Okay. What about this; an electronic disk case.” 


“But it’s electronic! It plugs into the keyboard port!” 

“Then it’s a peripheral. T^ow it in with the digitizers.” 




Courtesy of Apple Computer. Inc. 


Input Devices 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1010 in California 

Numeric keypad 

For serious number-crunching, you’ll appreciate a numeric 
keypad. In addition to the standard keys, Apple’s keypad 
includes a set of field motion keys that let you navigate 
within cell-based applications such as Multiplan. The key- 
pad connects between the Macintosh and the keyboard; it’s 
convenient for both left-handed and right-handed users. It 
weighs 2 pounds and measures 6x4 inches. $99 

Apple numeric keypad 

Assimilation, Inc. 

485 Alberto Way, Los Gatos, CA 95030 
(800) 622-5464; (800) 421-0243 or 
(408) 356-6241 In California 

Mac Turbo Touch 

A trackball-like device that plugs into the mouse port and 
replaces the Macintosh mouse. According to its maker, the 
Turbo Touch covers the same ground as the Macintosh 
mouse in one-third the time and one-fourth the desk space, 
reducing the time it takes to edit a document by 40 percent. 
That is, once you’re up to speed on it. 

Maneuvering the Turbo Touch is tricky at first. The ball 
has a smoother, more sensitive feel than the Macintosh 
mouse and the mouse button is in a new place. But in the 
hands of experienced users, the Turbo Touch flies. 

The Turbo Touch attaches to either side of the keyboard; 
there’s a button on either side to accommodate both lefties 

and righties. The company is also developing a product that 
combines a Turbo Touch with a numeric keypad. 

If you’re adventurous, try both the Turbo Touch and the 
A+ Optical Mouse from Mouse Systems. Either device will 
make your faithful mouse feel like a clunker. $129 

Mac Turbo Touch 

Computer Identics Corporation 

5 Shawmut Road, Canton, MA 02021 

(800) 622-2633, (617) 821-0830 in Massachusetts 

Mac-Barcode System 

The Mac-Barcode System generates and reads bar code labels 
of the sort found on canned food, magazines, software 
packaging, and thousands of other products. The system 
includes Mac-Barcode software, which generates bar code 
labels, and Scanstar-Mac, a decoding unit that reads and dis- 
tinguishes six of the most commonly used bar codes without 
requiring users to set external DIP switches. Bar code labels 
are printed using the Imagewriter. Bar code information is 
read with a heavy-duty, stainless steel light pen supplied 
with Scanstar-Mac. A digital light pen, handheld laser scan- 
ner, and slot reader are also available. 

The system is targeted at businesses that want to monitor 
inventory control, filing, work in progress, point-of-salc 
operations, security, and training. Labels meet the require- 
ments of the automotive, health care, food processing, and 
packaging industries, as well as those of the Department of 
Defense’s LOGMARS program. See the Special Interest Soft- 
ware chapter for a closer look at Mac-Barcode. Mac-Barcode, 
$395; Scanstar-Mac, $600 


Mac-Barcode System 

Mouse Systems Corporation 

2336-H Walsh Avenue, Santa Clara, CA 95051 
(408) 988-021 1 

A+ Mouse 

Another mouse for Macintosh. Unlike the mechanical Mac 
mouse, the A+ version is optical. It requires a special pad 
that’s covered with a grid pattern. The mouse senses move- 
ment by bouncing light from a diode off the grid and back 
into a photo-sensitive cell in the mouse. Plug it in, flip it 
over, and there’s the diode: a small, red light ready to turn 
lines into pointer movements. 

Why do you need an optical mouse when Macintosh 
comes with its own mouse? Well.. .you don’t. But the A-f 
Mouse is flatter, lighter, smoother, quieter, and more sensi- 
tive (some may say too sensitive) to movement than the 

Macintosh mouse. And, because there’s no ball to clean, the 
A-t- Mouse is maintenance free. After using an A-f Mouse we 
found it hard to go back to Macintosh’s own. Test-drive 
both mice and see which you prefer. $99 

Oberon International 

5525 McArthur Boulevard, Suite 630, LB48, 

Irving, TX 75038 

(800) 262-3766, (214) 257-0097 in Texas 


The Omni-Reader is an optical character reader — a potential- 
ly impressive product. Place a sheet of paper on the device, 
slide the scanner over a line of text, and the text is trans- 
mitted into the application program running on your Macin- 
tosh. If it works. 

The Omni-Reader looks, to Macintosh, like a modem. 
Baud rates of 300 to 9600 baud are switch-selectable on the 
unit’s rear panel. Although specialized software isn’t yet 
available, the Omni-Reader can already produce straight 
ASCII “text-only” text for input into programs, the manu- 
facturer claims. 

We were uncertain about this product. At first, it seemed 
to be a godsend. Then, other reports came in. Reading text 
optically is a tricky feat; the Omni-Reader, it seems, can’t 
read as well, and as accurately, as its makers claim. We 
recommend caution with this product, and a thorough test of 
its claimed capabilities before purchase. It might be what 
you want. Make sure it is, and that it performs as advertised, 
before making your purchase. 

The Omni-Reader can also be used with other computers, 
provided they’re equipped with RS-232 ports. $499 


A+ Mouse 




Summagraphics Corporation 

777 State Street Extension, P.O. Box 781, 

Fairfield, CT 06430 
(203) 384-1344 


MacTablet is a professional-quality drawing aid that makes 
tracing and entering photos, maps, pictures, and detailed 
drawings as easy as putting pen to paper. MacTablet con- 
sists of a 6 X 9-inch graphics tablet, a drawing stylus, and 
installation software (you’ll need to install MacTablet as a 
desk accessory on your application disks). Materials traced 
can be as thin as a single sheet or as thick as 1/2-inch. 
MacTablet plugs into either the modem port (recommended) 
or the printer port, so you can use MacTablet without un- 
plugging the Macintosh mouse. The manuals are clear, 
simple, and good humored. $495 


TPS Electronics 

4047 Transport, Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 856-6833 

PC-380 Bar Code Reader 

The PC-380 Bar Code Reader has been designed specially to 
interface with Macintosh. The unit incorporates a micro- 
processor, which eliminates the need for any external soft- 
ware. It connects to the Macintosh keyboard; when a bar 
code is scanned, the unit sends the input to the Macintosh 
as keyboard code, simulating manual entry. This design 


PC-380 Bar Code Reader 

eliminates the need for an RS-232 port and allows users to 
read bar codes into any software without requiring input-port 
patches or program changes. %19S\Mac Bar Code Printing 
Program (prints 3 of 9 labels), $50 (with the purchase of a 
Bar Code Reader) 

PC-580 Magnetic Stripe Reader 
Reads most standard credit card formats and inputs the data 
to the Macintosh by way of the keyboard cable. The unit 
has a microprocessor, eliminating the need for external soft- 
ware. The PC-580 is easily connected between the keyboard 
and the Macintosh and doesn’t affect keyboard operation. 

PC-580 Magnetic Stripe Reader 


PC-680 interface 

Converts the output of an RS-232 device into keyboard 
code. $595 

PC-3800 Bar Code I Magnetic Stripe Reader 
Combines a bar code reader and a magnetic stripe reader in a 
compact, cost-effective unit. $995 

PC-3800 Bar Code/Magnetic Stripe Reader 

Transensory Devices, Inc. 

44060 Old Warm Springs Boulevard, Fremont, CA 94538 
(415) 490-3333 

Sensorbus sensory interface modules 
These interface modules allow Macintosh to be used in a 
variety of data-acquisition and control applications and en- 
vironments: laboratories, robotics, factory automation, and 
more. They provide a “network” between Mac’s RS-232 port 
and devices that measure pressure, temperature, acceleration, 
and potential (standard sensors, actuators, and output de- 
vices, for example). 

There arc three types of Sensorbus modules, which can be 
combined on a single network. The first is a general-pur- 
pose, single-channel, analog-input module. The second is a 
two-channel thermocouple input module (for either J, K, T, 
or E type thermocouples). The third module is a two-channcl 
unit for output control of devices. 

The units can be cabled together to form a network of up 
to thirty-two modules. Either serial port can be used to con- 
nect the modules. 

Transensory Devices has just completed software for use 
with their hardware products. The software (which requires 
Microsoft BASIC 2.00) provides data acquisition and display 
functions. It plots, prints, and integrates data; allows 
“zooming” into a closer view of the data; and transfers 
screen plots to MacPaint files for further refinement or in- 
clusion in other programs. 

Sensorbus sensory interface modules 

Now for prices. The power supply for use with up to five 
interface modules is $30. The power supply for use with 
up to thirty-two interface modules is $395. The general- 
purpose sensor module is $180. The dual-channel output 
control module is also $180. The module for thermocouple 
input (make sure you specify either J, K, T, or E type 
thermocouples) is $370. A “starter kit” is also available. It 
includes five general-purpose modules, a power supply, a 
cable to hook the system to Macintosh, and twenty-five feet 
of “network cable.” The starter kit price is $895. 

Output Devices 

Applied Creative Technology, Inc. 

2156 W. Northwest Highway, Suite 303, Dallas, TX 75220 
(800) 433-5373, (214) 556-2916 in Texas 

Printer Optimizer 

The Printer Optimizer is a single solution to a number of 
printing problems. It allows using a daisy-wheel printer 
with Macintosh. It allows switching between two printers 
and two computers without changing cables. It allows use of 
both serial and parallel printers. Finally, it buffers output to 
free up the Macintosh for other tasks during printing. 

The Printer Optimizer has two parallel connectors, one 
from the computer to the Printer Optimizer and one from the 
Optimizer to a printer. Since the Macintosh and Imagewriter 
are serial devices, a special board must be added to the 
Printer Optimizer to configure it for serial operation. The 
Opticom board adds a serial input port and a serial output 
port. The Opticom+ board adds a serial input port and rw<? 
serial output ports. If you have an Imagewriter and a serial 
daisy-wheel printer, you’ll need the Opticom+ board. 

A software program, called Opt i- Auto, is part of the 
Printer Optimizer package. Opti-Auto translates MaeWrite'^ 
draft mode output into text that any daisy-wheel or dot- 
matrix printer can print. 




Printer Optimizer 

The 64K memory buffer (expandable to 256K) is most 
useful in draft mode printing, when Macintosh sends only 
characters and tab commands to the printer. Unfortunately, 
draft mode on the Imagewriter is unpleasant to read, ir- 
regularly spaced, and seldom used. 

The buffer is less useful in high quality or standard mode 
printing. Here, the Macintosh translates text in its memory 
into bit-mapped graphics. This takes time. Meanwhile, the 
Printer Optimizer waits. 

Printer Optimizer with Oplicom board, $598; with Opti- 
com+ board, $64S; Opti-Auto program, $24.95; additional 
64 K memory boards, $139 each 

The Systemizer 

A scaled-down version of the Printer Optimizer designed for 
single-printer workstations. Up to fifteen computers, each 
with its own Systemizer, can share from one printer to as 

many printers as there are Systemizers in a “network.” The 
Systemizer was on the drawing board as this book was being 
written. See your dealer for details and a demo. $299 (16K 
parallel); $369 (64K parallel); $399 (64K serial and 
parallel); $439 (64K serial and parallel with network 

Interactive Structures, Inc. 

146 Montgomery Avenue, Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004 
(215) 667-1713 


A print buffer for Macintosh. Print buffers are units filled 
with RAM memory, similar to the RAM in Macintosh. They 
connect between the computer and a printer. When docu- 
ments are printed, the buffer fills with information — as fast 
as the computer can send it — then passes the print infor- 
mation along to the more leisurely printer. Because RAM is 
fast and printers are slow, the potential savings in time is 
awesome; often the buffer fills in a few seconds, the 
computer thinks it*s “done printing,” and you can go back 
to computing while the printer chugs along at its own pace. 
A clever idea and a great convenience for printing lengthy 

Unfortunately, we had problems with the ShuffleBuffer. 
'fhe problems came from the ShuffleBuffer, the Macintosh, 
and (probably) ourselves. First, the ShuffleBuffer wins no 
awards for “friendliness.” We found it necessary to take off 
the cover and play with DIP switches, while scratching our 
heads over less-than-clear explanations in a very technical 
manual (that tries to offer instructions for various com- 
puters). There were lots of switches. 

When finally (we think) properly configured, the Shuf- 
fleBuffer failed to live up to its promise. The fault here, 
possibly, is the Macintosh. Unlike other computers, the 
Macintosh streams out print information slowly. Because all 
printed pages are “graphic” pages to Macintosh, much of the 
time spent during printing is spent within Macintosh, where 
each page is formatted prior to printing. Only then does the 
information slide out the printer port. 

The Systemizer 



In practice, the ShuffleSuffer does speed printing, but not 
by much. For impressive time savings, it*s necessary to 
print in draft mode, where the formatting step is bypassed. 
Unfortunately, draft mode is rarely used with Macintosh. 

In all, we can’t recommend this product. For other com- 
puters, it’s probably a godsend that speeds printing enor- 
mously; for Macintosh, it’s not as helpful. And, given the 
difficulty of installation, it’s not “the peripheral for the rest 
of us.’’ ShuffleBuffer with 32K, $349; with 64K, $399 

10 Tech, Inc. 

P.O. Box 21204, Cleveland, OH 44121 

Mac 488A Bus Controller 

The Mac 488A Bus Controller connects to the Macintosh 
serial port and controls up to fourteen IEEE 488 bus instru- 
ments, such as digital voltmeters, digital counters, and data 
acquisition systems. 

The IEEE 488 bus is a standard interface used in labora- 
tories and production applications to control instruments; 
over 2,000 different IEEE 488 bus instruments are available 
from such manufacturers as Hewlett-Packard, Fluke, and 
Dana. The Mac 488A allows the Macintosh to communicate 
as a peripheral with other 488 bus controllers. 

Simple high-level commands sent from the Macintosh to 
the Mac 488A are converted into 488 bus protocol; 
responses from devices are returned to the Macintosh on the 
same serial port. Advanced 488 bus features, including Pass 
Control, Receive Control, Secondary Addressing, Parallel 
Poll, and Serial Poll, arc supported. The Mac 48 8 A has 800- 
character input and output buffers and comes with BASIC 
routines to create 488 bus control programs. The package 
also includes a manual and an interface cable to the Macin- 
tosh. $595 

Practical Peripherals 

31245 La Baya Drive, Westlake Village, CA 91362 
(818) 991-8200 

Microbuffer In-Line Buffered Serial Interface 
The MBIS is a stand-alone 32K printer buffer that’s 
expandable to 256K of RAM. It can also be used with mo- 
dems, plotters, and other RS-232 devices. Besides capturing 
data from the Macintosh and doling it out to the printer, the 
MBIS buffers data coming into the computer, reducing 
expensive modem transmission time. These kinds of devices 
are less useful on Mac than on other computers, which aren’t 
weighted down with the burden of translating all those 
graphics. Check out the ShuffleBuffer description for more 
details. Get a demo before you buy. 32K model, $299; 64K 
model, $349; additional 64K memory expansion modules, 
$179 each 

Superex International Marketing Ltd. 

151 Ludlow Street, Yonkers. NY 10705 
(800) 862-8800, (914) 964-5200 in New York 


MaeSpeak is an external speaker that plugs into the sound 
port on the back of your Macintosh. It measures 5 3/4 x 3 x 
1 3/8 inches and has a 4-foot cord and plastic case. The 
sound quality isn’t overwhelming, but neither is the price. 
Check your local Radio Shack for similar small external 
speakers. $19.95; MaeSpeak with 3.5mm mini-jack for 
earphone listening, $24.95 

Input/Output Devices 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1 010 in California 

External disk drive 

If you’re lucky enough to own a hard disk, you probably 
don’t need a second floppy drive. But if you’re spending 
time feeding disks to a single-drive Macintosh, you should 

Mac 488A Bus Controller 

Courtesy of Apple Computer. Inc. 


Apple external disk drive 

buy an exteraal drive. Life's loo short for disk swapping. 
Also, many programs now require two drives. Dismissed. 

Dayna Communications 

50 South Main Street, Suite 530, Salt Lake City, LIT 841 14 


One night the phone rang at The Complete Macintosh 
Sourcebook headquarters. A man asked, “We're surveying 
Macintosh owners. Would you mind answering a few 

“Sure," we said. Among the questions was, “Would you 
purchase a device that allowed you to run IBM software on 
your Macintosh?” 

Our response: “Heck no! What an idea!" 

Well, popular opinion won out, and now we have Mac- 
Charlie. MacCharlie is a coprocessing device that enables 
Macintosh to use software written for the IBM PC. To the 
company’s credit, this isn't another “let's overcome Mac's 
limitations by letting it do what real computers do” product. 

The company chairman explains: “We recognized that 
technologically [Macintosh] is far superior to the IBM PC, 
but that potential users, particularly businesses, would be 
reticent to make the purchase decision if it meant abandon- 
ing their IBM PC-compatible software...” 

Here's how it's done. MacCharlie consists of two com- 
ponents: a keyboard extension that snuggles around the 
Macintosh keyboard and an expansion unit that physically 
connects to the right side of the Mac. The keyboard exten- 
sion has ten function keys on the left side and a numeric 
keypad with eighteen keys on the right side. In “Macintosh 
mode,” the eighteen keys function as a Macintosh numeric 
keypad; in “PC mode,” they function as a IBM numeric 
keypad and perform the cursor control and editing functions 
of the corresponding keys on the IBM PC keyboard. 


The expansion unit contains the electronics and the disk 
drive. MacCharlie comes with a single 5 1/4-inch double- 
sided, double-density disk drive (320/360K storage capacity, 
depending on the version of IBM DOS used) and 256K of 
RAM. A second drive and memory upgrade to 640K are 

MacCharlie includes a serial interface emulator that 
enables the Mac to connect to any serial-based network 
presently compatible with the IBM PC; this means it can 
also interface with IBM mainframes. According to the manu- 
facturer, a PC expansion system may be added to Mac- 

When running in PC mode, MacCharlie uses the key- 
board, disk drive, printer port, and CRT display of the 
Macintosh. Also, all the screen functions that are part of the 
Macintosh desktop utilities and certain special MacCharlie 
menu-selectable functions arc available in the PC mode and 
respond to the mouse as they do on the Macintosh. Beyond 
that, PC software running on MacCharlie looks like the 
same software running on an IBM PC with a monochrome 
display — except that the display is in shades of gray instead 
of green. $985 

Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 
(818) 901-8828 


The major differences between the HabaDisk and Apple's 
external drive arc the HabaDisk's lower profile — 4 1/2 
inches wide, 9 inches long, 2 inches tall — and its slightly 
lower price. A nice bonus: With each HabaDisk, Haba 
Systems bundles a copy of Habadex and the company's 
QuickFindcr utility, described elsewhere in this book. Haba 
Systems also plans to offer double-sided drives later in 
1985; current HabaDisk owners will be able to upgrade for 
approximately $100. $449.95 



Other video source, and displays the image on the Macintosh 

It works with any RS-170 (NTSC) video input. Included 
in this category are black-and-white TV cameras, color cam- 
eras in black-and-white mode, video cassette recorders, 
videodisc players, computers with NTSC video outputs, and 
televisions equipped with a “video out” connector. 

The Private Eye is a small box that fits under the Macin- 
tosh and connects to any standard video source. Connect a 
camera, then point, focus, set contrast on the Private Eye, 
and click the mouse to take a picture. The unit has a single 
control for adjusting brightness and contrast. One of three 
contrast modes may also be selected from an on-screen 

Images are received in MacPaint format and can be 
touched up, cut or pasted into other documents, or trans- 
mitted via modem. Up to twenty images (depending on com- 
plexity) may be stored on a single disk. 

Mac Private Eye with manual and software disk, $595; 
black-and-white television camera, $225; both units, $799 

Scanners & Digitizers 

Mac Private Eye 

Koala Technologies Corporation 

3100 Patrick Henry Drive, Santa Clara, CA 95050 
(800) 562-2327, (408) 986-8866 in California 


7223 North Hamilton Avenue, Chicago, IL 60645 
(312) 764-9186 

Silicon Video-Mac 

Silicon Video-Mac is a powerful — and pricey — digitizer. It 
allows the Mac to digitize, process, and display a video sig- 
nal. Silicon Video-Mac digitizes one or more frames from a 
TV camera or other video source, sends the image data to 
Macintosh for processing, and displays the image on the 
Macintosh screen or an external monitor. Video data is digi- 
tized at eight bits per pixel. The area and sampling frequen- 
cy of the video raster are user-programmable. The sampling 
resolution is programmable from 1 to 752 pixels per line 
and from 1 to 480 lines per frame. 

Silicon Video-Mac has a one-megabyte image memory 
option for expanded storage of image sequences. It can digi- 
tize multiple frames of video as long as the number of pix- 
els per frame is less than or equal to the amount of memory 
installed (256K or one megabyte, depending on configura- 

We hope that’s clear. Obviously, this product is a high- 
powered unit If you have specialized needs, know your digi- 
tizers, and don’t blanch at prices, call or write for more in- 
formation. Silicon Video-Mac with 256K, $3,495; with 
one megabyte, $4,495 

I/O Video 

222 Third Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 547-4141 

Mac Private Eye 

A digitizer that connects to the modem port, reads a video 
“frame” (one complete screen image) from a video camera or 


A digital imaging system for getting real-world images into 
real Macintosh applications. 

MaeVision is a hardwarc/softwarc combination. The hard- 
ware unit measures 4x7x2 inches and weighs less than 2 
pounds. It plugs into the Macintosh serial port. The other 
plug (of course there’s another plug) goes into a video 
camera or video cassette recorder through the “video-in” 
jack. To use a VCR, make sure the VCR “pause” feature 
doesn’t deliver a snowy, streak-filled picture. The image 

Perl ph 



Koala MacVision 

from the camera or VCR is passed to the MacVision system, 
where it*s scanned, digitized, then sent to the Macintosh 
screen. This takes about five seconds, so the VCR has to be 

MacVision operates as a desk accessory on the Apple 
menu. It*s easily installed on any system disk. To operate 
MacVision, you select the accessory “Camera.” A window 
comes up labeled “MacVision.” Images in the window are 
displayed at 320 x 240 resolution. You can then adjust 
brightness and contrast using controls on the hardware unit. 
When the picture looks good, you copy the image (using 
Copy from the Edit menu), put the camera accessory away, 
and paste the image into any Macintosh application. 

Images can then be touched up, saved, copied, or printed 
like any other MacPaint documents. 

The software that drives the Koala scanner is slick and 
professional — and should be. It was written by Bill Atkin- 
son, author of MacPaint and the QuickDraw graphic routines 
in ROM. Take a look at this one. Or should we say, “Let 
this one take a look at you.” $399 


New Image Technology, Inc. 

10300 Greenbelt Road, Seabrook, MD 20706 


Digitizers are certainly all the rage, aren’t they? This one 
can be purchased with or without a camera (any decent VCR 
camera should work). Images captured with the system can 
fill the entire Macintosh screen. Features a five-frames-a- 
second “fast focus” mode, mouse-driven camera interface, the 
ability to scale or stretch incoming images, and the option 
of monitoring incoming video on a separate monitor prior 
to capture within Macintosh. The software lets you enter 
MacPaint from Magic, without returning to the Finder. Soft- 
ware, interface, cables, and camera, $495; without camera, 

Micron Technology, Inc. 

Vision Systems Group 

1447 Tyrell, Boise. ID 83706 
(208) 386-3800 


A complete plug-and-go system that includes camera, tripod, 
lens, cable, software, and user guide. Pictures created with 
the MicronEye can be as wide as the MacPaint window but 
only half as high. To create a full-screen image, you have to 
make and combine two separate camera scans. MicronEye 
pictures are said to be fully compatible with MacPaint, 
allowing a full range of customizing capabilities. 

The MicronEye connects to Mac’s modem port and 
weighs just 2 1/2 pounds. As with any expensive piece of 
hardware, we suggest you get product details and a demo 
from your dealer before buying. $395 

Servidyne Micro Systems, Inc. 

P.O. Box 93846, 1735 DeFoor Place NW. 

Atlanta, GA 30377 
(404) 352-2050 


The Micro-Imager video digitizing system lets you capture 
an image from any black-and-white or color source that 
conforms to the NTSC (El A RS-170) synchronization stand- 
ard — cameras, video recorders, laser disk players, and more. 
The image can be saved as a MacPaint file, which can be 
edited, saved, or printed as usual. 

The digitizer offers two modes for capturing images. A 
“two-shade” mode optimizes line drawings or simplifies 
complex pictures. A “multi-shade” mode offers shades of 
gray accomplished by filling the image with either random 
or fixed patterns — much like the patterns available in 
MacPaint. Random patterns may be specified by defining the 
relative density of dots for each shade. 

The hardware unit has controls for contrast and 
brightness. Software provided with the system allows you to 


cut, copy, or clear parts of the digitized image before saving 
the image to a A/flcPamr-compatible flic. 

The Micro-Imager can be plugged into either of Mac’s 
serial ports. Complete system, including hardware, software 
interface, user manual, and cable, $349.95. A Panasonic 
1410 black-and-white video camera and Panasonic TR930 9- 
inch monochrome monitor are also available. Video camera, 
$175; monitor, $150 

Thunderware, Inc. 

19-G Orinda Way. Orinda, CA 94563 
(4A5) 254-6581 


One of the most talked-about Macintosh products. The Thun- 
derScan is a hardware/software combination that digitizes 
anything that can be fed through an Imagewriter and 
converts it to a Macintosh image. Roll a picture, a drawing, 
a floorplan, a cartoon — anything — through an Imagewriter. 
The image is scanned and converted to a detailed, high- 
resolution MacPaint document. 

The hardware is an optical scanning cartridge that re- 
places the Imagewriter printer ribbon cartridge. Pop out the 
cartridge, pop in the ThunderScan cartridge, fire up the 
software, and roll away. Instead of an output device, the 
Imagewriter is now transformed into an input device. 

The software is, if anything, even more spectacular. Andy 
Hertzfcld, who designed much of the Mac software (and much 
of the Macintosh), created the ThunderScan software. Once 
an image is scanned, the software allows it to be reduced or 
enlarged, controlled for brightness and contrast, cut or 
pasted into other documents, sent by modem, or merely 
fiddled with endlessly. Or even printed out again (if you can 
bear to replace the scanner head). 

Drawbacks? A few. The scanning process is slow, taking 
many minutes or more to scan complete, complex pages. 
The product also requires a 512K machine for maximum use. 
Pictures are comprised of individual dots, or pixels, and each 
pixel requires memory. Full and complex graphic pages 

require massive memory. You were going to get a 512K 
machine anyway, right? 

Currently, Hertzfeld is working on software that will 
allow computer program “code” to be printed out (in some 
variation on bar code), then scanned, converted back into 
code, and run on Macintosh. When that’s accomplished (and, 
knowing Hertzfeld, it will be accomplished), the effects may 
be dramatic. Mac disks cost about five dollars. A sheet of 
paper, even including the cost of photocopying, costs far 
less. A nickel, tops? Imagine scanning a sheet of paper and 
suddenly having a complete Macintosh application program. 
Imagine printing out a program in bar code, stapling the 
sheet together, then mailing it to a friend. Imagine entering 
long programs into Macintosh without ever typing a word. 

Everyone should have a ThunderScan. $229 

Audio-Visual Systems 

Mentauris Technologies 

P.O. Box 1467, San Marcos. TX 78666 
(512) 396-1565 

Mentauris Composite Video Adapter 
Macintoshes equipped with a Composite Video Adapter can 
be plugged directly into video projectors or video monitors 
for large-screen display of whatever’s on the screen. The 
eVA reproduces Macintosh video frequencies and bandwidths 
in the form of a composite video signal. The adapter is 
compatible with a variety of commercial video projectors 
and monitors from such makers as Arclurus, Aydin, Electro- 
home, General Electric, Hitachi, Hughes Aircraft, NEC, 
Sony, and others. $199.95 

MicroGraphic Images Corporation 

21040 Victory Boulevard, Suite 210, 

Woodland Hills, CA 91367 
(818) 368-3482 


CineMac is a Macintosh customized with a video port to 
allow screen images to be sent to an external monitor. The 
result: a picture with the same quality and resolution that the 
Macintosh screen provides, only larger. Think of a “video- 
out” jack on a VCR. The monitor is plugged into the new 
jack at the rear of the Macintosh, where all good connectors 
belong. All components of the CineMac are tucked out of 
sight inside the Macintosh. 

The CineMac system includes the CineMac video board, a 
Macintosh, Imagewriter, Imagewriter Accessory Kit, and 
MacW rite! MacPaint. If you already own a Macintosh, you 
can purchase an upgrade kit from your Apple dealer. The kit 
must be installed by an authorized Apple service center. This 
isn’t a do-it-yourself job. 

Monitors for use with the CineMac system must be faster 
than ordinary single-color monitors. Makers of compatible 




high-speed monochromatic monitors include Conrac, Elcc- 
trohome, NEC, and Lang. The monitor’s horizontal scan rate 
must be at least 22 kHz to work with CineMac. Micro- 
Graphic Images also sells a line of high-resolution black- 
and-white monitors for use with CineMac. Contact the 
company for details. 

Complete 128K CineMac system, $2,985; complete 
512K CineMac system, $3,795; CineMac upgrade kit, 
$249; 14-inch monitor, $300; 15-inch monitor, $680; 
17-inch monitor, $995; 23-inch monitor, $1,395; high- 
frequency monochrome video projector with green phosphor, 

MacSlide Maker film recorder system 
The MacSlide Maker system incorporates a high-tech, high- 
resolution film-recording device that lets you convert any 
Macintosh screen image into a 35mm slide or print. The 
system requires a CineMac video port (see preceding descrip- 

Tlie image sent to the film recorder is a duplicate of the 
Macintosh screen. The top and sides of the image may be 
“cropped out,” if desired. With the MacSlide Maker system, 
slides may be made using any standard 35mm film, including 
color film to “false color” the Macintosh image and create 
colorized pictures. The film reproductions are superb. 
$3,495; CineMac video port, $195 

MaeVision visual enhancement system 
A special Macintosh package for visually impaired users. 
The MaeVision system supplements the standard 9-inch 
Macintosh screen with a 23-inch high-resolution monitor. 
Also, special enhanced functions allow the system to be 
used as an image processor with natural voice output. 

The standard system includes a 512K Macintosh, Mac- 
Write and MacPaint, external disk drive, CineMac video 
board, high-resolution camera and copy stand, and Image- 
writer. A deluxe version adds MicroGraphic Images* Mega- 
Mac upgrade and MegaRam software (see the Souped-up Macs 
chapter for details). 

The video camera is used to scan any document, photo- 
graph, or live image and “freeze” the image in the com- 
puter’s memory. From there, it can be enlarged, scrolled, or 
modified using Mac’s graphic capabilities. 

There. What more could anyone want? These are high- 
powered, well-engineered units for corporations, serious 
hobbyists, and flush handicapped users. 512K version, 
$6,195; MegaMac version with MegaRam software, 

Professional Data Systems 

20 Sunnyside Avenue, Mill Valley, CA 94941 
(415) 383-5537 

The Big Mac Monitor 

The Big Mac Monitor is a 23-inch monochrome monitor 
that clearly and accurately reproduces Mac’s own display. 
Resolution is 1,280 x 1,000: pretty sharp. Uses include 
classroom instruction, boardroom presentations, and trade 
show promotions. Several Monitors can be connected in 
series. There’s an antiglare picture tube, Scan-Guard circuitry 

The Big Mac Monitor 

for a clear, crisp display over many brightness levels, a 
linear gray scale video amplifier providing sixteen levels of 
black/white/gray, a dual input A/B channel selector switch, 
and a switchable 11 0/220/240- volt power supply. Big Mac 
Monitor system, including monitor, PDS external video card 
modification, and 25 feet of video cable, $1,995 


Big Mac Monitor not big enough? The Project-a-Mac video 
projector accurately and clearly reproduces any Macintosh 
display on screens measuring up to 10 feet across. It 
operates at Mac’s horizontal frequency of 22.5 kHz and 
projects a sharp 1,280 x 1,000 pixel image. It’s pricey, but 
here’s what you get: brightness and contrast controls, 
height and leveling controls, simple plug-in/turn-on/focus 
operation, keystone control to adjust for flat or curved 
screens, and a switchable 1 1 0/220/240- volt power supply. It 
comes with 25 feet of video cable and a handheld pointer 
light. Project-a-Mac system, including video projector, PDS 
external video card modification, and necessary cables, 



Advance Marketing Concepts, Inc. 

19301 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 200, Tarzana, CA 91356 
(818) 342-8877 

Static Buster 

Static electricity causes all kinds of annoying problems. 
Socks and underwear disappear from the laundry and turn up 
in embarrassing places or not at all. Children shuffle across 

Static Buster 

carpels in furry slippers and give parents a nasty shock with 
every good-night hug. 

Static electricity can also cause problems for your com- 
puter. The worst problems are loss of data, head crashes, 
video scramble, alteration of memory, and complete system 
failure from zapped components. Granted, a small amount of 
static electricity won’t harm your computer (if the cover is 
on). But if you find yourself getting zapped a lot or plan on 
doing work inside the Macintosh (yes, we know...), you’ll 
want protection for those delicate components. 

The Static Buster is one solution. It installs in minutes 
and dissipates electrical charges before they reach your com- 
puter. Small pickups attach to the screen and keyboard or 
disk drive. A ground wire connects to an electrical outlet, 
water pipe, or grounded building frame. There are no moving 
parts and no batteries to recharge. But is this product really 
necessary? Probably not. $49.95 

Computer Accessories Corporation 

7696 Formula Place, San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 695-3773 

PowerLine Four and PowerLine Six 
These line conditioning strips are a sleek alternative to 
traditional multiple outlet strips. Each unit contains solid- 
state circuitry to protect your computer against dreaded 
surges and spikes. A lighted power switch controls the en- 
tire system. The PowerLine Six has a snap-on cover that 
conceals the plugs. PowerLine Four, $49.95; PowerLine 
Six, $79.95 

Powerline Six and Powerline Four 
P22 and P2 Power Directors 

The Power Director line conditioners eliminate power line 
pollution that threatens sensitive electronic equipment; radio 
frequency noise, spikes, glitches, and surges. They also 
provide fingertip on/off control for both your entire system 
and individual components. (Macintosh users should rename 
the switch labeled “Monitor.”) 

The P22 is a stand-alone model with four outlets; it’s 
sized to stack with disk drives and modems. The P2 is sized 



P22 and P2 Power Directors 

to fit under a CRT or video monitor (or a Macintosh) and has 
five power outlets. P22, $99; P2, $129 

Cuesta Systems, Inc. 

3440 Roberto Court, San Luis Obispo, CA 93401 
(805) 541-4160 

Datasaver AC power backup 

■ Surge suppressors protect your computer from power line 
fluctuations. But what if you*rc wading through a mess of 
cables in a tiny work space and pull the power cord loose? 
You lose everything you typed since you last saved, thaPs 
what. This is particularly distressing to accountants, book- 

keepers, and those of us who forget to save often. 

The battery-operated Datasaver keeps your system 
operating for five to fifteen minutes during AC power line 
interruptions — enough time to save and quit. It also includes 
overvoltage transient suppression and EMI noise filtering. 
External battery jacks arc provided to allow extended run- 
ning time or portability with the use of any 12-volt battery. 
A rechargeable scaled battery, automatic battery charger. 

solid-state power inverter, AC line-voltage monitor and 
cutout switch, two outlets, and visual and audio alarms arc 
also included. $395 

Electronic Specialists, Inc. 

171 South Main Street, Natick, MA 01760 
(800) 225-4876, (617) 655-1532 in Massachusetts 

Protection and interference control products 
Electronic Specialists manufactures protection devices for 
word processors, scientific instruments, microcomputers, and 
other sensitive electronic equipment. The company’s Iso- 
lator systems, Klcen Line conditioners, and Power Fail 
Interrupts protect your Mac from all the usual power line 
evils, including (cringe...) complete power failure. Features 
and prices are detailed in a free forty-page catalog. 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 

MaeZap I 

A miniature surge suppressor that protects your Macintosh 
from momentary power surges of up to 6,000 volts. MaeZap 
absorbs the destructive overload, allowing normal voltage to 
pass through. A red light indicates that MaeZap is operating 
properly. $19.95 

MaeZap II 

A multi-outlet electronic surge suppressor that protects 
against momentary power surges of up to 6,000 volts. Four 
of its six outlets are controlled by a master on/off switch; 
the other two outlets provide continuous power at all times. 


The MouseMat is a clean, smooth rolling surface for your 
mouse that comes with an 8-foot snap-on ground cord to 
dissipate static charges as you work. It’s made of durable, 
stain-resistant hard rubber. $29.95 


0 ) 




1524 Pine Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102 
(215) 732-0965 

LG20 surge suppressor outlet strip 
Tlie UL-listcd LG20 has four U-ground outlets, an on/off 
switch with pilot light, a 6-foot cord with thrcc-prong 
grounding plug, and a push-to-reset circuit breaker that 
protects against power overloads. The LG20 absorbs surges 
of up to 6,000 volts (or 6,500 amps) in less than 10 nano- 
seconds. Not 15 or 20 nanoseconds: 10. It limits voltage to 
a safe 205 volts. $34.95 

LG20 surge suppressor outlet strip 

Inland Corporation 

32051 Howard, Madison Heights, Ml 48071 
(800) 521-8428, (313) 583-7150 in Michigan 


This product combines the company’s MacSwivel/MacTilt 
computer stand with a UL-approved surge suppressor to 
protect against power fluctuations. The MacSwivel/MacTilt 
lets you adjust your Macintosh to the viewing position you 
prefer. It swivels 360 degrees, tilts 25 degrees, and raises 
the machine about an inch. Sec the Accessories chapter lor 
details. $89.95 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Control Center 

The Control Center protects your system from power surges, 
line noise, and static shocks. There’s a master switch to 

control the entire system, as well as individual switches to 
control a printer, modem, and one auxiliary device. It’s 
styled to match the Mac, looks great, and fits underneath the 
external disk drive, if desired (we’ve got ours sandwiched 
between a modem and an external drive). 

This is a convenient device. Granted, there’s no way of 
telling if the power line conditioning is needed or even 
works. Everything worked fine before, and it works fine 
now. The convenience is having all the switches in one 
place and all in front. No more reaching behind the Macin- 
tosh, the modem, the printer, or the hard disk. Recom- 
mended. And, as they say, it makes a great gift. $99.95 

Maccessories Starter Pack 

Contains Surge Suppressor (see below), Maccessories Swiv- 
el, and Maccessories Dust Covers. See the Accessories chap- 
ter for more about the swivel and dust covers. $90 

Maccessories Surge Suppressor 
Replaces the Macintosh’s power cord. Protects against pow- 
er surges and filters out line noise. $49.95 


746 Vermont Avenue, Palatine, IL 60067 
(800) 323-2727, (312) 359-6040 in Illinois 

Scooter QP4 Guard-It Control Center 
A four-outlet power strip with surge protection and noise 
filtering. Includes one-switch power control, a surge failure 
light, and a heavy-duty 6-foot grounded cord. Attractive 
sand-color metal case with matching sockets and cord set. 
Rated at 15 amps, 125 volts. Three-year warranty. $79.95 



Sccx)ter Guard-lt Control Centers 

Scooter SP4 and SP6 Guard-It Control Centers 
Power strips with built-in surge protection. Each has one- 
switch power control, a surge failure light, and is rated at 15 
amps, 125 volts. One-year warranty. SP4 (four outlets), 
$47.95; SP6 (six outlets), $52.45 


150 Mitchell Boulevard, San Rafael, CA 94903 
(800) 472-5555, (415) 472-5547 in California 

Surge suppressors and line filters 
Several models of surge suppressors. The four-outlet Ultra- 
Max has a 6-foot line cord, an on/off switch, noise and 
brownout protection, circuit breaker, and undcrvoltage alarm. 
The Max 4 and Max 6 have four or six outlets respectively, 
a 6-foot line cord, an on/off switch, noise protection, and a 
circuit breaker. 

Three other models plug directly into the wall and offer 
noise protection. The TelcMax has one power outlet and two 
phone jack receptacles. The Max 2 has two power outlets. 
The Max 1 has only one power outlet. UltraMax, $149; 
Max 6, $99; Max 4, $89; TeleMax, $89; Max 2, $79; 
Max 1, $69 

PTI Industries 

Production Technology International 

320 River Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 
(408) 429-6881 

DataShield Backup Power Source, 

Model PC-200 

A battery operated, self-contained power pack that supplies 
even, uninterrupted AC power to your Macintosh in the 
event of a power drop or outage. Also provides surge sup- 
pression and filters voltage spikes or surges above 140 
volts. Power is supplied from the wall outlet to the 
Macintosh through the DataShield, thus keeping the unit’s 

DataShield Backup Power Source 

battery fully charged. When power drops to below 108 
volts, the system switches to the battery backup. 200 watts. 

DataShield Surge Protector, Model llOAMS 
Controls six different pieces of equipment from one on/off 
switch. One of the unit’s six sockets activates the automatic 
master switch (AMS) inside the surge protector. When the 
power switch is used for any device that is inserted into the 
AMS socket, the remaining five sockets are activated and 
can be controlled by the on/off switch of the piece of 
equipment plugged into the AMS socket. Also filters out 
electromagnetic interference and radio frequency interference, 
common sources of line noise. Any peripheral consuming 
30 to 300 watts of power can be used. $119.95 

DataShield Surge Protector 

Systems Control 

P.O. Box 788, Iron Mountain, Ml 49081 

(800) 558-2001, Ext. 115; (906) 774-0440 in Michigan 


Protects your system from power surges, radio frequency 
interference, and common static electricity. Also has a 


master on/off switch to power up the Mac and two periph- 
erals. Provides an antistatic pad and an LED ground indicator 
that tells you if your electrical source is properly grounded. 
Clamping response time is 5 nanoseconds; peak surge cur- 
rent is 6,500 amps. MacGard is colored to complement the 
Macintosh and can be attached to the side of the Mac if 
desired. $89.95 

Cables & Switchers 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 

Print 'n Switch 

Allows an Imagewriter and a serial letter quality printer to be 
connected to Macintosh simultaneously. Print *n Switch 
plugs into the printer port. The Imagewriter and the other 
serial printer plug into the Print *n Switch. Pressing a 
button lets you switch between printers. The company is 
also developing software that will allow Macintosh to be 
used with a letter quality printer; at present, using most 
programs with letter quality printers is more involved than 
simply plugging them in and printing. $119.95 

Print 'n Switch 

Maccessories A-B Box 

product, but it beats unscrewing the hard disk to plug in the 
modem when you’re using the LaserWriter... and so on. The 
A-B Box is handy for those times when two Macintoshes 
share one printer. Just plug the A-B Box into Macintosh and 
plug both printers into the box. $99.95 

Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 


At Mac’s introduction, many observers greeted the new 
machine with a bewildered chorus of “Where’s the slots?’’ 
Apple left the chore of adding peripheral slots and ports 
(and IBM compatibility) to other manufacturers, who quickly 
stepped in with a variety of hardware solutions. Microsoft’s 
MacEnhancer provides three additional ports — one parallel 
and two serial — enabling Mac to be used with a variety of 
IBM-compatible peripherals. 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories A-B Box 

The A-B Box lets you connect two peripherals to one 
Macintosh serial port. You can use only one of the periph- 
erals at a time, so you don’t gain functionality with this 





The MacEnhancer comes with printer-driver software that 
supports a number of dot-matrix printers: C. Iloh ProWriter 
8510; Epson FX-80, FX-100, MX-80, MX-lOO, and LQ- 
1500; Hewlett-Packard Thinldet; IBM Graphics; Okidata 
Microline 92 and Microline 93; Toshiba P1340 and P1351. 
Microsoft also plans to release new software to support 
daisy-wheel and laser printers. 

The MacEnhancer software is easily installed on your 
application disk, where it resides unobtrusively as a desk 
accessory. You can easily switch ports from within an 
application. However, you can use only one port at a time, 
so you can’t drive any more peripherals simultaneously than 
you can with a standard Mac. Also, the software printer 




Insurance is boring. Maybe it’s the user inter- 
face, maybe it’s that insurance just isn't "interactive" 
enough. You fill out some forms, you make out a 
check, and that's that. Insurance. Boring. 

Nevertheless, you should insure your Macin- 
tosh. And your printer and your modem and your 
digitizer and your hard disk and your entire software 
collection. Everything. 

Accidents happen. Things break. And the com- 
puter for the rest of us is supremely rip-offable. If you 
were a thief, would you want a clunky television, a 
pair of massive JBL speakers, or a dainty tan com- 
puter with an attractive “street value"? 

Get some insurance. 

We’ve listed two companies that specialize in in- 
surance for computers in general and Apple com- 
puters in particular. Many other insurance companies 
will also protect your equipment, often in the form of 
extra coverage for “household goods" or as a “rider" 
to your existing insurance policy. 

The Southern California brokerage firm of Emett 
& Chandler offers “all risk" coverage for your Macin- 
tosh, printer, modem, external drive, and other 
peripherals. The policy is called AppleCare. It's 
undenwritten by the Chubb Group and sponsored, 
though not subsidized, by Apple Computer. 

AppleCare guarantees full— not depreciated- 
replacement cost of all or part of your system. Cover- 
age applies even when you're using Mac away from 
home. The policy covers damage from earthquakes, 
floods, and mechanical and electrical breakdowns. 

Rather than insuring your Mac and peripherals 
specifically, you buy categories of coverage. When 
you pay your premium (under $37 a year for $5,000 
of coverage), any equipment and software you buy 
is automatically covered. You can also gel additional 
coverage: $5,001 -$7,500 ($45), $7,501-$1 0,000 
($55), $10,001-$25,000 ($65). There’s a $100 
deductible. See your Apple dealer for an application 
form or contact Emett & Chandier directly. 

Safeware insures some $500 million worth of 
microcomputer equipment and software. They’ll in- 
sure your Mac and peripherals against theft, fire, 
accidents, damage in transit, earthquakes, and 
power surges. As with the AppleCare program, 
policy-holders buy categories of coverage. Safe- 
ware’s premiums are higher than AppleCare’s, but 
the Safeware deductible is only $50. Safeware’s pre- 
mium for up to $2,000 of coverage is $39 per year. 
Rates for additional coverage are as follows: $2,001- 
$5,000 ($69), $5,001-$8,000 ($89), $8,001- 
$11,000 ($109), $11, 001 $14,000 ($129). 

Emett & Chandler Insurance Services 
62 East Colorado Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91105 
(818) 796-4571 


2929 North High Street, Columbus, OH 43202 
(800) 848-3469, (614) 262-0559 in Ohio 



drivers, which must be copied onto each application disk, 
eat up precious space. It would be nice if they could be 
located in the MacEnhancer unit itself. 

Also included in the package is communications software, 
MacEnhancer Terminal, that provides access to mainframe 
computers, dial-up databases, bulletin boards, electronic mail 
services, and more. 

The MacEnhancer comes with a wall-mounted transformer, 
Macintosh interface cable, and MacEnhancer Terminal manu- 
al. $249 


746 Vermont Avenue, Palatine, IL 60067 
(800) 323-2727, (312) 359-6040 in Illinois 

Scooter interface cables 

Macintosh to Apple Modem 300/1200, 5-foot, $17.95 
Macintosh to Hayes modem, 5-foot, $17.95 
Macintosh to imagewriter, 5-foot, $22.95 
Macintosh to Imagewriter, 10-foot, $24.95 

Scooter SC4 and SC6 Control Centers 
UL-listed high-grade outlet strips for home, office, or 
factory. Each has a power indicator light and resettable cir- 
cuit breaker but none provides surge suppression. SC4 (four 
outlets), $26.45; SC6 (six outlets) $27.95 





It’s the ‘50s again. Chopped and channeled street machines, Holley 
carbs, chrome mufflers, fuzzy dice hanging from mirrors. 

This time, the low throaty growls come from Macintoshes. Macs 
stuffed with shiny new 256K RAMs or stripped and rebuilt in compact 
cases. Souped-up Macs. Fine Corinthian leather. Dames in slinky gowns 
draped over little tan computers. You get the idea. Upgrades. More than a 
peripheral, less than a new machine. 

The most popular Macintosh upgrade is expansion to 512K of RAM. 
Get it from your Apple dealer for $700. Get the upgrade from another 
company and it will cost less. Possibly much less. But you’ll also void 
your Apple warranty. The world is a dangerous place. 

Before you decide how to upgrade, consider whether you should up- 

For most tasks, 128K is enough. Almost all Macintosh software can 
run in 128K. It may not run as fast, or offer as many capabilities, but it 
will run. In most cases, you won’t be able to discern any differences in 
software run on the 128K or 512K machine. In other cases, you wiU notice 
a difference with 512K. Microsoft Word and many other “full-featured” 
programs are significantly faster in 512K. MacPublisher runs fine in 512K 
but is “fragile” (crashes a lot) in 128K. 

If you only play games, you only need 128K. If you use the Macintosh 
only occasionally, or only for home, hobby, or educational software, you 
only need 128K. If you’re not flush with cash, you can live with 128K. 

Elitist techno-nerds say, “The 128K Macintosh is dead.” We say that 
over 300,000 owners of 128K machines provide a strong and continuing 
installed base for software developers. If you wrote Macintosh software, 
would your program require 51 2K? Or would you rather have a bestseller? 

512K becomes important for business applications, where programs 
are large and data is plentiful. With more memory, more records in a data- 
base (for example) can be kept in memory at once; searches, sorts, and 
overall program operation improve significantly with 512K. 

If you want to run the few, specialized programs that demand 512K, 
your choice is made. Need Jazz or Odesta’s Helix’! You must upgrade. 
Need MegaForm’! Want MacNosy'! Gotta upgrade. 

The larger Macintosh, for now, is a wonderful luxury. If you can 
afford it, buy it. If you need it, buy it. If you don’t need it and aren’t sure 
if you can afford it, think it over. Memory prices will come down; they 
always do. The upgrade will cost less next year, and less still in 1987. 

The hard part is waiting. 


This chapter includes other interesting upgrades. For those who sniff 
at a mere 51 2K of RAM, MicroGraphic Images offers a full megabyte of 
RAM. They call the product a MegaMac. The first 5 12K in the MegaMac is 
standard memory expansion. The second 512K is an electronic “RAM 
disk.” The memory, to Macintosh, looks like a disk in a drive, so Macin- 
tosh treats it like a disk in a drive. A very, very, very fast disk. For those 
who like speed, this is the ultimate. 

As this introduction is being written, MicroGraphic Images is gearing 
up to introduce 1 1/2 and 2 megabyte Macintoshes. Where will it end? 
Many megabytes from here. 

If MicroGraphic offers the ultimate in speed, Colby offers the ultimate 
in portability. Their MacColby is a taken-apart-then-put-together-again 
Macintosh, this time in a case that includes two drives, a modem, and 

If you’ve got discretionary income, this is your chapter. 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1010 in California 

512K upgrade 

The official RAM upgrade from Apple. Here's how it works: 
You bring in your Macintosh to an authorized Apple dealer. 
They open it up, take out the “motherboard,” and replace it 
with a new motherboard that contains 512K of RAM. The 
old 128K motherboard gets sent back to Apple for use as 
spare parts. 

That's it. In most cases, you should be able to get 
“while you wait” service. Apple throws in MacDraw and 
MacProject for those owners who purchased their machines 
before the 512K Mac was introduced. As Apple sees small 
companies offer 512K for less, it’s likely that other limited 
offers will become available. Or that Apple will once again 
drop the price of the memory upgrade. 

The differences in program operation with 512K depend 
on the program. With MacProject, 512K allows 2,000 tasks 
instead of a measly 200. MaeWrite suddenly allows eighty 
pages of text. MacPaint doesn't make you wait when you 
choose Show Page. MacDraw gives you ten times the 
graphic objects allowed in 128K, and Multiplan lets you 
build bigger spreadsheets. 

Above all, the Apple upgrade is the “safe” upgrade; your 
warranty is still intact. If your Macintosh breaks, take it 
back to your Apple dealer. Don't expect cither sympathy or 
service from your Apple dealer if another company's RAM 
expansion doesn't work. 512K Macintosh, $2,795; 512K 
upgrade, $695 

Colby Computer 

849 Independence Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 968-1410 


The same old Mac in a brand-new case. Colby wrests the 
Mac from its case, pulls the Apple modem from the Apple 
case, does the same with the keyboard and external drive, 
then houses them all in a new, portable case. All in one: 
Macintosh, two drives (second drive optional), a modem 
(optional), and a keyboard that secures to the front and 
protects the monitor during lugging. There's even an area on 
the side to house the mouse and an optional built-in 12-volt 
adapter for the ultimate in portability. 

The case is aluminum on the inside and plastic on the 
outside. A built-in fan provides positively pressurized, fil- 
tered air and keeps the now-scrunched-in components cool 
and fresh. The case is designed for industrial and military 
markets, and a special military “tempest rated” case will 
soon be available. Also offered is an optional built-in hard 
disk drive. 

The unit fits under all airline scaLs, something we wish 


the standard Mac could accomplish more easily. MacColby 
measures 8 1/4 x 161/2x 17 1/2 inches and weighs 26 
pounds — 1 1/2 pounds less than the equivalent Macintosh 
components. The unit is available from many Apple dealers 
(Colby is approved by Apple as a “value added reseller**) or 
directly from Colby Computer. 

MacColby, completely assembled and tested, $2,699 
(128K); $3,699 (512K). Conversion only (you supply the 
Macintosh), $699. Optional ten-megabyte internal hard 
disk, $1,895. Video output to external monitor board, 
$249. DC converter, $249. Bar code reading capability, 
$699. Built-in modems: $199 (300 baud) and $399 (1200 
baud). Leather-trimmed Cordura carrying case (foam-lined 
with a top handle and shoulder strap), $139 

General Computer Company 

215 First Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 

(800) 422-0101, (617) 492-5500 in Massachusetts 


This unit is getting a lot — maybe too much — attention in 
this book. We described it in the Hard Disks chapter. We 
mentioned it in two introductions, and here it is again, 
being described as a “souped-up** Macintosh. 

Central to the success of HyperDrive will be General 
Computer's success in lining up dealers. The drive is now 
offered mail order, but mail order sales alone won't, we 
think, be enough. General Computer needs local dealers for 
HyperDrives. That may happen. A new version of the 
HyperDrive, easily installable by dealers, is now on the 
market, and General Computer is busy lining up dealers to 
sell, install, and service HyperDrives. 

Cost, including expansion to 5I2K, installation, ship- 
ping and warranty, is $2,795; without the RAM upgrade, 


MicroGraphic Images Corporation 

21040 Victory Boulevard, Suite 210, 

Woodland Hills, CA 91367 
(818) 368-3482 


A full 1,024K of memory (one megabyte) for your Macin- 
tosh. The MegaMac consists of a 512K upgrade and another 
512K of RAM memory configured as a “RAM disk.’* Both 
batches of memory are mounted inside the Macintosh. 

If you wish, the MegaMac can be used as a garden- 
variety 512K Macintosh. In practice, though, you’ll want to 
copy everything to the RAM disk — system files, applica- 

tions, documents, the works — then compute at the speed of 
heat. It's a joy to watch applications open in four seconds. 

The MegaMac comes with MegaRam software to create 
the RAM disk. Unfortunately, at this time there's no way to 
include the second 512K of RAM in Macintosh’s address 
space; the second 512K can be used only as a RAM disk. 

The MegaMac and MegaRam software are covered under 
a ninety-day warranty offered by MicroGraphic Images. Sug- 
gested retail price is $1,595 if the original 128K mother- 
board is returned to MicroGraphic Images, or $1,895 
without the 128K board trade-in. MicroGraphic Images also 
sells the MegaMac as a complete system, including the Mac- 
intosh, for $3,795. 




A number of small companies are springing up 
to perform 51 2K upgrades at reduced prices. Com- 
panies offering the service can be found through 
advertisements in Macworld, Macazme, the Club Mac 
News, Inf eWorld, and MacTutor. 

The price for the upgrades is substantially lower 
than the approved, dealer-installed Apple memory 
expansion. Often two or three hundred dollars low- 
er. A nearly irresistible savings. 

But consider carefully: If your memory expansion 
doesn’t work properly, you’re out on a limb. Sure, 
the companies that install the upgrade usually war- 
ranty their work, but the companies are small (often 
basement companies) and may not be in existence 
for long. If they’re nowhere to be found when you 
have problems, you’re in trouble. Don’t expect help 
from your Apple dealer. 

We can’t in good faith recommend getting a 
memory upgrade from anyone other than an autho- 
rized Apple dealer. That doesn’t mean that firms 
offering this service aren’t dependable. It doesn’t 
mean that you won’t get a good deal, and it doesn’t 
mean that your upgrade won’t work fine for as long 
as you own your Macintosh. You may get a good 
deal, a good job, and a dependable upgrade. 

We just can’t recommend it, that’s all. 




Clive s computer here Clive s not home 
However, I'm in charge of things at the 

m 0 (p 

If you would 
leave your name 
and phone number 
I'll see to It that 
Clive returns 
your call 

Yes Sir, as soon 
as Clive returns 
from his mother s 

^ i 


3mb &H 

© 1 984 by Jean-Michel Decombe. Used with permission. 

In creating a book like this one, much time is spent on nomenclature. 
And categorization. What product belongs in which category? Is it a “pe- 
ripheral” or an “accessory”? And what’s the difference? 

The difference, maybe, is this; A peripheral is usually hardware (elec- 
tronic or mechanical), often expensive, and sometimes necessaiy. Printers 
are peripherals. Disk drives are peripherals. 

By contrast, accessories are items that may not be truly necessary but 
may make life easier, more pleasant, or more convenient. 

A nice, loose definition. Until you run across a “Maccessories Surge 
Suppressor,” a product that’s staunchly electronic. 

So don’t be surprised to see a few products here that are duplicated in 
other categories. It’s better to be redundant than elusive. 

That said, here’s a quick rundown of this “grab bag” category: 

Space savers range from skyscraper-like structures that hold your 
entire system to simple printer stands that free up precious desk space. You 
might think that a printer stand is a frivolous purchase, but get one any- 
way. They’re very practical. Paper tucks neatly under the stand, and new 
clutter moves in to ^1 the void. 

We tried out lots of disk holders, from stylish desktop cases of 
wood, metal, or acrylic to pocket-sized “library cases” that hold just a few 
disks. The best ones aren’t necessarily the best-looking. Some stack, some 
don’t. Some have adjustable section dividers, most don’t. Consider how 
you want to organize your disks before you buy a case. In real life, work 
seldom divides neatly into equal-sized sections. 

The disk holders we liked best aren’t sold in stores. They’re cheap (un- 
der $1), functional, and can have as many adjustable dividers as you want. 
They’re not particularly attractive and you have to make them yourself. 
Here’s how: Ask your shoe store salesperson for the very smallest boxes 
he has. Cut section dividers to size from manilla file folders. That’s it. 

Dust covers offer protection from the elements for the Macintosh, 
keyboard, external drive, numeric keypad, hard disk, and even the mouse. 
Covers are available in nylon, fabric, and hard or soft plastic, in a spectrum 
of styles and colors, as plain or fancy as you like. 

If your desk is littered with small and large debris — crumbs, hair, 
fingernail clippings, bent staples, congealed diet soda — a mouse pad will 
seem more like a necessity than a luxury. At their best, these pads provide 
a smooth rolling surface for the mouse; at their worst, they let you trash out 
90 percent of your desk space while keeping 10 percent of it immaculate. 



When the Macintosh was introduced, carrying bags were advertised 
but nearly impossible to come by. Printer carrying cases were nonexistent. 
Now there’s a bewildering assortment of computer and printer bags. Some 
have decals on the outside that give away the bag’s contents; others are 
more discreet. Most carrying bags are constructed sturdily enough for nor- 
mal use, but only specially designed shipping cases should be trusted to 
airline baggage systems. 

Security kits let you cable together your Macintosh and its peripher- 
als and secure them to a sturdy, inunovable object. 

Ergonomic aids and simple comforts such as anti-glare screens 
and tilt/swivel stands lessen the discomfort of sitting at the keyboard for 
long hours. 

Sooner or later you’ll want to invest in cleaning and maintenance 
products — lintfree cloths, CRT cleaner, and a can of compressed air, 
perhaps. These items are available individually at computer stores, but at 
least one manufacturer offers a complete mouse-cleaning kit with all the 
essentials — right down to foam-tipped swabs and plastic tweezers. For 
major debris, there’s a six-ounce vacuum cleaner that’ll remove particles 
from hard-to-reach areas. A number of head-cleaning disks remove debris 
from your drive’s read/write mechanism, reducing error and data loss from 
smoke, dirt, and oxide buildup. 

There’s an ingenious assortment of ribbons and more that let you 
express your colorful personality with your black-and-white Macintosh. 
Colored printer ribbons may be used individually to brighten cards and 
letters or in succession to create full-color graphics. Thermal printer rib- 
bons let you create multicolored, iron-on T-shirt transfers with your dot- 
matrix printer; these ribbons are also offered in colors by various manu- 

Drawing aids range from a pneumatic pad that improves mouse 
precision by “floating” the mouse on a cushion of air to tablets that aid in 
designing screen displays or painting with MacPaint. 

A final note: Some of these products are more useful, or less useful, 
than you might imagine. Pause before you sneer at products like “Mouse- 
Trap.” We’re keeping our Mouse-Trap. It works, it’s cute, we like it. And 
remember that prices and quality vary sharply among similar products. 
Shop around and compare carefully. 


Carrying Bags & Shipping 


3891 North Ventura Avenue, Ventura, CA 93001 
(805) 653-0431 

Maclite carrying case 

A 1,000-denier Cordura nylon Macintosh carrying case with 
half-inch closed-cell foam padding and inside pockets for 
accessories. The Maclite case has Velcro closures, full wrap- 
around carrying handles, and a padded shoulder strap. Dimen- 
sions are 14 x 15 x 10 inches; weight: 3 pounds. Pewter or 
navy blue. $110 

Maclite carrying case 

Mac Pro carrying case 

A less expensive, 500-denier Cordura nylon Macintosh bag 
designed especially for students. Same size as the Maclite 
but not as fancy. Royal blue. $67 

Mac Pro carrying case 
Printlite carrying case 

A printer carrying case similar in construction to the Mac- 
lite. Dimensions are 13.5 x 18 x 5.5 inches; weight: 2.4 
pounds. Pewter or navy blue. $92.50 

Printlite carrying case 




Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1010 in California 

Macintosh carrying case 

The first Mac bag, now challenged by many worthy com- 
petitors. Cordura nylon with padded inside pockets for Mac- 
intosh, keyboard, mouse, manuals, and power cord. The case 
is water- and tear-resistant and may be carried by hand or as 
a shoulder bag (a detachable shoulder strap is included). $99 

ATS Cases 

25 Washington Avenue, Natick, MA 01760 
(800) 451-4242, (617) 653-6724 in Massachusetts 

Macintosh carrying case 

ATS designs cases for everything from electronic equipment 
to convention displays. They'll even create customized cases 
to your specifications. We were impressed with both their 
carrying case and their shipping case. The Macintosh carry- 
ing case is foam-lined and comes in five colors: almond, 
blue, gray, black, and red, with blue or charcoal-gray inter- 
ior. ATS's carrying cases are 40 percent lighter than their 
shipping cases, described below. $159 

Macintosh shipping case 

A well-designed shipping case that provides maximum pro- 
tection for the traveling Macintosh. Features include steel 
knuckle-ball comers, spring-loaded recessed fixtures, and 
thick plywood/ABS plastic laminations. Colors are almond, 
blue, gray, black, or red, with blue or charcoal gray interior. 

Computer Case Company 

3947 Danford Square, Columbus, OH 43220 
(800) 848-7548, (614) 868-9464 in Ohio 


A carrying case for Macintoshes on the go. The Trav-L-Case 
is constructed of plywood covered with scuff-resistant vinyl, 
and the interior is foam-lined. All edges and corners are 
metal-trimmed and there are two key-draw bolt locks for ex- 
tra security. $269 

Cover Craft Corporation 

P.O. Box 555, Amherst, NH 03031 

(800) 547-5600, (603) 889-681 1 in New Hampshire 

Field-Pro Macintosh case^ model V12004 
A soft carrying case with padded handles and an adjustable, 
detachable shoulder strap. It has three pockets: one large 
outside pocket and two padded inside pockets. The entire 
front of the case unzips for easy access, and the zipper may 
be locked. Case is fully padded. Available in silver Cordura 
with black trim. Dimensions are 14 x 14 x 11 1/4 inches. 

Field-Pro Macintosh case, model VI 2004 

Field-Pro small printer case, model V12040 
A soft carrying case for the Apple Imagewriter and other 
small printers, similar to the Macintosh carrying case listed 
above. Padded handles, detachable shoulder strap, large front 
panel pocket. Silver Cordura with black trim. Dimensions 
are 14 X 16 X 4 inches. $49.95 

East/West Leather 

1400 Grant Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94133 
(415) 397-2886 

Leather Macintosh carrying bag 
EasL/West’s Macintosh bag is made of high-quality, durable 
grained leather with a high-density, shock-repellent padded 
lining. The bag holds the Macintosh, keyboard, mouse, 
cord, disks, and manuals. It’s lightweight and sturdy, and 
can be carried by hand or with a shoulder strap. Features 
include double-action zippers, a zippered pocket in the lid, 
and a rigid bottom. The bag can also double as attractive 
carry-on or weekend luggage. $229 


Mac-Mover carrying case 

well as an external disk drive, in separate padded compart- 
ments and can be locked. Dimensions are 16 x 20 x 12 
inches, 8 1/2 pounds. $99.50 

East/West leather carrying bag 


601 West 26th Street, New York, NY 10001 
(800) 847-4176, (212) 675-5820 in New York 

Mac-Mover carrying case 

The Mac-Mover is a fully padded carrying case with an in- 
terlocking aluminum frame and ABS plastic end-caps for 
added protection. It holds all the Macintosh components, as 

Mac-System flight case 

The Mac-System is about the size of the original Macintosh 
carton (19 x 21 x 15 inches) and provides maximum pro- 




lection for the traveling Mac. Constructed of polyethylene, 
the Mac-System has a steel tongue-and-groove frame and 
double-key locks. The Macintosh, keyboard, and external 
drive fit in the body of the case. Individual foam-padded 
compartments in the lid hold a modem, numeric keypad, 
mouse, and two boxes of disks. $225 

I/O Design, Inc. 

19 Lafayette Street, Rumson, NJ 07760 

I mage ware carrying case 

Designed to carry the Imagewriter and a small supply of 
computer paper. Dark blue Cordura lined with brushed nylon 
in a Scottish plaid. Foam-lined interior, inside paper pocket, 
padded handle, adjustable shoulder strap. $69.95 


6721 N.W. 36th Avenue, Miami, FL33147 
(305) 835-8228 

The Macintosh Bag 

A custom-fit, padded carrying bag that’s roomy enough for 
the Macintosh, keyboard, mouse, external drive, modem, and 
cables. Here’re the specs: 11 1/2 x 12 1/2 x 20 inches; 4 
pounds, 5 ounces. Also available with a zip-on printer bag 
(20 X 12 1/2 X 20 inches; 7 pounds, 14 ounces). Both 
pieces are made of 1,000-denier Cordura nylon and feature 
padded dividers with Velcro closures to keep the contents 
from shifting. $129.95 (Macintosh Bag alone), $199.95 
(with printer bag) 

Macinware carrying case 

Designed to hold the Macintosh system, including external 
disk drive, keyboard, mouse, disks, manuals, and cords. The 
Macinware bag is made of dark blue Cordura lined with 
brushed nylon in a Scottish plaid. Foam protects the interior 
contents. $99.95 

Justin Case Manufacturing 

334 Main Street, Port Washington, NY 11050 
(516) 883-2299 

Basket carrying cases 

The Basket is a hard-sided, foam-lined plastic carrying case 
for the Macintosh, keyboard, mouse, numeric keypad, and 
power cord. It measures 15 1/2 x 12 1/2 x 15 1/2 inches and 
weighs 8 pounds. Three rear hinges, two locking front 
latches, and metal comers provide extra protection. The D- 
Basket is a slightly larger case (19 1/2 x 12 1/2 x 15 1/2 
inches; 10 pounds) with room for modem, external disk 
drive, and cords. Basket, $100; D-Basket, $130 

The company also plans to manufacture a printer carrying 
case. Call or write for details. 

The Kiwi Macintosh Bag and zip-on printer bag 


643 Industry Drive, Seattle, WA 98188 
(800) 228-7042, (206) 575-1180 in Washington 


An accessories case to carry those extra goodies that won’t 
fit in your Macintosh bag. Navy, tan, burgundy, black, or 
gray. Call for prices. 

D-Basket and Basket carrying cases 



A high-strength, foam-lined Cordura carrying bag with 
?»epaTaVe pockets for the Macintosh, second disk drive, mo- 
dem, accessories, papers, and manuals. Black, navy, gray, 
tan, or burgundy. Call for prices. 


A cargo case for the Macintosh, second disk drive, and 
numeric keypad. Aluminum, steel, ABS plastic, and plywood 
construcUon, with heavy shipping foam throughout. Can be 
easily carried suitcase-style by one person. Call for prices. 


Constructed like the MacBag, but includes a backpack strap. 
The MaePak can be carried as a backpack, a shoulder bag, or 
a suitcase. Black, navy, gray, tan, or burgundy. Call for 


A heavy-duty fmagewriter shipping case constructed like the 
MacFreighter. Available for standard and wide-carriage print- 
ers. Call for prices. 


A Cordura carrying case for the standard or wide-carriage 
Imagewriter. Can be carried as a shoulder bag, a suitcase, or 
attached to the MaePak and carried as a backpack. Black, 
navy, gray, tan, or burgundy. Call for prices. 


Constructed the same as the MaePak, but smaller and more 
compact (it won't hold all the accessories). Navy, tan, or 
burgundy. Call for prices. 

Optimum Computer Luggage 

9005 Complex Drive, San Diego, CA 92123 
(800) 447-0300, (800) 632-4200 in California 

MacTote carrying case 

A durable, popular, well-designed carrying case for the Mac- 
intosh and peripherals. MacTote is made of water-resistant 
Cordura with a reinforced bottom and pockets aplenty for 
manuals, cords, and other accessories. There's a zippered 
outside pouch for the external drive, a padded mouse pouch 
inside the lid, two padded inside pouches for keyboard and 
modem, and lots more. The handle and detachable shoulder 
strap are also padded for extra comfort. The MacTote meas- 
ures 15 1/2 X 15 X 12 inches and weighs less than 2 
pounds. Royal blue. Recommended. $99.95 

Mac-Tote carrying case 
PrintTote carrying case 

A blue Cordura carrying case that lets you use the printer 
without removing it from the case. Paper feeds from a 
compartment underneath the printer, and cables are snuggled 
in zippered pouches next to the handle. Call for prices. 


4809 Calle Alto, Camarillo, CA 93010 
(800) 821-4479, (805) 987-9741 in California 

Rev-Pack Macintosh carrying case 
An inexpensive carrying case for the Macintosh and its 
peripherals. The Rev-Pack is made of water-resistant Cordura 
with outside pockets for disks and manuals. Thick, high- 
density foam protects inside contents. There's an inside 

Rev-Pack carrying case 




keyboard pouch and a padded pocket (with separate mouse 
pouch) for accessories and cords. Other features include 
heavy-duty zippers, dual-reinforced carrying handles, and a 
padded shoulder strap. Black or gold. One-year warranty. 

Thermodyne Corporation 

20850 South Alameda Street, Long Beach, CA 90810 
(213) 603-1976 

Shok-Stop carrying case 

Thermodyne has built protective cases for sensitive elec- 
tronic equipment for more than twenty years. Their Shok- 
Stop Macintosh-sized case (tool number 102407) is made of 
rugged, shock-absorbent polyethylene with a foam core and 
is certified for shipping by airlines. It has recessed hinges 
and latches, spring-loaded handles, and channels and comer 
bumpers to protect contents from Mac-hungry baggage sys- 
tems. Gun-metal gray. $230 

Shok-Stop carrying case 

Totem, Inc. 

207 Gough Street, Suite 38, San Francisco, CA 94102 
(415) 761-7920 

Totem carrying case 

The Totem carrying case has one convenient advantage over 
other Macintosh bags: It folds fiat for storage. This Cordura 
nylon case is roomy enough for Mac, keyboard, external 
drive, and modem. There are lots of pockets and a separate 
mouse pouch. Colors are royal blue, beige, forest green, and 
camoufiage (a bestseller, the manufacturer tells us). All cases 
have fold-down dividers and a leather bottom. Dimensions 
are 13 x 20 x 10 inches. The company offers a limited life- 
time warranty. $135 


Diskus Products 

6003 Bandini Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90040 
(213) 726-3088 

Titter printer stand 

A forward-angled, smoked acrylic printer stand with bottom 
paper feed. Two sizes: 18 x 12 x 5 3/4 inches or 24 x 12 x 
5 3/4 inches. You may want to add a smoked acrylic Sound- 
Guard/Dust Cover, which attaches to the Tilter to reduce 
printer noise. Small Tilter, $44.95; large Tilter, $54.95; 
small SoundGuard/Dust Cover, $24.95; large SoundGuard/ 
Dust Cover, $29.95 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 


A mouse holder that attaches to the side of the Macintosh 
with two removable Velcro strips. Matches the color and 
contour of the mouse. Not as slick as the Racx Mouse-Trap 
but about half the price. $5.95 

Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, CA 91405 


Yet another solution to “where to put that pesky printer.” 
The HabaRack is made of steel tubing and comes already 
assembled. “Colors” include black, Macintosh beige, “key- 
board brown,” and chrome. $59.95 



Inland Corporation 

32051 Howard, Madison Heights, Ml 48071 
(800) 521-8428, (313) 583-7150 in Michigan 

MacPrint Stand 

The MacPrint Stand frees up valuable workspace by storing 
computer paper under the printer. It’s designed especially for 
the image writer and is available in smoked acrylic or metal 
(the same color as the Macintosh). $34.95 (acrylic), 
$29.95 (metal) 

MacPrint Stand 

I/O Design, Inc. 

19 Lafayette Street, Rumson, NJ 07760 


An easy to assemble wooden desktop workstation for the 
Macintosh and its peripherals. The front may be closed to 
conceal the cabinet’s contents. Available finished (stained 
and varnished) or natural. $129.95 (finished), $99.95 





Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Universal Printer Stand 
Raises the printer 1 1/2 inches from the desk at the front 
and 4 1/2 inches at the back, letting you easily monitor 
your printer’s performance. Several hundred sheets of paper 
store neatly underneath. $29.95 

Maccessories Universal Printer Stand 

L&R Associates 

P.O. Box 390412, Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 968-9504 


A chrome-plated, welded-steel wire rack that stores and 
organizes your Macintosh system: Mac, keyboard, mouse, 
external disk drive, printer and paper supply, and modem. 
The MacRack is easy to assemble and collapses for shipping 
and storage. Also available with a black finish. Assembled, 
it’s 21 inches high, 16 1/2 inches wide, and 12 inches deep. 

MacWood Products, Inc. 

143 Hollister Avenue, Santa Monica, CA 90405 
(213) 392-4561 


MacCabinet is a natural wood system organizer that holds 
Mac, printer, and peripherals. Its modular construction and 
removable shelves let you arrange many items in a compact 
space. MacCabinet has dado and glued-joint construction, a 
concealed paper tray, and side ventilation ports. Dimensions 
are 22 X 18 X 12 inches; weight is 15 pounds. $199.95 


MicroRain Corporation 

P.O. Box 96008, Dept. 150, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(800) 547-4000, Dept. 421; 

(503) 684-3000, Dept. 421, in Oregon 


MacStation maximizes desk space by assembling all your 
Macintosh components, including the printer, into one com- 
pact unit. Like similar products, it’s somewhat imposing in 
design (probably the nature of the beast) but well-thought- 
out overall. Cubicles can be adjusted to house manuals, 
floppy disks, a modem, and a second disk drive. Although 
MacStation ads show the external drive turned on its side in 
its own compartment, we’d prefer to use the drive in the 
normal, horizontal position. $95 



Omnium Corporation 

203 North Second Street, Box 186, Stillwater, MN 55082 
(800) 328-0223, (612) 430-2060 In Minnesota 

Mini Printer Stand 

A durable, lightweight, smoked acrylic stand that’s ideal for 
the Imagewriter and other small desktop printers. Paper feeds 
from underneath the stand. $36 

Omnium Mini Printer Stand 

Raex Enterprises 

P.O. Box 327, Beloit, Wl 5351 1 
(608) 365-9798 


The Mouse-Trap is a small storage house for the Macintosh 
mouse that attaches with a Velcro pad to the side of your 
computer — a delightful accessory. It’s color-matched to the 
Macintosh and has a foam strip inside for a snug fit. For 
eleven bucks, why not? $10.95 

Synergy Products 

P.O. Box 485, Boonville, IN 47601 
(812) 897-5351 

The Printer Stand 

The Printer Stand holds your printer at a 45-degree angle for 
easy print monitoring, saves desk space (paper is fed from a 
tray underneath), and is made of attractive solid hardwoods. 
Choose oak or walnut finish. $49.95 (standard printer), 
$59.95 (wide-carriage printer) 

Anchor Pad International, Inc. 

4483 McGrath Street, Ventura, CA 93003 
(800) 426-2467; (800) 626-2467 or 
(805) 658-2661 in California 

Anchor Pad security system 

Businesses have used Anchor Pad security systems for years 
to prevent theft of computers, typewriters, and other valua- 




Secure-lt, Inc. 

10 Center Square, East Longmeadow, MA 01028 
(413) 525-7039 

MacKablit antitheft cable 

The MacKablit security kit features a proprietary hinged 
fastener that attaches to existing screws on desk or table. A 
10-foot plastic-coated steel cable loops through the equip- 
ment and locks with a key. $50 

MacKablit antitheft cable 

Anchor Pad security system 

ble office equipment. (IBM ordered 10,000 typewriter Anchor 
Pads in 1982.) 

The Anchor Pad system locks the Macintosh to your 
desktop without requiring that holes be drilled in either the 
machine or your desk. “Adapter feet” are bonded to the 
bottom of the Mac, which is then secured to a metal plate. 
The plate is bonded to a double-faced adhesive desk mat. The 
Mac may be unlocked from the Anchor Pad and removed. A 
swivel adapter allows the Mac to be rotated 360 degrees. 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1010 in California 

Security kit 

Apple’s security kit helps ensure that your Macintosh isn’t 
more portable than you intended it to be. Two keyhole -type 
locks fit into the keyboard and the system unit. A steel 
cable is threaded through both locks and inserted into a 
metal cylinder that has several tamperproof screws. When 
these screws are tightened with the kit’s special screwdriver, 
they lock the cable. You can also add a padlock for extra 
security. $39,95 

Ergonomic Aids & Simple 

Eqtron Corporation 

330 Bay Street, Suite 115, Toronto, Canada M5H 2S8 
(416) 361-5002 

Anti-Glare Screen 

A custom-fitted anti-glare screen that minimizes eyestrain by 
absorbing reflected light from the viewing surface. Reso- 
lution remains sharp, although screen brightness is reduced 
considerably. Easy to install; just peel off the screen’s tape 
backing and press onto the monitor face. A tack cloth is 
supplied for cleaning. $26.95 in the U.S., $34.95 in 

Ergotron, Inc. 

1621 East 79th Street, Suite C-133, 

Bloomington, MN 55420 

(800) 328-9839, (612) 854-9116 in Minnesota 

MacTilt computer stand 

Sitting in front of a monitor screen for hours can really take 
it out of you. The MacTilt stand helps reduce screen glare 
and user fatigue by adjusting the computer to a perfect view- 


MacTilt computer stand 

ing angle. The stand tilts a maximum of 30 degrees and 
rotates 360 degrees. The Macintosh can be easily lifted on 
and off. A mounting bracket holds the external drive, and a 
cable anchor secures and organizes cabling at the rear of the 
machine. $99.95 

Inland Corporation 

32051 Howard, Madison Heights, Ml 48071 
(800) 521-8428, (313) 583-7150 in Michigan 


Includes MacSwivel/MacTilt (described below), MaePrint 
Stand, Mac and Imagewriter MacCovers, and two plastic 
library cases. $89.95 

MaeSurge Accessory Kit 

Includes MacSwivel/MacSurge (see below), MaePrint Stand, 
Mac and Imagewriter MacCovers, and two plastic library 
cases. $129.95 

Macs wivellMacSurge 

This product combines a MacSwivel/MacTilt with a UL- 
approved surge suppressor to protect your Mac against 
power fluctuations. $89.95 


The MacSwivel/MacTilt lets you adjust your Macintosh to 
the viewing position you find most comfortable. It swivels 
360 degrees, tilts 25 degrees, and raises the machine about 
an inch. It's easy to install; just set your Mac onto the 
base. The Mac’s four “legs” fit into the frame's four holes. 
The Macintosh used to type this description was sitting on a 
MacSwivel/MacTilt — if you have to type for hours at a time, 
it really does make a difference. $34.95 


Jensen Engineering, Inc. 

P.O. Box 7446, Santa Rosa, CA 95407 
(800) 358-8272, (707) 544-9450 In California 

Printer enclosures 

If you’ve had it with annoying printer noise and you can’t 
afford a LaserWriter, you might consider purchasing a printer 
enclosure. Jensen’s universal enclosures surround your print- 
er with foam-lined Isoboard. A clear acrylic shield allows 
printer monitoring, and paper feeds through slots in the 
back. $149 (standard Imagewriter), $169 (wide-carriage 




Jensen printer enclosure 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York. NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Starter Pack 

Contains Swivel (described below), Maccessories Surge Sup- 
pressor, and Maccessories Dust Covers. $90 

Maccessories Swivel 

A lightweight Lazy Susan that fits under the Macintosh and 
revolves 360 degrees. It does not tilt. $35 

R&R Concepts 

241 Conejo Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93103 
(805) 966-0101 

Rest Roll ROM Model 

After slaving for a zillion hours over a Macintosh keyboard, 
you deserve a reward — like a foot rub from a good friend, 
perhaps. Well, the next best thing (not even close, admit- 
tedly) is the Rest *n Roll footrest/exerciser/massager. Its 20- 
degree-adjustable platform lets you keep your knees higher 
than your hips as you type, improving posture and reducing 
lower back strain. Turn the platform over and you’ll find 
thirty-five birch massage balls to soothe tired peds. Oak or 
walnut. $125 

Disk Holders 


3891 North Ventura Avenue, Ventura, CA 93001 
(805) 653-0431 

Floppylite 3120 

A 400-denier nylon disk case with waterproof coating and 
Velcro closures. Can be folded flat for easy carrying or 
opened up for desktop use. Holds and displays up to twenty 
disks. $24.95 

Floppylite 3/20 


Amaray Corporation 

14935 N.E. 95th Street, Redmond. WA 98052 
(206) 881-1000 

DiskBank Media Mate 3 

A rugged styrene case with a smoke-colored, see-through 
cover. With its self-locking cover and carry handle, it*s an 
ideal way to tote up to thirty disks. Also stacks convenient- 
ly for desktop use. Adjustable tab dividers are included. 
Pearl-gray or black base. $14.95 

DiskBank Systeml3 

Disk storage modules that may be used individually or 
locked together as a system. They hold up to ten disks each 
and slide apart for easy transportability. Pearl-gray or smoke 
styrene. $5.95 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

The Apple Collection 

P.O. Box 306, Half Moon Bay. CA 9401 9 
(800) 227-6703, (800) 632-7979 in California 

Plexiglas disk box 

The “official” Macintosh disk box from The Apple Col- 
lection: solid black plastic base, smoked Plexiglas cover, 
and the colorful Apple logo. Holds thirty-six disks and 
includes section dividers. $29.50 

Computer Accessories Corporation 

7696 Formula Place, San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 695-3773 

Macintosh Kit 

Includes QuickStand and MouseMat. QuickStand is a bi-level 
slotted holder that stores up to four Macintosh disks. It has 
a brown anodized finish. MouseMat is a personal pad for 
your mouse made of sturdy, injection-molded plastic. It has a 
textured top surface and a bottom surface covered with 
nonslip rubber to prevent the pad from slipping and sliding 
across your desktop. 8 1/2 x 11 inches. $24.95 

Macintosh Kit/QuickStand 




Micro DiskFiler 
Micro DiskFiler 

A stylish desktop disk holder that stores and organizes up to 
thirty disks. Disks and dividers are visible through the tint- 
ed, transparent lid. The beige-colored base has rubber pads 
to prevent desktop scuffing. Includes six dividers. $19.95 

Diskus Products 

6003 Bandini Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90040 
(213) 726-3088 

M Diskus 3,5 file drawer 

If your disk collection spans dozens of shoe boxes, you 
might consider this stackable alternative to flip-top disk 
holders. The Diskus 3.5 is a smoked acrylic “mini-file cab- 
inet” that holds up to fifty disks. Includes three removable 
section dividers. $20.95 

Diskus 3.5 file drawer 


108 North Cassady Road, Columbus, OH 43209 
(614) 263-3715 

Diskpac 3.5 

A nylon carrying case with Velcro closure that holds up to 
six disks. The Diskpac folds into thirds to fit conveniently 
in your pocket or Macintosh bag. $14.95 

Information Concepts, Inc. 

P.O. Box 462, Stone Mountain, GA 30086 
(404) 979-8479 


A plastic carousel that's 9 inches wide and holds up to thirty 
disks. The carousel rotates on a ball-bearing base plate. 
Each disk slot may be numbered to correspond with the 
printed index directory card that's included. $24.95 



Inland Corporation 

32051 Howard, Madison Heights, Ml 48071 
(800) 521-8420, (313) 583-7150 in Michigan 

DiskFile 3 

An exceptionally roomy case that holds up to forty disks 
and snaps shut when not in use. It’s beige plastic with a 
snK)ked acrylic lid and includes five dividers. DiskFiles may 
be stacked to save desk space. $14.95 

Floppy Files 

These small plastic cases are designed for easy cataloging of 
disks in a library system; they’re also useful as mailers. 
Each Floppy File holds six disks. $2.95 

Innovative Concepts, Inc. 

1971 Concourse Drive, San Jose, CA 95131 
(800) 538-7015; (800) 662-6284 or 
(408) 262-6680 in California 

Flip FilelMicro 

An attractive black plastic disk holder with a smoked acrylic 
lid. Holds up to twenty-five disks and includes tabbed divid- 
ers and index labels. When closed, the lid is also a carrying 
handle. $12.95 

Flip 'n* File/Micro 5 

Flip FilelMicro 5 

A beige-colored library case that holds and files up to five 
disks. Clear front and back panels allow index information 
to be viewed from both open and closed positions. When 
opened, the case’s easel-type design allows it to double as a 
user workstation. Includes labels. $2.95 

Flip '/i' FilelMicro 10 

Same as above, but holds up to ten disks. $4.95 

Flip Vi' File II for Micro Diskettes 
A beige plastic holder with a smoked acrylic lid that stores 
and files up to forty disks. Built-in tabbed dividers, index 
labels, and a special closing latch. $29.95 

Flip 'n' File II for Micro Diskettes 



International Datawares, Inc. 

910 George Street, Santa Clara, CA 95050 
(408) 988-5594 

Micro Disk Minder 

The Micro Disk Minder holds thirty-six disks for fast and 
easy access. lt*s made of durable smoked plastic and includes 
index dividers. $24.95 

Micro Disk Minder 
Penta Pac disk cases 

Each of these colorful cases holds five disks. Available for 
five different files: MacPaint^ MacTerminal^ MaeWrite, 
Multiplan, and “Generic.” You can also create your own 
cover inserts — a nice touch. Five-piece set, $14.95 

Penta Pac disk cases 

Style File 20 

case, or computer bag. It’s made of rugged, water-repellent 
material in a choice of navy blue or tan and holds either ten 
or twenty disks. The Style File can also stand alone on the 
desktop, where disk labels can be seen at a glance. Style 
File 10, $21.95; Style File 20, $26.95 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Disk Case 

A smoked acrylic case that stores thirty-six disks. Includes 
five dividers for organizing disks and ten blank labels. Of 
the many disk boxes available, this is one of the best: 
simple and functional. $30 

Joyce Computer Products (JCP) 

P.O. Box 860, 518 Wynooski, Newberg, OR 97132 
(503) 538-3269 

Style File 10 and Style File 20 disk holders 
Style File is a portable disk storage system that closes to a 
flat 1 1 /4-inch-thick folder for carrying in suit pocket, brief- 


Maccessories Disk Case 

Maccessories Travelling Disk Case 
A gray plastic case that holds twelve disks and folds flat for 
traveling. Also pops up for desktop display. $10.95 

Maccessories Travelling Disk Case 

Micro Products Company 

3831 Stone Way North, Seattle. WA 98103 
(800) 421-3645, (206) 632-1524 in Washington 

M&M Micro Accessories 

1533 Ralston Avenue, Burlingame, CA 94010 
(415) 342-2591 

Oak Disk Cube 

The Oak Disk Cube is a handsome, solid oak box that looks 
(and smells) great. It*s more awkward to use than plastic 
cases, due to its weight and construction, but it holds up to 
fifty disks. Plastic, tabbed dividers are included. $49.95 
($39.95 plus $5 shipping and handling if ordered directly 
from the manufacturer; California residents add sales tax) 

Ring King Visibles, Inc. 

2210 Second Avenue, P.O. Box 599, Muscatine, lA 52761 
(319) 263-8144 

MIP02 Protective Panels 

Vinyl and plastic storage panels that hold two disks and can 
be inserted in either 8 1/2x5 1/2-inch or 9 1/2 x 6-inch 
binders. Each panel, $1.75 

MIT050 Tray 

A smoked-acrylic, lockable case that holds up to fifty disks 
and includes indexing dividers. The hinged lid is also a car- 
rying handle. $26.95 

SRW Computer Components 
Company, Inc. 

18385 Bandilier Circle, Fountain Valley, CA 92708 
(714) 963-5500 

MicrolF He 40 

A disk organizer that holds up to forty disks in individual 
track slots. The Micro/File 40 has a cream-colored base and 
a smoked acrylic lid. $21.95 

Microdexl2S Modular ViewFile 
Stores and protects up to twenty-five disks in a stairstep 
arrangement. Each of five hinged cartridges tilts forward for 
easy disk access and pops out if desired. All disk titles may 
be viewed at once. Cartridges come two ways: classic taupe 



Microdex/25 Modular ViewFile 

(all one color) or color-coded (red, blue, green, yellow, and 
gray), with or without a lock. $17.95 

MicroDisk/10 library case 

Stores up to ten disks. Each case is designed with twin 
pockets and a step-up easel, for convenient desktop display. 
Colors are blue or champagne. $4.95 

MicroDisk/1 0 library case 

MicrolS ComPak ‘^Color Coder” 

Five individual plastic cases, each holding five disks. 
Choose all-taupe or the Colorburst selection: red, yellow, 
blue, green, and gray cases. All five cases, $8.95 

Dust Covers 


3891 North Ventura Avenue, Ventura, CA 93001 
(805) 653-0431 

Nylon dust covers 

Four-hundred-denier nylon covers for the Macintosh, key- 
board, external disk drive, and Imagewriter. Pewter or royal 
blue. Macintosh cover, $17; keyboard, $10; external drive, 
$8; Imagewriter, $11 

American Covers, Inc. 

512 West 9460 South. P.O. Box 1796, Sandy. UT 84091 

Macintosh and printer covers 

Durable and water-resistant “leather look” covers that protect 
your Macintosh and Imagewriter from the elements. Ameri- 
can Covers also makes covers for other printers; call or 
write for details. Macintosh cover, $16.95; external disk 
drive, $7.95; standard or wide-carriage Imagewriter, $9.95 

Mouse-House mouse cover 

A soft, furry, light-brown cover with beady eyes, tiny felt 
ears, and a pink nose. Cuter than the real thing. Fits snugly 


over your mouse. One of two mouse covers we’ve seen. 
More are sure to come. $6.95 


5920-A West St. Paul Avenue, Milwaukee, Wl 53213 
(414) 476-1584 

Fabric dust covers 

Three-piece set includes Mac, keyboard, and printer covers. 
Specify tan, navy, royal, cherry, chocolate, or gray. Covers 
are made of polyester/co tton and are machine washable and 
dryable. (The company sent fabric and color samples. They 
were, indeed, very nice.) Si Ik- screening and monogramming 
are offered. If you’d like your covers monogrammed, add $1 
for each initial. Three-piece set, $35; external drive, $5; 
numeric keypad, $3 

Co-Du-Co fabric dust covers 

Computer Cover Company 

P.O. Box 3080, Laguna Hills. CA 92654 
(800) 633-4787; (800) 982-5800 or 
(714) 380-0085 in California 

Nyion dust covers 

These 400-denier nylon dust covers for the Macintosh and 
its peripherals come in a range of colors to (as they say) 
complement home or office: red, rust, royal blue, aqua- 
marine, beige, smoke, brown, black, and bone. The basic 
set (Set 1) includes covers for the Macintosh, keyboard, 
mouse, and Imagewriter. Set 2 includes the basic set plus 
external disk drive. Set 3 includes the basic set plus numeric 
keypad. Set 4 includes the basic set plus external disk drive 
and numeric keypad. Set 5 includes the basic .set plus wide- 
carriage Imagewriter. Set 6 includes the basic set plus hard 
disk drive (specify model). Set 1, $30; Sets 2-6, $32 

Cover Craft Corporation 

P.O. Box 555, Amherst, NH 03031 

(800) 547-5600, (603) 889-681 1 in New Hampshire 

Field-Pro dust covers 

These clear vinyl, antistatic covers protect your Macintosh 
and are indeed well constructed. We tugged and pulled and 

couldn’t loosen the double-stitched seams. Macintosh two- 
cover set, $16.95; Imagewriter, $9.95 

Diversified Manufacturing, Inc. 

4722 East Eighth Street, Wichita, KS 67208 
(316) 263-6120 

Hardcover keyboard cover 

A vacuum-formed plastic cover that protects the Macintosh 
keyboard from dust, dirt, and spills. It’s colored to match 
the Macintosh. $17,95 

Eiegant Interiors 
Dust Cover Division 

855 South Knoxville, Tulsa, OK 74112 
(918) 835-5807 

Plush fabric dust covers 

These soft Antron velvet covers protect your system and 
look great, too. We found only one problem with them. 
After we gave our Macintosh “^e decorator look,” the rest 
of the desk looked. ..well, shabbier than before. The three- 
piece set includes covers for the keyboard, printer, and mon- 
itor, with a side pocket for the mouse. Colors are wine, 
raisin, clay, fawn, gold, grey, rose, chestnut, forest, rust, or 
blue. $36.95 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 


A custom-tailored set of antistatic dust covers for the Macin- 
tosh, keyboard, mouse, and Imagewriter. MacCovers arc 
made of six-gauge vinyl with reinforced seams. All four 
pieces, $29.95 

Frontrunner MacCovers 




Macs hell 

A flexible plastic “cover** that snaps onto the front of the 
Macintosh to protect both screen and disk drive from 
damage during transport. The MacShell may also be placed 
under the Mac, for a slightly tilted viewing angle. The un- 
derside of the MacShell has six “snap-in** disk pockets. Also 
includes a plastic keyboard cover. Both pieces, $29.95 

Inland Corporation 

32051 Howard, Madison Heights, Ml 48071 
(800) 521-8428, (313) 583-7150 in Michigan 

MacC overs 

Antistatic, tan-colored fabric covers for your Macintosh and 
components. Covers are Scotchgarded for moisture protec- 
tion. The Macintosh cover protects both the system and 
the keyboard. Mac cover, $12.95; Imagewriter cover, 
$12.95; external hard disk cover, $8.95. A plastic Mac- 
Cover keyboard cover is also available for $8.95. 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Dust Covers 

Antistatic nylon dust covers that fit over Macintosh and 
keyboard or Imagewriter. Each, $13.75 

Maccessories Starter Pack 

Contains Mac and printer Dust Covers, the Maccessories 
Swivel, and the Maccessories Surge Suppressor. $90 


643 Industry Drive, Seattle, WA 98188 
(800) 228-7042, (206) 575-1180 in Washington 


Antistatic nylon covers for Mac, keyboard, disk drive, nu- 
meric keypad, standard and wide-carriage printers, and 
several models of hard disks. Call for prices. 


8621 Laurel Canyon Boulevard, Sun Valley, CA 91352 
(818) 504-0309 

Keyboard Overalls 

An ultra-thin, ultra-strong, transparent plastic cover that 
protects the Macintosh keyboard and remains in place while 
you type. Although interference with fingering is minimal, 
typing with an Overalls cover on your keyboard feels a bit 
like wearing surgical gloves. Installs in seconds and pro- 
vides a watertight seal against nearly any kind of spill. 


184 Thompson Lane, Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 
(818) 884-0611 

Furry mouse cover 

We*ve got one of these on our mouse and wouldn*t part with 
it for nothin*. Pale gray fur, pink ears, and a black nose. 
Irresistible and inexpensive. $6.95 

SoftWear dust covers and furry mouse cover 

Macintosh and Imagewriter dust covers 
SoftWear*s brushed denim covers are hand-sewn by a finicky 
seamstress who cares about details like double-stitched 
seams and a perfect fit. Your choices are tan with brown 
trim, brown with tan trim, or light blue with black trim. 
Thcre*s an outside pocket in back for the mouse. SoftWear 


covers are sold individually or in sets. We recommend them. 
Mac, keyboard, and Iraagewritcr covers, $44.95; Mac and 
keyboard, $34.95; standard Imagewritcr, $12.50; widc- 
carriage Imagewritcr, $16.50; external drive, $9.95 

Mouse Pads 

Computer Accessories Corporation 

7696 Formula Place, San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 695-3773 

Macintosh Kit 

Includes MouseMat and QuickStand. MouscMat is a personal 
pad for your mouse made of sturdy, injection-molded plastic. 
Its textured top surface, according to the manufacturer, 
“gives your mouse the greatest mobility, allowing maximum 
efficiency to mouse movements.” The bottom surface is 
covered with nonslip rubber to prevent the pad from 
slipping and sliding across your desktop. 8 1/2x11 inches. 
QuickStand is a bi-level slotted holder that stores up to four 
Macintosh disks. Brown anodized finish. $24.95 

Macintosh Kit/MouseMat 

Computer Additions 

1617 Aliso Avenue, Costa Mesa, CA 92627 
(714) 642-8887 

Mouse Master 

A clear plastic, 9 x 11-inch mat for improved mouse move- 
menL If this were a different kind of sourcebook, we’d say 
something like, “The clear plastic material lets the natural 
beauty of your desktop show through.” But we’ve seen your 
desk. $9.95 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 


The MouseMat provides a clean, smooth rolling surface for 
your mouse. It’s made of hard rubber and comes with an 8- 
foot snap-on ground cord to dissipate static charges as you 
work. $29.95 

Moustrak, Inc. 

1 Weatherly, Suite 503, Mill Valley, CA 94941 
(415) 383-2477 


Moustrak is a foam mouse pad that’s superior to most desk- 
top surfaces. (Well, cleaner, anyway.) Its surface is a rayon/ 
nylon blend that ensures smooth and fast mouse tracking 
and reduces wear on the mouse rollers. Moustrak is available 
in two sizes. Moustrak I measures 9 1/4x7 7/8 inches, and 
Moustrak II measures 9 1/4 x 11 1/8 inches. Colors are red, 
green, blue, brown, and gray. Moustrak I, $9.95; Moustrak 
II, $10.95 




South Bay Software 

Box 969, Millbrae, CA 94030 
(415) 579-5455 

Mouse Pad 

A smooth Neoprene pad with a raised edge to keep your 
mouse from skipping and straying across the desktop. The 
manufacturer writes, “We*ve b^ed Mouse Pads in ovens, run 
my Ford LTD over them, boiled them, frozen them, and 
soaked them for weeks. We are amazed at the durability of 
the product, but.. .we do not recommend parking your car on 

We didn’t. $12.95 

Cleaning & Maintenance 

Automation Facilities Corporation 

Financial Plaza, 3916 State Street, 

Santa Barbara, CA 93105 
(805) 687-7040 

Floppiclene head cleaning kit 
Everything you need to clean your disk drive’s read/write 
head: aerosol cleaning solution, twenty disposable cleaning 
disks, and a disk jacket. Also includes two antistatic screen 
wipes and a lintfrcc cloth for cleaning the monitor. Kit, 
$34.95; refill kit, with twenty cleaning disks and aerosol 
cleaning solution, $14.95 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 


A cleaning kit for the Macintosh mouse. Includes foam- 
tipped swabs to remove oil from inside the mouse case, non- 


metallic tweezers to remove hair and dirt particles, lintfree 
towels, cleaning solution, and an antistatic cloth to clean 
the ball. Also includes a can of compressed air with a long, 
thin, flexible nozzle to blow out dust from hard-to-reach 
areas. You can also use the kit to clean the Mac’s screen, 
keyboard, and printer. $19.95 

Kensington Microware Limited 

251 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories Disk Drive Cleaning Kit 
Zap debris before it zaps your drive’s read/write head. The 
Maccessories kit includes a reusable disk cartridge, dis- 
posable cleaning inserts, and a spray can of cleaning solu- 
tion. $29.95 

Maccessories Disk Drive Cleaning Kit 

Maccessories Mouse Cleaning Kit 
The essential mouse maintenance materials, all in one place. 
Nonabrasive cellular-foam-tipped swabs, lintfree cloths, 
compressed air, and cleaning solution. Also includes a 
Mouse Pocket that attaches to the side of your Macintosh 
and holds the mouse. $24.95 

Maccessories Mouse Cleaning Kit 



Nortronics Company, Inc. 

8101 Tenth Avenue North, Minneapolis, MN 55427 
(800) 328-5640, (612) 545-0401 in Minnesota 

Diskette Head Cleaning Kit, CMP-153 
Cleans your disk drive’s read/write head to prevent errors or 
data loss from smoke, dirt, and oxide buildup. The kit in- 
cludes a software disk that guides you through the cleaning 
process with on-screen instructions, two disposable cleaning 
disks that slide in and out of a reusable disk jacket, and head 
cleaning spray. The software disk steps the head to a fresh 
cleaning band on the cleaning disk, spins the disk, and 
automatically shuts the drive off thirty seconds later. Kit, 
$39.95; software disk only, $29.99 

Mouse Cleaning Kit, CMP-232 
The essential materials to keep your mouse in tiptop shape: 
swabs, lintfree cloths, cleaning solution, a compressed air 
duster, and complete instructions. $17.95 

Nortronics Mouse Cleaning Kit, CMP-153 

The Pine Cone 

Blake Building, P.O. Box 1378, Gilroy, CA 95021 
(408) 842-7597 


The Mini-Vac is a 6-ounce, battery-powered vacuum cleaner 
designed to remove particles of dust and debris from hidden 
and hard-to-reach areas — the crevices of your keyboard, 
perhaps? It’s equipped with two interchangeable wands, two 
fine-bristle brushes, and a cloth vacuum bag. $29.95 

Vikor Company, Inc. 

55 Lake Street, P.O. Box 3123, Nashua, NH 03061 
(603) 889-8530 

Flexible Head Cleaning Disk 

The Flexible Head Cleaning Disk removes ferric oxide build- 
up and traps debris that can impair your disk drive’s read/ 
write capability. It works without abrasives and provides 
about fifty-two cleanings per disk. $39.95 

Drawing Aids 

Brimark innovations 

9821 Yolanda Avenue, Northridge, CA 91324 
(818) 885-8660 


A drafting machine-like drawing aid for tracing hard-copy 
graphics. The MouseTracer is constructed of heavy-gauge 
metal and mounted on a 12 X 12-inch birch board. The 
accompanying picture tells the story. $34.95 (plus $3 UPS 
or $5.50 US Parcel Post; California residents add sales tax) 


Diablo Valley Design 

4103 Hidden Valley Road, Lafayette, CA 94549 
(415) 283-1082 


A software/drawing aid combination to increase your 

The drawing aid is a transparent plastic sheet, letter-size, 
overlaid with a grid. You place the sheet over a picture, and 
there’s the picture, under the grid, now “divided” into 
individual squares. The idea is that it’s easier to compose 
MacPaint pictures one square at a time. 

So far not thrilling, right? 

But there’s more. The MacGrid disk contains a tutorial of 
ten drawing lessons, each a full MacPaint page. The lessons 
explain, in detail, how to use the grid and also how to use 
MacPaint tools to their maximum advantage. The screens are 
full of information and expertly done. Another MacPaint 
screen contains two grids for creating a two-fold Macintosh 
greeting card. Two more screens are on-screen grids, for 




creating original art. Two final MacPaint screens are stun- 
ning full-page drawings. 

Copy on the MacGrid package reads: “Beginning artists 
can use MacGrid to copy any subject (sketch, photo, etc.). 
Advanced artists will be able to turn their finished paper 
sketches into high quality works of art.” We'll admit this: 
MacGrid is not a gimmick, and it really does help. $39.95 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 

MouseAround drawing board 

Not a bom pixel pusher? Maybe the MouseAround can help. 
The MouseAround is a 12 x 12-inch plastic board with a 
sliding mechanism that holds the mouse. Place a drawing 
you want to copy on the MouseAround and insert the mouse; 
then trace the drawing using the red crosshairs engraved in 
the MouseAround's clear plastic frame. The sliding mech- 
anism keeps the mouse aligned horizontally and vertically 
for more accurate copying. $49.95 

Heizer Software 

5120 Coral Court, Concord, CA 94521 
(415) 827-9013 

Easy Trace 

Tools to aid in MaePainting. Like MacGrid, Easy Trace has a 
clear plastic background grid and a MacPaint background 
pattern (on disk, naturally) for precise placement of pixels. 
Easy Trace also adds clear plastic MacPaint “pixel rulers,” 
for easy conversion between inch and pixel measurements, 
and special sketch paper. Using the ruler and sketch paper, 
you can lay out and sketch a design on paper, then transfer 
it to MacPaint, using the background grid as a guide to pre- 
cise tracing. $39.95 

Hoglund Tri-Ordinate Corporation 

343 Snyder Avenue, Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922 


PaintMate is a graphic aid that's tricky to describe. It's a 
reflective “screen” (measuring 8 3/4x9 1/2 inches) that you 
suspend in front of the Macintosh screen, using a mounting 
bracket that's supplied. When an object is placed under the 
PaintMate screen, its image is reflected onto the Macintosh 
screen. You can then use the mouse to trace the reflected 
image as a MacPaint document, with proportions and per- 
spective intact. Includes hints for getting a good reflected 
image. $39.95 

Pneu-Mouse Corporation 

194 Spence Lane, Nashville, TN 37210 
(615) 871-0405 


The Pneu-Mouse literally floats your mouse on a cushion of 
air, giving increased cursor control that's especially useful 
for drawing applications. The Pneu-Mouse consists of a cir- 
cular disk carrier that “floats” (courtesy of a V-shaped groove 
underneath) on a panel of glass; the mouse fits into the 
carrier. The Club Mac News says, “Not only is the mouse 
easier to use, but control of the cursor on the screen is 
dramatically enhanced.” Includes all instructions and needed 
accessories. $74.95 

Rubicon Publishing 

6300 La Calma Drive, Suite 100, Austin, TX 78752 
(512) 454-5004 

Starcor Screen Coordinator 

The Screen Coordinator is an acrylic overlay with a ruled and 
numbered grid that helps Macintosh programmers design 
windows, dialog boxes, and other screen elements. The grid 
is made up of horizontal and vertical lines spaced ten pixels 
apart. When a MacPaint printout is placed under the grid, the 
screen location of elements on the printout can be deter- 
mined quickly and precisely. $39.95 

Starc»r Screen Coordinator 


Williams AG Products 

Route 2. Box 85-B, Haskell, OK 74436 
(918) 482-3524 

Sketch-to-Scale overlay template 
A clear plastic sheet, covered with a grid, that is placed on 
the Macintosh screen when using MacPaint to facilitate 
drawing to scale. Drawing scales of 1/8-inch up to full-scale, 
and engineering scales such as 1 inch = 20 feet, are possible 
with a single template, according to the manufacturer. The 
basic package includes one template scaled for 2-D drawings, 
instructions, and examples. The comprehensive package 
includes everything in the basic package and adds two 
overlay templates for interior and exterior perspectives. The 
Sketch-to-Scale may be easily removed. Basic drawing 
overlay template, $19.95; comprehensive drawing pack- 
age, $34.95 (plus $1.50 shipping and handling) 

Ribbons & More 

Applied Technologies 

806 Forest, Olathe, KS 66061 

Computer Color 

With this set of colored transfer sheets, you can print out 
MacPaint pictures, MacDraw diagrams, and other Macintosh 
creations in color. Begin by separating your document into 
sections — one for each color — and saving each section as a 
separate file. (See “Mac Prints a Colorful Picture'' in this 
chapter for details.) 

Computer Color sheets work like carbon paper; simply 
place a sheet of Computer Color paper over a sheet of paper 
in your printer, remove the printer ribbon, and print a file. 
Roll the paper back, insert a new sheet of Computer Color, 
and repeat the process for each section of your drawing. 
Colors can be overlapped to create twenty-five different 
hues. Since the pigments are water-soluble, watercolor-like 
effects can be achieved with a damp paintbrush. Each 
package contains four sheets each of red, blue, yellow, and 
white. $5.75. A sample disk of color-separated MacPaint 
files is available for $5. 

Aspen Ribbons, Inc. 

555 Aspen Ridge Drive, Lafayette, CO 80026 
(303) 525-0646 

Imagewriter ribbons 

Good ribbons, good prices. Black, $5.75; red, blue, green, 
brown, or purple, $7.75; black iron-on thermal ribbons 
(minimum twelve ribbons), $10.75 

Computer Friends 

6415 S.W. Canyon Court, Suite 10, Portland, OR 97221 
(800) 547-3303, (503) 297-2321 in Oregon 

Mac Inker 

Ribbon re-inkers are popular among businesses and user 
groups, where members pool their funds to share an inker. 
Ribbons may be re-inked a dozen times or more for mere 
pennies a ribbon. If you're careful and don't hurry, re-inking 
can be a painless, non-messy operation. The Mac Inker will 
re-ink any fabric (not carbon) printer ribbon; specify printer 
type when ordering. The company also sells uninked car- 
tridges and several colors of ink. Imagewriter Mac Inker, 
$59.95; two-ounce bottle of ink (blue, green, red, brown, 
yellow, or purple), $3 

Diversions, Inc. 

1550 Winding Way, Belmont, CA 94002 
(415) 591-0660 

The Underware Ribbon 

T-shirt design is as close as your Imagewriter when you've 
got an Underware Ribbon. Like other thermal ribbons, it 
lets you print transfers on plain computer paper and iron 
them directly onto a T-shirt or other material (recommended: 
a 50 percent cotton/polyester blend). Simple instructions 
begin with the answer to the inevitable question, “How do 1 
get my T-shirt in the printer?" Easy, fun, and washable, too. 
Twenty or more transfers per ribbon. $19.95 

Underware ColorPens 

Felt-tip pens that contain the same thermal transfer ink as 
the Underware Ribbon, but in color. Simply color your 
printout and iron the colored transfer onto a T-shirt or other 
material. Designs are permanent and washable (cool water, 
no bleach). A five-pen set includes red, orange, green, 
yellow, and blue pens. $19.95 

Esoft Enterprises 

P.O. Box 1 79, Owasso, OK 74055 
(918) 272-7616 

Process color printer ribbons 

Esoft's process color Imagewriter ribbons are designed for 
better mixing of colors on the paper. Unlike ribbons that 
use opaque inks, Esoft's ribbons use translucent inks. Light 
passes through the ink and reflects off the paper, resulting 
in brighter colors when colors are printed on top of each 
other. The ribbons are recommended for use with the 
company's ColorPrint software, which guides users through 
ribbon changes and keeps the image aligned on the page 
(.sec the Graphics chapter for details). The three-ribbon set 
includes yellow, magenta, and cyan. $29.95 



Express Computer Supplies 

1684 Market Street, San Francisco, CA 94102 
(800) 422-4949, (415) 864-3026 in California 

Colored printer ribbons 

Colored printer ribbons for multicolored drawings from your 
Imagewriter, Epson, or Okidata printer. Begin by designing 
your illustration in “layers.” Print the first layer of your 
drawing, then run the paper back through the printer and 
print successive layers using different colored ribbons (red, 
green, blue, brown, yellow, purple). “Blend” colors by 
overlapping them to produce a variety of shades. Each 
ribbon, $8.95 (Imagewriter, Epson 80); $14 (Epson 100); 
$4 (Okidata 80/82/83/92/93). Rainbow Pack (one of each 
color), $49.95, $79.95, and $21.95 respectively. 

Heat transfer ribbons 

Heat transfer ribbons enable you to print a design on stand- 
ard white computer paper and transfer the design with an 
iron onto cotton/polyester material (T-shirts, napkins, pil- 
lows, and so on). $17 (Imagewriter, Epson 80); $19 
(Epson 100); $10 (Okidata 80/82/83/92/93) 

Frontrunner Computer Industries 

316 California Avenue, Suite 712, Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 

Draw 'n Wear colored thermal ribbons 
Draw *n Wear ribbons let you create iron-on T-shirt transfers 
with your Macintosh in one or more colors: yellow, blue, 
red, green, or black. Simply separate your MacPaint drawing 
into several files — one file for each color. Then print the 
document as usual, rolling the paper back in the printer and 
inserting a different color ribbon for each pass. According 
to the manufacturer, each Draw *n Wear cartridge makes up to 
100 permanent, washable transfers. Each ribbon, $14.95 

Rainbow Ribbons 

Rainbow Ribbons let you escape from the world of black- 
and-white printing. They’re film, not nylon, for crisp repro- 
duction and come in a range of colors: yellow, blue, red, 
green, brown, silver, and purple, as well as black. Each 
ribbon, $9.95 

I/O Design, Inc. 

19 Lafayette Street, Rumson, NJ 07760 

Colored Imagewriter ribbons 

Six colors: red, blue, green, brown, yellow, and purple. The 
ribbons use a special lubricated ink that prevents buildup on 
the printhead; graphic printing instructions arc included. 
Each ribbon, $9.95 

T-Shirt Factory 

The T-Shirt Factory lets you make colored iron-or transfers 
of MacPaint designs from a set of heat-sensitive Imagewriter 
ribbons: black, blue, red, and yellow. $59.95 

Mac Prints 
a Colorful Picture 

By David Durkee 

With colored transfer papers and colored 
ribbon cartridges, you can print in color with your 
Macintosh and Imagewriter. The process is similar to 
color printing in books and magazines. 

Here’s how the professionals do it. To produce 
color printing, a color slide is photographically filtered 
into four separate pieces of film. Each piece contains 
a portion of the picture that will be printed in cyan 
(blue), magenta (red), yellow, or black. Black, of 
course, is a color, as all Macintosh owners know. 

The four “separations" are overlapped during 
printing to create all the hues present in the final 
color image. In effect, the picture is separated into 
colors, then put together again during printing. 

Let's see how color “separations" were created 
for the American flag shown here. 

First, the “flag master" shown in figure 1 was 
created. The drawing was kept as simple as possible 
(it’s easier to add detail or shading after the drawing 
is separated). The star field was drawn in detail, but 
the striped flag portion was left unshaded; it was only 
necessary to draw lines indicating where red and 

Figure 1 . Flag Master 


white stripes border each other. The master drawing 
was then saved as five identical MacPaint i\\es: Flag 
Master, Flag Black, Flag Blue, Flag Red, and Flag 

Next, the individual separations were created. 
The separations in figures 2 through 5 resulted from 
erasing those parts of each master drawing that 
wouldn’t contain an individual color, then again 
saving each file. In the Red Flag file, for instance, 
each area that wouldn't be printed in red was erased. 

The black separation in figure 2 contains only 
the pole outline, rope highlights, short lines to 
encase the white stripes, and highlights where the 
flag “waves in the wind." Figure 3 contains only the 
blue star field. In figure 4, the red stripes were added 
by filling in the areas with solid black; everything else 
was erased. In figure 5, everything but the rope and 
the flagpole tip was erased. 

The final step is printing each file, by rolling back 
the printer paper and inserting a new transfer paper, 
or a new ribbon cartridge, after each pass. Whether 
you’re using transfer sheets or color ribbons, the 
separations must line up precisely (in printing terms, 
they must be “in register"). 

Here’s an easy way to ensure registration: Mark 
lines on the edge of the paper that align with a non- 
moving printer part (like the paper baler) before the 
first pass. Then make sure the marks line up for each 
subsequent pass, as you roll the paper back. 

Figure 3. Flag Blue 

Figure 4. Flag Red 





Figure 5. Flag Yellow 

Figure 2. Flag Black 




The Reference Corporation 

212 Fifth Avenue, Suite 1312, New York, NY 10010 
(212) 685-4809 

Iron-on transfer ribbons 

Replacement Imagewriter cartridges that enable you to make 
iron-on transfers from your printer. Black only. Each rib- 
bon, $17.50 (plus $3 shipping and handling) 

Sharp Color 

578 Lynnwood Lane, Lancaster, OH 43130 
(614) 687-0129 

Colored Imagewriter ribbons 

Add your own personal touch to letters, brochures, drawings, 
and other Macintosh creations with colored Imagewriter 
ribbons. Red, green, brown, blue, yellow, and black. Each 
ribbon, $18 

Imagewriter thermal ribbons 

Thermal ribbons let you easily transfer any Macintosh- 
created design to cotton/polyester material. Simply print the 
design on standard computer paper, place it face down on a 
T-shirt or other fabric, and iron in place. $18 

The company is also planning to produce re-inkable Im- 
agewriter cartridges, which will come with 1 /4-ounce bottles 
of ink. Call or write for details. 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

The Apple Collection 

P.O. Box 306, Half Moon Bay, CA 9401 9 
(800) 227-6703, (800) 632-7979 in California 

The Apple Collection 

The Apple Collection is everything from clothing, gifts, 
and novelties to.. .well, why not write for a free catalog and 
see how completely our favorite computer company has its 
Yuppie bases covered. 

Ferro Enterprises 

P.O. Box 2151, La Jolla, CA 92038 
(619) 456-2213 

Paper Saver 

An ingenious little device that fits into the imagewriter’s 
single-sheet slot and stops tractor-feed paper from curling 
back into the printer and jamming on itself. It comes off in 
a second when you’re printing individual sheets. $6 
(standard Imagewriter), $8 (wide-carriage Imagewriter) 

Paper Saver 

Nebs Computer Forms 

12 South Street, Townsend, MA 01469 
(800) 225-9550 

Computer forms and supplies 

Nebs is a mail-order house that sells forms and accessories 
for Apples and other computers. Send for a free catalog and 
set aside an hour for wishful browsing. 


Hey, I just read in this magazine 
you're a great computer Is it true'^ 


Of course it is' Don't you know I'm a 
computer of the new generation 

with a 32-bit 


running at a 
ightfast 8 Mhz 

© 1984 by Jean-Michel Decombe. Used with permission. 



Books live. Thank God. 

And let’s put the “glut of computer books” myth to rest. The world 
needs computer books. People want computer books. Computer books are 
better than other books — all of them, any of them. Not a single computer 
book is overpriced or filled with anything less than priceless, needed 

We hope the book buyers from B. Dalton are reading this. 

Actually, there is a glut. There are too many books about computers 
you don’t own and aren’t interested in. Too many books that are too tech- 
nical, or too simple. And too many books like this one. 

Book buyers created the glut Computers were complicated and manu- 
als were lousy. That pirated copy of WordStar wasn’t much good without 
a manual, but there was also Arthur Naiman’s Introduction to WordStar, as 
close as your nearest bookstore. 

Books flooded from publishers. Tidal waves of Introduction to Intro- 
ductory BASIC for Beginners and Preschoolers washed into bookstores. 
Oceans of watery metaphors were swept along. 

The price tags were outrageous. And still are, for a few reasons. Sim- 
ple greed is one. Another reason is shelf life. Computers come and go. 
People will always cook Mexican food, but this year’s favorite computer 
language (or computer) won’t be next year’s favorite. Publishers want to 


get in, make money, and get out. Usually they have no choice; the books 
are dated quickly. 

If you think a book is overpriced, don’t buy it. Better yet, write to the 
publisher. Write: “This book is overpriced. If it were less expensive. I’d 
buy it. So would others.” 

Macintosh presents a special problem for publishers. The Macintosh 
barely needs a manual; it surely doesn’t need tutorial books, does it? 

Sure it does. Computer buyers enjoy reading about their computers. 
Many are well-educated, and frequent book buyers. Some people truly do 
want and need introductory books. Windows and scroll bars and buttons 
and icons make perfect sense, but not the first time you sit before a Mac- 

Some introductory books are worth the money — full of hints, tips, and 
insights. Others, we admit, are expensive junk: quickie books that are em- 
barrassingly bad — filled with typos, poor design, and factual errors. 

What makes a good book? If you like it, it’s good. But here’s a more 
critical approach: A book should have good organization (check the table of 
contents) and a thorough index. The book should feel good in your hands. 
The typeface and overdl design should be pleasing to the eye. The writing 
should be clear and accurate — not condescending, not obscure. Style is a 

When they’re good, computer books are the equal of books on any 
other subject. We hope these books achieve the success they deserve. We 
believe they will. 

Apple, Inc., is also a believer in books. To help separate the good 
from the bad, Apple has entered in partnership with Addison-Wesley and 
Hayden Books to “certify” some titles. Open up Scot Kamins’s Intro- 
duction to Macintosh BASIC and you’ll see these words: “Apple believes 
that good books are important to successful computing. The Apple Press 
imprint is your assurance that this book has been published with the 
support and encouragement of Apple Computer, Inc., and is the type of 
book we would be proud to publish ourselves.” 

In this case, we agree. It’s a excellent introduction to Macintosh 
BASIC. But the world is increasingly incestuous, isn’t it? 

Beyond introductions, there are books on programming, specific appli- 
cations, and hardware. Also, compendiums, sourcebooks, and buyer’s 
guides. All here, as many titles as we could dig up. Words enough for all. 

A final note: Some of the books described in this chapter exist. Some 
don’t exist and never will. Others are being written now and will trickle 
into bookstores and computer stores in the coming months. Vaportext, if 
you will. 

Book publishing, especially computer book publishing, is a risky and 
unpredictable business. Months before a book is completed — sometimes 
even before a word is written — publishers reserve space for the book in 
stores and describe the new offering in spring catalogs. Many a book is 
written to fit a catalog description of “256 pages with 80 illustrations, 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 



It’s from these catalogs and visits to booksellers that we drew many of 
these descriptions. All the books in this chapter reflect the best intentions of 
their publishers, but in the end some of them may only be that: best 

As you read this, authors are typing furiously, generating hundreds of 
thousands of words. Art directors are planning cover designs and promo- 
tional brochures. Printers are standing by to turn thousands of paste-up 
boards into real books. Bookstore owners are dusting off the shelves for 
new arrivals. 

With luck, all will go according to plan. But just to play it safe, we 
noted those books that are absolutely, positively “available now.” 

We even read some of them. 

Lower on the scale (a snobby viewpoint, we admit) are magazines and 
newsletters. The premier Macintosh magazine is Macworld. The only other 
“real” magazine devoted exclusively to Macintosh (for now, anyway) is 

A number of other magazines give Macintosh partial coverage. We’ve 
included the most notable in this chapter, although even magazines like the 
Atlantic Monthly have had articles about Macintosh. (But not frequently; 
we passed on the Atlantic.) 

Next come newsletters. Now it gets interesting. 

Newsletters seem to follow three paths: professional “insider” news- 
letters, “magazine” newsletters, and traditional newsletters. 

A traditional newsletter is news in the form of a letter, which only 
makes sense — written by one person, having only a few pages, stapled 
together, and free (or almost free). The Little Rock Birdwatchers Club, we 
suspect, has just such a newsletter. 

Many local Macintosh user groups also produce traditional newsletters. 
Some are quite good. None are listed here. If you’d like to search them out 
on your own, write to user groups listed in Appendix A. 

At the other end of the scale are “insider” newsletters. Typically, 
they’re well produced, full of little-known or very technical information, 
have a limited circulation, and are expensive. The Seybold Report on 
Publishing Systems is a good example. A typical issue was a hefty thirty- 
two pages (with no advertising) and covered Apple’s LaserWriter and 
AppleTalk network in great detail. Other issues featured articles on 
“Technology Trends for the PC Market” and “Software Directions.” The 
Seybold Report is issued twenty-two times a year. A year’s subscription 
costs $240. 

Is it worth it? For some people, definitely. For others, it’s, well, $240 
a year. 

Between insider and traditional newsletters is a strange breed — 
newsletters with skimpy content and inflated prices. Starting a newsletter, 
it seems, is easy to do. But often the newsletters offer little (or nothing) 
that can’t be found in “real” Macintosh magazines. The content is often low 
and the price is often high. 

Here’s some advice: Don’t subscribe to a Macintosh newsletter until 
you’ve seen a few issues and carefully compared its price to magazine 
subscription prices. 


There are some exceptions. The Club Mac News is meaty and well 
produced. Other, more specialized newsletters may also be good bets. 
MacTutor, one of the first “narrow focus” newsletters, would be welcome 
in any Mac programmer’s mailbox. 

Newsletters are often a good value when the subject matter is narrow. 
Every issue of Macworld can’t be filled with FatBits articles, but every 
issue of the FatBits Press can. If you’re thinking about starting a news- 
letter, keep this in mind. 

But why not put the entire newsletter on disk? Two companies have. 
SoftSpot and Macazine bill themselves as magazines on disk. (Macazine is 
no relation to the magazine of the same name. Something needs to be done 

Actually, these are “newsletters” on disk. That’s okay, but let’s be 
honest. The disks typically contain short reviews, short articles, editorials, 
public domain programs, and MacPaint pictures. Again, scroll through a 
few issues and consider the price before subscribing. 

And don’t forget the library. Patronize your bookseller and favorite 
magazine rack, but also patronize your public library. Twenty bucks is a lot 
of money for a BASIC book. Some of Aese magazines aren’t cheap either. 
If the library doesn’t have the publication you want, they can probably get 
it. Ask. Encourage your library to stock a wide selection of computer (and 
Macintosh) titles: books, magazines, and newsletters (yes, some libraries 
will stock newsletters). 

Or go all the way. Write your own computer book. Start a magazine. 
Write a newsletter. It’s fun. You might like it. You might make money. 

If we can do it, anyone can. 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


Books: General Interest 
& Software Specific 

Ashton-Tate Publishing Group 

8901 South La Cienega Boulevard, Inglewood, CA 90301 
(213) 642-4637 

MacPack: Creative Activities 
with MacPaint and MacV/rite 

By Sharon Aker and SoftSync, Inc. Two acliviLy books in 
one. The MacPaint book has designs, games, shortcuts, 
hints, and tips. The MaeWrite book has ideas for creating 
word games and Scrapbooks, among other things, and de- 
votes a special section to fun-and-games projects. $15.95 

Ballantine Books 

201 East Rftieth Street, New York, NY 10022 
(800) 638-6460, (212) 572-2620 in New York 

Apple Macintosh User^s Handbook 

By Weber Systems, Inc. An introduction to Macintosh. 

Available now. $9.95 

Getting Started on Your Mac* (*If You^ve 
Never Used a Computer Before) 

By Tim Hartnell with Rohan Cook. A beginner’s guide to 
using Macintosh with MacPaint and MaeWrite, Available 
now. $12.95 

Banbury Computer Books 

353 West Lancaster Avenue, Wayne, PA 19087 
(215) 964-9103 

Macintosh: The Appliance of the Future 
By Gerard Lewis. A beginner’s book that devotes about half 
the text to MacPaint and the other half to MaeWrite, Goes a 
bit deeper into MaeWrite than other beginner’s books. Has a 
fairly good index, but no table of contents. We thought all 
books had tables of contents! Available now. $14.95 

Bantam Books 

666 Fifth Avenue. New York. NY 10103 
(212) 765-6500 

Lotus Jazz for the Macintosh 

By Datatech Publications. $18.95 

Power Painting: Computer 
Graphics on the Macintosh 
By Verne Baumann and Ronald Kidd. $16.95 

Brady Communications 
Company, Inc. 

Routes 197 and 450, Bowie, MD 20715 
(800) 638-0220, (301 ) 262-6300 in Maryland 

Macintosh: The Definitive User's Guide 
By John M. Allswan. Hands-on exercises in using the Mac- 
intosh, MaeWrite, and MacPaint, Check your results on- 
screen against those in the book and learn how Macintosh 
works. $16.95 

William C. Brown Company 

2460 Kerper Boulevard, Dubuque, lA 52001 
(319) 588-1451 

Multiplan for the Macintosh 
with Microsoft Chart 

By David Stiff and Michael V. Laric. A structured, self-paced 
course that outlines the preliminary steps for running Multi- 
plan, then explains each of the functions of the program as 
you develop models for business uses. Available now. 
$16.95; with disk, $26.95 

Compute! Publications, Inc. 

324 West Wendover Avenue, Suite 200, 

Greensboro, NC 27408 
(919) 275-9809 

Becoming a Mac Artist 

By Vah6 Guzclimian. An illustrated guide to Macintosh 
graphics with emphasis on MacPaint and MacDraw. How to 
construct impressive advertisements, designs, layouts, re- 
ports, presentations, and business correspondence with the 
Macintosh. Includes a knock-out gallery of professional 
artists’ Macintosh creations. Well-written, enthusiastic, and 
one of the few books that discusses MacDraw. Recommend- 
ed. Available now. $17.95 

MacTalk: Telecomputing on the Macintosh 
By Sheldon Leemon and Arlan Levitan. Discusses the ins 
and outs of telecomputing with Macintosh, from selecting a 
modem to evaluating terminal software. Also describes a 
variety of information services, including Dow Jones, The 
Source, and CompuServe. Includes a section on how to trans- 
fer files to and from other Macs or other computer systems. 

Datamost, Inc. 

8943 Fullbright Avenue, Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 

The Apple Macintosh Primer 

By William B. Sanders. One of the earliest introductions to 
Macintosh to arrive on bookshelves. Skimpy and now out- 
dated. Not recommended. $9.95 


dilithium Press 

921 S.W. Washington Street, Suite 870, 

Portland, OR 97205 

(800) 547-1842, (503) 243-3313 in Oregon 
Presenting the Macintosh 

By Merl Miller and Mary A. Myers. An early introduction to 
Macintosh. Many inaccuracies, but fun to read a year later. 

Hayden Book Company 

10 Mulholland Drive, Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604 
(800) 631-0856, (201 ) 393-6300 in New Jersey 

The LaserWriter Sourcebook 

By Doug Clapp. Describes Apple’s LaserWriter laser printer. 
The LaserWriter Sourcebook may be both a “first book” 
about the LaserWriter and a continuing reference guide to 
operation. Or it may not. Chapters may cover using the 
LaserWriter with Microsoft Word^ MacDraw, and Lotus’s 
Jazz. Or they may not. Clapp is one of the few writers in 
this chapter with a legitimate excuse for delivering his book 
late: this book. $18.95 

MacBook: The Indispensable Guide 
to Applets Macintosh Computer 
By Arthur Naiman. A one-stop resource for Mac owners who 
want to get the most from their machines. First, Naiman 
details the features of the Mac itself and examines the 
assortment of printers, modems, and other hardware avail- 
able. Then, he assesses the pros and cons of current Macin- 
tosh software and details word processing, database manage- 
ment, graphics tools, and more. A thorough, opinionated, 
good read. $14.95 

Macintosh Multiplan 

By Joan Lasselle and Carol Ramsay. A Multiplan resource 
book that covers the basics: how to enter text labels, num- 
bers, and formulas; how to adjust and save worksheets; and 
how to utilize Multiplan templates. As you learn, you’ll cre- 
ate and revise an assortment of typical Multiplan work- 
sheets. A good introductory book, but lacking in infor- 
mation for experienced Multiplan users. Available now. 

Personal Financial Advisor: Managing and 
Making Money with Multiplan 
By Expert Systems, Inc. A book and disk package designed 
for personal financial use or small business management. 
The book explains the basic principles of cash flow, time 
and value of money, depreciation, amortization, and internal 
rate of return. The templates apply the principles to your 
own financial goals and economic situation. The result is a 
personalized financial planning program that gives a clear, 
integrated picture of total net worth — and suggests alterna- 
tive ways of increasing it. 

With Personal Financial Advisor, microcomputer pros (or 
novices) can track assets, liabilities, and net worth; calcu- 
late internal rate of return and break-even points; analyze 
and evaluate stocks and bonds with regression analysis; 

create budget worksheets; and perform such statistical tests 
as standard deviation, means, and variance. Requires 
Multiplan. $49.95 

Houlberg Development 

P.O. Box 271075, Escondido. CA 92027 
(619) 747-6379 

Macintosh TypefaceSy a Reference Guide 
to Shapes, Sizes, and Styles 

By Michael Houlberg. What appears to be a made-in-the- 
basement book. Macintosh Typefaces is 113 pages of 
Imagewriter printouts of Macintosh fonts: all the fonts, all 
the characters in each, all the sizes available. Also includes 
a number of good appendices: font tables, a table of ASCII 
printing characters, a guide to Cairo characters, and a guide 
to “Mystery Shift-Option-Tilde” pictures. Don’t expect text 
with this one; it’s primarily the typefaces — page after page 
of typefaces. Still, a good reference for font freaks, hobby- 
ists, and font pros. Available now. $14.95 (plus $2.50 
shipping and handling; California residents add sales tax) 


P.O. Box 1018, Santa Monica. CA 90406 
(213) 470-6786 

The Complete Macintosh Sourcebook 
By Pat Ryall and Doug Clapp. Describes more than 750 
Macintosh products from more than 350 vendors. Many 
photos and illustrations. $24.95 

Microsoft Word for the Macintosh 
By Dennis James. By day, Dennis James is a computer 
retailer with ten years experience in selling (and explain- 
ing) computers and dedicated word processors. By night, he 
writes: clean, engaging prose that doesn’t assume expertise 
but is never condescending. Real-world stuff. Why things 
work the way they do. Common problems, common-sense 
solutions. How to get up-to-speed fast, and how to squeeze 
the most out of your hardware and software. 

Word for the Macintosh begins with an introduction to 
word processing and Macintosh conventions, then covers 
the specifics of using Word: editing, formatting, changing, 
printing, searching and replacing, using headers, footers, 
footnotes, and glossaries, and more. The author also 
explains the trickier aspects of Word: placing graphics, 
creating division layouts, using mail-merge, and transfer- 
ring files from (and to) other applications. The book has 
many illustrations and lots of hands-on examples. Word for 
the Macintosh was produced entirely on the Macintosh: 
written and formatted with Microsoft Word, then output — as 
“camera-ready copy” — on the LaserWriter, ready to be pasted 
onto “boards” and shipped to the printer. Needless to say, 
recommended. $15.95 

The One-Hour Macintosh 

By Dennis James. An introductory Macintosh book written 
by a frequent contributor to this book. Written for novice 
users. The One-Hour Macintosh explains the Mac in an 
easy, personal style, from setting up to understanding how 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


lo use the machine. The book discusses software packaged 
with Macintosh and comments on other popular applica- 
tions. We*re admittedly biased about this book: We like the 
author and we like the publisher, who also published this 
sourcebook. And the price is right: $5.95 

Your Best Interest 

By Tom Weishaar. A book that, properly speaking, 
shouldn’t be listed here. Your Best Interest is not specific to 
Macintosh. Your Best Interest isn’t specific, in fact, to any 
particular spreadsheet or computer; the book is designed for 
anyone who wrestles with financial problems on any 
popular spreadsheet — including spreadsheets available for 
Macintosh. The book begins by explaining common 
spreadsheet arithmetic and guides readers into mastering 
complex financial calculations involving mortgages, in- 
terest rates, and interest-bearing securities. The book also 
details financial trickery used to take advantage of unwary 
investors and borrowers. Tom Weishaar is a former col- 
umnist for Softalk magazine and author of bestselling soft- 
ware for the Apple II, including Pronto-DOS, Your Best 
Interest is published by InfoBooks, the publishing house 
that’s also responsible for this sourcebook — which should 
explain the inclusion of Your Best Interest in this chapter 
and our bias toward the book: We like it. You make up your 
own mind. $9.95 

Micromedia Marketing, Inc. 

61 South Lake Avenue, P.O. Box 60550, 

Pasadena, CA 91106 

(800) 423-4265; (800) 242-6657 or 

(818) 795-9646 in California 

The Macintosh Guide 

By Paul Stark. A slim, inexpensive book for those who 
want to understand Macintosh, but don’t want to find out 
more than is absolutely necessary. They won’t. Available 
now. $9.95 

Microsoft Press 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

The Apple Macintosh Book 

By Cary Lu. One of the first books published about the 
Macintosh, and still a thorough introduction to the machine. 
Begins with the basics of operation and goes on to explain 
internal software and hardware. Not as complete as some 
readers would want, and dated in some areas, due to software 
changes and enhancements. Later chapters explore arcana 
such as photographing the Macintosh screen and using the 
mouse in moving vehicles. Microsoft software is, not 
surprisingly, given much attention. $18.95 

McGraw-Hill/Byte Books 

1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020 

Designing and Implementing 
Your Own Expert System 

By Beverly Thompson and William Thompson. An expert 
system is a computer program that can make logical infer- 
ences from a database of rules to solve a given class of 
problems. Designing and Implementing Your Own Expert 
System provides a front-row view of the state of the art in 
artificial intelligence, taking readers through the key compo- 
nents of a working micro-based expert system: how the 
critical components of an expert system interact and how 
knowledge must be represented for efficient computation of 

The full system includes the book and a software disk. 
Micro Expert, sold separately. Designing and Implementing 
Your Own Expert System, %\1 ,9S\ Micro Expert, %S9,9S 

Introducing the Macintosh 

By Charles B. Duff. One of the better introductory Macin- 
tosh books. This one’s also a “Byte Book’’ — a clue that the 
information is more technical than found elsewhere. A well- 
produced book that covers all the expected topics but also 
includes details on the Mac video and sound designs, files, 
and other topics bypassed by competing books. Also, a 
history of the events that led to Mac, complete with biblio- 
graphy. Available now. $14.95 

Inside MacPaint: Sailing through the Sea of 
FatBits on a Single-Pixel Raft 
By Jeffrey S. Young. Young, a frequent Macworld contrib- 
utor, turns MacPaint inside out and examines every aspect of 
the program, including problem areas. Inside MacPaint is 
sprinkled with tips and shortcuts from the personalities 
behind MacPaint. Young is one of the betters writers now 
tilling the Macintosh text fields. Recommended for MacPaint 
fans. Available now. $18.95 



By Lon Poole. This one’s a bestseller and should be. It 
covers the basics, then goes on to describe a number of 
“projects” for Multiplan and other Mac application pro- 
grams. Has a good glossary, excellent production (standard 
with Microsoft Books), a listing of keyboard shortcuts, and 
much, much more. Fun, useful, and recommended. Available 
now. $18.95 

Presentation Graphics on the Apple Macintosh 
By Steve Lambert, An in-depth exploration of Microsoft 
Chart, Don’t be fooled by the title; this one’s about Chart 
and Chart only. An invaluable guide for anyone who must 
use Chart extensively, and a good introduction to represent- 
ing data graphically. Well written, with many good exam- 
ples. If you use Chart, buy and read this book. Available 
now. $18.95 

The Printed Word 

By David A. Kater and Richard L. Katcr. A guide to the art of 
sophisticated word processing and printing on the Mac- 
intosh, using Microsoft Word. The book covers simple 
editing, formatting, windowing, and using Word's glossary 
and print-merge features. A special section reviews available 
printers and printer drivers and provides guidance in the 
production of professional quality type styles, graphics, and 
camera-ready copy. The authors also describe how to create 
brochures, newsletters, form letters, mailing labels, tech- 
nical papers, and more. $17.95 


Slawson Communications, Inc. 

3719 Sixth Avenue, San Diego. CA 92103 
(619) 295-0473 

Kidding around on the Macintosh 
By Linnea Dayton. A book crammed with Macintosh 
projects for children nine and up. Here are some of them: 
masks, T-shirts, paper airplanes, bags, boxes, geometric 
models, animal models, mobiles, clay beads, beanbags, 
puppets, tile mosaics, games, puzzles, mazes, greeting 
cards, electronic string art, flip-action books, notepaper, 
postcards, newsletters, calendars, and more. Requires a 
single-drive 128K Mac with MacPaint, MaeWrite, and a 
printer. $9.95 

New American Library (NAL) 

1633 Broadway, New York, NY 10019 
(212) 397-8000 

MacGiiide: The Complete Handbook 
for the Macintosh 

By Leslie S. Smit. How to get the most from Macintosh: an 
overview of MacPaint, MaeWrite, and Multiplan; word proc- 
essing tips and shortcuts; mouse tricks, too. Available now. 

Macintosh Design Studio: 107 Useful Projects 
You Can Make Yourself with MacPaint 
By Robert Sacks and Jason A. Shulman. ‘The book that puts 
MacPaint to work.” More than a hundred different MacPaint 
projects for home and business, for children as well as 
adults. Letterheads, business cards, greeting cards, business 
forms, newsletters, menus, calendars, and more. Design 
Studio was created entirely on the Macintosh. $19.95 

Macintosh Graphics: From MacPaint to Your 
Own Graphics Programming on the Macintosh 
By Gordon Mann. A step-by-step guide to producing 
sketches, pie charts, graphs, and more with MacPaint, Mac- 
Draw, and Macintosh Pascal/Microsoft BASIC commands. 


2600 Tenth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710 
(800) 227-0900; (800) 772-2531 or 
(415) 548-2805 in California 

Macintosh Business Applications 

By Robert Flast and Lauren Flast. Not available at this 

writing. $16.95 


By Jonathan Erickson and William Cramer. An overview of 
telecommunications: the hardware you’ll need, detailed in- 
structions for MacTerminal and other communications soft- 
ware, and the inside story on the most popular network and 
information services. Available now. $16.95 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


Microsoft Word Made Easy: Macintosh Edition 
By Paul Hoffman. An introduction to the basics of word 
processing with Word. Creating letters, memos, reports, and 
more, with practical, business-oriented exercises. $14.95 

MuUiplan Made Easy: Macintosh Edition 
By Walter A. Eltlin. Practical instructions and skill-building 
exercises that help you get the most from Mac’s premier 
spreadsheet program. Covers everything from the basics of 
using Macintosh to formatting worksheets, entering data, 
building formulas, and using basic and advanced mathemat- 
ical functions. $14.95 

Using MaeWrite and MacPaint 
By Tim Field. An idea book designed to “spark your ingenu- 
ity so you can make the most of this innovative software.” 
Learn to use Write and Paint to produce reports, illustra- 
tions, business correspondence, designs, and more. Avail- 
able now. $11.95 

Penguin Software 

830 Fourth Avenue, P.O. Box 311, Geneva, IL 60134 
(312) 232-1984 

Macintosh ! Complete 

By Doug Clapp. Macintosh! Complete was one of the first 
books out about Macintosh and is now showing its age, but 
it remains a light, often readable introduction to Macintosh. 
Contains a good glossary of terms and an engaging Further 
Reading appendix. $14.95 

Prentice-Hall, Inc. 

General Publishing Division 

Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632 

Ken Uston’s Illustrated Guide to the Macintosh 
By Ken Uston. In all, a catchall book. Part one is the intro- 
ductory material. Part two is “Writing with Macintosh.” Part 
three is “Spreadsheets, Calculating, and Programming.” Then 
there’s a section on games and MacPaint, and a section on 
telecommunications. Uston is an engaging writer, but we 
wish he had “engaged” a bit more time and thought into this 
one. Available now. $9.95 

Macintosh Notebook: Multiplan 
By John Heilbom. How to exploit the unique features of 
Multiplan and the Macintosh for easier, more productive 
business and personal financial use. If you like this ap- 
proach, you might want to investigate other offerings in 
Prcnticc-Hairs Notebook series for MacPaint, MaeWrite, and 
Macintosh BASIC. $14.95 

School and Home Guide to the Apple 
Macintosh Computer 

By Everett Murdock and Susan Sudbury. How Macintosh 
compares to other personal computers as an educational 
tool. The authors describe the Macintosh and its operating 
system and evaluate “the merit and usefulness of the Mac’s 

learning programs within the context of the school and 
home learning environment.” $15.95 

Random House 

201 East Fiftieth Street, New York, NY 10022 
(800) 638-6460, (212) 751-2600 in New York 

101 Ways to Use a Macintosh: 

A Practical Guide for the Rest of Us 
By David D. Thornburg. A collection of ideas for home, 
office, or classroom that help you explore the creative 
potential of your Mac. How to create charts and graphs, r6- 
sumds, family trees, music notation, computer art, patterns, 
chain letters, databases, and more. Available now. $14.95 

Reston Computer Group 
Reston Publishing Company, Inc. 

11480 Sunset Hills Road, Reston, VA 22090 
(703) 437-8900 

The Epson Connection: Macintosh 
By Rick Dayton. Covers the basics of using a Macintosh 
with the Epson MX and FX series printers, then moves on 
to advanced topics such as character printing, bit-mapped 
graphics, and the printers’ wide range of capabilities with 
various word processing programs. $16.95 

Understanding the Macintosh Computer 
By Rick Dayton. A general introduction to Macintosh and 
its earliest software: MaeWrite, MacPaint, Multiplan (called 
MacPlan), and Microsoft Chart (called MacChart). Available 
now. $18.95 

Howard W. Sams & Company 

4300 West 62nd Street, Indianapolis, IN 46268 
(800) 428-7267, (317) 298-5400 in Indiana 

Introducing the Apple Macintosh 
By Edward S. Connolly and Philip Lieberman. One of the 
earliest introductions to Mac and its software. Skimpy, 
quickly done, and not recommended. $12.95 

Scott, Foresman and Company 

1900 East Lake Avenue, Glenview, IL 60025 
(312) 729-3000 

Doug Clapp* s Jazz Book 

By Doug Clapp. In the words of its author, “Not only the 
best book about Jazz that will ever be written, but a book 
destined to be an instant classic to be read and reread many 
generations from now.” $17.95 

MacCats: 99 Ways to Paint 
a Cat with MacPaint 

By Floyd Flanagan. One of our favorite MacPaint books. 
Not surprisingly, it’s about cats — lots of cats and lots of 
ways to use MacPaint to draw cats. A fun book and a fun 
way to learn MacPaint. Available now. $9.95 


99 ways to paint a cal 
with MacPaint'" 

Allen Munro 

MacPower: Using Macintosh Software 
By Allen Munro. An introduction to popular Macintosh 
software: Filevision^ ThinkTank, Multiplan, and more, with 
tips on using each package productively. Includes hints, 
shortcuts, and a brief guide to Mac peripherals. Available 
now. $15.95 

Multiplan Mastery on the Macintosh 
By Andrew J. Townsend. A guide to creating useful spread- 
sheets to manage business, personal, or statistical informa- 
tion on the Macintosh. Leads first-time Multiplan users from 
the basics to advanced concepts in spreadsheet design. 
Includes dozens of illustrations and sample spreadsheets. 

Simon & Schuster, Inc. 

1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020 
(800) 223-2336; (800) 442-7070 or 
(212) 757-9152 in New York 


By Danny Goodman. Useful and practical advice for getting 
the most from Macintosh. How to cope with a one-drive 
system, how to structure files efficiently, and how to opti- 
mize disk space. Also covers connecting peripherals, ex- 
changing files with other computers, and evaluating new 
software. The author, a frequent Macworld contributor, also 
reveals many undocumented features of MacPaint and Mac- 
Write, $16.95 

Sybex Computer Books 

2344 Sixth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710 
(800) 227-2346, (415) 848-8233 in California 

The Easy Guide to Your Macintosh 
By Joseph Caggiano. Everything from setting up Macintosh 
to using MaeWrite, MacPaint, and Multiplan. How to expand 
your system and what to do if there’s a problem. A special 
section of “One Minute Recipes” outlines the steps involved 
in the most commonly used procedures. Available now. 

Jazz on the Macintosh 

By Joseph Caggiano. The ins and outs of Lotus’s new inte- 
grated software package. Step-by-step lessons on using each 
of the functions, supplemented with tips on how to integrate 
them into solutions to business problems. $22.95 

Macintosh for College Students 
By Bryan Pfaffenberger. Using Mac at college: covers note- 
taking, research, number crunching, word processing, graph- 
ics, even job finding. Available now. $14.95 

Tab Books, Inc. 

P.O. Box 40, Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17214 
(800) 233-1128, (717) 794-2191 in Pennsylvania 


By David Bolocan. All about Jazz, with detailed explana- 
tions, nontechnical language, and lots of examples. 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


MacBusiness — Solving Problems 
with Your Macintosh 

By Toby Younis. In the words of its publisher, “A forth- 
right, businesslike approach to using the Macintosh for a 
wide range of practical applications/* Okay. $14.95 

Mac Graphics 

By Tony Fabbri. Dozens of things to do with MacPaint^ 
from game playing to preparing business graphics. $14.95 

Mac Multiplan 

By David Lenfest and Linda K. Woods. Hands-on help for 
Multiplanners. Available now. $16.95 

2,001 Things to Do with Your Macintosh 
By Mark R. Sawusch and Tan A. Summers. An idea book for 
those looking for new ways to use their Macs. Everything 
from games to technical applications, all written in Micro- 
soft BASIC. The programs are also available separately on 
disk. Available now. $9.95; with disk, $26.50 

John Wiley & Sons 

605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158 
(212) 850-6000 

Mac at Work: Macintosh Windows on Business 
By Diane K. Bums and Sharyn D. VeniL How to create over 
fifty different business documents with Macintosh: from 
balance sheets, invoices, and organizational charts to 
business plans, proposals, and financial reports. No tech- 
nical csotcrica here, just advice on how to calculate, chart, 
plan and schedule, communicate, and sort your way to 
sophisticated documents that can be tailored to fields such as 
insurance, real estate, law, and medicine. $17.95; with 
disk, $39.95 

Macintosh: A Concise Guide 
to Applications Software 

By Dirk Van Nouhuys. Explains what Mac can do and shows 
how to run major application programs: spreadsheets, draft- 
ing and design programs, database management systems, and 
more. We haven’t seen it, but here’s a quote from the pub- 
lisher: “This software guide candidly reviews the most pop- 
ular software on the market. It tells readers the ones to buy 
and the ones to avoid, and even gives them a glimpse at 
what’s to come with previews of beta-test versions of new 
Mac software soon to hit the market.’’ Vaporware previewed! 

The author also describes how to create music and charts, 
how to move text files from other machines to the Mac, and 
how to reach on-line information services. Includes more 
than ten printed programs and a glossary of personal com- 
puter terms. $16.95 

Books: Programming 
Languages & Technical 

Publishing Company 

6 Jacob Way, Reading, MA 01867 

(800) 238-3801, (617) 944-3700 in Massachusetts 

Early in 1985, as part of its Apple Press program, Apple 
chose Addison-Wesley as the exclusive distributor of select- 
ed Apple II and Macintosh user and technical reference 
manuals for the trade and college book markets. It seems 
like a good match; Apple has manuals and technical infor- 
mation; Addison-Wesley has marketing resources and dis- 
tributing channels. 

So expect to see many technical books from Addison- 
Wesley, written by Apple insiders or development team 
members. Also, Addison-Wesley has taken on the monu- 
mental task of making a book of Apple’s Inside Macintosh 
documentation. Inside Macintosh should be in stores this 
summer, as a three-volume set; contact Addison-Wesley for 

The Macintosh Developer^s Guide 
By William G. Nisen and Dennis Brothers. Begins with an 
introduction to the Macintosh and Mac XL and offers speci- 
fic advise for programmers and commercial developers. 'Fhc 
authors examine various programming environments, includ- 
ing Pascal, C, and BASIC, and explain how the Macintosh 
versions differ from other versions of these languages. 
Addison-Wesley explains, *"The Macintosh Developer' s 
Guide will not teach programmers how to crank out code. It 
will teach them all the development concepts they need to 
make programming the Macintosh efficient and productive.’’ 

The authors also speculate on additions to the Macintosh, 
such as artificial intelligence applications. Sections on 
peripherals and add-ons discuss such topics as memory 
enhancement, hard disks, and networking possibilities. 

Macintosh Pascal Illustrated: 

The Fear and Loathing Guide 

By Scott Kronick. Billed as “an informative and entirely 
irreverent voyage into the heart of Macintosh Pascal.’’ Join 
Mr. Moss and his hound dog Rollo as they explore Mac- 
intosh Pascal’s menu options and show readers how to enter, 
save, run, print, and alter programs. Follow Mr. Moss into 
QuickDraw and the Toolbox, where you’ll learn how, 
through sample programs, to use the mouse to initiate 
graphics, manipulate the Mac windows, send multi-styled 
text to the printer, and connect Macintosh Pascal to Mac- 
Paint and MaeWrite. 

Mr. Moss encourages experimentation throughout to help 
readers grasp the structure and grammar of Mac Pascal. 
Members of the Macintosh development team contributed 
programs that teach how to create full four-channel sound, 
format dollars and cents for business applications, display 


smooth- moving animated graphics, and more. For refer- 
encing, the Whiz-Kids Encyclopedic Guide gives a com- 
prehensive illustrated dictionary of Macintosh Pascal, 
including the QuickDraw and Toolbox routines. $16.95 

Ashton-Tate Publishing Group 

8901 South La Cienega Boulevard, Inglewood, CA 90301 
(213) 642-4637 

M acBA SIC Programming 

By James Heid. A step-by-step approach to introductory 
Macintosh BASIC, with examples, illustrations, and sample 
programs. Each chapter ends with a summary and a brief quiz 
on the material covered. $24.95 

Bantam Books 

666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10103 
(212) 765-6500 

Macintosh C Primer Plus 

By The Waite Group. A realistic look at C, for those with 
some programming experience but no prior acquaintance 
with the C language. Part 1 provides a “vanilla tutorial’* of 
the C language as it applies to Macintosh programming, 
concentrating on those parts of the language syntax and 
constructions that arc appropriate for Mac usage. Part 2 
showcases features of some (only some) ROM “managers” 
and includes some simple C examples. $18.95 

Programming in Macintosh BASIC 
By Bob Albrecht and Don Inman. A BASIC tutorial for 
beginners to intermediates, planned for fall ’85 release. 

Brady Communications 
Company, Inc. 

Routes 197 and 450, Bowie, MD 20715 
(800) 638-0220, (301) 262-6300 in Maryland 

Business and Home Applications for the 
Macintosh Using Microsoft BASIC 
By Stan Schatt. A beginner’s book of business, education, 
and home applications written in Microsoft BASIC. Intro- 
duces basic BASIC commands and explains how to use them 
to access peripherals and take advantage of Mac’s graphics 
capabilities. $14.95 

Inside the Macintosh 

By Thom Hogan. How Mac works: a detailed look at the 
68000 microprocessor, the Macintosh ROM, and how infor- 
mation is stored and retrieved from disk. Includes thirty 
different routines and a comprehensive glossary of computer 
terms. $15.95; with disk, $40.95; disk alone, $25 

Macintosh Assembly Language 
By Leo J. Scanlon. Introduces and explores the 68000 in- 
struction set and outlines the steps necessary to create and 
run assembly language programs. $18.95; with disk, 
$43.95; disk alone, $25 

The MacPascal Book 

By Paul Goodman and Alan Zeldin. An interactive Pascal 
tutorial; recommended by Brady as a textbook for schools 
teaching Macintosh Pascal. $15.95 

Microsoft BASIC for the Macintosh 
By Larry Joel Goldstein and David I. Schneider. An 
introduction to the fundamentals of Microsoft BASIC. Here 
are some chapter titles: Controlling the Flow of Your Pro- 
gram, Working with Data, Easing Programming Frustrations, 
Your Computer as a Filing Cabinet, String Manipulation, An 
Introduction to Computer Graphics, Computer Generated 
Simulations, and more. Includes an alphabetic listing of 
BASIC commands and numerous sample programs. $19.95 

CompuSoft Publishing 

535 Broadway, El Cajon, CA 92021 
(619) 588-0996 

Learning Microsoft BASIC for the Macintosh 
By David A. Lien. An introduction to Microsoft BASIC from 
a bestselling author of books about BASIC for other com- 
puters. Light and humorous, with lots of examples. Avail- 
able now. $19.95 

Hayden Book Company 

10 Mulholland Drive, Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604 
(800) 631 -0856, (201 ) 393-6300 in New Jersey 

Hayden is producing an impressive list of books about the 
Macintosh. In many cases, the authors arc Apple employees 
who were directly involved with the creation of Macintosh 
or consultants to Macintosh. Steve Chemicoff, author of 
Macintosh Revealed^ is a member of the Macintosh docu- 
mentation team and wrote much of the material in the Inside 
Macintosh documents aimed at developers. Scot Kamins 
documented Macintosh BASIC for Apple during the design of 
the language and contributed to many of the design 
decisions. Arthur Naiman, though not connected with Apple, 
is the author of (among many other books) Introduction to 
WordStar^ a book that has sold over 100,000 copies. 

Basic Microsoft BASIC for the Macintosh 
By James S. Coan and Louisa Coan. Step-by-step instruc- 
tions, sample programs, and screen illustrations that guide 
you in writing control routines, subroutines, and complete 
programs quickly and easily in Microsoft BASIC 2.00. 
You’ll learn how to access the QuickDraw ROM routines; 
highlight short, simple programs with additional capabili- 
ties; write memory-efficient programs; and more. $18.95 

Introduction to Macintosh BASIC 
By Scot Kamins. Teaches the concepts and practice of solid 
programming: how and where to implement variables, 
loops, subroutines, random numbers, and arrays. The style is 
light, and the examples are often hilarious. Kamins is the 
acknowledged authority on Macintosh BASIC and, thank- 
fully, an extremely good writer. 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


Exercises and quizzes lead you through Macintosh BASIC 
programming tools, unique commands, coding, the Macin- 
tosh Editor, and the accessories for developing, testing, and 
debugging programs. Recommended. Available now. 

Macintosh Revealed, Volume One: 

Unlocking the Toolbox 

By Stephen Chemicoff. Details the software encased in the 
Macintosh ROMs and shows how to create programs that 
access the ROM routines. Most examples arc given in 
Pascal, the dc facto Apple development language, although a 
nod is given to assembly language programmers. A good 
grounding in Pascal (and an interest in Pascal) is highly 
recommended to purchasers. In parts, very similar to Inside 
Macintosh. Includes, as an appendix, a sample “skeleton” 
application that implements the full Macintosh user inter- 
face — a valuable addition. Available now. $24.95 

Macintosh Revealed, Volume Two: 

Programming with the Toolbox 
By Stephen Chemicoff. Shows how to create overlapping 
windows, customized menus, scroll bars, disk I/O routines, 
and dialog boxes with the Macintosh Toolbox — and how to 
integrate these features into application programs. Explains 
how Mac responds to mouse clicks and keypresses. A simple 
text editor called MiniEdit demonstrates the implementation 
of the Toolbox; the source code for MiniEdit is described in 
the Programmer’s Handbook following each chapter. Cherni- 
coff uses Lisa Pascal to develop applications that use the 
Toolbox. $29.95 

Microsoft Press 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

Macintosh Midnight Madness 

By The Waite Group; Mitchell Waite, Dan Putterman, Don 
Urquhart, Chuck Blanchard, and Harry Henderson. Thirty-two 
games and utilities in Microsoft BASIC, each with an 
illustrated narrative describing its operation. How to write, 
list, run, and debug programs. Midnight Madness also 
teaches “the secrets of animation,” how to use Mac’s sound 
synthesizer to compose music, how to create a simple text 
editor, and how to turn your Macintosh into a “central 
message center.” $15.95 

Microsoft Macinations 

By The Waite Group; Mitchell Waite, Robert Lafore, and Ira 
Lansing. Introduces the fundamentals of Microsoft BASIC 
programming and offers a quick look at the most commonly 
encountered programming statements. Presents a variety of 
practical applications for business, professional, and enter- 
tainment use, including disk file management, report 
printing, statistical graphing, animation, sound, and 
formatted data entry. A special section features instruction in 
using BASIC programs with Multiplan. $14.95 

New American Library (NAL) 

1633 Broadway, New York, NY 10019 
(212) 397-8000 

Assembly Language Primer for the Macintosh 
By The Waite Group; Keith Mathews. This book is modeled 
on CPIM Primer and the bestselling Assembly Language 
Primer for the IBM PC. First, the author introduces the 
Macintosh’s program development process. Then we’re 
taken on an exploration of the Mac’s many features, includ- 
ing the window into the 68000 microprocessor, 68000 
assembly language itself, the strengths and uses of the 
Mac’s built-in ROM routines, and the power of the Mac’s 
program development system. A series of interactive tutor- 
ials explain assembly language as it governs Mac’s Quick- 
Draw routines, the event and menu managers, and other 
built-in ROM routines. $24.95 

Games and Utilities for the Macintosh 
By The Waite Group; Dan Shafer and Chuck Blanchard. 
Games and utility programs written in BASIC and Pascal that 
you type in and run. Just follow the step-by-step instruc- 
tions; each program is accompanied by a detailed explana- 
tion of how it operates. Some of the offerings are games 
like Space Shuttle Pilot, Tron Cycle Chase, and Shooting 
Gallery; others are education, art, and music programs or 
useful utilities that sort text files, manage fonts and icons, 
and redefine keyboard keys. $18.95 

Hidden Powers of the Macintosh 
By The Waite Group; Christopher Morgan. Hidden Powers is 
billed as “the essential guide for serious programmers.” 
Starting with a discussion of the ideas and concepts that 
went into the design of the Macintosh, Hidden Powers 
provides insight into the operation and functions of the Mac 
and the specific skills that programmers need to write fast, 
clean, powerful programs. Topics include the internal 
structure of the Macintosh; Mac’s QuickDraw routines; the 
windows, menus, and resources of the User Interface Tool- 
box; and the many features of the Macintosh operating 
system, including memory and file management and device 
drivers. $21.95 

Instant Pascal Primer 

By The Waite Group; Dan Shafer. A comprehensive, step-by- 
step guide to Macintosh Pascal. Many explanations, exer- 
cises, and examples. $17.95 


2600 Tenth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710 
(800) 227-0900; (800) 772-2531 or 
(415) 548-2805 in California 

The Microsoft BASIC BookI Macintosh Edition 
Walter A. Ettlin and Gregory Solberg. Styled after the 
MDASIC Handbook, this step-by-step tutorial is divided into 
three sections that present a scries of programming tools: 
basic, advanced, and “power.” Four new chapters cover the 
sound, graphics, ROM calling, and event trapping capa- 
bilities of the Macintosh. $18.95 


Using Macintosh BASIC 

By Richard Norling. Insights into the many capabilities of 
Macintosh BASIC, with discussions of BASIC statements, 
functions, and operations. Special emphasis is given to 
graphics and sound. You’ll learn how to create Macintosh 
windows and menus, how to program the mouse, and how 
to use Macintosh’s Toolbox commands. Available now. 

Using Macintosh Pascal 

By Paul Sand. Hands-on instruction in learning to write, 
edit, and debug Macintosh Pascal programs. Many illustra- 
tions and sample screen displays. $17.95 

Late in 1985, look for these titles from Osborne/McGraw- 

Macintosh Assembly Language Programming 

By Lance Leventhal. $19.95 

Macintosh Game Animation 

By Ron Person. $16.95 

Macintosh G raph ics 

By David Kater. $17.95 

The Macintosh Program Factory 

By George Stewart. $17.95 

Reston Computer Group 
Reston Publishing Company, Inc. 

11480 Sunset Hills Road, Reston, VA 22090 
(703) 437-8900 

Macintosh Hands-On Pascal 

By T.G. Lewis and Abbas Birjandi. Pascal programming 
fundamentals: structure, integers, subprograms, iteration, 
files, arrays, sets, scalars, and more. Also, how to use the 
mouse and the Macintosh windows with a Pascal program. 
For beginning programmers and new Macintosh owners. 

Scott, Foresman and Company 

1900 East Lake Avenue, Glenview, IL 60025 
(312) 729-3000 

Getting inside the Macintosh: 

A Programmer^ s Guide 

By William B. Twitty. An exploration of the Macintosh and 
its operating system. Discusses the Mac and the 68000 mi- 
croprocessor, along with the available compilers. $16.95 

Microsoft BASIC Programming for the Mac 
By Sharon Zardelto Aker. A BASIC tutorial for beginning to 
intermediate programmers. Includes programming techniques, 
numerous programs and examples, and advice on managing 
menus, windows, and the mouse. $12.95 

Sybex Computer Books 

2344 Sixth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710 
(800) 227-2346, (415) 848-8233 in California 

The Macintosh BASIC Handbook 
By Thomas Blackadar and Jonathan Kamin. A weighty guide 
to every Macintosh BASIC command, arranged alpha- 
betically. Includes an extensive listing of commands to 
access the Macintosh ROM routines and a number of well 
chosen examples. Not a tutorial, but a thorough reference to 
the Macintosh BASIC vocabulary. A puzzling omission: 
page numbers! (Not surprisingly, that omission makes an 
index impossible and the table of contents — there is one — 
silly.) Available now. $24.95 

Programming the Macintosh 
in Assembly Language 

By Steve William. Information, examples, and guidelines for 
programming the 68000 microprocessor in assembly 
language. Covers the entire 68000 instruction set, with 
numerous examples of programming techniques useful in the 
Macintosh environment, including using the Toolbox 
routines in Mac’s ROM. $21.95 

Tab Books, Inc. 

P.O. Box 40, Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17214 
(800) 233-1128, (717) 794-2191 in Pennsylvania 

MacPascal Programming 

By Drew Berentes. Introduces the Pascal language as it 
relates to the user-friendly Macintosh. You’ll get hands-on 
experience in Pascal as you experiment with text output, 
graphics, and sound. Then put ’em all together to create real 
working Pascal programs. MacPascal Programming leads off 
with a look at the general features of Pascal and how Mac 
lends itself to Pascal programming. Then the author moves 
gradually through more complex program structure, giving 
examples of each new concept. You’ll learn about variables, 
new data types, forms of repetition, procedures, statements, 
files, and more. Includes several complete programs: a 
simple blackjack program, a gradebook program, and an 
inventory program. Also, listings of Pascal reserved words 
and built-in procedures and functions. $14.95; with disk, 

Using and Programming the Macintosh 
(Including 32 Ready to Run Programs) 

By Frederick Holtz. A brief overview of the Mac and 
discussion of using Microsoft BASIC with the Macintosh. 
Sample chapters include Using the Macintosh Finder, 
Manipulating the Microsoft BASIC Screen, Programming 
Graphics in BASIC, Macintosh Filekeeping, and Program- 
ming the Mouse. Includes simple programs and source 
listings. Available now. $12.50; with disk, $28.50 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


John Wiley & Sons 

605 Third Avenue. New York, NY 10158 
(212) 850-6000 

Scientific Programming with Mac Pascal 
By Richard E. Crandall. A Pascal tutorial that addresses the 
educational needs of students and teachers in the sciences. 
Includes numerical and graphics programs, as well as ad- 
vanced applications. $18.95 



Dail’s Software Company 

23 Timberline Crescent, Newport News, VA 23606 

(804) 595-6957 

A monthly “magazine” on disk. Although parts of the issue 
(indicia, contents page, pictures, solicitations, and certain 
short articles) arc kept on the Scrapbook, the wordier items 
are contained in text files created by File, a simple and 
handy editor from the Macintosh Software Supplement. 
(Although it doesn’t support any type style but Geneva 12 
plain. File's abilities to keep more than one file open at 
once and to wrap text when you resize the window make it 
more convenient than MaeWrite for notes and memos — and 
magazine articles.) 

The first issue contained a few in-depth reviews, numerous 
short reviews — ostensibly of all the products that the editors 
had seen — and a lengthy list of products they had heard of 
(many of which arc still not available). Macazine leans 
toward Pascal in its programming efforts; initial offerings 
included two utilities, a music maker, and a Breakout game 
in that language as well as a Pascal tutorial. Articles in- 
cluded an editorial on copy protection and a database of 
databases. $15.95 (single issue); $36 (one-half-year sub- 
scription/three issues); $60 (one-year subscription/six 

File Edit Debug 

' ri.'. 

f The Best of Mac 

* ’ 1 C =g ■ Macazine 

Dnrn brse 

FacIFinder $1 
Furelhought, ln( 
1 973 Landings 0 
Mountain Uicui, 
Rn "Insanely 
use it for many 

ln.Ui i s. l ssy g . 

M:ni-Sv3tea (17K) 
Arc«d« Omr# vi<h fouTC* 



i F>(e Edit Debug 

Rbout Rds/Oemos 

About Ads/Demos 

In thts folder we will present ads and demos of 

different Mecontesh 
have a demo program 
demonstrates the po 
think that everyone 
control the speed usi 
don t hove to press S 

Ihn mnuta hut 

products In this issue we 

Rbout Utilities 


In this Issue, we hove included two utilities The 
first IS a much needed utility which simply changes 
the startup disk to the disk on which it is run on 
Iftrt.flicifc uall hn^lost The 

am which is 

^ Rbout Pictures El 

I About Pictures 

This section of Macazine is a showcase for our readers' 
artistic talents. We will publish the best pictures that 
are sent to us Along with your picture, please send a 
short description of how you created it All pictures 
received become the property of Doll's Software Company 

Macazine disk magazine 

The Macintosh Connection 
Hi-Tek Publications 
P.O. Box 99, North Salem, NH 03073 
(603) 893-2485 

A slim, pricey newsletter. A typical mix: news, reviews, 
tips, product descriptions, book reviews (oh no!), and odds 
and ends. The newsletter is produced on the Macintosh, 
offset-printed on light-green paper, contains eight pages an 
issue, and comes out ten times a year (monthly except for 
August and December). This, like similar newsletters, is far 
too expensive for the amount and kind of information you 

First-time subscribers get a year of issues for $16. 
Regular subscription price is $35. 

Macintosh Support Group Newsletter 

Macintosh Support Group 

P.O. Box 461483, Garland, TX 75046 

(214) 238-3114 

A newsletter for dealers, distributors, and marketing profes- 
sionals. Not for ordinary users — although you can maybe 
sneak a subscription. The newsletter is free; send your name 
and business card to John Zapata at the above address to 

Mac Notes 

Aegis Development, Inc. 

2210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 277, 

Santa Monica, CA 90403 
(213) 306-0735 

A chatty newsletter for software authors and programmers. 
Published monthly. Aegis Development markets the game 
Pyramid of Peril and actively solicits software to market in 
the newsletter. The premiere issue contained such articles as 
“Getting your program to market” and “How to keep your 
reputation in good shape,” and reviewed two versions of 
Forth for Macintosh. The first issue was eight pages; bigger 

Macazine disk magazine 


issues are planned. A recommended newsletter for develop- 
ers. $60 (one-year subscription) 


P.O. Box 846, Placentia, CA 92670 
(714) 993-9939 

One of our favorites. A fat newsletter aimed at Mac program- 
mers, from beginners on up. The last issue we looked at was 
forty-three pages of good material, well presented. Each 
issue has these regular departments: C Workshop, BASIC 
School, Pascal Procedures, Forth Forum, and Assembly Lab. 
Also: letters, a new products section, and other good tidbits. 

A limited number of back issues are available for $3 
each. Source code for published programs is also available 
for $9 a disk — a good deal. Recommended if you like pro- 
gramming on the Macintosh or want to learn. Published 
monthly. $24 (US/one-ycar subscription); $30 (Canada); 
$36 (overseas) 

Semaphore Signal 

Semaphore Corporation 

207 Granada Drive, Aptos, CA 95003 

(408) 688-9200 

A monthly newsletter originally slanted toward Lisa (now 
the Mac XL) and slowly becoming slanted toward Mac- 
intosh. A typical issue is sixteen pages, with little copy and 
large advertisements. The type is big; the articles are short 
but interesting. If you own a Lisa or Macintosh, enclose 
your serial number and get a free subscription. Others pay. 
For free, recommended. $10 (ten issues) 

Softs pot 

1093 Arroyo Drive, Fullerton, CA 92633 
(714) 526-3062 

Another monthly disk “magazine.” The articles are contained 
in files created by the SoftSpot editor, a simple but useful 
editing program similar to Apple’s text editor. File, from 
the Software Supplement. 

Along with articles, a question and answer column, and 
extremely terse reviews (shorter than this description), Soft- 
Spot gives you programs, pictures, and other goodies every 
month. Two programs were included in the first issue (not 
counting the editor): SoftDial, a simple terminal program, 
and The Creator, a database application creator written in 
Microsoft BASIC and translated for Macintosh by its author. 
Other goodies included fonts to increase the screen capacity 
of Multiplan and two MacPaint pictures containing dozens 
of icons collected from Macintosh programs. $19.95 
(single issue); $199 (onc-ycar subscription/twclve issues) 

Macintosh Magazines 


Icon Concepts Corporation 
1 1 1 East Tyler Street, Athens, TX 75751 
(214) 677-2793 

A monthly newsletter that’s recently become a magazine. 
The content is good and getting better every issue. The 
design and editorial values are still more akin to newsletters 
but are also improving monthly. Has a good mix of letters, 
articles, and reviews. 

As more advertising arrives and subscriptions increase, 
the magazine should blossom. We hope so; but the maga- 
zine business is a tough racket. We’ve got our fingers 
crossed for Macazine. One Macintosh-only magazine isn’t 
enough. $2.75 (single issue); $24 (one-year subscription) 


555 De Haro Street, San Francisco, CA 941 07 
(415) 861-3861 

A glossy, classy Macintosh magazine. Clean, open art 
direction. Macworld's design can hold its own against any 
“real” magazine you’d care to name. A good mix of editorial, 
reviews, features, columns, and letters, all staunchly Mac- 
intosh related, though frequently predictable. Short on 
technical information and technical articles, long on articles 
aimed at beginners. Contains much general, useful informa- 
tion about Macintosh. In the past, criticized for reviewing 
products — in glowing terms — as if the products were 
available. They weren’t. 

Macworld is a good magazine. All it lacks is strong com- 
petition — competition that might force Macworld from its 
often middle-of-the-road approach. 

Recommended. $4 (single issue); $30 (one-year sub- 

Other Magazines 


Ziff-Davis Publishing Company 
1 1 Davis Drive, Belmont, CA 94002 
(415) 598-2290 

The magazine most likely to be found at your local news- 
stand. The largest magazine (both in pages and subscribers) 
devoted exclusively to Apple computers. 

At present, the Macintosh section of the magazine is 
tucked inside, surrounded by articles about ProDOS and other 
strange non-Macintoshian Appleish goings-on. Despite the 
relative size of the section, the Mac articles and reviews are 
thorough, well-written, and well-produced. Macintosh prod- 
uct information and some reviews, however, have recently 

The Macintosh 

The Macintosh 


been mixed in with copy about other Apple computers, 
making it difficult to find Macintosh-specific information. 

Rumors abound about a “split” of the Macintosh section 
into a Mac-only magazine. A good idea. Recommended. 
$2.95 (single issue); $24.97 (one-year subscription) 


McGraw-Hill, Inc. 

70 Main Street, Petertx)rough, NH 03450 
(603) 924-9281 

The largest circulation computer magazine of them all. Byte 
is the definitive computer magazine, unfortunately — a fact 
that says more about Byte's competitors than about Byte 
itself. Has many excellent articles, some extremely tech- 

nical. Not much Macintosh coverage, but at least (lately) 
one article a month related to Macintosh. 

If you love computers. Byte is a must If you don’t think 
computers are a big deal, you won’t think that Byte is a big 
deal. $3.50 (single issue); $21 (one-year subscription) 

Call -A.P.P.L.E. 

Apple PugetSound Program Library Exchange 
290 S.W. 43rd Street, Renton, WA 98055 
(206) 251-5222 

Call -A.P.P.L.E. is the official publication of A.P.P.L.E. Co- 
op, the world’s largest Apple user group. Besides publishing 
the magazine, A.P.P.L.E. Co-op maintains a bulletin board 
and technical assistance hotline for members and offers 

Club Mac 
Rolls On 

By David Durkee 

Olub Mac is a for-profit national Macintosh user 
group. For $35 a year, Club Mac offers a newsletter, 
member bulletin board, public domain software, and 
even a “road show." 

Their newsletter. Club Mac News, is billed as 
'1he anecdote to computerization." The pun, lev- 
ered off the slogan in the Club Med ads, is typical of 
the newsletter’s style. The cover blurb on the issue 
that reviewed Habadex said, "Habadebate: FIFO vs. 
GIGO." If you aren't bilingual— English and Tech- 
nese — suffice it to say that the headline contains a 
polyglot pun and maybe the worst insult one com- 
puterist can hurl at another. All in four words. 

These days, it's hard not to call Club Mac News a 
magazine. The premiere issue in June '84 was 
twenty-four pages, including covers. It was pro- 
duced on a Macintosh and printed on an Imagewriter 
in 12-point New York with ragged right edges. The 
type looked klunky, but the layout and, more particu- 
larly, the content hinted at ambitions to magazine- 
hood even then. Later issues switched body type to 
12-point Geneva, which was then reduced further to 
improve readability. Still later Club Mac began using 
fully justified type, and the look improved again. The 

April '85 issue contained sixty-four pages, was 
printed on a LaserWriter, and looked marvelous. 

The content is consistently good. Club Mac 
News reviews finished products in a timely fashion. 
They couch their rumors as — surprise — rumors! And 
they’re usually reliable rumormongers. They also 
offer tips (how to connect and use a modem, how to 
use Font Editor), opinions, speculation, and occa- 
sional bits of technology-related news. In past is- 
sues, the News has even reprinted a few Bloom 
County cartoons featuring the Maclike Banana Jun- 
ior 9000, an extra bonus for Berke Breathed fans. 
Features have included; 

• “The Virtues of Manual Labors," about the little- 
known tricks that can be discovered by actually 
reading manuals. 

• “What Can an Anthropologist Do with the 
Macintosh?" in which custom fonts prove 
invaluable to academic specialists. 

• "Mac Users Create Great Mastheads." a pictorial 
of other user groups’ newsletter graphics. 

• “Comdex Review Special," containing a first 
look at Jazz, a report on Mac products at 
Comdex, a review of Lotus’s Comdex party, 
and an article on Apple president John 
Sculley’s keynote address, "Of Champions and 
Challengers." {Club Mac News accurately 
summarized it; “Don’t clone around.’’) 


discounts on selected hardware and software. Call -A.P.PL.E. 
recently added a Macintosh section with tips and Mac-related 
articles. $3 (single issue); $21 (one-year subscription, 
non-members); $26 (one-year subscription, including 
membership in A.P.P.L.E. Co-op) 

Creative Computing 

Ziff-Davis Publishing Company 

39 East Hanover Avenue, Morris Plains, NJ 07950 


Byte without the depth of technical information or the 
heights of smugness. Geared toward the computer beginner, 
hobbyist, and gamester. Strong on product announcements, 
reviews of new products, and “round-up” reviews of related 

products. Good coverage of recently introduced computers. 
Has a monthly Apple column and a number of articles about 
programming and “computer recreations.” $2.95 (single 
issue); $24.97 (one-year subscription) 

Dr. Dobb's Journal 

M&T Publishing, Inc. 

2464 Embarcadero Way, Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 424-0600 

A well-produced hacker’s magazine. Strong on CP/M, C, 
Forth, operating systems, and assembly language. Good 
editing and writing. A favorite, but not for everyone. Fre- 
quently provocative. Infrequent but increasing Macintosh 
coverage. But don’t expect anything like a Macintosh scc- 

Club Mac also offers a bulletin board system. 
Members can use the bulletin board to leave general 
interest messages, send E-Mail to other members, 
or access a member database or wine database 
through a program called the Intelligent Database 
Machine. More features are being added to the BBS 
on a regular basis. 

The bulletin board also includes a good and 
growing selection of public domain software for 

Club Mac's library may not contain as many 
programs as CompuServe's MAUG database does, 
but Club Mac's may be more selective (although 
there's a great deal of overlap between the two 
services). If you’re looking for a particular program, 
you have to decide whether it’s cheaper to call Com- 
puServe (with connect-time fees and extra charges 
for 1200 baud, but few or no long distance charges) 
or the Club Mac BBS (with no connect-time fees or 
extra charges for 1200 baud, but with long distance 
charges to Houston, where the BBS is located). We 
can say that the Club Mac BBS, being smaller, is 
easier to navigate within than CompuServe, espe- 
cially for merely logging on, getting software, and 
getting out. Other Club Mac BBS functions are 
harder to master. Those BBS functions are docu- 
mented, along with a list of available files, in the 
quarterly Club Mac Road Show Tour Guide & 
Member Directory. 

The Club Mac Road Show is a mini-exposition on 
wheels. Four times a year. Club Mac staffers hit the 
road with their favorite computer and the latest 

Macintosh software, hardware, and gew-gaws to visit 
colleges and user groups around the country. We 
haven’t seen a Road Show presentation yet, but 
according to their newsletter, it's an experience at 
the grass-roots level: getting in there and interfacing 
with the users, pressing the flesh, and demon- 
strating Mac goodies. 

We like the club, we like the idea, we like the 
newsletter. Go, Club Mad 

Annual dues, $35 (includes a one-year sub- 
scription to Club Mac News) 

Club Mac 
735 Walnut 
Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 449-5533 

^ File Edit Goodies Font FontSize Style 

The Macintosh 


lion from Dr. Dobb's; their mission is too general. If you 
understood the second sentence of this paragraph, pick up a 
copy. $2.95 (single issue); $25 (one-year subscription) 


CW Communications, Inc. 

1060 Marsh Road, Suite C-200, Menlo Park, CA 94025 
(415) 328-4602 

InfoWorld wants to be Time magazine for microcomputers. It 
isn’t, but it’s trying. A good weekly source of industry 
news, speculation, and opinion. A number of products (for 
various computers) are reviewed in each issue. InfoWorld 
would like the reviews to be considered the definitive word 
on products. They aren’t, due to inconsistency, space con- 
siderations, and poorly paid reviewers, but they’re often 
good guides nonetheless. 

If you want to know which companies are doing well, 
who’s almost bankrupt, and what new computer was just 
announced, InfoWorld is mandatory. $2.25 (single issue); 
$31 (one-year subscription/fifty-one issues) 


MicroSparc, Inc. 

45 Winthrop Street, Concord, MA 01742 
(617) 37M660 

A magazine devoted to Apple computers. Smaller and more 
technical than A-f. Mainly Apple Il-oriented. Not much 
Macintosh coverage, but a Mac-only section, with articles, 
reviews, programs, and new product announcements, is 
being readied. $3.25 (single issue); $26.95 (one-year 

Personal Computing 

Hayden Publishing Company, Inc. 

10 Mulholland Drive, Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604 

A general, mass-market computer magazine. Personal 
Computing has a wide focus and leans heavily toward 
features and wrap-up articles that cover a range of products 
(“lap-top computers,” for example) in a single swoop. Here 
and there, a Macintosh article surfaces. 

Good general reading about computers. $2.50 (single 
issue); $18 (one-year subscription) 

Popular Computing 

McGraw-Hill, Inc. 

70 Main Street, Peterborough, NH 03458 
(603) 924-9281 

After Byte, possibly the best general-nature computer 
magazine. Well produced, slick, and aimed at a less technical 
audience than Byte {Popular is published by the company 
that produces Byte). Much information, many reviews, and a 
few columnists who spew opinions in an effort to be 
provocative and sometimes succeed. Which, come to think 
of it, is the pot calling the kettle black. $2.50 (single 
issue); $15 (one-year subscription) 


The Apple Index 

BP Publications 

P.O. Box 617, Stiles Road, Southbury, CT 06488 
(203) 264-2143 

If you’re familiar with the massive Books in Print oi Guide 
to Periodicals found in libraries, you’ll be right at home 
with The Apple Index. The index is a subject guide to 
magazine articles concerning Apple, Apple computers, or 
most anything else that relates to either. The index appears 
once every two months, with a year-end cumulation that in- 
cludes everything from the previous indexes. The index is 
extremely thorough. Everything, it seems, is in there some- 

Here are two typical entries, under the heading “MAC- 

Graphics wizardry: The art of Bill Atkinson. D. 

Clapp, (il) ST.MAC 1 :38-41 fe 84 

Profile of programmer; describes development of 

QuickDraw routines In MacPaint graphics program. 

MacPaint: The electronic easel. J. Young, (disp, 

rev) JMAC 1:50-61 Fe 84 

Detailed review of graphics program 

for the Macintosh. 

The magazines indexed are Apple Orchard, Byte, Call 
-A.P.P.L.E., Compute!, Creative Computing, inCider, Mac- 
world, Microcomputing, Nibble, Peelings II, Personal 
Computing, Popular Computing, Softalk, and ST. Mac. The 
last two magazines are indexed until their demise in 1984. 

A necessary purchase for the true Applephile. Better yet, 
should be in all public libraries, alongside the magazines 
indexed. $32 (1984/six issues and cumulation); $35 (1985/ 
five issues and cumulation); $60 (1984/1985) 

Icon Review 

177 Webster Street, Suite A404, P.O. Box 2566, 

Monterey, CA 93942 

(800) 228-8910, (800) 824-8175 in California 

This is interesting. It’s a combination “reviews” newsletter 
and mail order software house. Here’s a paragraph from the 
company’s flyer: “Our editorial staff reviews significant 
Macintosh application programs from third-party software 
developers. Our selection guidelines appear on the back 
cover. We will endorse and offer for sale only the best two 
or three applications in each category.” 


A good deal, maybe, if you can trust the reviews. 
Hopefully, the products with the best “dealer mark-up” won’t 
gel ihc best reviews. 

The premiere issue is free. No price is listed for subse- 
quent issues — we suspect that they too may be free, like 
most catalogs. Pick up the phone and get one. What can it 

MacBriefs Digest 

P.O. Box 6307, Huntington Beach, CA 92615 

(714) 841-1771 

A newsletter of “abstracts” from recently published maga- 
zines and newsletters. Also contains some short, original 
reviews of hardware and software. A hodge-podge of 
material, some useful. For those who can’t get enough Mac 
info, though, worth a glance. Regardless of its value, a mas- 
sive amount of work for a one-man show. $18 (one year/six 
issues, charter subscription); $30 (regular subscription 

The Macintosh Buyer’s Guide 

Redgate Publishing Company 

3381 Ocean Drive, Vero Beach, FL 32963 

(305) 231-6904 

Buyer' s Guide is, like this book, a compendium of 
Macintosh product descriptions. Unlike this book, however, 
the first issue of the Buyer's Guide never had an unkind word 
to say about anything — a fact that led us to create this 
book. Many of the “healthy competitive feelings” we had 
toward the Buyer's Guide disappeared with the realization 
that the task of cataloging Macintosh products is awesome. 

The Buyer's Guide is in the process of becoming more a 
reviews magazine and less a press release assemblage. Still, 
even as a conduit for press flack, it’s useful. Think how 
much trouble it’d be to get all those companies to send you 
all those press releases! 

Four issues are planned for 1985: Spring, Summer, Fall, 
and Winter. $5 (single issue); $10 (one-year subscription/ 
US); $15 (Canada); $40 (foreign) 

O (Q 
(0 t- 


Software Development 

Becoming a 
Macintosh Deveioper 

By Janek Kaliczak 

So you want to become a Macintosh software developer, do you? It 
can be done, but the process involves extra care, a thoughtful approach, 
and — for many developers — a completely new attitude. 

Many programmers fall prey to a development style they’ve used in the 
past. The trap is set when they jump into the Macintosh programming 

To succeed in developing software for Macintosh, programmers must 
follow certain rules. The following homegrown guidelines are a starting 
point for anyone interested in developing Macintosh software. 

Project Planning. The software project should first be fully out- 
lined. Next, a picture storyboard should be created that details every step of 
tlie program, and the exact visual “looks” should be approved by all parties 
involved. When an individual programmer takes on the tasks of program- 
ming, interface design, and product design, a major development problem 
results. These planning steps require critical attention and expertise that 
can’t be supplied by a single programmer. 


The tasks mvolved in the planning stage can be broken down into these 
general categories: 

• Product description 

• Interface description 

• Code arrangement description 

• Product operation storyboard 

• Project time and resource schedule 

We’ve included a MacProject outline that details the step-by-step proc- 
ess of creating a product and another chart that details use of Apple’s 
68000 Macintosh Development System. 

Basic Qualifications. The major difference between Macintosh de- 
velopment and development on other PCs is the extra care that Macintosh 
developers must exercise to produce a saleable product. Macintosh de- 
velopers should have the following experience under their belts: 

• Interface design 

• 68000 machine code 

• Storyboard design and planning 

• Project management and planning 

Becoming a Developer. Anybody who is organized and can plan 
carefully can become a Macintosh developer. To start the process, call up 
Developer Relations at Apple Computer and have them send you the 
Developer Application Package. The package contains a set of forms that 
you must fill out, in detail, describing your business. When filling out the 
business plan, it’s critical to fully describe both how you plan to do 
business and the product you plan to develop and market. The paperwork 
is designed to filter out the casual developer, but it may also discriminate 
against the one-man-shop developer, especially if that person doesn’t 
understand project planning or marketing descriptions. 

Apple will respond to a well written package and send you various 
license forms and equipment price lists. You’ll also need to purchase the 
Inside Macintosh documentation, available through the International Apple 
Core (San Jose, California). Addison- Wesley is now producing an Inside 
Macintosh book that will replace the documentation available from Apple. 
Look for it in stores sometime this year. 

Apple’s support for developers is good, provided you don’t need too 
much information. Apple has been swamped by developers. If you expect 
hand-holding, you’re in for a bad awakening. Apple generally starts hand- 
holding after you’ve developed your product and are having problems that 
prevent or delay final marketing. You need to realize up front that Apple is 
so busy and spread so thin in the area of developer support that you’re 
essentially on your own. Don’t be surprised if you need to yell, kick, and 
scream to get attention from Developer Relations. This is part of the game. 

It helps to associate yourself, and your company, with as many outside 
developers and VAR (value added reseller) groups as possible. Profes- 
sional associations are a good source of information and programming 

Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc. 



resources. Apple also periodically offers classes and MacCollege, a course 
for developers. 

Technical Information. Despite its shortcomings, Inside Macin- 
tosh is the primary source for Macintosh technical information. Inside 
Macintosh should be studied — not merely read casually — before attempting 
a software application. Currently there’s no exhaustively thorough docu- 
mentation to hand-hold you through the development process. 

Also helpful are Macintosh user groups on The Source, CompuServe, 
and other electronic bulletin boards. But your primary sources for support 
will remain other companies and other programmers already developing 
Macintosh software. 

Ups and Downs. Major ups and downs for developers include the 

Up & Easy 

• Apple includes your product in product lists to dealers 

• Macintosh user groups are available for presentations and feedback 

• Apple becomes more helpful as you near product completion 

• Apple technical support helps put final touches on your product 



The Software Development Process 

Down & Hard 

• Apple is impossible to reach for help in initial stages of development 

• You need to keep pounding on Developer Relations for help 

• You’ve never planned a project before and you need help, but you 
can’t get it 

• Software marketing is ruinously expensive 

Development Languages and Equipment. In the early days of 
Macintosh software development, a Lisa (now Macintosh XL) was re- 
quired. You had to use the Lisa Pascal development system and you had to 
add the Macintosh Software Supplement included with Inside Macintosh. 
Apple Computer clearly defined the path that you had to travel to produce 

Macintosh software developers now have many paths and choices. 
Complete development is possible using only a 512K Mac. Game devel- 
opers in particular often need only the 512K Macintosh for development. 

We’ve listed the major development languages by name and function, 
and noted the major features of each package. Ideally, your development 
library should include everything listed here: 

Pascal Development 

Mac Advantage :UCSD Pascal from SofTech Microsystems is ideally 
suited to developers familiar with the Lisa Pascal environment. The pack- 


Creating a Macintosh Application 




Both Job 

Iho assombl/. 
linking process 

age is similar to Apple’s Pascal development system, and most of the Lisa 
source code can be directly ported over to the Macintosh and converted to 
MacAdvantage Pascal. One word of caution: The package doesn’t offer 
native code assembly; instead, it runs under an interpretive “p-Code” 
system. Development of general business software, databases, and word 
processors should go smoothly with this system. 

C Development 

Developers who use C are often involved in programming games or 
graphics — software that requires speed greater than Pascal development 
sytems can produce. We’ll consider two C packages that differ greatly but 
produce similar results. 

Consulair’s Mac C incorporates Apple’s 68000 Macintosh Develop- 
ment System. Mac C includes elements found on other systems, primarily 
because Consulair developed the Editor, RMaker, and other packages for 
license by Apple to other developers. The system has recently been up- 
graded to include full floating-point. The Editor and entire development 
package are well designed and fully mouse driven. 

Aztec C from Manx Software Systems is a well thought out and well 
implemented development tool. The major difference between Aztec C and 
other C’s is Aztec’s Unix-like shell. Programmers coming from the Unix 
environment will be at home with this system. Manx also licenses the Ap- 
ple mouse-driven editor, but most programmers who choose this package 
prefer Aztec C because of their Unix background. 



^ Usl of errors 
from Linking 

Both Lerr 


Creative Solutions’ Forth Level III is a development option that can’t 
be overlooked. The Forth language isn’t suited for all programmers, but 
it’s an attractive alternative for some. The Creative Solutions package has 
been used by both business and game software developers. 

Assembly Language Systems 

Two assembly language development systems are currently available: 
Mainstay Software’s MacAsm and Apple’s 68000 Macintosh Development 
System. MacAsm is a nonlinking assembler. MacAsm has a fast compiler 
and may be the best alternative if you don’t need the linking features 
offered by higher level languages. The operating environment is similar to 
Unix and CP/M. It offers high speed compilations, allows quick returns to 
the editor for corrections and changes, and produces executable appli- 
cations in no time at all. If you’re one of those rare programmers who 
create projects entirely in assembly code, this is the package for you. 

The Macintosh Development System from Apple operates with a 
mouse-driven Editor and is fully compatible with other linking devel- 
opment systems. 

Debugging Tools 

Debugging tools are essential for program development. Besides 
helping you to solve problems (including major problems) after you’ve 
finished your software product, they help you tighten up the final product. 



The 68000 Macintosh Development System includes three debuggers 
(from small to sophisticated) and a disassembler. 

MacNosy from Jasik IDesigns is a symbolic disassembler useful for 
exploring the Finder, System, or other software to discover “what the other 
guy is doing.” 

Hardware, Software, and Documentation Minimums. Devel- 
opers should have, at a minimum, the following: 


• 512K Macintosh 

• External disk drive 

• Imagewriter printer 

• Modem 


• MDS assembly language system 

• One of the development languages listed above 


• Inside Macintosh and the Software Supplement 

• 68000 documentation, available through your local tech bookstore 

• Additional documentation for your primary development system, 
whether C, Forth, Pascal, or some other system 


• 100 blank disks 

• Three reams of paper (several thousand sheets) 

• Five extra printer ribbons 

Most Important... Here’s the most important thing to remember, 
assuming you’ve followed Apple’s guidelines and also have the best pro- 
grammers in the world: Plan, plan, plan your project before you start. 



Developer Services 


11409 28th Drive SE, Everett. WA 98204 
(206) 337-2849 

Data Encore 

585 North Mary Avenue, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(800) 872-8778, (408) 720-7400 in California 

Disk duplication services 

Data Encore’s ads promise to take your product “from raw 
materials, to disks, to packing, to delivery to your cus- 
tomers.” Sounds good to us. In the beginning, when Mac 
was introduced, few such companies handled 3 1 /2-inch 
disks. Now there are many. Look for them in InfoWorld*s 
classified section under “Diskette Copy Service.” 

Echo Data Services, Inc. 

Marsh Creek Corporate Center, Lionville, PA 19353 
(800) 441-9374, Ext. 1411; (215) 363-2400 in Pennsylvania 

Disk duplication services 

One of the largest duplication houses on the East Coast, 
Echo specializes in copying and protecting all 3 1/2-inch 
and 5 1/4-inch formats. They’ll provide labels and custom 
sleeves, and do your packaging and mailing, too. Call for 
more information. 

The Robert Jacob Agency 

1642 Eveningside Drive, Suite 110, 

Thousand Oaks, CA 91362 
(805) 492-3597 

Software agents 

The Robert Jacob Agency represents independent software 
developers who wish to market the rights to their programs 
to established publishers. The agency has negotiated the 
sale of several leading Macintosh products. 

If you’re not able, or willing, to market your own pro- 
gram, a reputable agent can be a godsend — for a price, of 
course. Software agents, like literary agenLs, are many; you 
may want to talk to several before signing a contract. The 
Robert Jacob Agency may or may not be good — but they did 
manage to make it into this book, didn’t they? 

Media Systems Technology, Inc. 

16950 Armstrong Avenue, In/ine, CA 92714 
(800) 443-8515, (714) 863-1201 in California 

Disk duplication services 

In the old days, when Lisas were Lisas and Macs were still 
on the drawing board, MST was certified by Apple as the 
disk duplication service for authorized Lisa software develop- 
ers. The company offers everything from copying to pack- 
aging and shipping. Call or write for information. 

Mac Developers Guide 

An on-disk guide to software development, written “for de- 
velopers by developers.” Discusses Apple support, details of 
Mac development, and available documentation. Includes 
undocumented programming hints and an abstract of devel- 
opment routines. The tone is informal and full of useful 
information. A recommended view of the development proc- 
ess at a good price. $24.95 

[ Apple Support I 

marveling success of any micro computer in fad. this Case of software 
must be so large and diversified that It’s development is beyond the scope 
of any individual company With this In mind, Apple has encouraged 
outside development of applications for the Macintosh through the 
following support programs: 

Certified Developer Program 
Registered Developer Program 
OEM Relationships 
Value Added Reseller Program 


The Certified Developer Program is open, free of charge, to any 
independent developer who has a high potential for bringing a Macintosh 
application to market Linder this program. Apple assists the developer by 

I) Providing discounts on both hardware and software The 

discounts are In the range of 30-50X and ere often below Apple 
dealer prices Quantities ore limited however, and the 
fhn ciiflnm fnr 1 nner 



Mac Developers Guide 

Network Nexus 

1081 Alameda, Belmont, CA 94002 
(415) 591-2101 


A Filevision template that categorizes and explains the 
mysteries of ROM contained in Apple’s Inside Macintosh. 
All the ROM procedures and functions are here, neatly 

^ File Edit ri||)i’S linker liiiit SyrritmU lines Slnule^ 

Information for this Links: 

[ Cancel " 

[ NeHl ] 


becoming s 


categorized in a graphic Filevision database, waiting to be 
found and studied. Ideally, you’d have two Macintoshes, one 
for developing programs and the other for the MacTraps 
database. This setup would be more convenient than thumb- 
ing through the Inside Macintosh documentation, although 
admittedly more expensive. $49.95 (plus $4 shipping and 

Replico Technologies Corporation 

834 Charcot Avenue, San Jose, CA 95131 
(408) 945-1697 

Software duplication services 

Replico’s disk duplication services include formatting, seri- 
alization, and copy protection for 3 1/2-inch and 5 1 /4-inch 
disks. The company will also help with documentation, 
package design, media procurement, assembly, shipping, 
consulting, and accounting, if desired. Call for details. 


P.O. Box 7200, Santa Cruz, CA 95061 
(408) 425-8700 


MaePorter isn’t a product, it’s a service. For a fee, Soft- 
Weaver will convert existing programs for other machines 
to run on the Macintosh. The company claims that, “With 
MaePorter, you select from a wide range of treatments for 
your program’s user interface: from sensitive preservation to 
thorough facelift.” The company will also provide foreign 
editions of programs. 

SoftWeaver provided the Macintosh rendition of Scarbor- 
ough Systems’ MasterType, and did, indeed, make the pro- 
gram enjoyably Macish (or, as we like to say, better). Call 
or write for more information and price quotes. 




If you like to program, or want to learn, you’re in luck. Almost every 
language that experienced programmer's want is now available for the 
Macintosh. And beginners have a selection of remarkable languages that 
are easier to use, easier to understand, and easier to learn than versions for 
other computers. 

Programming languages are classified in many ways. One way divides 
languages into two types: interpreted and compiled. But the division is 
misleading; Languages are a precisely defined set of rules and syntax — 
conceptual universes. The process of turning text into programs — whether 
by interpreting or compiling the text — is merely mechanics. Any language, 
in theory, can be either compiled or interpreted. 

Language interpreters process lines of a program on the fly when the 
program is run. The program runs within the interpreter, which must be 
present each time the program is executed. BASIC is the best-known in- 
terpreted language (although “BASIC language interpreter” would be the 
most proper description). 

Language compilers process a program in its entirety (and only once — 
if no mistakes are found); the result is a program that’s usually smaller and 
faster than a program written with an interpreted language. Compiled pro- 
grams, once compiled into low-level machine code, can be run independ- 
ently of the language compiler. 

So why doesn’t everyone use compiled languages? A few reasons. 

Let’s look at the history. Compiled languages, traditionally, required 
patience and a steady hand. The program first had to be written (using a 
text editor), then compiled (using the language compiler — usually a slow 
process), then possibly linked to other globs of program code (using yet 
another program — a “linker”). The result, in theory, was a program that 
ran correctly the first time. In reality, everybody mg^es mist^es. Back to 
the editor, back to the compiler... 

Interpreted languages, in contrast, weren’t fast or small, but programs 
could be written quicWy and used right away. Quick and dirty program- 
ming, if you will. And better for beginners, because programs could be 
modified fast and run again. 

But times have changed. Some of the languages available for Mac- 
intosh are “semi-compiled” (or, if you prefer, “semi-interpreted”). Both 
Macintosh Pascal and Macintosh BASIC are semi-compiled languages. As 
you’d expect, both languages are faster than interpreted languages but 





slower than compiled languages. Both programs, though, achieve many of 
the benefits of compiled languages without saddling users with the 
inconveniences of editing, compiling, etc. 

But for developers and other professional programmers, compiled 
languages are still the way to go. Which language to choose depends on the 
programming task, the qualities the program must have, and — maybe most 
important of all — the preference of the programmer. If you’re comfortable 
with the ultimate in fast, “low-level” program code, look into the assem- 
blers, particularly Apple’s excellent 68000 Development System. 

If you prefer C, a powerful and popular language, the choice is more 
difficult. There are many versions of C now available, and each differs 
significantly from the others. Pay attention to how each version differs 
from the unwritten “standard C” described in the book The C Progranvning 

Other compiled languages will find other audiences. Pascal is a 
general-purpose language suited for a variety of programming problems. 
Modula-2 is called by some the successor of Pascal. FORTRAN is 
sometimes favored for scientific and “number-crunching” applications. 
COBOL is a weighty language for weighty business applications. Forth, an 
interpreted language, is favored by some developers and despised by 
others. If you’re interested in Forth, MacForth from Creative Solutions is 
an excellent package that includes an on-disk tutorial. 

Beginners and hobbyists should purchase either Microsoft BASIC or 
Apple’s Macintosh BASIC. BASIC is tlie lingua franca of microcomputers; 
many excellent BASIC programs are free for the asking, but you’ll need 
BASIC to run them (see the chapter on public domain software for more 
information on these programs). Currently, most public domain software is 
written in Microsoft BASIC. The scales may tip, though, as Macintosh 
BASIC is finally released. 

Both Macintosh BASIC and Microsoft BASIC are excellent choices for 
beginners. Both offer, in their own way, access to Macintosh features. 
Neither requires line numbers, unlike other BASICS (including Microsoft’s 
BASIC for other computers). Both offer excellent debugging tools. Mac- 
intosh BASIC offers advanced “flow of control” structures found in many 
compiled (and more expensive) languages and access to about three 
hundred of the Mac’s ROM calls. Microsoft BASIC offers better control of 
windows, menus, and dialogs. The battle rages — and will continue — over 
which is the better language. On purely technical grounds, Macintosh 
BASIC wins. In terms of popularity, Microsoft wins. Examine both care- 
fully if you’re in the market for BASIC. 

Another good first language is Logo, a language similar to Lisp. And 
Lisp is similar to, well. Lisp isn’t really similar to anything! Like Logo, 
Lisp is a general-purpose language. Lisp devotees are often found making 
lists comprised of other lists that contain still more lists. It’s an unusual 
style of programming often used in artificial intelligence research. If you 
like to program for the sheer intellectual joy of programming, look into 
both Logo and Lisp. 


A few languages are still unavailable for Macintosh. APL, noted for 
bizarre syntax and blithe juggling of matrices of data, isn’t yet available but 
should eventually arrive. Ada, beloved new child of the Pentagon, has no 
home in Macintosh and shouldn’t be missed. More arcane languages, like 
SNOBOL, COMAL, and ALGOL, aren’t expected but may show up 
anyway. And Smalltalk, the language behind the machine that inspired 
Macintosh, remains the great hope of language devotees but is unavailable 
for Macintosh — or any other computer with a price tag lower than 
$10,000. (Neon, however, does has some of the flavor of Smalltalk; it’s 
worth a look.) 

The best language is like the best meal of your life: waiting, up there, in 
the future. But for now, Macintosh users have a selection of programming 
languages that can satisfy both snobs and gourmets, gluttons and picky 
eaters, those with a taste for the exotic and those accustomed to regular 

260 BASIC 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1 010 In California 

68000 Macintosh Development System 
A complete system for creating Macintosh applications. 
Includes an assembler, editor, linker, exec program, resource 
maker, debuggers, and more. Everything that Apple thinks 
you need to create applications in assembly language. It’s 
all here, and all done well. 

The assembler produces fast, highly optimized 68000 
machine language code and fits the Macintosh interface 
precisely. The assembler also allows access to all ROM 
routines. The “equate” files alone are worth the price of ad- 
mission for Macintosh hackers. 

The program editor and debuggers arc both excellent pro- 
grams that can also stand alone. The full debugger requires a 
512K Macintosh or two 128K Macintoshes cabled together. 
The package also includes two less sophisticated debuggers 
that 128K Macintosh owners can use to better their pro- 
ductions. The premier assembler now available for Macin- 
tosh. Complete package, $125 

^ A Dotiug Run Bkpts UJindoiii Format Symbols 

Macintosh 68000 Development System 


2861 1-B Canwood Street, Agoura Hills, CA 91301 
(818) 991-6540 

Mac Asm 

The style of this macro assembler will be instantly recog- 
nizable to Apple II hackers. It works almost exactly like the 
5-C Assembler^ one of the most idiosyncratic assemblers for 
that market. You might guess that idiosyncrasies in the 
Apple II market translate to heresies in the Macintosh 

world. You’d be right. MacAsm uses one nonmovable, non- 
sizcable text window, no menus, no dialog boxes, and no 
mouse. It uses command key combinations to move the 
cursor! Its editor uses line numbers, which even BASIC on 
the Macintosh has abandoned. 

Nevertheless, it may be a hacker’s delight. Unlike 
Apple’s Macintosh assembler, it allows you to assemble 
short routines in memory (rather than to a disk file), which 
makes the assembly process faster and allows you to run 
routines immediately. You can get away with this on a 128K 
machine with only one disk drive, although 512K would 
allow you to assemble larger programs in memory. Larger 
programs can always be assembled to the disk, but with less 
immediacy. The assembler also supports macros, conditional 
assembly, and local labels and comes with two versions of 
the Macsbug debugger. 

And even though the assembler itself lacks Macish 
features, it includes a resource compiler that allows the cre- 
ation of programs with menus, windows, etc. — the whole 
nine yards, as a sampling of example programs shows. (One 
demo shows the outline of a Mac tumbling in three-dimen- 
sional space, a tribute more to the talent of Mac Asm's 
author than to the assembler’s ease of use.) 

Beware the documentation. It is no substitute for Inside 
Macintosh (you shouldn’t expect it to be), and it is only 
barely adequate in describing the assembler itself. But real 
hackers don’t use manuals anyway, do they? $125 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Marian! Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1010 in California 

Macintosh BASIC 

Apple’s contender against Microsoft BASIC 2.00, Like Mac- 
intosh Pascal, this one is semi-compiled and loaded with 
features. It’s also fast. Macintosh BASIC implements many 
ANSI BASIC standards, including SELECT-CASE, DO-LOOP, 
tended functions. It allows parameter passing to subroutines 
and subprograms, and uses full screen editing and labels 
instead of line numbers. It can also run several programs 
simultaneously and gives access to many of the Macintosh’s 
Toolbox ROM routines. Excellent debugging facilities in- 
clude two ways to trace program flow and a window to show 
the current values of variables. A fine program for beginners 
and loaded with features for BASIC hobbyists. May create a 
rash of public domain programs. As this book was being 
written, Apple had not announced a price. 

C 261 

FirslTtme" = false 

Plot Xd, Yo.Xo. Va 
J’lot Xo, Po;Xa, Pa 

Macintosh BASIC 

4 rile tdit Search Hun I 

Sholo Command 
ShouiList XL 


Shou; Output 

1 170 REM 

9000 REM OPEN end set tip the COM! port 
9010 REM 

9020 OPEN "COM l^AS 
9030 WIDTH *1. 

9040 REM 
9050 TC=INT((n 
9060 REM 
9070 FOR 1=0 TO 

LETE 10000-13540 

9120 REM 
9130 FOR 1=0 TO 

quo rjvii. wpfiK- 

9650 REM 

9900 REM Set up various objects which have pointers 
9910 REM 

9000 CALL WPOldgg3o lP-'=VARPTR(L$) FP-=VARPTR(F$) 

9960 REM 
9970 REM 

10000 REM Initialize everything 

Microsoft BASIC 2.00 

4 File Edit Search Fonts Program 

Tent of 

dram maze 

branch « 3 

red} ” tool neuirgn 
draui) ■ tool iicuirgn 
print Size luindoiii to desired mo 
input "size and hit return: ‘‘;a$ 
ask output left, bot;right. top 
set picsize 1 

toolbofi setrectrgn(rect}, 1 0,1Q,( 
print : print “Orauj the region pie 
toolboH opcnrgn 
toolboK shouipen 

K ■ mouseh ; y •* mouseu 
toolboK maucto(K.y) 

if mouseb" - false then euit 



y .--fi 

1 ■ 




^11 ■ • .. ,, 

toolboH linetolmousch, mouseu) 

Macintosh BASIC 

Microsoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 


Consulair Corporation 

140 Campo Drive, Portola Valley, CA 94025 
(415) 851-3849 

Mac C 

A high-powered C compiler and C development system writ- 
ten by Bill Duvall of Consulair. Duvall also wrote the 
68000 Macintosh Development System assembler for Apple. 
Mac C includes a fast disk-based editor (for creating both C 
and assembler files), a C compiler, a Linker, an Exec pro- 
gram, and Apple’s Mac Assembler/Debugger. The compiler 
conforms to the unwritten “C standard” and allows inline 
assembler code and direct access to Macintosh ROM rou- 
tines. The compiler generates small, efficient programs. It 
includes three debuggers and excellent sample programs. 
Integration between the various modules is smooth and 

Microsoft BASIC 2,00 

Microsoft’s newest version of BASIC for Macintosh. Actu- 
ally, it’s two versions; a “binary” and a “decimal” version 
of BASIC are included on the disk. The decimal version 
offers to-the-penny accuracy for financial programs; the 
binary version runs faster. Both flavors offer boldfacing of 
keywords; easy creation of Macintosh menus, buttons, and 
dialogs; and Mac-like editing, cutting, and pasting within 
and between programs. Line numbers aren’t required. Ad- 
vanced program control structures and esoterica such as 
“subprograms with local variables” are also supported. Most 
programs created with Microsoft’s earlier version of BASIC 
can be run unmodified or con'^erted to take advantage of new 

Advanced BASIC programmers may be frustrated by limit- 
ed program size and much disk thrashing on 128K machines. 
With 512K, however, this BASIC aUows huge programs and 
offers greater convenience. $150 

4 File Edit Search I 

I Font Size Transfer 

File (X^KTraps Txt 

Set Tubs 
ilutd Irideril (lit 
Shoui Inuisibics 

Cuici^Orow Trops „ . 

Printing Format 

Adapted fro« Cuicfcr.acs 

Jan 20, 1984 5 01 PT1 Filled out noses to full values 
Jon 20, 1984 7 09 Rri 

U S. Duvall — Consulair Corporation 

_lni tCursor 



1 Clipboard I 

TRAP .TextUidth 

TRAP .TextFonl 
TRAP -ToKtFoco 
TRAP _Te*tHode 




Consulair Mac C 





262 C 

quick; adherence to the Macintosh user interface is precise 
and sure. 

Recommended. Mac C runs on either a 128K or 512K 
Macintosh, or on the Mac XL. $295 

Mac C Toolkit 

A set of routines to complement Mac C. Included are a Tele- 
type simulation to port existing programs to Macintosh, 
high-level C interfaces to low-level Macintosh routines, a 
“starter program” user interface skeleton, and a byte-oriented 
buffered I/O system to speed disk accesses. Mac C Toolkit, 
$\75\ Mac C and Mac C Toolkit, $425; Corporate Site 
License, $1,200 

Hippopotamus Software, Inc. 

1250 Oakmead Parkway, Suite 210, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(408) 738-1200 

Hippo-C Level 1 compiler 

Includes compiler, screen editor, debugger, interactive tutor- 
ial, and help screens. Produces an intermediate code that 
requires the presence of Hippo-C to run. First release 
versions crashed frequently. The second version, 1.2, was 
better. We recommend reading thorough reviews of this 
product before purchase. $149.95 

File Edit Tuloriol 

Debug lUindouis Programs 

“include <eldio.h> 

“define low_lo_up (’fl* - 
/* and 'a' la 
/• These are c 
/• ualuea. •/ 
nain () /“filler Input 
I /“In uarioua 

Cciiripilu ^ 

Ciimiiile u'llh [letiug 
Remuiie ^Error lines 




etueen 'fl**/ 

ml c; 

c - gelchor (); 
while (c !■ ‘2* ) 

if (c >■'□* I 

Shoui memory 
Send command HZ 

Sel defuult eHeciiloble 

/* So «e can exit, eith a Z */ 
c <■ 'z' ) 

print f ("IcXn-.c • lo»_to_up) 

else If (c >• fl It c <■ 'V') 
printf (“uppercose Xc\n",c); 

/• Are me dealing with □ ' 
/• lower case letter? */ 
/• If so, conuerl to •/ 
/• UPPER and print it •/ 
/♦ Is it upper case? •/ 

/• If so, ■/ 

/• say so and print it */ 


Hippo-C Level 1 compiler 
Hippo-C Level 2 compiler 

A complete C development environment. Programs written 
with the Level 1 system are transportable to Level 2. 

Manx Software Systems, Inc. 

Box 55, Shrewsbury, NJ 07701 

(800) 221-0440, (201) 780-4004 in New Jersey 

Aztec C68K-P and C68K-c 

The Manx C compiler is available in two versions: C68K-p 
and C68K-C. The initials represent “personal” and “com- 
mercial.” Both versions run on 128K systems with one 
drive. Aztec’s products get generally good notices from 
developers, who find them to be standard, well-tested 

systems for developing code that’s easily ported to other 
computers. The personal version includes the compiler, a 
relocating macro 68000 assembler, a full Unix system 
library, and a shell command editor. 

The commercial version includes features of the personal 
system and adds support for the Macintosh Toolbox, an 
overlay linkage editor, and dynamically relocatable code of 
unlimited size, according to Manx. The Aztec compilers are 
a favorite with developers for other computers. Includes C 
utilities. C68K~p, $199; C68K~c, $500 

Megamax, Inc. 

P.O. Box 851521, Richardson, TX 75085 
(214) 987-4931 

Megamax C 

A commercial C development system. Includes a C compiler, 
standard C library, linker, librarian, disassembler, text ed- 
itor, and resource maker. The compiler allows floating-point 
arithmetic and full access to all Macintosh ROM routines. 
The linker uses “procedural resolution,” which links only 
code needed by the application, resulting in smaller, faster 
programs. Dynamic overlays and inline assembly language 
code are also supported. Example programs are included. No 
license fees are required for use of the system library in 
commercial applications. $299.95 

r iiytb;'i»iyvBTr- 
Loodlng exlernol symbols 



'printf 0 ’ 

fclose o’ 

Idiv o' 

misc o' 


qdl 1 0 

qdl O' 


close o' 

string o’ 


mem4 o' 


exit o’ 

■event o’ 

■puts o’ 


■qd2 o’ 

Cben o' 

qdl 3 0 ’ 

memB o' 

seg 0 


win2 0 ’ 

win 1 0 

mem 1 . 0 ' 


code seg ' 

1 name 'mlU' size 136 

code seg ' 

2 name 'mam size 4900 

OSS seg 

name bss' size 


doto seg '' 

0 name 's!' size 


resource error -43 while creotmg 
ress RETURN lo continue. 

Megamax C 

Softworks Limited 

607 West Wellington, Chicago, IL 60657 
(312) 975-4030 

Softworks C 

Includes C compiler, standard header files, and five sample 
programs. Although documentation is skimpy, tlie IV/iite- 
smith's C manual, which describes — in part-Softworks C, 
is also included. At present Softworks C also includes 
Apple’s 68000 assembler, linker, resource maker, and editor. 
The compiler supports the standard Unix function library. 

The compiler supports full floating-point arithmetic, 
unlike some other C compilers now available. Softworks’ 
floating-point routines are not Apple’s SANE floating-point 

FORTH 263 

package but arc well implemented. Full compatibility is 
claimed with all Macintosh ROM routines, 512K Macintosh- 
es, and Mac XLs. A workmanlike, rather "traditionar* C 
compiler, not recommended for newcomers to C. Complete 
package, $395; documentation only, $30 


Micro Focus, Inc. 

2465 East Bayshore Road, Suite 400, Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 856-4161 


Yes, some people still program in COBOL. Really. And, 
yes, it was probably inevitable that COBOL would be offered 
for Macintosh. 

Here it is. It’s from Micro Focus, a company known and 
respected for COBOL implementations on other computers. 
Their version is High Level ANSI ’74 COBOL and requires 
512K, which shouldn’t be surprising if you’re acquainted 
with COBOL. The package includes a number of program- 
ming tools. Among them arc an editor, forms generator, 
syntax checker, compiler, debugger, library, and on-line 
help facility. Also included is “Build,” which creates 
executable modules formed from application programs and 
“Applications Support Modules.” Build also creates pre- 
organized links to any libraries required by the application. 

In all, a professional, feature-filled COBOL from a re- 
spected vendor — at a price. $2,000 


Creative Solutions, Inc. 

4701 Randolph Road, Suite 12, Rockville, MD 20852 

MacForth Level I 

A full-featured Forth language and operating system. Level I 
is aimed at beginners and hobbyists. It allows user-defined 
menus, windows, and graphics and is compatible with Mac- 
intosh files. Also includes an excellent disk-based Forth 
tutorial and comprehensive manual. $149 



MacForth Level II 

Includes Level I. Enhances Level I by providing a 68000 
assembler, IEEE floating-point arithmetic, advanced graphics 
capability, support for text editing within programs, and 
access to ROM controls and dialogs. $249 

MacForth Level III 

Includes Levels I and II. A complete Forth development 
system for professionals wanting to turn Forth into cash. 
Enhances Level II with Trace, Debug, and Snapshot capa- 
bilities. Includes an overlay manager, as well as a 350-page 
manual. Price entitles purchaser to support on CompuServe. 

Developers should contact Creative Solutions for in- 
formation about licensing and royalties. 


12077 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 506, 

Los Angeles, CA 90025 
(213) 821-4340 

MasterF orth 

A Forth that conforms to the ’83 Forth standard. Master- 
Forth is a full 16-bit Forth that is extremely fast. It deals 
with the stack as a 16-bit entity, compiles true 16-bit 
addresses of assembler routines, and compiles programs 
quickly. MasterForth also allows linking of precompiled 
modules, in a manner similar to many C compilers. Unfor- 
tunately, programs written in MasterForth can’t use more 
than 64K for programs (although arrays can use additional 

The product is a good choice for developers wishing to 
develop applications in Forth, but MasterForth is not as 
well suited for beginners as MacForth. $125 



264 LOGO 



Absoft Corporation 

4268 North Woodward, Royal Oak, Ml 48072 
(313) 549-7111 


559 San Ysidro Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93108 
(805) 969-7874 


An ANSI FORTRAN 77 compiler with debugger. Generates 
position-independent, directly executable native code. Pro- 
duces either Macintosh application files or FORTRAN sub- 
routine files, which can then be called from application 

The compiler is disk-based and allows the creation of 
large programs, even on 128K machines. Compiles and runs 
standard FORTRAN 77 files with little or no modification. 
Handles complex numbers, unlike some other compilers. 
Source files can be created with MaeWrite or other Macin- 
tosh word processors. Includes linker, library manager, IEEE 
floating-point routines, and Debug, an interactive source 
code debugger. Allows full access to the Toolbox, including 
QuickDraw, the Window Manager, and the Font Manager. 
Takes good advantage of the Macintosh user interface. In- 
cludes a 300-page reference manual. $395 


Proceed lo Brkpt 

Single step 


h for Progruin 


Scat (h for r nril * 


Sa<ii ( h for 1 


Skip Subroutines 


Source Code 

lil« Slot us 


I fi I*!; c«pr«K for 



progroM c »pr«s 




tvp. ”fH 
tvp* 'fll 



open <l,f 

fi 1*1 

Chor*64 CMprss 

for ^ 


open (2.f 


lnt*ger»2 0 


if < .no 


lnt*9«r*2 -5394 


•rl t« 







•nd 1 f 

■ Brook Points 


1 llplp 


1 riiporild 

■ Tronsfer 

1 Finish 


! Quit 


SofTech Microsystems, Inc. 

16875 West Bernardo Drive, San Diego, CA 92127 
(800) 451-8080; (800) 824-7867 or 
(619) 451-1230 in California 

Advanced Development Tool Kit 
Tools for use with SofTech’s FORTRAN or Pascal compilers. 
Includes source code for a graphics or mouse interface, a 
symbolic debugger, 68000 assembler, and linker. $150 

FORTRAN-77 Development System 
A subset of the ANSI 1977 FORTRAN standard. Supports 
structured programming and improved character types. In- 
cludes a screen editor, file manager, and library manager. 


The first Lisp for Macintosh. This is reported to be a robust 
version of the language that also provides access to the 
Macintosh Toolbox. Compiles directly to 68000 machine 
code. Has extensive graphic capabilities, including 3-D and 
spherical graphics. $495 


ExperLisp Workstation 

For Lispers who want the very best. The package includes 
ExperLisp, a Macintosh XL (Lisa), two megabytes of RAM 
memory, and a ten-megabyte hard disk. Cost for the 
complete package is said to be “under $7,000.” We*d hope 



559 San Ysidro Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93108 
(805) 969-7874 


A compiled version of Logo. Language commands can be 
chosen from pull-down menus, and menus can be customized 
by users. Supports multiple windows and cut and paste 
between windows. Features turtle graphics (like other Logos) 
and also offers “bunny graphics.” The “bunnies” are capable 
of movement in three-dimensional, program-defined spaces 
and can also “live” in cubes and spheres. ExperLogo pro- 

NEON 265 

4 File Edit Run Help 


1 ' 

Shoui Output 
Long Output 

L nmpiU' 

^ner | 

Type OEnO in this vindow 

! RETURN key. 

|l S-Bunny | 

IcDefining Bunny Graphics fund i ons , . . s 


{Comaents are 
Each conment prec 

(opens the fund i 
70 HESS 

(clears the Graph 


cedures may reside on disk, allowing a program size greater 
than 128K. Disk files may be read by other applications. 
ExperLogo prides itself on speed and is relatively fast once 
the programs have been compiled. Getting to that point, 
though, takes a while. $149.95 

l\/licrosoft Corporation 

10700 Northup Way, Box 97200, Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

Microsoft Logo 

Microsoft Logo was developed by Logo Computer Systems 
of Montreal, Quebec, and is being distributed by Microsoft 
as a MacLibrary program. Microsoft Logo wasn’t completed 
as this book went to press. Preliminary specifications call 
for a Logo capable of multiple windows, access to Quick- 
Draw graphics, procedure formatting and comments, arrays, 
and “high-precision” math. 

Turtle graphics and on-line help are included in the 
package being readied for release. According to Logo Com- 
puter Systems, additional groups of commands — “loadable 
primitive sets” — will become available later on that allow 
users to configure Microsoft Logo for specific tasks. $150 

’’ 4 File dHI Control 


Turtle Graphics 

, OPEh flMl 
Op«n -Pt*' 
S«tUSi2« < 
SetUPos gt 

, onnu CHi 
Draw . P I • 

Select mi 

Pie Chart 

■ Books 
I Records 
13 Stottoftw'v 
0 Furp.»<ur» 
Q Othors 





SIDE > LiniT ISTCPl — 
‘Opumo SIDE 





POUV SPIRRL 0 123 200 


Modula Corporation 

1673 West 820 North, Provo. UT 84601 
(800) 545-4842, (801) 375-7400 in Utah 


A complete two-disk package for developing programs in 
Modula-2. Includes a compiler, linker, library, run-time sys- 
tem, 600-page tutorial, and reference manual. The compiler 
produces “M-code,” an intermediate form of code similar to 
p-Code produced by UCSD Pascal. $150 

Volition Systems 

P.O. Box 99628, San Diego, CA 921 09 
(619) 270-6800 


A complete program development package. Includes a one- 
pass Modula-2 compiler and library, an Apple Pascal-like 
operating system and file manager, a Unix-like shell, batch 
command interpreter, a screen editor, and other utilities. 

With the 512K Macintosh or Macintosh XL, the package 
supports access to Macintosh ROM routines, and applica- 
tions created can be run from the Finder. On the 128K Mac- 
intosh, only a subset of ROM routines is available, due to 
memory limitations. Price and availability not announced. 


Kriya Systems, Inc. 

505 North Lake Shore Drive, Suite 5510, Chicago, IL 60611 
(312) 822-0624 


A new language written for the Macintosh, Neon is a hybrid 
of Forth and Smalltalk. Like Forth, it’s a stack-based 
“threaded language” that can be extended by creating new 
“words.” Like Smalltalk, it employs the ideas of objects and 
classes of objects. 

Neon includes an install command, which makes only the 
application program visible to the user, and comes with an 
editor, debugger, and other utilities. Full access to the Mac- 
intosh ROMs is provided, according to the manufacturer. 

The language wasn’t available for review, so here are 
some comments from a press release about Neon: **Neon 
simplifies and integrates the logical model created by the 
Toolbox, making it easier to comprehend by hiding un- 
necessary details. If you need an object modified to work 
differently, simply create a new ‘class’ of objects that 
inherit the properties of another class, changing only the 
characteristics that need to be changed.” 

Microsoft Logo 




We suspect that programmers who like Forth may also 
like Neon. Others may feel that Neon is, well, much like 
Forth. The price includes a full license to use Neon in com- 
mercial applications. $150 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue, Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696; (800) 662-9238 or 
(408) 996-1010 in California 

Macintosh Pascal 

A fast, semi-compiled version of Pascal, loaded with 
features. Boldfaces keywords, indents lines, checks syntax, 
and offers windows for just about everything: text, graphics, 
and programs, as well as for observing variables and check- 
ing “instant” performance of specific program lines. A 
superb package for learning Pascal. May result in a wealth 
of public domain Pascal programs, due to its acceptance by 
many universities as the standard “teaching Pascal.” Offers 
full access to Toolbox ROM routines if you follow the rules 
and exercise caution. $125 

' « I lie tUil h IJlimliHus’ 

Macintosh Pascal 

SofTech Microsystems, Inc. 

1 6875 West Bernardo Drive, San Diego, CA 921 27 
(800) 451-8080; (800) 824-7867 or 
(619) 451-1230 in California 

Advanced Development Tool Kit 
Tools for use with SofTech’s Pascal or FORTRAN compilers. 
Includes source code for a graphics or mouse interface, a 
symbolic debugger, 68000 assembler, and linker. $150 

The MacAdvantage: UCSD Pascal 
A Pascal development system tailored for Macintosh. 
Includes a mouse-based editor, UCSD compiler, symbolic de- 
bugger, interface units to ROM routines, a library utility to 
combine code segments into a single file, an RMaker re- 
source compiler, and other development tools. 

The compiler is specially enhanced for developing Mac- 
intosh programs. It supports 32-bit integers, bit manipula- 
tion intrinsics for integer and integer2 data types, pointer 
manipulation intrinsics that use the 32-bit absolute ad- 
dresses of Macintosh’s ROM, and new external procedures 
that generate in-line calls to ROM. $295 

rile [(lit SedKhl 

2J|Font Size 

Piintinq Foimat 

dcr*F|.»j ■ l.ils« 



Byli^rAil li(} • 0^ 

Cr-f (yp* C « tf‘ 'R' 

1 1 1 crv«rtgp« p 
tor • B I (o lastBBr.j (>:■ 
t nrer irWtvu' 1 1 1 , 0 ), 


$»etCurgortftrrcii », 

Set Tabs 
Ruto Indent Off P»ouM 
Shoui Inuisibles 

cV up ^•an<ll«s So ih«r«u 

. P>C^ up d'-IUBT no»*i ol occ 

I I rt«nus mto menu lifi I 

I cursor io CH I om ) 

S*tFcr (> th*Uind>« \ I oHocaS* our »ir>4ow i 






<(procsJ S«tCur*or. S*(RecS. S*tPorl. (^(Port, 

ErasePBCl 0lotKiiTc4.c-tat , CI<pR*ct>. 


The MacAdvantage: UCSD Pascal 

UCSD Pascal Development System 
SofTech *s version of its well-known Pascal compiler, 
adapted for Macintosh. UCSD Pascal creates an “intermediate 
code” called p-Code that runs under the full Pascal system 
or with a smaller run-time package. Criticized on other 
machines for producing slow-running programs. Praised on 
other machines for offering a well-known “standard Pascal” 
language and programming environment. Allows access to 
the mouse, graphics, fonts, and Mac ROM routines. 

Apple II and Apple III Pascal programs can be run with 
little or no modification. $195 

Operating Systems 

I.Q. Software 

2229 East Loop 820 North, Fort Worth. TX 761 18 
(817) 589-2000 

CPIM for the Macintosh 

The population of the world can be divided into two cate- 
gories: those who know what “CP/M” means and those who 


For those who don’t, C?/M is an acronym for Control 
Program (for) Microcomputers. It’s an operating system, 
written by Gary Kildall, who parlayed the program into 
Digital Research, a large firm that markets operating sys- 
tems and languages. CP/M was and is the premier operating 
system for eight-bit microcomputers; CP/M and Z-80 (a 
popular eight-bit microprocessor) are nearly inseparable. 
The operating system for IBM Personal Computers is a 
revamped version of CP/M that shares many of the same 

C?;M is roughly equivalent to the Macintosh Finder. In 
the same way that Model A’s arc roughly equivalent to 
Porsches. Sorry about that, but... 

What is this product for? 

According to the manufacturer, CPIM for the Macintosh 
is the bee’s knees. I.Q. Software, we’re told, is currently 
compiling a vast library of CP/M software that can be 
ported over to the Macintosh. Advantages to using CP/M, 
again according to I.Q. Software, are quick program transfer 
from other CP/M computers, the opportunity to run bigger 
programs (up to 300K with a 512K Macintosh), faster 
computer operation of CP/M programs (makes sense), more 
disk space available (CP/M computers often only have 80- 
140K of disk space), and, of course, much, much more. 

And you can run WordStar, at last, on a Macintosh. 

Enough snickering. Some people may want to buy this, 
after all. Here’s what you get: a six disk system, voluminous 
documentation from I.Q and Digital Research, a macro- 
assembler, the Modem 7 communications program, a C com- 
piler, a text editor, a program to put menus into programs, a 
standard printer driver, a copy program, and a Lear-Seiglcr 
ADM3A terminal emulation program. 

Not sold yet? here’s an excerpt from an I.Q. Software 
press release: “Tight compact code.. .floating point math... 
signing and co-signing tangent.. .utilities such as ST AT, 
RELOC, and AS68. CP/M for the Macintosh is the only 
standard operating system for the Mac. ..your developer 
customers as well as end user customers need it.” 

Goodness. We should note that neither the AS68 assem- 
bler nor the version 1.2 C compiler work on the 128K 
Macintosh. And the AR68 ARCHIVE utility “has not been 
tested on the 128K machine.” The manual is laced with a 
number of caveats and upper-case warnings. 

Advanced programmers with a sense of high adventure 
and nostalgia should rush to their dealers. $395 

Island Software, Inc. 

One Richmond Square, Providence, Rl 02906 


Another CP/M for Macintosh. For more words on the CP/M 
subject, see the preceding description of I.Q. Software’s 
product. The CP/M from Island Software is said to be a “full 
64K CP/M 2.2 emulation” that includes ASM, DDT, PIP, 
STAT, and more. $125 

Development Tools 

Absoft Corporation 

4268 North Woodward, Royal Oak, Ml 48072 
(313) 549-7111 


A development tool to aid in creating files for input to 
RMaker, Apple’s resource compiler. The program allows 
easy design and modification of menus, windows, and 
dialogs. $195 

AlSoft, Inc. 

P.O. Box 927, Spring, TX 77383 
(713) 353-4090 


Not properly a language, MacExpress is a “Macintosh 
generic application development tool” for use with the Mac 
XL (formerly Lisa) Pascal development system. The software 
is a library unit that’s loaded into the Mac XL. When a 
Pascal program is compiled, the program is linked to needed 
MacExpress routines. The code necessary for the user inter- 
face specified in the program becomes part of the applica- 
tion code. 

This software is strictly for Macintosh developers. It pro- 
vides a simple, convenient means to implement the full 
Macintosh user interface with a minimum of programming 
time and a minimum amount of program code. The price 
includes unlimited phone support. The annual distribution 
licensing fee is $100 per application developed, with no 
additional royalties for each copy sold. $995 

i n= Taio Panel 

[>rav Data 

Shape : 

I Rectangle" 

Upper Left 


Lov/er Right 

=□= Split Uieuj 

Text or Graphics 



Pterodactyl Software 

200 Bolinas Road. Suite 27, Fairfax, CA 94930 
(415) 485-0714 

Remember learning about dinosaurs? Pterodactyls were the 
flying lizards, leathery- looking things with long beaks. 

Pterodactyl Software was one of the first development 
companies to write software for Apple’s Lisa. Apple’s Lisa, 
when first announced, was not the world’s most popular 
computer among developers. Among other things, it was 
slow. This didn’t deter the Pterodactyl people. They plowed 
into the Lisa software, mucked around, and got everything 
figured out. These guys are the nerd’s nerds. We mean that as 
a compliment, of course. 

It’s now time to unveil Pterodactyl’s corporate slogan: 
“We make dinosaurs fly.” 

Pterodactyl markets a number of products for Lisa — er, 
the Macintosh XL. They’re also developing a number of 
products for the non-XL Macintosh. Tliey also do consulting 
and have quantity and educational rates. The company’s 
president is writing a book (for Hayden Books) about assem- 
bly language programming on the Macintosh. 

On to products. Pterodactyl’s best-known product is a PC 
BASIC compiler. The compiler runs on the Macintosh XL 
and is syntax-compatible with IBM BASIC. In other words, 
code written in BASIC for the IBM PC can be compiled and 
run on a Macintosh XL — a convenience for developers. 

The package is sold in two versions. The developer's 
version costs $1,000 and includes a communications pack- 
age for use between the IBM PC and Macintosh (XL or 
regular size). Purchase also includes the right to sell code 
produced with the software. The communications package 
alone is $100 and includes a RS-232 cable. 

A user’s PC BASIC compiler — which allows the use of 
the software on one machine — costs $250. 

Pterodactyl also offers a “Simple BASIC Conversion Ser- 
vice.” They’ll transport, compile, list, and test one product 
for a fee of $2,500. And they’ll throw in the developer’s 
BASIC compiler package. 

New products for Macintosh should be forthcoming. De- 
velopers should write for more information. 


In the Public Domain 

Free (Or Nearly 
Free) Software 

If you’ve waded through the previous chapters, you now have, we 
suspect, a wish list many thousands of dollars long. But before you take a 
second mortgage on the house or hit up your cousin for cash, remember: 
There’s lots of free software out there. Lots. Mountains of software. Free. 
Yours for the asking. At no charge. 

That’s the good news. Here’s the bad news: Most of it’s junk. But 
there’s so much free software available that, even after winnowing good 
from bad, a wealth of good stuff remains to plunder and enjoy. 

In the retail market, only a few hundred companies market Macintosh 
software. In the public domain “market,” the potential vendors number in 
the thousands — the hundreds of thousands! 

Public domain software, simply put, is software freely given by 
authors to the public. And everyone with a Macintosh and a programming 
language is a potential author. With Macintosh, in fact, it’s possible to 
create public domain material even if you don’t know how to program; 
some of the most delightful freebies are MacPaint documents, digitized 
pictures, or MusicWorks songs. 

Why would anyone give away software? A few reasons. First is pure 
and simple altruism. Some of the best programmers give their creations 
away, motivated only by the desire to help other people. Seriously. Dennis 
Brothers, author of MacTep and other “freeware,” is a good example of 
talent coupled with altruism. Apple programmers Bill Atkinson, Andy 


Nearly Free) 



Hertzfeld, and others have also graced Mac users with terrific — and free — 
programs. Let’s give a nod to Apple for allowing them to do so. 

Then there’s the pride of sharing your accomplishment with other 
users. It’s fun to have a freeware “hit,” even if you never see a nickel from 
it. It’s gratifying to watch other hobbyists use your program, add to it, 
refine it, then pass it along to others for further enhancements. 

Another class of public domain software skirts the line between “for 
free” and “for sale.” Sometimes called “shareware,” these programs are of- 
fered for your consideration. The authors request contributions (usually 
$10 to $50) from those who use the software and find it valuable. It’s 
software on the honor system. The authors encourage you to copy and 
pass around their disks — which builds the base of potentid payees. 

Honor still exists, at least among computer users. Some shareware 
authors have grossed over $100,0(X) in sales, though most do far less well. 
If you use shareware programs on a regular basis, we encourage you to 
send in your check. It doesn’t hurt much, at least not in comparison to that 
$2(X) database, and it usually makes you a “registered user,” entitled to free 
(or low-cost) upgrades and ongoing product news. It’s also the right thing 
to do. 

Do these freeware, or shareware, programs hurt commercial software 
companies? Maybe. But public domain materials also help the sales of 
commercial software! Spreadsheet templates for Multiplan, graphic data- 
bases for Filevision, and programs for Macintosh Pascal all boost sales 
of those commercial programs. Often, we suspect, commercial programs 
would flounder and die without vigorous support from free software. 
That’s certainly true for Microsoft BASIC and other languages. 

Now, where do you get this stuff? The most lucrative sources are 
CompuServe, The Source, Delphi, bulletin board systems, and Macintosh 
user groups. The commercial telecommunications services are listed in 
Appendix B; write for membership information and descriptions of ser- 
vices offered. For now, let’s just say that you’ll need a modem and a 
terminal program to maximize your haul. 

Once of the best sources for programs is the Macintosh area of 
CompuServe. The Macintosh area (or SIG, for “special interest group”) is 
called the CompuServe Micronetworked Apple Users Group, also known 
as the Apple MAUG. The MAUG has sub-areas for users of other Apples, 
but the Mac section is the largest, and the Mac action is furious, fun, and 
frequently fascinating, especially for the technically minded. 

Here’s a typical entry from CompuServe’s massive Macintosh library: 


CATDSK.DOC 04-Dec-84 7670 Accesses: 261 

Catalogger is a Microsoft BASIC program that semi-automatically maintains a 
disk-based Diskette Catalog and lists it to screen, printer, or anywhere. This is 
the documentation; read it to see what must be downloaded. This version Is a 
minor update to fix problems on the 51 2K Mac. 

Tom Parrish 71735,1675 


Here’s an explanation: 

The first line — the numbers in the brackets — is the User ID of the 
person who “uploaded” the material. The second line contains the program 
name, the date that the program joined the library, and the number of peo- 
ple who had accessed the program (those who had read the file or down- 
loaded it into their computers). Checking accesses is a quick way to see 
what’s hot, and what’s not, with Mac downloaders. 

Next come keywords — words that allow users to search the database 
for specific programs, or to find all programs in a given category: MS- 
BASIC programs, for example. 

Last is the description of the program and, usually, the name and ID of 
the submitter. 

The database is huge. The program synopses alone made a healthy ap- 
pendix for this book, llie entire database — programs and all — covers about 
100 megabytes somewhere in the bowels of CompuServe. 

After your CompuServe membership arrives, expect to set aside a few 
nights for practice. Learning to wade through the complexities of transfer- 
ring programs across telephone lines takes time. 

User groups are easier. Most groups have libraries of public domain 
software, often available for the price of a few blank disks. The larger 
groups have libraries of twenty disks or more — all stuffed with free 
software, from the sublime to the ridiculous. 

A few commercial businesses have recently begun collecting, organ- 
izing, and selling disks of public domain software. We have mixed feelings 
about this one. Certainly, anyone can do anything with public domain 
material. And the companies do provide a legitimate service, and they don’t 
charge much per disk (so far, anyway). Still, the enterprises violate the 
public domain spirit and often violate specific instructions of program 
authors. That’s our spiel; you make up your own mind. 

The final source is friends. With over 300,000 Macintoshes now sold, 
you must know somebody else with a Macintosh. Hit ’em up. But remem- 
ber that “copyable” isn’t synonymous with “public domain.” 

We have no more speeches. 

Macintosh already boasts many public domain classics in a variety of 
categories. There’s even a public domain programming language for Mac- 
intosh: XLisp. AU that’s missing are databases and spreadsheets. But even 
those categories have public domain programs on other computers. Free 
versions for Macintosh should also show up, eventually. 

A few public domain programs are particularly noteworthy: 

MacTep is a terminal program written by Dennis Brothers. It requires 
Microsoft BASIC (like many other public domain programs) and works 
fine. The last we looked, it was up to version 1.87 and getting better all the 
time. Two variations, AutoTep and MouseTep, add convenience and fea- 
tures to an already excellent program. Brothers has written many other 
useful programs. They’re available, like most programs mentioned, on 
CompuServe or from most user group libraries. Red Ryder, by the late 
Wat Buchanon, is another good communications program. 


(Or Nearly Free) 



Bill Atkinson’s Life is a fast implementation of Conway’s famous 
“game” in which populations live, grow, and die according to strict math- 
ematical rules. A version of Othello written by V/izardry author Robert 
Woodhead shames many commercial Othello programs. The author asks 
for contributions, which go toward purchasing computer equipment for a 
disabled Apple user. This one you had better pay for. 

The utilities category is full of good programs. Desk Accessory Mover 
is shareware and does what it says. File Edit lets you peek into, and 
change, any byte in any file. It’s well done and invaluable for changing or 
fixing files. And you don’t even need to know hexadecimal, though it 

MockTerminal is a terminal program that’s also a desk accessoiy; it too 
is shareware. 

Apple created a number of utilities for in-house software development. 
The programs are offered to developers as a Software Supplement. Apple 
also placed the programs on CompuServe, for all to use, gratis. Included 
are Font Editor, Resource Mover, Icon Editor, Menu Editor, and others. If 
you understand the titles, you’ll probably enjoy using the programs to 
develop other programs. In particular. Font Editor requires no program- 
ming skill, though you’ll find designing fonts tougher than you might have 

Then come BASIC programs. There are literally hundreds of pro- 
grams that require Microsoft BASIC, with more coming every day. Ap- 
ple’s Macintosh BASIC will have a rough time gathering an equal 
following. It pays to be first in the marketplace. 

Also included, as Appendix D, is the CompuServe public domain 
Macintosh library tide listing — the entire database of offerings, complete as 
of January 1985. It’s the verbatim listing of software and other material 
available from CompuServe and makes interesting reading, especially for 
the technically astute. It’s an “as is” listing, although we couldn’t resist 
fixing a few typos. Not all, just a few. Also, we don’t claim the listing is 
current — it isn’t The programs frequendy accessed should still be around, 
but the less popular programs may be purged by the time you look for 
them. Our thanks to Neil Shapiro for providing the listing. 

Another good source of public domain software is the Boston Com- 
puter Society. Being a resident of Boston is not a requirement We scoured 
the BCS disks in preparation for this chapter and look forward to spending 
more hours with the disks soon. 

Here’s a pitch from the Boston Computer Society. It came off a disk 
that happened to be in the public domain: 

For information about more public domain software for the Macintosh contact: 

Robert Hafer 

Macintosh User’s Group 

Boston Computer Society 

One Center Plaza 

Boston, MA 02108 




Note: Only members, other user's groups, and contributors can request P/D 
Software. The Boston Computer Society is a nonprofit organization that offers 
members a bi-monthly magazine, a monthly calendar of events, up to two 
newsletters from any of our 47 user's groups, free access to our public domain 
library, and, of course, free admission to ail meetings. Membership costs a mere 

End of spiel from BCS. We strongly recommend membership. And the 
BCS public domain disks are packed with programs; even if you never 
read the newsletters, the membership price is a bargain. 

One last note. Some of the better, and better-known, shareware pro- 
grams are also found in other chapters, nestled against completely com- 
mercial offerings. That’s how we dealt with concept straddlers. 

Here are descriptions of a few programs you might need or enjoy. The 
problem we had with creating the listing was knowing when to stop. For 
more, check the public domain appendix. Now, if only disks were free... 


(Or Nearly Free) 



Business Forms for MacPaint 

A collection of business forms similar to those found in the 
Graphics chapter, only these are available under the share- 
ware plan. The forms include purchase order, sales order, in- 
voice, packing slip, statement, payment due, return author- 
ization, debit memo, credit memo, telephone message, trans- 
mittal memo, petty cash received, petty cash record, expense 
report, and daily planner. On many of the forms, an area is 
reserved for a pasted-in company logo. 

The forms were produced from a six-lines-per-inch master 
sheet, ensuring that lines on the forms line up precisely in 
typewriters, or on computer printers (if you start precisely at 
the top of the form, that is). 

An extra feature is a Microsoft BASIC program that 
prints multiple copies of a form. If you’ve got Microsoft 
BASIC handy, this program allows you to get lunch (or 
some sleep) and come back to lots of forms. 

A $20 contribution is suggested. Sending a blank disk 
and a stamped return mailer will get you the forms, but you 
do want to enclose a check, right? Order from Computer 
Aide, 1063 Silver Tip Way, Sunnyvale, CA 94086; (408) 

Business Forms for MacPaint 

The Creator 

This one’s unusual. It’s a “roll your own’’ database program, 
written in Microsoft BASIC. You tell the program what your 
database will be like, and it writes a database program for 
you. Powerful databases are possible, but the program’s best 
use may be instructional. The manual is recommended. Con- 
tributions are welcome but not explicitly requested ($35; 
manual alone, $11). Order from TNT Software, 34069 
Haincsville Road, Round Lake, IL 60073; (312) 223-0832. 

' fk Fi)p Edit Seorcii Run llJindoius 












— I-' II '■ 7 ^ List * II 

120 RESET CLS PRINT This Is THE CREATOR, version 3 1 IM It v^ill write o d 
130 PRINT' Please use a short name; try not to use a name longer than 40 che 
135 PRINT 'Vour program name is ". LINE INPUT PN$ 

160 PRINT'The disks have names, given by the operator This disk, for exam 
170 PRINT' ycur data: "rLINE INPUT AN$ 

180 PRINT What is the name of the disk on which you went this program wri 


^ ^ ^ ^ TTTtikl T?5o 

The Creator 



A well-known public domain program converted for use with 
Macintosh. Designed to help personal computers communi- 
cate with mainframe computers. Documentation is in a 
separate KERMIT.DOC file. 

Tl-' » 5 I- ■ ^ 

This is TO announce Macintosh Kermit * 11 It's one of several different 
Macintosh Kormits under development, put this was the first one TO reach us 
I s from Stephen Engel at Harvard University (engeli^harvard). written in C fo 
the Sumacc Unix-based Macintosh cross development system The FILES are 
collected together into a Unix shell archive. AS MC IKERMIT SH They include 
source FILES, a makefile, AND some sketchy documentation 

In Steve's words. "This is an alpha' release of the program Much of the code 
is sloppy AND buggy, but I believe that ALL the program's funadmentals work 
adequately This program is chiefly an odaptatlon of Columbia's Unix kermit ' 

It has been tested in conjunction with Unix Kermit AND DEC-20 Kermit The 
program is for from complete AND has many rough edges, but it's the first oui 
Ihp r.nrr AMD <n «;hfn4rt nrnvA lispfti! Tfl the mwnii thwl npprt «;nmp Ifinrl nf 







Another Microsoft BASIC communications program. 


MacTep stands for “Macintosh Terminal Emulation Pro- 
gram,” probably the best-known and most-used public 
domain program. MacTep is available in numerous versions, 
some that use the mouse, some that offer help screens, and 
some that are split into two parts for use with 128K 
machines. Make sure you get the latest version. Dennis 

FONTS 275 

4 rile Edit Uiem Speciol 



itwnj 1 35K to foliJtr 

2 Items 27K m folder 238K 

CJ D O' O' O' [M 

A4«eTEP2 1 M*oflrtP2 1 AuloTtP f«VTEP RLMTEP II M»cT£P ^ 

Q Q 

TEP Pics TEP ;»kjs Help 

1 1 

B ' 1 

Mjdew CibV TfP* 

Re»l Mouse MecTEP I***- 
Mouse M»e TEP Loader INSTRUCT 


iyiii' rS 


HEH s 

I8<w folder 208< «v. 

8 Items S2K In folder 238K eve* 


;k M*cAckO I 



© O' D Q O' 

BwHexv2 0 Bm-Hex B^HEXJ?S3 Hex&ump BlftHEX 2 0 Bt»HEXPM 


L 1 


U7 ,b; ' V, ■ 

Alarm Clock. 




Executive Decision Maker 
FRP Die Roller 
Note Pad 



[ tittittitt ] [ Rrnmnr ] 

( i:i)iM| to Hohlmn ] 

[ llclMl« ] [ RiMtmm* ) 

[ << (inpj) 1(1 s<ii (iiin ] 

Desk Accessory Mover 

Brothers enjoys improving this one, and a new MacTep 
shows up, it seems, every few weeks. The program also 
needs a “loader** program that clears memory in Microsoft 
BASIC to handle the program. These arc also called “runner** 
programs (as in MacTep Runner). Some of the many ver- 
sions and flics in the MacTep world are: MacTep-h+, MacTep 
Notes, MacTep Part 2, MacTep, DOC, MaugTepl.l , Auto- 
Tep2.J , Real Mouse MacTep, Tep Plus,Tep Plus Help, and 
NewTep. Yes, it is confusing. 


Communications software tucked into a desk accessory. 

Red Ryder 

A sophisticated communications program. Offered as share- 
ware. Features auto log-on and many other features. Good for 
“expert users.** 

Desk Accessories 

Other desk accessories floating around in the public domain 
include Bugs, a bug that crawls around your screen (while 
other programs are running); a calendar; a calculator that em- 
ulates a Hewlett-Packard scientific calculator; MockPrinter, 
which prints text files; desk accessories that display files 
and check memory; and, of course. Glass. Glass is a mag- 
nifying glass. 


There are hundreds of fonts in the public domain. And more 
coming everyday. Anyone with Apple*s Font Editor is a po- 
tential author of a new font (and Font Editor is easier to 
learn than BASIC). 

The Font Editor program is widely available in the public 
domain. If you like FatBits, Font Editor is your kind of pro- 
gram. Here*s a rather arbitrary selection of font-related files 
from a typical user group library (* marked programs require 
Microsoft BASIC). See Appendix D for more fonts. 

Desk Accessory Mover 

The leader of this bunch is Desk Accessory Mover, also 
described in the Desk Accessories chapter. It allows you to 
add and remove desk accessories from your System file. The 
program comes with four desk accessories: an “Executive 
Decision Maker,** a random number generator for game 
players, an RPN calculator, and Apple*s original clock. 

Desk Accessory Mover was written by Donald Brown. To 
get a copy, send Brown a blank disk and a self-addressed, 
stamped mailer. The address is CE Software, 801 73rd Street, 
Des Moines, lA 50312; (515) 224-1995. 

If you like the program. Brown asks for a $15 con- 
tribution. The money gets you a user*s license and regis- 
tration for updates and product news. Save everybody time 
and send the money with the disk. 

Apple Font 
Cairo Keyboard 
Dummy Font 

Font List 
Fontlister 2.0* 
Font Samples 
New York-9 

Schematic Font 


(Or Nearly Free) 




The maze on the Guided Tour disk. You must have it already. 



Free backgammon, written in BASIC. 


A simple, fun game for children with clever graphics. We’ll 
pass on attempting a further description. 


The well-known “artificial intelligence” demo program, re- 
written in BASIC. Interesting, but not impressive. 


A BASIC version of the ancient game. Make sure 
you pick up the file titled “Go Rules” also. 


Another good game for kids and others. Guess the word be- 
fore the man hangs. 

Hi-Res Chess* 

We haven’t seen this one, but we have seen chess programs 
written in BASIC. They’re always accomplishments, regard- 
less of how slowly they run, and they always run slowly. 
Study the code for insights into data structures. 


Another name for Othello (lago was a villain in Shake- 
speare’s Othello)^ which is another name for Reversi. This 
one’s in BASIC. 


Bill Atkinson’s classic rendition of Conway’s classic game. 
Fast and fascinating. 


A guess-the-code game in BASIC. 


This is the Othello/Iago/Reversi you want. Written by W/z- 
ardry co-author Robert Woodhead on a free day, it will beat 
you, again and again and again. 


Home, Hobby & Demos 

We could make a book from the potential listings in this 
category. We resisted the temptation. In particular, “demo” 
programs are everywhere. It’s been estimated that over 
thirty-six billion demo programs have already been written 
for Macintosh. Some are actually over five BASIC lines in 
length. Those requiring Microsoft BASIC are marked with an 


asterisk (♦). A few of the more interesting home and demo 
creations are as follows: 




Home Budgeting* 

LeaselBuy Decision* 

Menu Demo* 


Mouse Demo* 

Nerd 1.0* 

1984 Script* 




Statistical Estimation Theory* 


3D Demo v2.0* 

Unbiased Estimation of Standard Deviation* 
Window Demo 

And here are two shareware disks: 

Dimensional Filer 
Mac Sampler 

Dimensional Filer is a Microsoft BASIC-based filing pro- 
gram. A very elementary filing program, but nicely executed. 
Mac Sampler contains these programs: Arthropod Classi- 
fication, Biorhythm, Borders, Calendar, Life Expectancy, 
Constellations, Time between Dates, Solar System, and two 
shapes. The programs all require Microsoft BASIC, version 
1.00, and are revamped public domain programs. All pro- 
grams use the mouse and are chosen from a menu. A pleasant 
collection. Suggested contributions are $5 for Mac Sampler 
and $10 for Dimensional Filer. Order from Dimensional 
Disks, P.O. Box 1180, Blaine, WA 98230; (604) 584-2601. 

^ ^ FiUt Edit Run lilindouis ^ 

Dimensbnal Filer 

^ lil(* Edit S«<ii(li Run lUindouis 

Mac Sampler 



A public domain language! XLisp, to quote David Betz, the 
program’s author, is “an experimental object-oriented lan- 
guage.** A variation of the Lisp programming language, 
XLisp has extensions that provide a taste of “object- 
oriented** programming k la Smalltalk. 

XLisp is now available for many computers, including 
Macintosh. The program’s author intends to continue adding 
functionality (a favorite programming term) until the lan- 
guage is comparable to full-bore Lisps available on larger 
systems. If you obtain XLisp, make sure you also get the 
documentation file, XLisp. Doc. For more information, you 
might try writing to Betz. We don’t know if he answers mail 
or sends out disks; better enclose a stamped self-addressed 
envelope. David Betz, 114 Davenport Avenue, Manchester, 
NH 03103. 

Music & Sound 

CompuServe has scores (sorry) of MusieWorks songs in the 
MAUG database. Some are excellent. All are free. 


From the depths of Apple comes this bizarre program that 
makes Jimi Hendrix-like sounds as you move the mouse and 
hit various keys. Particularly good over public address sys- 
tems in high schools. 


A free, though limited, program to create music. Good 
graphic keyboard. 


Sound Lab 

A classic from Apple, written by Andy Hertzfeld. Sound Lab 
lets you alter the waveform of a sound and hear the results. 
The mouse “draws” the desired sound. Volume controls and 
selection of different Macintosh sound synthesizers add to 
the fun. Primarily a demo program; highly recommended. 

9 Channel I 


Sound Lab 


If you can’t find the utility you need in the public domain, 
your needs are indeed precise. Here are some; there are 
more — many more. 

ASCII File Printer* 

Prints any ASCII file. 


Cross-references BASIC programs. 

BINHEX 3.0* 

A necessary program if you want to download application 
programs from CompuServe. This “binary-hex” program 
converts compressed downloaded programs to usable form. If 
you don’t have and use BINHEX, you can’t run many down- 
loaded programs. We wish it were a simpler process, but it 
isn’t. Also look for the files BINHEX.RM and BINHEX.RS3. 

Block Editor 2.1* 

B locksmith 1.5* 

Two programs to edit data blocks on disk. Know hexa- 
decimal? You may like them. 


Compares two files for differences. 


Compresses BASIC programs. 


A disassembler program, written in Microsoft BASIC. 


Dumps the contents of a disk to the screen or printer. 

Error Codes 

A text file of the error codes that show up in Macintosh 
dialog boxes, with explanations of each. 


A MaeWriie file (with embedded MacPaint schematic) that 
describes in detail how to upgrade your Macintosh to 512K. 
Available from the MAUG database, last we looked. 

File Edit 

One of the classics. Allows you to scroll through informa- 
tion on disk and — ^if you dare — to change the data on a byte- 
by-byte basis. Extremely well implemented. Could easily be 
a successful commercial program. 


i rile 

Q]Q|.0plions (lisplati ^ 

Reoil Newt Block XN 

iserUJriter 1 ^ 

Road Preu Block XP 


Rood Block... XR 


lIJnh' Bli>i:)c 

E 9 

I RSCII Modify XR 

4 6 S 5 

IloH Modify XH 

2 -Bd I dl la 1 1 cOt> 1 1 quePorvon 


limli) 1 Imnyi^s >:/ 

acessipq job Mailing praporing data 

IppleTalk . . ;ob. ,«r. , job. 


Hch Search XF 

Isorvor perv4>nenl slalo My 


RSCII Search XS 

prinl«r6Flushing resl ot job (1 

Repeat Search XR 


00 Pos i 1 i on : 0 01 ock 3 



k L 


File Edit 1 .2 

File Splitter* 

Makes one file into two files — good when files are larger 
than MaeWrite can handle. 


Another Dennis Brothers creation. This one copies disks 
that are copy protected. It won’t copy everything, and it’s 
slow (due to Microsoft BASIC), but it copies a good share of 
programs that you’re not supposed to copy. 


More Brothers. This one sets the width of lines in text files. 
Best use: preparing text for transmission by modem, a proc- 
ess that often chops off the ends of long lines. 


Still more Brothers. This converts plain-vanilla ASCII files 
to MaeWrite files. 




Written by Andy Hertzfeld, this utility lets you change 
menus. You can change the menu text or add Command-key 
alternatives to reaching for the mouse. Extremely useful and 
lots of fun. Our suggestion: Add Command-key options to 
the Finder menus. 


If you’ve got a 512K Macintosh, this program allows you to 
apportion part of RAM for use as an electronic disk. Just 
don’t eject the RAM disk! 

Resource Mover 

The Apple Resource Mover program. Included with the Apple 
Software Supplement. Invaluable for developers. 

View Paint 

Allows you to view (but not change) a MacPaint document 
without all the trouble of actually running MacPaint. 

Words & Printing 

Some of these programs do specific things. Others are text 
files of good information. 


A BASIC program to redefine the keyboard layout. 


A handy program. Think of it as a stripped-down MaeWrite. 


A text file that discusses cables — dull but sometimes neces- 
sary information. 


A public domain, desk accessory word processor. 

Print a File* and Print a File II 

Programs to print MaeWrite or other “text-only” files on all 
standard serial printers, including daisy-wheel printers. 
Printers can be connected to either serial port, enabling the 
use of two printers without switching cables. Cable listings 
are included. 

The program is offered as shareware, sort of, we think. 
To simplify matters, send either $8 or $19 to Nathaniel 
Hawthorn, 21115 Devonshire Street, Chatsworth CA 91311. 
For $8, you get a program written in Microsoft BASIC; 
$19 gets you version II, a speedy, assembly language ver- 
sion of the program. 

Text Editor* 

A text editor written in BASIC. A good instructional pro- 
gram for learning about manipulating text, but not a replace- 
ment for Microsoft Word. 

Type 1.0* 

A program to read files from within Microsoft BASIC. 

Here we have the results of the Great Macintosh User Group Search. 
The “GMUGS” was conducted by our publisher, Gerald Rafferty, His was 
a thankless task: to discover and catalog all major Macintosh user groups in 
the United States. The results are listed here, alphabetically by state and, 
within states, alphabetically by city. From Alaska to Florida, from big to 
small, here they are. 

Regardless of their location and size, user groups share one (and may- 
be only one) common quality: a fascination with Macintosh. The fasci- 
nation may be accompanied with cursing, but it’s there. Macintosh. The 
simplicity and the complexity of the machine creates a desire. The desire, 
for most, is to do more, know more, and have more. 

If you want to know more about Macintosh, or learn to better use your 
machine, or stock up on free software, join a user group. It’s easy: find the 
nearest group and show up. In most cases, you’ll be hit for dues. In most 
cases, the dues will be eminently reasonable. 

What happens next depends. Smaller user groups may be notliing more 
than MacCoffee Klatches: regular meetings where the talk is exclusively 
Macish. Larger groups publish newsletters (from single-sheet-Xerox to 
magazine-quality productions), and have speakers such as Bill Atkinson, 
Steve Jobs, and other names that provoke yawns from non-believers. The 
larger groups often splinter into sub-groups called SIGs (for “Special 
Interest Groups”) that focus on topics such as C programming, graphics, 
hardware, or telecommunications. 

The very largest groups are national. You may never attend a meeting, 
but you’ll probably receive a great newsletter and access to a voluminous 
library of public domain disks. 

If a local user group doesn’t exist in your area, start one. Do this: put 
an ad in the newspaper, or tack up a sign at your local computer store. 
Don’t be surprised if the first meeting brings out the banker, the baker, the 
used-car salesman, and the little old lady down the street — Mac owners, all 
ready to group together, draw up a charter, set dues, plan an outing, and 
elect officers. 

Don’t be surprised if you’re elected president. When you are, send us 
information about the country’s newest Macintosh user group. We’ll add it 
to the next edition. 

And that’s it. User groups are easy, fun, informative, instructive, and 
provide tlie one ingredient missing in Macintosh: comaraderie. 

Go. Mingle. Enjoy. 



Club Mac 

735 Walnut Street 

Boulder, CO 80302 

Steve Elliott, President 

CompuServe 74166,1702 

(303) 449-5533 

Newsletter: The Club Mac News 

National Apple Pi 
Wayland Square 
P.O. Box 2198 
Providence, Rl 02906 

The International Apple Core 
908 George Street 
Santa Clara, CA 95054 
(408) 727-7652 
Newsletter: lAC Express 

Micronetworked Apple Users Group 
CompuServe Page PCS-51 
Neil Shapiro, Sysop 
CompuServe 76703,401 
Dennis Brothers, AltSysop 
CompuServe 70065,172 


The Anchorage Mac User Group 
c/o Nevin McClintock 
1200 Diamond, #812 
Anchorage, AK 99515 
(907) 344-6465 



c/o APSCO 

P.O. Box 21666, M/S 6079 
Phoenix, AZ 85036 
(602) 932-5697 

Mesa Mac Group 
Mesa Computer Mart 
1153 E. Main Street 
Mesa, AZ 85203 


Fayetteville Apple Users Group 
2313 Holly 

Fayetteville. AR 72703 
Clifford Goeke, President 
(501) 442-7040 


Sequoia Macintosh Users Groups 

P.O. Box 4623 

Areata, CA 95521 

Jack Turner 

(707) 822-3578 

Mac Desert User’s Group 
36935 Hayward Avenue 
Barstow, CA 9231 1 

Berkeley Users Group 
1442A Walnut St.. Suite 153 
Berkeley, CA 94709 
(415) 849-9114 

Santa Barbara User Group 
c/o Computer Terminal 
90 W. Highway 246 
Buellton, CA 93427 
Andrew Bang, Coordinator 
(805) 688-1713 

Mac Mania 
964 Nottingham Drive 
Corona, CA 91720 
(714) 735-6814 

South Coast Mac User’s Group 

P.O. Box 2035 

Goleta, CA 93118 

(805) 968-6565 

Newsletter: The Mouse Times 

Editor, David Dunham 

Mac Orange 
P.O. Box 2178 

Huntington Beach, CA 92647 
(714) 841-1771 

Orange Apple Computer Club 
17661 Falkirk Lane 
Huntington Beach, CA 92649 
Robert Ameeti 
(714) 840-0048 

User Groups 

User Groups 


San Diego Mac Users Group 
P.O. Box 12561 
La Jolla. CA 92037 
Charlie Jackson, President 
(619) 566-3939 

Newsletter: San Diego Mac News 
Gordon McComb, Editor 

Los Angeles Macintosh Group 
12021 Wilshire Blvd., Ste. 349 
Los Angeles, CA 90025 
Eric Anderson. President 
(213) 392-5697 

Mac-Hollywood User’s Group 
c/o Ron Bastone 
P.O. Box 27429 
Los Angeles, CA 90027 
(213) 462-2860 

East Bay M.U.G. 

5901 Broadway, #7 
Oakland, CA 94618 
(415) 653-5849 

Ventura County Macintosh Club 
781 Aster Street, #188 
Oxnard, CA 93030 
(805) 644-5220 
Newsletter; VMACNews 

North Coast Mac User’s Group 
503 Marylyn Circle 
Petaluma, CA 94952 

Apple Sac 
P.O. Box 254645 
Sacramento, CA 95825 

Sacramento Macintosh Users Group 
P. O. Box 60908 
Sacramento, CA 95860 
Newsletter: Macnexus 

East Bay Macintosh Group 
1515 Sloat Blvd., Ste. 2 
San Francisco, CA 94132 
Stan Guidero, President 
(415) 566-2342 

Bay Area Macintosh Users Group 
2040 Polk Street. Ste. 340 
San Francisco, CA 94109 
Betsy Radford, President 
(415) 441-8648 

Peninsula Lisa User Group 
c/o Computer Connection 
214 California Street 
San Francisco, CA 941 1 1 
Joan Dickey, Acting President 
Lewis Guice, Consultant 
(415) 781-0200 

The Macintosh Users Group 
1 077 Vallejo Street 
San Francisco, CA 94133 
(415) 432-9713 

Santa Barbara Apple Users Group 
331 3-A State Street 
Santa Barbara, CA 93105 
John Lincoln, President & Editor 
(805) 966-2222 

Newsletter; Apple People's Paper 

Association of Apple 32 Users 

P.O. Box 634 

Santa Clara, CA 95052 

(408) 988-5594 

Newsletter: ICON 

Syd Hymes, Editor 

Stanford Macintosh User’s Group 

P.O. Box 6508 
Stanford, CA 94305 

Conejo Valley Macintosh User Group 
P.O. Box 7118 
Thousand Oaks, CA 91359 
Paul McQuillan, President 
CompuServe 71675,1503 
Newsletter; FatBits 

Ventura County Macintosh Club 
141 3-D S. Victoria Avenue 
Ventura, CA 93003 
(805) 644-5220 

Denver Apple Pi 
P.O. Box 17467 
Denver, CO 80217 
Randy Ansley, Editor 
(303) 428-5627 


The Yale Macintosh User’s Group 
220 Yale Station 
New Haven, CT 06520 
(203) 436-5112 



Fort Walton Beach Apple Club 

Manintosh SIG 

924 Holbrook Circle 

Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548 

Elizabeth Schattner 

(904) 862-4908 

Newsletter: Mac Playground News 

North Florida Macintosh User Group 
P.O. Box 10262 
Jacksonville, FL 32247 
Christopher Allen, President 
CompuServe 76703,472 
(904) 396-6953 

Miami Apple User Group 

Macintosh SIG 

3250 Mary St., Ste. 305 

Miami, FL 33133 

Stanley Kuperstein, Coordinator 

CompuServe 71445,1170 

(305) 448-4411 


Hawaii Macintosh User’s Group (H.M.U.G.) 
P.O. Box 1355 
Pearl City, HI 96782 
Dale Ott 


Dennis R. Gillis 
1824-B Main Street 
Lewiston, ID 83501 


Fermilab Macintosh Users Group 
Box 500 

Batavia, IL 60510 
(312) 840-3017 

Southside Macintosh Group 
5704 Harper 
Chicago, IL 60637 
Bob Mintzer, Program Director 
(312) 955-0582 

Applepeople Personal 
Computer User Group 
P.O. Box 333 
Crystal Lake, IL 60014 
(815) 455-4525 

Macintosh Computer User’s Group 
of the Sangamon Valley 
1540 W. Cook Street 
Springfield, IL 62704 
(217) 546-2782 


Club Mac Midwest 
6904 Hopkins Road 
Des Moines, lA 50322 
William Davis Jr., President 
CompuServe 71505,410 
(515) 276-2345 or 276-9046 

Macintosh User Group 

200 W. Washington 
Fairfield, lA 52556 


New Orleans Macintosh User Group 
3301 W. Espanade, #162590 
Metairie, LA 70002 
(504) 834-2968 

Club Mac of New Orleans 
1 1 1 Atherton Drive 
Metairie, LA 70005 
Simon L. Streiffer, President 
(504) 831-8275 


SIG Mac 

Washington Apple Pi, Ltd. 

8227 Woodmont Ave., Suite 201 
Bethesda, MD 20814 
Thomas Warrick, Chairman 
(301) 654-8060 

Capital Macintosh User Group 
9431 Georgia Avenue 
Silver Spring, MD 20910 
George Perantonakis, President 
CompuServe 70321,103 
(301) 585-4262 
Newsletter: MacUSA Hotline 

User Groups 

User Groups 



Boston Computer Society 
Macintosh Users Group 
1 Center Plaza 
Boston, MA 02108 
Jack Hodgson, Director 
(617) 367-8080 
Robert Hater, P.D. Software 
CompuServe 73775,253 
(617) 227-5528 

Newsletter: Mac User Group Newsletter 


SEMCO Mac Pac (Southeastern 
Michigan Computer Organization) 

P.O. Box 02426 
Detroit, Ml 48202 

Southeastern Michigan MacUsers Group 
9720 Lakewood 
Gross Isle, Ml 43138 

(313) 671-5535 


Mini-App’les Minnesota 
Apple Computer User Group 
P.O. Box 796 
Hopkins, MN 55343 

Macintosh User Group 
4306 Upton Avenue 
Minneapolis, MN 55401 
Mike Carlson 
(612) 924-4120 


2539 Lexington Drive 
Jefferson City, MO 65101 
Thomas R. Piper, Coordinator 

(314) 634-3102 

Kirksville Macintosh User Group 
1 00 W. LaHarpe 
Kirksville, MO 63501 


Montana Macademics 

c/o Michael Sexson, President 

Dept, of English, Montana State University 

Bozeman, MT 59717 

Montana Mac 
c/o Al Donahue - Heritage Inn 
1 700 Fox Farm Road 
Great Falls, MT 59404 


The DUsers 

The Macintosh Users Group 

at Drexel University 

21 Saddle Lane 

Cherry Hill, NJ 08002 

Steve Weintraut, Vice President 

(609) 667-3131 

Amateur Computer Group of New Jersey 
Macintosh Users Group (ACG-NJ-MUG) 

698 Magnolia Road 
North Brunswick, NJ 08902 
Keith Sproul, Coordinator 
(201) 821-4828 


The Muggers Monthly 
Cornell Univ./DCS 
401 Uris Hall 
Ithaca, NY 14853 
(607) 256-4981, ext. 205 

New York Mac User Group 
P.O. Box 6686 
Yorkville Station 
New York, NY 10128 
(212) 535-1943 
CompuServe 74146,2256 
Newsletter: Mac Street Journal 


Catawba Valley Lisa/Mac User Group 

Rt. 1, Box 540-1 9/AB 

Conover, NC 28613 

Steve Baker, President 

CompuServe 72356,645 

(704) 256-7035 



Carolina Apple Core 
P.O. Box 31424 
Raleigh, NC 27603 


Oklahoma City MacUsers 

A Div. of Oklahoma MacUsers 

& Developers Group 

P.O. Box 6915 

Lawton, OK 73505 

James F. Carpenter Jr., President 

Big Red Apple Group 
c/o Stanley Hall, Secretary 
1704 Valley Ridge Road 
Norman, OK 73069 

Tulsa Users of Macintosh Society 
P.O. Box 470564 
Tulsa, OK 74147 



TCS Macintosh Users Group 
c/o The Computer Store 
740 North Main Street 
Providence, Rl 02904 


Team Mac 
Box 203 

Yankton, SD 57078 
Roger Deitrich, President 
CompuServe 70371,306 
(605) 665-8402 


Oak Ridge Mac Users Group 
Route 2, Box 65E 
Oliver Springs, TN 37840 
Roger Perkins, President 
(615) 435-1120 

M.U.G. of Corvallis 
P.O. Box 1912 
Albany, OR 97321 

The Eugene Macintosh Users Group 
P.O. Box 10988 
Eugene, OR 97440 
(503) 345-2393 

Mac Users of the Rogue Valley 
502 N.E. Dean Drive 
Grants Pass, OR 97526 
(503) 479-1541 


River City Apple Club 
P.O. Box 13449 
Austin, TX 78771 

The University MacUser Group 

Box 320, The Texas Union 

The University of Texas at Austin 

P.O. Box 7338 

Austin, TX 78713 

John Glanville, President 

(512) 472-0226 


Carnegie-Mellon Macintosh Users Group 
Box 661 

515 Margaret Morrison Street 
Pittsburgh, PA 17213 
(412) 578-4097 

Fortune Corp. Mac Users 
2325 Collins Road 
Pittsburgh, PA 15235 
Bob Wilde, Coordinator 
(412) 963-1424 

St. Mug (South Texas 
Macintosh User’s Group) 

31 7 Breezeway 
Corpus Christi, TX 78404 
(512) 888-4653 

El Paso Mac User Group 
5534 Ketchikan 
El Paso, TX 79924 
Donald Smith, Secretary 
(915) 751-3508 

Newsletter: The El Paso Mac Times 

User Groups 

User Groups 


Mid Cities Mac Group 
1209 Glenn 
Euless, TX 76039 
(817) 540-0063 

Macintosh Users Group of Henderson 
1 1 6 Pine Street 
Henderson, TX 75652 
John Biggs 

MA Club 

Texas Tech University 

Health Sciences Center - Dept, of Dermatology 
Lubbock, TX 79430 
(806) 743-2454 

NAC Mac 
4304 Friar Tuck 
Nacogdoches, TX 75961 



Macintosh Development Interest Group 
Rm. 3116, Merrill Engin. Bldg. 

University of Utah 
Salt Lake City, UT 84112 
Joe Buchanan, Coordinator 
(801) 581-8814 


Shenandoah Macintosh Users Group 
1131 S. Winchester Avenue 
Waynesboro, VA 22980 



290 aw. 43rd Street 
Renton, WA 98055 
(206) 251-5222 


21 246 68th Avenue 
South Kent, WA 98032 
(206) 872-2245 

MACS — Macintosh Apple Club of Spokane 
North 6409 Cincinnati 
Spokane, WA 99205 


Double-Click Macintosh User’s Group 
6431 N. Hyacinth Lane 
Glendale, Wl 53217 
(414) 352-3906 


Victoria Macintosh User’s Group 

c/o Apples Victoria 

P.O. Box 5338-B 

Victoria, British Columbia V8R 6S4 

(604) 479-4395 

Ottawa Mac Users Group 

32 Alder Cresent 

Ottawa, Ontario K1 B 4X6 

Ted & Susan Rosemen, Coordinators 

(613) 824-4888 


British Apple System 
User Group (BASUG) 

South Bramble Sunning Avenue 
Sunningdale, Berkshire, England SL5 
9PW Ascot 20232 
Peter Trinder 

Israeli Macintosh Users Club 
13 Nebardeaa Street 
Tel-Aviv, Israel 64235 

Swedish Mac User Group (SMUG) 
Deanavagen 30 11543 
Stockholm, Sweden 
Keith Elkin 




CompuServe Information Service 
5000 Arlington Centre Boulevard 
Columbus, OH 43220 
(800) 848-8199 

(800) 282-1765 or (614) 457-8600 in Ohio 

General Videotex Corporation 
3 Blackstone Street 
Cambridge, MA 02139 
(800) 848-8199 

(617) 491-3393 in Massachusetts 

Dow Jones News/Retrieval 

Dow Jones & Company, Inc. 

P.O. Box 300 
Princeton, NJ 08540 
(800) 257-0437 
(609) 452-2000 in New Jersey 

Networkers Central 
3500 Market Street, Suite 103 
San Francisco, CA 94131 
(415) 550-0929 

The Source 

Source Telecomputing Corporation 

1616 Anderson Road 

McLean, VA 22102 

(800) 336-3366 

(800) 336-3330 

(703) 734-7500 in Virginia 


Absoft Corporation 
4268 North Woodward 
Royal Oak, Ml 48072 
(313) 549-7111 



Addison-Wesley Publishing Company 
6 Jacob Way 
Reading, MA 01867 
(800) 238-3801 

(617) 944-3700 in Massachusetts 

The Macintosh Developer's Guide 
Macintosh Pascal Illustrated: The Fear and Loathing 

Advance Marketing Concepts, Inc. 

19301 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 200 
Tarzana, CA 91356 
(818) 342-8877 

Static Buster 

Aegis Development, Inc. 

2210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 277 
Santa Monica, CA 90403 
(213) 306-0735 

Aldus Corporation 
616 1st Avenue, Suite 400 
Seattle, WA 98104 
(206) 467-8165 



3891 North Ventura Avenue 
Ventura, CA 93001 
(805) 653-0431 

Floppylite 3/20 
Madite carrying case 
Mac Pro carrying case 
Nylon dust covers 
Printlite carrying case 

AlSoft, Inc. 

P.O. Box 927 
Spring, TX 77383 
(713) 353-4090 


Amaray Corporation 
14935 N.E. 95th Street 
Redmond, WA 98052 
(206) 881-1000 

DiskBank Media Mate 3 
DiskBank System/3 

The HouseKeeper 
Mac Notes 
Pyramid of Peril 

American Covers, Inc. 

512 West 9460 South, P.O. Box 1796 
Sandy, UT 84091 
(801) 566-3100 

AIS Microsystems 
1007 Massachusetts Avenue NE 
Washington, DC 20002 
(800) 343-8112 

(800) 662-2444 in Pennsylvania 
(202) 547-9113 in Washington, DC 

Mortgage Switch Calculator 

Macintosh and printer covers 
Mouse-House mouse cover 

American Intelliware Corporation 
330 Washington Street 
Marina Del Rey, CA 90292 
(213) 827-0803 

MacFATS Storyboarder 



American Training International (ATI) 
12638 Beatrice Street 
Los Angeles, CA 90066 
(213) 823-1129 

How to Use Multiplan 

Anchor Automation, Inc. 

6913 Valjean Avenue 
Van Nuys, CA 91406 
(818) 997-6493 

Volksmodem 12 

Anchor Pad International, Inc. 

4483 McGrath Street 
Ventura, CA 93003 
(800) 426-2467 

(800) 626-2467 or (805) 658-2661 in California 

Anchor Pad security system 

Ann Arbor Softworks 
308 1/2 South State Street 
Ann Arbor, Ml 48104 
(313) 996-3838 

Animation Toolkit: Advanced Version 
Animation Toolkit I: The Players 
Animation Toolkit II: The Stage 
Grid Wars 
Lunar Explorer 

Erez Anzel 

5800 Arlington Avenue, Suite 5T 
Riverdale, NY 10471 
(212) 884-5798 


Apple Computer, Inc. 

20525 Mariani Avenue 
Cupertino, CA 95014 
(800) 538-9696 

(800) 662-9238 or (408) 996-1010 in California 

Cluster Controller 
External disk drive 
51 2K upgrade 

Macintosh BASIC 

Macintosh carrying case 

Macintosh Pascal 





Modem 300 and Modem 1200 
Numeric keypad 
Security kit 

68000 Macintosh Development System 
Through the Looking Glass 

Apple Computer, Inc. 

The Apple Collection 

P.O. Box 306 

Half Moon Bay, CA 94019 

(800) 227-6703 

(800) 632-7979 in California 

The Apple Collection 
Plexiglas disk box 

Apple Puget Sound 
Program Library Exchange 
290 S.W. 43rd Street 
Renton, WA 98055 
(206) 251-5222 

Call -A.P.P.L.E. 

Applications Unlimited 
18234 East Nassau Drive 
Aurora, CO 80013 
(303) 699-0441 


Applied Creative Technology, Inc. 

2156 W. Northwest Highway, Suite 303 

Dallas. TX 75220 

(800) 433-5373 

(214) 556-2916 in Texas 

Printer Optimizer 
The Systemizer 

Applied Ideas, Inc. 

300 Goodhope Avenue 
San Pedro, CA 90732 



Applied Logic Systems, Inc. 

2614 North 29th Avenue 
Phoenix, AZ 85009 
(602) 272-9355 

Quest Client Write-Up 
Quest Small Business System 

Applied Technologies 
806 Forest 
Olathe. KS 66061 
(913) 782-1249 

Computer Color 

Apropos Software, Inc. 

64 Hillview Avenue 
Los Altos, CA 94022 
(415) 948-7227 

Financial Planning Series 
Investment Planning Series 
Tax Planner '84- '85 


5547 Satsuma Avenue 
North Hollywood. CA91601 
(818) 985-2922 



Ashton-Tate Publishing Group 
8901 South La Cienega Boulevard 
Inglewood, CA 90301 
(213) 642-4637 

MacBASIC Programming 
MacPack: Creative Activities with MacPaint and 

Aspen Ribbons, Inc. 

555 Aspen Ridge Drive 
Lafayette, CO 80026 
(303) 525-0646 

Imagewriter ribbons 

Assimilation, Inc. 

485 Alberto Way 
Los Gatos, CA 95030 
(800) 622-5464 

(800) 421-0243 or (408) 356-6241 in California 
Lock It 

Mac Daisywheel Connection 

Mac Memory Disk 
Mac Mouse Tracks 
Mac Spell Right 
Mac Turbo Touch 
The Right Word 

ATS Cases 
25 Washington Avenue 
Natick. MA01760 
(800) 451-4242 

(61 7) 653-6724 in Massachusetts 

Macintosh carrying case 
Macintosh shipping case 

Aurora Systems, Inc. 

2423 American Lane 
Madison, Wl 53704 
(608) 249-5875 


Automation Facilities Corporation 
Financial Plaza, 391 6 State Street 
Santa Barbara, CA 93105 
(805) 687-7040 

Floppiclene head cleaning kit 

Axion, Inc. 

1 287 Lawrence Station Road 
Sunnyvale, CA 94089 
(408) 747-1900 

Art Portfolio 
The Card Shoppe 


Ballantine Books 
201 East Fiftieth Street 
New York, NY 10022 
(800) 638-6460 
(212) 572-2620 in New York 

Apple Macintosh User’s Handbook 
Getting Started on Your Mac* (*lf You've 
Never Used a Computer Before) 

Banbury Computer Books 
353 West Lancaster Avenue 
Wayne. PA 19087 
(215) 964-9103 

Macintosh: The Appliance of the Future 


Bantam Books 
666 Fifth Avenue 
New York, NY 10103 
(212) 765-6500 

Lotus Jazz for the Macintosh 
Macintosh C Primer Plus 

Power Painting: Computer Graphics on the Macintosh 
Programmming in Macintosh BASIC 

Basic Business Software, Inc. 

P.O. Box 2631 1 
Las Vegas, NV 89126 
(702) 876-9493 

Utilities for the Apple Macintosh 

David Betz 

114 Davenport Avenue 

Manchester, NH 031 03 


Blue Chip Software, Inc. 

6744 Eton Avenue 
Canoga Park, CA 91303 
(800) 835-2246, Ext. 234 
(818) 346-0730 in California 





Boston Software Publishers, Inc. 

19 Ledge Hill Road 
Boston, MA 02132 
(617) 327-5775 


MacPublisher Professional Designs, Volume One 

BP Publications 
P.O. Box 617, Stiles Road 
Southbury, CT 06488 
(203) 264-2143 

The Apple Index 

Brady Communications Company, Inc. 

Routes 1 97 and 450 

Bowie, MD 20715 

(800) 638-0220 

(301) 262-6300 in Maryland 

Business and Home Applicatbns for the Macintosh 
Using Microsoft BASIC 
Inside the Macintosh 
Macintosh Assembly Language 
Macintosh: The Definitive User's Guide 
The MacPascal Book 
Microsoft BASIC for the Macintosh 

Brainpower, Inc. 

24009 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 250 
Calabasas, CA 91302 
(818) 884-6911 

Think Fast 

Brimark Innovations 
9821 Yolanda Avenue 
Northridge, CA 91324 
(818) 885-8660 


Brock Software Products, Inc. 

8603 Pyott Road, Box 799 
Crystal Lake, IL 60014 
(815) 459-4210 

Keystroke Data Base and Report Generator 

Broderbund Software 
17 Paul Drive 
San Rafael, CA 94903 
(415) 479-1170 

Lode Runner 

William C. Brown Company 
2460 Kerper Boulevard 
Dubuque, lA 52001 
(319) 588-1451 

Multiplan for the Macintosh with Microsoft Chart 


Brownbag Software Division 
Microcomputer Service Corporation 
8208 North University 
Peoria, IL 61615 
(309) 692-7786 

31 All-Time Favorite Programs 

Button Down Software 
P.O. Box 19493 
San Diego, CA 92119 
(619) 234-0263 

Profit Stalker 


Casady Company 
P.O. Box 223779 
Carmel, CA 93922 
(408) 646-4660 

Fluent Fonts 

CBS Software 
One Fawcett Place 
Greenwich, CT 06836 
(203) 622-2500 

Murder by the Dozen 

Central Point Software, Inc. 
9700 S.W. Capitol Highway, Suite 100 
Portland, OR 97219 
(503) 244-5782 

Copy II Mac/MacTooIs 

CE Software 
801 73rd Street 
Des Moines, lA 50312 
(515) 224-1995 

Desk Accessory Mover 

Challenger Software 
18350 Kedzie Avenue 
Homewood, IL 60430 
(312) 957-3475 

Club Mac 
735 Walnut 
Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 449-5533 

Club Mac 


5920-A West St. Paul Avenue 
Milwaukee, Wl 53213 

(414) 476-1584 

Fabric dust covers 

Cogitate, Inc. 

24000 Telegraph Road 
Southfield, Ml 48034 
(313) 352-2345 

Blue Mac! 

Cognitive Software 
P.O. Box 26948 
Austin, TX 78755 
(512) 346-7864 

Financial Utilities Pack 

Colby Computer 
849 Independence Avenue 
Mountain View, CA 94043 

(415) 968-1410 


CompuSoft Publishing 
535 Broadway 
El Cajon, CA 92021 
(619) 588-0996 

Learning Microsoft BASIC for the Macintosh 

Compute! Publications, Inc. 

324 West Wendover Avenue, Suite 200 
Greensboro, NC 27408 
(919) 275-9809 

Becoming a MacArtist 

MacTalk: Telecomputing on the Macintosh 



Computer Accessories Corporation 
7696 Formula Place 
San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 695-3773 

Macintosh Kit 
Micro DiskRIer 

PowerLine Four and PowerLine Six 
P22 and P2 Power Directors 

Computer Additions 
1617 Aliso Avenue 
Costa Mesa, CA 92627 
(714) 642-8887 

Mouse Master 

Computer Aide 
1 063 Silver Tip Way 
Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(408) 984-2558 

Business Forms for MacPaint 

The Computer Art Company 
P.O. Box 2352 
San Francisco, CA 94126 
(415) 362-2346 

Customized computer art 

Computer Case Company 
3947 Danford Square 
Columbus, OH 43220 
(800) 848-7548 
(614) 868-9464 in Ohio 


Computer Cover Company 
P.O. Box 3080 
Laguna Hills, CA 92654 
(800) 633-4787 

(800) 982-5800 or (714) 380-0085 in California 

Nylon dust covers 

Computer Friends 

6415 S.W. Canyon Court, Suite 10 

Portland, OR 97221 

(800) 547-3303 

(503) 297-2321 in Oregon 

Computer Identics Corporation 
5 Shawmut Road 
Canton, MA 02021 
(800) 622-2633 

(617) 821-0830 in Massachusetts 

Mac- Barcode System 

Computer Shoppe 
P.O. Box 18344 
Greensboro, NC 27409 
(919) 299-4843 

MacPIots II 

Computer Software Design, Inc. 

1904 Wright Circle 
Anaheim, CA 92806 
(714) 634-9012 


Computing Capabilities Corporation 
465-A Fairfield Drive, Suite 122 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 772-2666, Ext. 956 
(800) 227-2634, Ext. 956, or 
(415) 968-7511 in California 


Consulair Corporation 
140 Campo Drive 
Portola Valley, CA 94025 
(415) 851-3849 


Mac C Toolkit 

Continental Software 
1 1 223 South Hindry Avenue 
Los Angeles, CA 90045 
(213) 410-3977 

The Home Accountant and Financial Planner 

Corvus Systems, Inc. 

2100 Corvus Drive 
San Jose, CA 95124 
(408) 559-7000 


Mac Inker 


Cover Craft Corporation 
P.O. Box 555 
Amherst, NH 03031 
(800) 547-5600 

(603) 889-681 1 in New Hampshire 

Field-Pro dust covers 

Field-Pro Macintosh case, model VI 2004 

Field-Pro small printer case, model VI 2040 

Creative Solutions, Inc. 

4701 Randolph Road, Suite 12 
Rockville, MD 20852 
(301) 984-0262 

MacForth Level I 
MacForth Level II 
MacForth Level III 

Creighton Development, Inc. 

16 Hughes Street, Suite C-100 
Irvine, CA 92714 
(714) 472-0488 






1110 South Alma School Road, Suite 5-282 
Mesa, AZ 85202 
(602) 831-5004 

Weights & Measures 

Cuesta Systems, Inc. 

3440 Roberto Court 
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401 
(805) 541-4160 

Datasaver AC power backup 

CW Communications, Inc. 

1060 Marsh Road, Suite C-200 
Menlo Park, CA 94025 
(415) 328-4602 


CW Communications, Inc. 

555 De Haro Street 
San Francisco, CA 94107 
(415) 861-3861 



Dail’s Software Company 
23 Timberline Crescent 
Newport News, VA 23606 
(804) 595-6957 


Da Poma, Inc. 

Software Programming Center 
P.O. Drawer H 
Hondo, TX 78861 
(512) 426-5932 

Da Poma GB gradebook emulation 

Data Encore 

585 North Mary Avenue 

Sunnyvale, CA 94086 

(800) 872-8778 

(408) 720-7400 in California 

Disk duplication services 


400 North du Pont Highway, Suite G-13 
Dover, DE 19901 
(302) 736-9098 


Datamost, Inc. 

8943 Fullbright Avenue 
Chatsworlh, CA 9131 1 
(818) 709-1202 

The Apple Macintosh Primer 

DataPak Software, Inc. 

14011 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 401 
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423 
(818) 905-6419 

Mac-Jack II 
My Office 

Printer Interface for the Macintosh 

DataViz, Inc. 

P.O. Box 1319 
Norwalk, CT 06856 
(203) 866-4944 




Davong Systems, Inc. 

217 Humboldt Court 
Sunnyvale, CA 94089 
(408) 734-4900 

Mac Disk 

Dayna Communications 
50 South Main Street, Suite 530 
Salt Lake City, UT 84114 
(801) 531-0600 


Decision Science Software 
Soft Palette Division 
P.O. Box 7876 
Austin, TX 78713 
(512) 926-4899 

Borders 1 
Clip Art Volume 1 

DesignLoft, Inc. 

Box 1650 

Palo Alto, CA 94302 
(415) 493-9500 

Macinshots Photo Album #1 

DeskTop Software Corporation 
244 Wall Street 
Princeton, NJ 08540 
(609) 924-7111 




Devonian International Software Company 
P.O. Box 2351 
Montclair, CA 91 763 


Diablo Valley Design 
4103 Hidden Valley Road 
Lafayette, CA 94549 
(415) 283-1082 


Digital Etc. 

1749 14th Street 
Santa Monica, CA 90404 
(213) 452-5636 


dilithium Press 

921 S.W. Washington Street, Suite 870 
Portland, OR 97205 
(800) 547-1842 
(503) 243-3313 in Oregon 

PC to Mac and Back 
Presenting the Macintosh 

Dimensional Disks 
P.O. Box 1180 
Blaine, WA 98230 
(604) 584-2601 

Dimensional Filer 
Mac Sampler 

Diskus Products 
6003 Bandini Boulevard 
Los Angeles, CA 90040 
(213) 726-3088 

Diskus 3.5 file drawer 
Tilter printer stand 

Diversified Manufacturing, Inc. 
4722 East Eighth Street 
Wichita, KS 67208 
(316) 263-6120 

Hardcover keyboard cover 

Diversions, Inc. 

1550 Winding Way 
Belmont, CA 94002 
(415) 591-0660 

The Underware Ribbon 
Underware ColorPens 

Dow Jones Software 

P.O. Box 300 
Princeton, NJ 08540 
(800) 257-5114 
(609) 452-1511 in New Jersey 

Dow Jones Market Manager Plus 
Dow Jones Spreadsheet Link 
Dow Jones Straight Talk 

Dreams of the Phoenix, Inc. 

P.O. Box 10273 
Jacksonville, FL 32247 
(904) 396-6952 

Mouse Exchange BBS 
Mouse Exchange Terminal 


Dresselhaus Computer Products 
837 East Alosta Avenue 
Glendora, CA 91740 
(818) 914-5831 

All You Need printer interface 


East/West Leather 
1400 Grant Avenue 
San Francisco, CA 94133 
(415) 397-2886 

Leather Macintosh carrying bag 

Echo Data Services, Inc. 

Marsh Creek Corporate Center 
Lionville, PA 19353 
(800) 441-9374, Ext. 1411 
(21 5) 363-2400 in Pennsylvania 

Disk duplication services 


1 08 North Cassady Road 
Columbus, OH 43209 

(614) 263-3715 

Diskpac 3.5 

EduDisc Corporation 
3410 Woodhaven Road 
Nashville, TN 37204 

(615) 383-0601 

Custom videodisc courseware 

185 Berry Street 
San Francisco, CA 941 07 
(415) 546-1937 

Writing Skills 

Electronic Arts 
2755 Campus Drive 
San Mateo, CA 94403 
(415) 571-7171 

The All-New Deluxe Music Construction Set 
Financial Cookbook 
Pinball Construction Set 

Electronic Specialists, Inc. 

171 South Main Street 
Natick, MA01760 
(800) 225-4876 

(617) 655-1532 in Massachusetts 

Protection and interference control products 

Elegant Interiors 
Dust Cover Division 
855 South Knoxville 
Tulsa, OK 74112 
(918) 835-5807 

Plush fabric dust covers 

Emerging Technology Consultants, Inc. 
1877 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 447-9495 


Emett & Chandler Insurance Services 
62 East Colorado Boulevard 
Pasadena, CA 91105 
(818) 796-4571 



410 Townsend, Suite 408-B 
San Francisco, CA 94107 
(415) 543-7644 





7223 North Hamilton Avenue 
Chicago, IL 60645 
(312) 764-9186 

Silicon Video Mac 

Epson America, Inc. 

2780 Lomita Boulevard 
Torrance, CA 90505 
(800) 421-5426 
(213) 539-9140 in California 

Epson printers and Epstart software 



Eqtron Corporation 
330 Bay Street, Suite 115 
Toronto, Canada M5H 2S8 
(416) 361-5002 

Anti-Glare Screen 

Ergotron, Inc. 

1621 East 79th Street, Suite C-133 
Bloomington, MN 55420 
(800) 328-9839 
(612) 854-9116 in Minnesota 

MacTilt computer stand 

Esoft Enterprises 
P.O. Box 179 
Owasso, OK 74055 
(918) 272-7616 


Process color printer ribbons 

451 2-B Speedway 
Austin, TX 78751 
(512) 451-4269 



559 San Ysidro Road 
Santa Barbara, CA 93108 
(805) 969-7874 


ExperLisp Workstation 

Expert Software Systems, Inc. 
P.O. Box 2352 
Melbourne. FL 32901 
(305) 725-5614 


Express Computer Supplies 
1684 Market Street 
San Francisco, CA 94102 
(800) 422-4949 
(415) 864-3026 in California 

Colored printer ribbons 
Heat transfer ribbons 

EZWare Corporation 
17 Bryn Mawr Avenue 
Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004 
(215) 667-4064 



Ferro Enterprises 
P.O. Box 2151 
La Jolla. CA 92038 
(619) 456-2213 

Paper Saver 


601 West 26th Street 
New York, NY 10001 
(800) 847-4176 
(212) 675-5820 in New York 

Mac-Mover carrying case 
Mac-System flight case 

First Byte, Inc. 

2845 Temple Avenue 
Long Beach, CA 90806 
(800) 523-8070 

(800) 624-2692 or (213) 595-7006 in California 


Forethought, Inc. 

1973 Landings Drive 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 622-9273 
(415) 961-4720 in California 

Typing Intrigue 

Fortune Systems Corporation 
101 Twin Dolphin Drive 
Redwood City, CA 94065 
(415) 595-8444 





Frazier, Peper and Associates 
Box 3019 

Santa Cruz, CA 95063 
(408) 476-2358 


Frontrunner Computer Industries 
316 California Avenue, Suite 712 
Reno, NV 89509 
(702) 786-4600 

Draw 'n Wear colored thermal ribbons 



MacZap I 

MacZap II 

MouseAround drawing board 




Print 'n Switch 

Rainbow Ribbons 

Future Design Software 
13681 Williamette Drive 
Westminster, CA 92683 
(714) 891-9796 

General Ledger 

General Computer Company 
215 First Street 
Cambridge, MA 02142 
(800) 422-0101 

(61 7) 492-5500 in Massachusetts 

Ground Zero 

George Graphics 
650 Second Street 
San Francisco, CA 941 07 
(415) 397-2400 

Typeset graphics 

Great Plains Software 
1701 38th Southwest 
Fargo, ND 58102 
(701) 281-0550 

Hardisk Accounting Series 

Great Wave Software 
P.O. Box 5847 
Stanford, CA 94305 
(415) 325-2202 



1524 Pine Street 
Philadelphia, PA 19102 
(215) 732-0965 

LG20 surge suppressor outlet strip 

Gamestar, Inc. 

1302 State Street 
Santa Barbara, CA 93101 
(805) 963-3487 

Star League Baseball 

Gamma Productions, Inc. 

817 10th Street, Suite 102 
Santa Monica, CA 90403 
(213) 451-9507 

Tax Wizard 


Haba Systems, Inc. 

15154 Stagg Street 
Van Nuys, C A 91405 
(818) 901-8828 

500 Paint Patterns 

Haba Check Minder 





Haba QuickFinder 


Haba Window Dialer 


Hanzon Data, Inc. 

18732 142nd Avenue NE 
Woodinville, WA 98072 
(206) 487-1717 

Hanzon 12319 Universal Interface Card 



Harris Technical Systems 
624 Peach Street, Box 80837 
Lincoln. NE 68501 
(800) 228-4091 
(402) 476-281 1 in Nebraska 

AgDisk agricultural templates 
Profit Projector/Breakeven Analysis 

Harvard Associates, Inc. 

260 Beacon Street 

Somerville, MA 02143 

(800) 622-4070 

(800) 942-7317 in Illinois 

(617) 492-0660 in Massachusetts 



Nathaniel Hawthorn 
21115 Devonshire Street 
Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 

Print a File and Print a File II 

Hayden Book Company 
10 Mulholland Drive 
Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604 
(800) 631-0856 
(201 ) 393-6300 in New Jersey 

Basic Microsoft BASIC for the Macintosh 
Introduction to Macintosh BASIC 
The LaserWriter Sourcebook 
MacBook: The Indispensable Guide to Apple’s 
Macintosh Computer 
Macintosh Multiplan 
Macintosh Revealed, Volume One: 

Unlocking the Toolbox 
Macintosh Revealed, Volume Two: 
Programming with the Toolbox 
Personal Financial Advisor: 

Managing and Making Money with Multiplan 

Hayden Publishing Company, Inc. 

10 Mulholland Drive 
Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604 
(201) 393-6000 

Personal Computing 

Hayden Software Company 
600 Suffolk Street 
Lowell. MA 01854 
(800) 343-1218 

(617) 937-0200 in Massachusetts 

Art Grabber with Body Shop 

daVinci Building Blocks 

daVinci Buildings 

daVinci Commercial Interiors 

daVinci Interiors 

daVinci Landscapes 


Hayden :Speller 

“I Know It’s Here Somewhere” 



Sargon III 

SAT Score Improvement System 
Turbo Turtle 
Word Challenge II 

Hayes Microcomputer Products 
5923 Peachtree Industrial Boulevard 
Norcross, GA 30092 
(404) 448-3146 

Smartcom II 

SmartModem 300, 1200, and 2400 

Healthcare Communications, Inc. 
249 Cherry Hill Boulevard 
Lincoln, NE 68510 
(402) 489-0391 


Heizer Software 
5120 Coral Court 
Concord, CA 94521 
(415) 827-9013 

Easy Trace 

Henderson Associates 
980 Henderson Avenue 
Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(408) 246-8939 

Real Poker 


Heyden & Son, Inc. 

247 South 41st Street 
Philadelphia, PA 19104 
(215) 382-6673 


Hippopotamus Software, Inc. 

1250 Oakmead Parkway, Suite 210 
Sunnyvale, CA 94086 
(408) 738-1200 

Hippo-C Level 1 compiler 
Hippo-C Level 2 compiler 

Hi-Tek Publications 
P.O. Box 99 
North Salem, NH 03073 
(603) 893-2485 

The Macintosh Connection 

Hoglund Tri-Ordinate Corporation 
343 Snyder Avenue 
Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922 
(201) 464-0205 


Houlberg Development 
P.O. Box 271075 
Escondido, CA 92027 
(619) 747-6379 

Macintosh Typefaces, a Reference Guide to 
Shapes, Sizes, and Styles 

Human Edge Software Corporation 
2445 Faber Place 
Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(800) 624-5227 

(800) 824-7325 or (415) 493-1593 in California 

The Communication Edge 
The Management Edge 
Mind Prober 
The Negotiation Edge 
The Sales Edge 


Icon Concepts Corporation 
113 East Tyler 
Athens, TX 78751 
(214) 677-2793 


Icon Review 

177 Webster Street, Suite A404, P.O. Box 2566 

Monterey, CA 93942 

(800) 228-8910 

(800) 824-8175 in California 

Icon Review 

Ideaform, Inc. 

P.O. Box 1540 
Fairfield, lA 52556 
(515) 472-9795 


ImageSet Corporation 
1307 South Mary Avenue, Suite 209 
Sunnyvale, CA 94087 
(408) 720-9994 

Typesetting services 

P.O. Box 1018 
Santa Monica, CA 90406 
(213) 470-6786 

The Complete Macintosh Sourcebook 
Microsoft Word for the Macintosh 
The One-Hour Macintosh 
Your Best Interest 

55 Wheeler Street 
Cambridge, MA 02138 
(800) 262-6868 

(617) 492-1031 in Massachusetts 




The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy 







The Witness 
Zori< I, II, and III 

Information Concepts, Inc. 

P.O. Box 462 

Stone Mountain, GA 30086 
(404) 979-8479 


Infosphere, Inc. 

4730 S.W. Macadam 
Portland, OR 97201 
(503) 226-3515 


Inland Corporation 
32051 Howard 
Madison Heights, Ml 48071 
(800) 521-8428 
(313) 583-7150 in Michigan 

DiskFile 3 
Floppy Files 

MacPrint Stand 
MacSurge Accessory Kit 
M acSwi ve I/M acSu rge 

Innovative Concepts, Inc. 

1971 Concourse Drive 
San Jose, CA 95131 
(800) 538-7015 

(800) 662-6284 or (408) 262-6680 in California 

Flip ’n’ File/Micro 

Flip ’n’ File/Micro 5 

Flip ’n’ File/Micro 1 0 

Flip ’n’ File II for Micro Diskettes 

Innovative Software 
4909 Stockdale Highway, Suite 169 
Bakersfield, CA 93303 
(805) 832-6698 


Intellectual Software 
798 North Avenue 
Bridgeport, CT 06606 
(800) 232-2224 
(203) 335-0906 in Connecticut 

Agreement of Pronoun with Antecedent 
Algebra Word Problems 
American History Adventure 
A Bill Becomes a Law 

College Aptitude Reading Comprehension Exercises 

Complements of Verbs 

Comprehensive Grammar Review I 

Comprehensive Grammar Review II 

Lessons in Reading and Reasoning 

Punctuation Review 

Reading Adventure I 

Reading Adventure II 

Reading and Thinking I 

Reading and Thinking II 

Score High on Math Aptitude Tests 

Spanish Grammar I 

Spanish Grammar II 

Starting a New Business 

U.S. Geography Adventure 

Vocabulary Adventure I 

Vocabulary Adventure II 

Ways to Read Words 

World Geography Adventure I 

World Geography Adventure II 

World History Adventure 

Interactive Structures, Inc. 

146 Montgomery Avenue 
Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004 
(215) 667-1713 



5543 Satsuma Avenue 
North Hollywood, CA 91601 
(818) 509-0474 




International Datawares, Inc. 

91 0 George Street 
Santa Clara, CA 95050 
(408) 988-5594 

Micro Disk Minder 
Penta Pac disk cases 


Intrepid Technologies 
P.O. Box 31211 
Santa Barbara, CA93130 
(805) 685-6770 


I/O Design, Inc. 

19 Lafayette Street 
Rumson, NJ 07760 
(201) 747-0943 

Colored Imagewriter ribbons 
Imageware carrying case 
Macinware carrying case 
T-Shirt Factory 

Iomega Corporation 
1821 West 4000 South 
Roy. UT 84067 
(800) 556-1234, Ext. 215 

(800) 441-2345, Ext. 215, in California 

(801) 776-7330 in Utah 

AppleTalk Bernoulli Box 
Bernoulli Box 

10 Tech, Inc. 

P.O. Box 21204 
Cleveland, OH 44121 
(216) 831-8646 

Mac 488A Bus Controller 

I/O Video 
222 Third Street 
Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 547-4141 

Mac Private Eye 

I.Q. Software 
2229 East Loop 820 North 
Fort Worth. TX 76118 
(817) 589-2000 

CP/M for the Macintosh 


The Robert Jacob Agency 
1642 Eveningside Drive, Suite 110 
Thousand Oaks. CA 91362 
(805) 492-3597 

Software agents 

Jasik Designs 
343 Trenton Way 
Menlo Park, CA 94025 
(415) 322-1386 


Jensen Engineering, Inc. 

P.O. Box 7446 
Santa Rosa, CA 95407 
(800) 358-8272 
(707) 544-9450 in California 

Printer enclosures 

JMZ Enterprises 
2008 Las Palmas Circle 
Orlando, FL 32822 
(305) 281-1557 

Scripture Bits 

Joyce Computer Products (JCP) 

P.O. Box 860, 518 Wynooski 
Newberg, OR 97132 
(503) 538-3269 

Style File 10 and Style File 20 disk holders 

Justin Case Manufacturing Corporation 
334 Main Street 
Port Washington, NY 11050 
(516) 883-2299 

Basket carrying cases 


Island Software, Inc. 
One Richmond Square 
Providence, Rl 02906 
(401) 421-4550 

Kastel Technology Corporation 
621 Minna Street 
San Francisco, CA 941 03 
(415) 863-5636 


Trivia Savant 



Kensington Microware Limited 
251 Park Avenue South 
New York, NY 10010 
(212) 475-5200 

Maccessories A-B Box 
Maccessories Control Center 
Maccessories Disk Case 
Maccessories Disk Drive Cleaning Kit 
Maccessories Dust Covers 
Maccessories Mouse Cleaning Kit 
Maccessories Portable Modem 
Maccessories Starter Pack 
Maccessories Surge Suppressor 
Maccessories Swivel 
Maccessories Travelling Disk Case 
Maccessories Universal Printer Stand 
Professional Type Fonts for Headlines 
Professional Type Fonts for Text 


6721 N.W. 36th Avenue 
Miami. FL 33147 
(305) 835-8228 

The Macintosh Bag 

Knowledge Engineering 
G.P.O. Box 2139 
New York. NY 10116 
(212) 473-0095 

LaserTools Volume I 
Tax Expert 

Koala Technologies Corporation 

3100 Patrick Henry Drive 

Santa Clara, CA 95050 

(800) 562-2327 

(408) 986-8866 In California 

Mac Vis ion 

Kriya Systems, Inc. 

505 North Lake Shore Drive, Suite 5510 
Chicago, IL 6061 1 
(312) 822-0624 


Kyra Corporation 
3864 Bayberry Lane 
Seaford, NY 11783 
(516) 783-6244 


Layered, Inc. 

85 Merrimac Street 
Boston, MA 02114 
(617) 423-9041 

Front Desk 

Barbara Leone 
1 1 6 Glorietta Boulevard 
Orinda, CA 94563 
(415) 254-4999 

Macintosh consultant 

Linguists’ Software 
P.O. Box 231 
Mount Hermon, CA 95041 
(408) 335-2577 


MacKana & Basic Japanese Kanji 




SuperFrench German Spanish 

SuperGreek, Hebrew & Phonetics 



Living Videotext 
2432 Charleston Road 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
(800) 556-1234, Ext. 213 
(800) 441-2345, Ext. 213, or 
(415) 964-6300 in California 


Lotus Development Corporation 
161 First Street 
Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 494-1270 


L&R Associates 
P.O. Box 390412 
Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 968-9504 

Artware Folio 



Lutzkey-Baird Associates 
5601 Slauson Avenue, Suite 222 
Culver City, CA 90230 
(213) 649-3570 

Ultra-Office Unix/Macintosh network 


Macadam Publishing, Inc. 

4700 S.W. Macadam Avenue 
Portland. OR 97201 
(800) 547-4000 
(503) 684-3000 in Oregon 

WindoWare Calendar 
WindoWare Phone Book 

P.O. Box 6307 
Huntington Beach, CA 92615 
(714) 841-1771 

MacBriefs Digest 

P.O. Box 27583 
San Diego, CA 92128 
(619) 745-6084 


Macintosh Support Group 
P.O. Box 461483 
Garland. TX 75046 
(214) 238-3114 

Macintosh Support Group Newsietter 


643 Industry Drive 

Seattle, WA 98188 

(800) 228-7042 

(206) 575-1180 in Washington 









P.O. Box 846 
Placentia, CA 92670 
(714) 993-9939 


Mac Underground 
607 North Court 
Fairfield. lA 52556 
(515) 472-9613 

Bulletin board buyer's service 

MacWood Products, Inc. 

143 Hollister Avenue 
Santa Monica, CA 90405 
(213) 392-4561 


Magnum Software 
21115 Devonshire Street, Suite 337 
Chatsworth, CA 91311 
(818) 700-0510 

McPic! Volume 1 
McPic! Volume 2 
The Slide Show Magician 


2861 1-B Canwood Street 
Agoura Hills, CA 91301 
(818) 991-6540 

Mac Asm 



Main Street Software 
1 Harbor Drive, Suite 304 
Sausalito, CA 94956 
(415) 332-1274 

Main Street Filer 

Manhattan Graphics 
1 63 Varick Street 
New York, NY 10013 
(212) 924-2778 




Manx Software Systems, Inc. 

Box 55 

Shrewsbury, NJ 07701 

(800) 221-0440 

(201) 780-4004 in New Jersey 

Aztec C68K-C, Aztec C68K-p 

Mark of the Unicorn, Inc. 

222 Third Street 
Cambridge, MA 02142 
(617) 576-2760 

Mouse Stampede 
Professional Composer 

Matrix Advocates Company 
P.O. Box 1238 
Bricktown, NJ 08723 
(201) 899-4739 


McCarron-Oial Systems 
P.O. Box 45628 
Dallas, TX 75245 
(214) 247-5945 



McGraw-Hill/Byte Books 
1221 Avenue of the Americas 
New York, NY 10020 
(212) 512-3493 

Designing and Implementing Your 
Own Expert System 
Introducing the Macintosh 

McGraw-Hill, Inc. 

70 Main Street 
Peterborough, NH 03458 
(603) 924-9281 


Popular Computing 

Media Systems Technology, Inc. 

16950 Armstrong Avenue 

Irvine, CA 92714 

(800) 443-8515 

(714) 863-1201 in California 

Disk duplication services 

Megahaus Corporation 
5703 Oberlin Drive 
San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 450-1230 




Megamax, Inc. 

P.O. Box 851521 
Richardson, TX 75085 
(214) 987-4931 

Megamax C 

Megatherium Enterprises 
P.O. Box 7000-417 
Redondo Beach, CA 90277 
(213) 545-5913 

Mac the Linguist: Phonetic Fonts for Macintosh 

Mentauris Technologies 
P.O. Box 1467 
San Marcos, TX 78666 
(512) 396-1565 

Mentauris Composite Video Adapter 

Mesa Graphics 
P.O. Box 506 
Los Alamos, NM 87544 
(505) 672-1998 


Micro Analyst, Inc. 

P.O. Box 15003 
Austin, TX 78761 
(512) 926-4527 


Microcom, Inc. 

1400-A Providence Highway 
Norwood, MA 02062 
(617) 762-9310 



6301 Manchaca Road 
Austin. TX 78745 
(800) 531-5002 
(512) 441-7890 in Texas 

The Keeper 

Micro Focus, Inc. 

2465 East Bayshore Road, Suite 400 
Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 856-4161 


MicroGraphic Images Corporation 
21040 Victory Boulevard, Suite 210 
Woodland Hills, CA 91367 
(818) 368-3482 


MacSIide Maker film recorder system 
MacVision visual enhancement system 


2699 Skokie Valley Road 
Highland Park, IL 60035 
(312) 433-7550 

Tax Manager 

Micromax Systems, Inc. 

6868 Nancy Ridge Drive 
San Diego, CA 92121 
(619) 457-3131 


Micromedia Marketing, Inc. 

61 South Lake Avenue, P.O. Box 60550 
Pasadena, CA 91106 
(800) 423-4265 

(800) 242-6657 or (818) 795-9646 in California 
The Macintosh Guide 


12077 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 506 
Los Angeles, CA 90025 
(213) 821-4340 

Micron Technology, Inc. 

Vision Systems Group 
Boise, ID 83706 
(208) 386-3800 


Micro Products Company 
3831 Stone Way North 
Seattle, WA 98103 
(800) 421-3645 
(206) 632-1524 in Washington 

Micro/File 40 

MicroRain Corporation 

P.O. Box 96008, Dept. 150 

Bellevue, WA 98009 

(800) 547-4000, Dept. 421 

(503) 684-3000, Dept. 421, in Oregon 


Microsoft Corporation 
10700 Northup Way, Box 97200 
Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 


Microsoft BASIC 2.00 
Microsoft Chart 
Microsoft File 
Microsoft Logo 
Microsoft Multiplan 
Microsoft Word 

Microsoft Press 
10700 Northup Way, Box 97200 
Bellevue, WA 98009 
(206) 828-8080 

The Apple Macintosh Book 
Inside MacPaint: Sailing through the Sea of 
FatBits on a Single-Pixel Raft 
Macintosh Midnight Madness 
Microsoft Macinations 

Presentation Graphics on the Apple Macintosh 
The Printed Word 




MicroSparc, Inc. 

45 Winthrop Street 
Concord, MA 01742 
(617) 371-1660 


11409 28th Drive SE 
Everett. WA 98204 
(206) 337-2849 

Mac Developers Guide 


Slawson Communications, Inc. 

3719 Sixth Avenue 
San Diego, CA 92103 
(619) 295-0473 

Kidding around on the Macintosh 

Miles Computing 
21018 Osborne Street, Suite 5 
Canoga Park, CA 91304 
(818) 341-1411 

Mac Attack 

Mac the Knife Volume One 
Mac the Knife Volume Two 

Millett Software 
146 West 255 South 
Orem, UT 84058 
(801) 224-6841 

The Solar System and Halley's Comet 

Mirage Concepts 
4055 West Shaw, Suite 1 08 
Fresno, CA 9371 1 
(800) 641-1441 

(800) 641-1442 or (209) 227-8369 in California 

M&M Micro Accessories 
1533 Ralston Avenue 
Burlingame, CA 94010 
(415) 342-2591 

Oak Disk Cube 

Modula Corporation 
1673 West 820 North 
Provo, UT 84601 

(800) 545-4842 

(801) 375-7400 in Utah 



Tronix Publishing 

8295 South La Cienega Boulevard 

Inglewood, CA 90301 

(213) 215-0529 

Dollars and Sense 

Mouse Systems Corporation 
2336-H Walsh Avenue 
Santa Clara, CA 95051 
(408) 988-0211 

A+ Mouse 

Moustrak, Inc. 

1 Weatherly, Suite 503 
Mill Valley, CA 94941 
(415) 383-2477 


M&T Publishing, Inc. 

2464 Embarcadero Way 
Palo Alto. CA 94303 
(415) 424-0600 

Dr. Dobb's Journal 

Mycroft Labs, Inc. 

2615 North Monroe Street 
Tallahassee, FL 32303 
(904) 385-1141 




865 East 400 North 
Kaysville, UT 94037 
(801) 546-0445 

Number Cruncher Statistical System 


Nebs Computer Forms 
12 South Street 
Townsend, MA 01469 
(800) 225-9550 

Computer forms and supplies 

NEC Information Systems, Inc. 

1414 Massachusetts Avenue 
Boxborough, MA 01719 
(800) 343-4419 

(61 7) 264-8635 in Massachusetts 

Spinwriter/Macintosh Connection 

Network Nexus 
1081 Alameda 
Belmont, CA 94002 
(415) 591-2101 


Nevins Microsystems, Inc. 

210 Fifth Avenue 
New York, NY 10010 
(212) 563-1910 


New American Library (NAL) 

1 633 Broadway 
New York, NY 10019 
(212) 397-8000 

Assembly Language Primer for the Macintosh 
Games and Utilities for the Macintosh 
Hidden Powers of the Macintosh 
Instant Pascal Primer 
MacGuide: The Complete Handbook 
for the Macintosh 

Macintosh Design Studio: 107 Useful Projects 
You Can Make Yourself with MacPaint 
Macintosh Graphics: From MacPaint to Your 
Own Graphics Programming on the Macintosh 

New Image Technology, Inc. 

10300 Greenbelt Road 
Seabrook, MD 20706 
(301) 464-3100 

P.O. Box 4035 
Newport Beach, CA 92661 
(714) 646-0948 


Northwest Analytical, Inc. 

520 NW Davis 
Portland, OR 97209 
(503) 224-7727 

NWA Statpak 

Nortronics Company, Inc. 

8101 Tenth Avenue North 
Minneapolis, MN 55427 
(800) 328-5640 
(612) 545-0401 in Minnesota 

Diskette Head Cleaning Kit, CM P-1 53 
Mouse Cleaning Kit, CMP-232 


20409 Prairie Street 

Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 

(800) 423-5419 

(818) 996-5060 in California 

Cat Communication System 


Oberon International 

5525 McArthur Boulevard, Suite 630, LB48 

Irving, TX 75038 

(800) 262-3766 

(214) 257-0097 in Texas 


Odesta Corporation 
3186 Doolittle Drive 
Northbrook, IL 60062 
(312) 498-5615 





746 Vermont Avenue 
Palatine, IL 60067 
(800) 323-2727 
(312) 359-6040 in Illinois 

Scooter interface cables 
Scooter QP4 Guard-lt Control Center 
Scooter SC4 and SC6 Control Centers 
Scooter SP4 and SP6 Guard-lt Control Centers 


532 Fellowship Road 
Mt. Laurel, NJ 08054 
(609) 235-2600 

Okidata Microline 92 and Microline 93 

Omnium Corporation 

203 North Second Street, Box 186 

Stillwater, MN 55082 

(800) 328-0223 

(61 2) 430-2060 in Minnesota 

Mini Printer Stand 

Optimum Computer Luggage 

9005 Complex Drive 

San Diego, CA 92123 

(800) 447-0300 

(800) 632-4200 in California 

MacTote carrying case 
PrintTote carrying case 

Organizational Software Corporation 
2655 Campus Drive, Suite 150 
San Mateo, CA 94403 
(415) 571-0222 

Omnis 2 
Omnis 3 

Organization Development Software, Inc. 
1011 East Touhy Avenue, Suite 535 
Des Plaines, IL 60018 
(312) 699-4156 


Origin Systems 
340 Harvey Road 
Manchester, NH 031 03 
(603) 644-3360 

Orion Training Systems 
P.O. Box 94 
Dallastown, PA 17313 
(717) 757-7721 

The Master 


2600 Tenth Street 
Berkeley, CA 94710 
(800) 227-0900 

(800) 772-2531 or (415) 548-2805 in California 

Macintosh Assembly Language Programming 

Macintosh Business Applications 

Macintosh Game Animation 

Macintosh Graphics 

The Macintosh Program Factory 


The Microsoft BASIC Book/Macintosh Edition 

Microsoft Word Made Easy: Macintosh Edition 

Multiplan Made Easy: Macintosh Edition 

Using Macintosh BASIC 

Using Macintosh Pascal 

Using MacWrite and MacPaint 


8621 Laurel Canyon Boulevard 
Sun Valley, CA 91352 
(818) 504-0309 

Keyboard Overalls 

Owl Software 

79 Milk Street, Suite 1108 

Boston, MA 02109 

(800) 343-0664, Ext. 5500 

(800) 322-1233, Ext. 5500, in Massachusetts 

Soft Start Business Analysis 
Soft Start Personal Finance 


Paladin Software Corporation 
2895 Zanker Road 
San Jose, CA 95124 
(408) 946-9000 


Exodus; Ultima III 


Palantir Software 

12777 Jones Road, Suite 100 

Houston. TX 77070 

(800) 368-3797 

(713) 955-8880 in Texas 




150 Mitchell Boulevard 
San Rafael, CA 94903 
(800) 472-5555 
(415) 472-5547 in California 

Surge suppressors and line fillers 

Paradise Systems, Inc. 

217 East Grand Avenue 
San Francisco, CA 94080 
(415) 588-6000 

Paradise Mac 1 0 

PBI Software 
1155B-H Chess Drive 
Foster City, CA 94404 
(800) 843-5722 

(800) 572-2746 or (415) 349-8765 in California 

Feathers & Space 

PCA Software 
P.O. Box 1231 
Arlington, TX 7601 0 
(817) 860-5498 

Scientific Analysis Programs 

P-Cubed, Inc. 

949 Parkland Center 
Wichita, KS 67218 
(800) 682-2900 
(316) 686-2000 in Kansas 

The Investor 

Peachtree Software 
3445 Peachtree Road NE 
Atlanta, GA 30326 
(800) 554-8900 
(404) 325-7900 in Georgia 

Back to Basics Accounting System: General Ledger 

Penguin Software 

830 Fourth Avenue. P.O. Box 311 

Geneva, IL 60134 

(312) 232-1984 

The Coveted Mirror 

Graphics Magician Picture Painter 

Macintosh! Complete 


The Quest 



Personal Bibliographic Software, Inc. 

P.O. Box 4250 
Ann Arbor, Ml 48106 

(313) 996-1580 


Professional Bibliographic System 

Personal Computer Peripherals Corporation 
6204 Benjamin Road 
Tampa, FL 33614 
(800) 622-2888 
(813) 884-3092 in Florida 


Pilot Communications 
25 West 39th Street 
New York, NY 10018 
(212) 302-2626 


The Pine Cone 

Blake Building, P.O. Box 1378 
Gilroy, CA 95021 
(408) 842-7597 


Pneu-Mouse Corporation 
194 Spence Lane 
Nashville, TN 37210 
(615) 871-0405 


Powertools Software 
5059 San Aquario Drive 
San Diego, CA 92109 
(619) 483-3436 



Practical Computer Applications 
1305 Jefferson Highway 
Champlin, MN 55316 
(612) 427-4789 


Practical Peripherals 
31245 La Baya Drive 
Westlake Village, CA 91362 
(818) 991-8200 

Microbuffer In-Line Buffered Serial Interface 

Prentice-Hall, Inc. 

General Publishing Division 
Englewood Cliffs. NJ 07632 
(201) 592-2141 

Ken Uston’s Illustrated Guide to the Macintosh 
Macintosh Notebook: Multiplan 
School and Home Guide to the Apple 
Macintosh Computer 

Princeton Research Software 

P.O. Box 2398 
Princeton, NJ 08540 


Professional Data Systems 
20 Sunnyside Avenue 
Mill Valley, CA 94941 
(415) 383-5537 

The Big Mac Monitor 

Professional Software 
51 Fremont Street 
Needham, MA 02194 
(617) 444-5224 

Trivia Fever Volume 2 

The Professor 
959 N.W. 53rd Street 
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309 
(800) 223-5838 
(305) 771-6498 in Florida 

Prometheus Products, Inc. 

45277 Fremont Boulevard 
Fremont, CA 94538 
(415) 490-2370 



ProVue Development Corporation 
222 22nd Street 
Huntington Beach, CA 92648 
(714) 969-2431 


Pryority Software, Inc. 

635 South Sanborn Road, Suite 22 
Salinas, CA 93901 
(408) 757-0125 

Forbidden Quest 

Pterodactyl Software 

200 Bolinas Road, Suite 27 
Fairfax, CA 94930 
(415) 485-0714 

PC BASIC compiler 

PTI Industries 

Protection Technology International 
320 River Street 
Santa Cruz, CA 95060 
(408) 429-6881 

DataShield Backup Power Source, Model PC-200 
DataShield Surge Protector, Model 1 1 0AMS 


Quark Peripherals 

2525 West Evans Avenue, Suite 220 

Denver, CO 80219 

(800) 543-7711 

(303) 934-221 1 in Colorado 

QCIOand QC20 

The Mac's Core and The Mac’s Core, Part II 



4809 Calle Alto 
Camarillo, CA 93010 
(800) 821-4479 
(805) 987-9741 in California 

Rev-Pack Macintosh carrying case 


Raex Enterprises 
P.O. Box 327 
Beloit. Wl 5351 1 
(608) 365-9798 


Random House 
201 East Fiftieth Street 
New York, NY 10022 
(800) 638-6460 
(212) 751-2600 in New York 

101 Ways to Use a Macintosh: A Practical 
Guide for the Rest of Us 

RealData, Inc. 

P.O. Box 691 
Southport, CT 06490 
(203) 255-2732 

Real estate templates 

Redgate Publishing Company 
3381 Ocean Drive 
Vero Beach. FL 32963 
(305) 231-6904 

The Macintosh Buyer’s Guide 

The Reference Corporation 
212 Fifth Avenue, Suite 1312 
New York, NY 10010 
(212) 685-4809 

HumanForms Volume 1 
Iron-on transfer ribbons 

Replico Technologies Corporation 
834 Charcot Avenue 
San Jose, CA 95131 
(408) 945-1697 

Reston Computer Group 
Reston Publishing Company, Inc. 
11480 Sunset Hills Road 
Reston, VA 22090 
(703) 437-8900 

The Epson Connection: Macintosh 
Macintosh Hands-On Pascal 
Understanding the Macintosh Computer 

Ring King Visibles, Inc. 

2210 Second Avenue, P.O. Box 599 
Muscatine, lA 52761 
(319) 263-8144 

MIP02 Protective Panels 

Box 210682 
Auke Bay, AK 99821 
(907) 789-2947 


R&R Concepts 
241 Conejo Road 
Santa Barbara, CA 93103 
(805) 966-0101 

Rest 'n Roll ROM Model 

Rubicon Publishing 
6300 La Calma Drive 
Austin, TX 78752 
(512) 454-5004 


Starcor Screen Coordinator 

Rune Software 
80 Eureka Square, Suite 214 
Pacifica, CA 94044 
(415) 355-4851 

Complete Accounts 
The Electronic PAD 

Software duplication services 





2929 North High Street 
Columbus, OH 43202 
(800) 848-3469 
(614) 262-0559 in Ohio 


Howard W. Sams & Company 
4300 West 62nd Street 
Indianapolis, IN 46268 
(800) 428-7267 
(317) 298-5400 in Indiana 

Introducing the Apple Macintosh 

Satori Software 
5507 Woodlawn Avenue North 
Seattle, WA 98103 
(206) 633-1469 

Accountant Billing 
Bulk Mailer 
Inventory Manager 
Legal Billing 

Scarborough Systems, Inc. 

25 North Broadway 
Tarrytown, NY 10591 
(800) 882-8222 
(914) 332-4545 in New York 

Make Millions 
Run for the Money 

Scott, Foresman and Company 
1900 East Lake Avenue 
Glenview, IL 60025 
(312) 729-3000 

Doug Clapp’s Jazz Book 

Getting inside the Macintosh: A Programmer’s Guide 
MacCats: 99 Ways to Paint a Cat with MacPaint 
MacPower: Using Macintosh Software 
Microsoft BASIC Programming for the Mac 
Multiplan Mastery on the Macintosh 

1 095 Airport Road 
Minden, NV 89423 
(800) 334-5470 
(702) 782-9731 in Nevada 
(800) 268-5535 in Canada 

Caesars Guide to Gaming — Blackjack 

The Trivia Arcade 

The Trivia Arcade Question Pack I 

Sea-ess Graphics Company 
P.O. Box 451 
Olathe, KS 66061 

DecoWriter Fonts 
DecoWriter Letters 

Secure-lt, Inc. 

1 0 Center Square 

East Longmeadow, MA 01 028 

(413) 525-7039 

MacKablit antitheft cable 

Semaphore Corporation 
207 Granada Drive 
Aptos, CA 95003 
(408) 688-9200 

Semaphore Signal 

Servidyne Micro Systems, Inc. 

P.O. Box 93846, 1735 DeFoor Place NW 
Atlanta, GA 30377 
(404) 352-2050 


P.O. Box 26731 
Milwaukee, Wl 53226 

(414) 442-7503 


Shapechanger Software Products Division 

Icon Concepts Corporation 

113 East Tyler 

Athens, TX 78751 

(214) 677-2793 

Webster’s Revenge 


Sharp Color 
578 Lynnwood Lane 
Lancaster, OH 43130 
(614) 687-0129 

Colored Imagewriter ribbons 
Imagewriter thermal ribbons 

Sierra On-Line, Inc. 

P.O. Box 485, Sierra On-Line Building 
Coarsegold, CA 93614 
(209) 683-6858 

Ultima II 

Silicon Beach Software 

P.O. Box 261430, 11212 Dalby Place, Suite 201 

San Diego, CA 92126 

(619) 695-6956 

Accessory Pak #1 
Airborne I 
Wave Edit 

Simon & Schuster, Inc. 

1230 Avenue of the Americas 
New York, NY 10020 
(800) 223-2336 

(800) 442-7070 or (212) 757-9152 in New York 

Simon & Schuster, Inc. 

Electronic Publishing Group 
1230 Avenue of the Americas 
New York, NY 10020 
(212) 245-6400 

Typing Tutor III 

Simple Software 
220 Redwood Highway 
Mill Valley, CA 94941 
(415) 381-2650 


Sir-tech Software, Inc. 

6 Main Street 
Ogdensburg, NY 13669 
(315) 393-6633 


Smith Micro Software, Inc. 

P.O. Box 7137 
Huntington Beach, CA 92615 
(714) 964-0412 

Stock Portfolio System 

14145 S.W. 142 Avenue 
Miami, FL 33186 
(305) 253-5521 

Time Base 

SofTech Microsystems 
1 6875 West Bernardo Drive 
San Diego, CA 92127 
(800) 451-8080 

(800) 824-7867 or (619) 451-1230 in California 

Advanced Development Tool Kit 
FORTRAN-77 Development System 
MacAdvantage: UCSD Pascal 

UCSD Pascal Development System 

Soft-Life Corporation 

15411 South Butler 

Compton, CA 90221 

(800) 235-6646, Ext. 561 

(800) 235-6647, Ext. 561, or (213) 774-3054 in 




P.O. Box 23202 
Santa Barbara, CA 93121 
(805) 962-0587 

R.E. Pro-1 

1 093 Arroyo Drive 
Fullerton, CA 92633 
(714) 526-3062 


Softsync, Inc. 

162 Madison Avenue 
New York, NY 10016 
(212) 685-2080 

The Personal Accountant 



Software Apple-cations 
11510 Allejandro 
Boise, ID 83709 
(208) 322-8910 

SoftWeave Company 

400 Mobil Avenue, Building D, Suite C 

Camarillo, CA 93010 

(805) 388-2626 



Software Arts 

27 Mica Lane 
Wellesley, MA 02181 
(617) 237-4000 



Software Discoveries, Inc. 
99 Crestwood Road 
Tolland, CT 06084 
(203) 872-1024 



P.O. Box 7200 
Santa Cruz, CA 95061 
(408) 425-8700 


Softworks Limited 
607 West Wellington 
Chicago, IL 60657 
(312) 975-4030 

Softworks C 


Software International Limited 
32 High Street, Tring 
Hertfordshire, England 
HP23 5AA 
0442 82 7933 

South Bay Software 

Box 969 

Millbrae, CA 94030 
(415) 579-5455 

Mouse Pad 
Music Character Set 


Software Masters 
3330 Hillcroft, Suite BB 
Houston, TX 77057 
(713) 266-5771 


SRW Computer Components Company, Inc. 
18385 Bandilier Circle 
Fountain Valley, CA 92708 
(714) 963-5500 

Microdex/25 Modular ViewFile 
MicroDisk/1 0 library case 
Micro/5 ComPak “Color Coder" 

Software Publishing Corporation 
1901 Landings Drive 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 962-8910 

PFS:File and PFSiReport 

184 Thompson Lane 
Chatsworth, CA 9131 1 
(818) 884-0611 

Furry mouse cover 

Macintosh and Imagewriter dust covers 

State of the Art 

3191-C Airport Loop 
Costa Mesa, CA 92626 
(714) 850-0111 

Electric Checkbook 

Stel Enterprises 
Triple Play Division 
P.O. Box 6354 
Lafayette, IN 47903 
(317) 742-5369 

Triple Play Game Disk Number One 



Stoneware, Inc. 

50 Belvedere Street 
San Rafael, CA 94901 
(415) 454-6500 

DB Master 

Summagraphics Corporation 
777 State Street Extension, P.O. Box 781 
Fairfield, CT 06430 
(203) 384-1344 


Sunol Systems 
1187 Quarry Lane 
Pleasanton, CA 94566 
(415) 484-3322 

Sun'Disk, Sun*Mac, Sun*Safe, Sun'Saver 

Superex International Marketing Ltd. 

151 Ludlow Street 

Yonkers, NY 10705 

(800) 862-8800 

(914) 964-5200 in New York 

Systems Control 
P.O. Box 788 
Iron Mountain, Ml 49081 
(800) 558-2001, Ext. 115 
(906) 774-0440 in Michigan 


Systems Plus 
1120 San Antonio Road 
Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 969-7047 

Books! The General Ledger 

Systems/Services Engineering 
3648 Eastern Drive 
Dayton, OH 45432 
(513) 429-2709 

Water and wastewater treatment templates 

Sytek, Inc. 

1225 Charleston Road 
Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 966-7330 


The Home Executive 

Inventory Manager 





Sybex Computer Books 
2344 Sixth Street 
Berkeley, CA 94710 
(800) 227-2346 
(415) 848-8233 in California 

The Easy Guide to Your Macintosh 

Jazz on the Macintosh 

The Macintosh BASIC Handbook 

Macintosh for College Students 

Programming the Macintosh in Assembly Language 

Synergy Products 
P.O. Box 485 
Boonville, IN 47601 
(812) 897-5351 

The Printer Stand 



Tab Books, Inc. 

P.O. Box 40 

Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17214 
(800) 233-1128 

(717) 794-2191 in Pennsylvania 

MacBusiness— Solving Problems with Your Macintosh 
Mac Graphics 
Mac Multiplan 
MacPascal Programming 
1,001 Things to Do with Your Macintosh 
Using and Programming the Macintosh (Including 
32 Ready to Run Programs) 

Tardis Software 
2817 Sloat Road 
Pebble Beach, CA 93953 
(408) 372-1722 


The Macintosh Programmer’s Library 



Tecmar, Inc. 

6225 Cochran Road 
Solon. OH 44139 
(216) 349-0600 


Telos Software Products 
3420 Ocean Park Boulevard 
Santa Monica, CA 90405 
(800) 554-2469 

(800) 368-3813 or (213) 450-2424 in California 

less Data Systems, Inc. 

17070 Red Oak Drive, Suite 403-B 
Houston, TX 77090 
(713) 440-6943 


TessSystem One 

Tesseract Distributing, Inc. 

P.O. Box 937 

Saint Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2R 6Z4 
(416) 685-4854 



27 Gilson Road 

West Lebanon, NH 03784 

(603) 643-1471 

The DNA Inspector 

Thermodyne Corporation 
20850 South Alameda Street 
Long Beach, CA 90810 
(213) 603-1976 

Shok-Stop carrying case 

3Com Corporation 
P.O. Box 7390 
Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 961-9602 

Networking hardware and software 

Think Educational Software, Inc. 
16 Market Street 
Potsdam. NY 13676 
(315) 265-5636 

MacEdge II 
Mind Over Mac 

Thunderware, Inc. 

19-G Orinda Way 
Orinda, CA 94563 
(415) 254-6581 


T/Maker Graphics 
2115 Landings Drive 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
(415) 962-0195 

ClickArt Effects 
ClickArt Letters 
ClickArt Personal Graphics 
ClickArt Publications 
ClickOn Worksheet 

TNT Software 
34069 Hainesville Road 
Round Lake, IL 60073 
(312) 223-0832 

The Creator 

Toshiba America, Inc. 

2441 Michelle Drive 
Tustin, CA 92680 
(714) 730-5000 

PI 340 

Totem, Inc. 

207 Gough Street, Suite 38 
San Francisco, CA 941 02 
(415) 761-7920 

Totem carrying case 

Touchstone Software Corporation 
909 Electric Avenue, Suite 207 
Seal Beach, CA 90740 
(213) 598-7746 



TPS Electronics 
4047 Transport 
Palo Alto, CA 94303 
(415) 856-6833 

Vikor Company, Inc. 

55 Lake Street, P.O. Box 3123 
Nashua, NH 03061 
(603) 889-8530 

PC-380 Bar Code Reader 
PC-580 Magnetic Stripe Reader 
PC-680 interface 

PC-3800 Bar Code/Magnetic Stripe Reader 

Transensory Devices, Inc. 

44060 Old Warm Springs Boulevard 
Fremont, CA 94538 
(415) 490-3333 

Sensorbus sensory interface modules 

505 East Middlefield Road 
Mountain View, CA 94039 
(415) 969-3700, Ext. 221 

Netway 1500 

21st Century Software 
2306 Cotner Avenue 
Los Angeles, CA 90064 
(213) 829-4436 

UltraFonts Edition Two 
UltraFonts Technical & Business Set 


Utopian Software 
P.O. Box 40028 
Long Beach, CA 90804 
(213) 597-2130 




1105 N.E. Circle Boulevard 
Corvallis, OR 97330 
(503) 758-0521 

MacCheckers and Reversi 
MacGammon and Cribbage 

Flexible Head Cleaning Disk 

Visionary Electronics, Inc. 
141 Parker Avenue 
San Francisco, CA 94118 
(415) 751-8811 

Visionary 1 200 system 

Volition Systems 
P.O. Box 99628 
San Diego, CA 92109 
(619) 270-6800 



The Waite Group 
2320 Marinship Way, Suite 200 
Sausalito, CA 94965 
(415) 332-5555 

Book authors 

Warner Software 
666 Fifth Avenue 
New York, NY 10103 
(212) 484-3070 

The Desk Organizer 

John Wiley & Sons 
605 Third Avenue 
New York, NY 10158 
(212) 850-6000 

Mac at Work: Macintosh Windows on Business 
Macintosh: A Concise Guide to Applications Software 
Scientific Programming with Mac Pascal 



Williams AG Products 
Route 2, Box 35-B 
Haskell. OK 74436 
(918) 482-3524 

Sketch-lo-Scale overlay template 

Winterhalter, Inc. 

3853 Research Park Drive, Box 2180 
Ann Arbor, Ml 48106 
(314) 662-2002 

DataTalker/Mac 3270 emulation 


Ziff-Davis Publishing Company 
1 1 Davis Drive 
Belmont, CA 94002 
(415) 598-2290 


Ziff-Davis Publishing Company 
39 East Hanover Avenue 
Morris Plains, NJ 07950 
(201) 540-0445 

Creative Computing 

CompuServe MAUG 
Macintosh Directory 

One of the best sources for public domain programs is the 
Micronetworked Apple Users Group, an area of Compu- 
Serve also known as the Apple MAUG. The directory that 
follows lists the variety of programs available for down- 
loading from MAUG's database library. Many of these 
programs date ail the way back to Mac’s Introduction. The 
descriptions are reproduced here in their (near) original 
form, with thanks to Neil Shapiro. See page 271 for an 
explanation of how to read the descriptions. 



SMTDOC.HCX 19>Jan-85 32775 



This is Super Mac Term version 2.0 documentation. It is in 
3inHex compressed format, h is a MacWrite document. This 
Is a three part document. This is part 2 of the 


MACKER.SH 1 6-Jan-85 72545 19 

Source for Macintosh Kermit. Written in C. 


MACX.FOR 1 6-Jan-85 25950 6 


VAX VMS Fortran program to transfer complete Macintosh 
files between a Vax and a Macintosh running MacTerminal. 


RLMTEP.303 13-Jan-85 1 1585 40 20-Jan-85 

This Is the third upload of RLMTEP.303 and corrects a bad 
upload producing fatal errors. Check your copy for a line 
just BEFORE line 1510 reading QUIT=TRUE. If that line is 
missing, insert it and do not bother redownloading. If line 
1690 Is missing, you MUST redownload. See RLMTEP.1 11 
and RLMTEP.302 which must be used with this program. 
Ralph Miller 70516,1366 


VERSAT.INF 05-Jan-85 5635 78 



This is a description of a new terminal emulator program. 
The prerelease version I use is extremely well done. With 
the added features, may well be the best alternative to 
MacTerminal if you’re willing to spend $99. Robert Cohen 



RLMTEP.302 29-Dec-84 4460 266 



This version of RLMTEP is for use with Basic V2. All 
Instructions are the same as for earlier versions EXCEPT 
the macro instructions are now in DATA statements at the 
beginning of RLMTEP (instead of RLMTEP II). See 
instructions for use in RLMTEP.111. You can use EITHER 
the old keys or the new menus. Users with pulse dialing 
instead of tone - see REM at beginning of RLMTEP. Ralph 
L Miller 70516.1366 


KPROTO.DOC 28-Dec-84 225855 27 

Kermit Protocol Manual, 5th Edition. 


RLMTEP.OVL 23-Dec-84 100 139 



This is a one-line overlay for RLMTEP.203 (called RLMTEP 
II after download) to correct a timing problem some people 
run Into using auto-redial. Ralph L. Miller 70516,1366 


KMICRO.DOC 19-Dec-84 28995 101 
Keywords: KERMIT 

Introduction and tutorial for Kermit. 


HAYES-.TXT 15-Dec-841640 77 




Yet another version of the famous how to wire a 
Smartmodem to a Macintosh. How about someone entering 
part #'s and sources for cable etc. 


CATDOC.30 08-Dec-84 3620 45 

This is an addendum to the earlier versions of the Catsend 
documentation file. If you have Revision 3.0, then you will 
want to download this file in addition to CATSEN.DOC found 
elsewhere In this database. If you have Revision 2.1 or 
earlier, skip this file and proceed directly to CATSEN.DOC. 


CATSEN.DOC 08-Dec-84 10110 41 

This is the documentation for the Catsend program found 
elsewhere in this database. It covers up to revision 2.0. If 
you have a later revision, also downbad the file 
CATDOC.30. That file Is for Revisbn 3.0. 


RLMTEP.203 07-Dec-84 1 291 5 381 

This program must be used in conjunction with 
RLMTEP.202. When you select download, you will be shown 
a default file named "Printer." If you choose this default 
name (with ANY disk name), the downbad will NOT go to a 
file named "Printer" but rather to the real live printer 
(Imagewriter). Have fun! Ralph L. Miller 70516,1366 


RLMTEP.202 06-Dec-84 8205 371 

This is version 2.0 of RLMTEP. See instruction under 
RLMTEP.1 1 1 . You must use RLMTEP.203 in connection 
with this program. This version adds the standard user 
interface for receive and transmit files. It also adds 
autoredial as a standard feature. Do NOT use the overlays 
designed for version 1 - they cause a crash with version 2. 
See more instructions in description for RLMTEP.203. 


XMODAT.TXT 30-NOV-84 2305 137 

This document describes problem with nulls in the 
TYPEAPPL field of file headers and their failure to upload 
properly. A solution is documented. Thanks Yves for your 


YAVOM.BAS 27-NOV-84 16615 100 

Yet Another Version of MacTEP. Read YAVOM.DOC before 
downloading! YAVOM.BAS adds CompuServe A Protocol 
support to Dennis Brothers* MacTEP.187 program. 


YAVOM.DOC 27-NOV-84 2875 228 

Documentation for YAVOM.BAS as well as advice on 
whether or not it will be worth it to you to download it. 


SIMPLE.HEX 09-NOV-84 9620 102 

BINHEX. V30. WILLIAM BOND 74435,160 


RLMTEP.TMP 01 -Nov-84 885 155 



An overlay to add ''S, ''Q, ''O ( CompuServe controls ), ''Z, 
ESC, an Indented 8 characters left margin and option to 
view file names on disk to RLMTEP II ( RLMTEP.1 1 3 ). 
resultant file back to RLMTEP II to complete conversion. 


MACTER.TXT 28-Oct-84 1025 985 

Corrected hints on using MacTerminal's XMODEM to 
transfer files to/from CompuServe. 


XMODEM.DOC 23-Oct-84 26920 414 



This is CompuServe’s own document describing the type of 
XMODEM or Christiansen Protocol available on the SIGs. 


XMODEM.TXT 21 -Oct-84 9300 158 



CompuServe MAUQ 
Macintosh Directory 

CompuServe MAUQ 
Macintosh Directory 


This is a description of the XMODEM protocol. It was 
written for CP/M users, and refers to some specific CP/M 
programs, but most of it is applicable to XMODEM in 


XMOPRO.TXT 21 -Oct-84 770 441 

Results of some experimentation and problems with 
XMODEM and MacTerminal on CIS. 


TEPFIX.TXT 14-Oct-84 1360 272 



A short text file describing a minor bug in TEP Plus and 
providing the fix, along with some additional documentation. 
Nobody's perfect! 


TEP 08-Oct-84 21340 354 



Yet ANOTHER terminal emulator program? Yes! TEP Plus 
is based on MacTEP (tm) 1.87 by Dennis F. Brothers, but 
Includes features to automatically dial and re-dial on busy, 
maintain a disk-based Phone Directory, has an on-line Help 
key, and improved Transmit and Receive modes. See 
TEPHLP.BAS (the Help program for TEP Plus) for more info. 
Gary R. Voth 72376,250 


TEPHLP.BAS 07-Oct-84 10790 243 



This is the Help program for TEP Plus (see TEP+.BAS). 
Download it and change the name to TEP Plus Help. You 
can then run it from TEP Plus on-line. It contains 
Information about TEP Plus and can also be used as a 
generic Help program in other applications. Gary R. Voth 


KERMIT.DOC 05-Oct-84 41 00 376 



Documentation for KERMIT.HEX. From the Boston 
Computer Society (BCS) Macintosh library. 


KERMIT.HEX 05-Oct-84 62850 153 



A terminal program with KERMIT file transfer protocol. See 
KERMIT.DOC for details. Must be converted with 
BINHEX.V30. From the Boston Computer Society (BCS) 
Macintosh library. 


RUNME.1ST 26-Aug-84 1480 155 



a MS-BASIC program (as are ail Red Ryder programs) that 
Instructs you how to make the programs executable after 
downloading them. It also prints a copy of the 
documentation to your Imagewriter. Scott Watson 


RR3MOD.TXT 25-Aug-84 8195 111 

This is a text document that can be printed out with RED 
RYDER’S Print a File command. It describes several 
REQUIRED modifications to correct known bugs. In addition 
to several OPTIONAL modifications that can be made to the 
package to suit your individual preferences. Scott Watson 


RR3.ASC 18-Aug-84 4740 172 



File #1 of 5. This is the Introduction program to RED RYDER. 


RRDOC.TXT 18-Aug-84 81025 95 



File #5 of 6. The documentation for RED RYDER which can 
be printed on the Imagewriter by RUNME.1ST. RED RYDER 
is a communications program for the Macintosh, and has 
the power to be as simple or powerful as needed. Among 
other things, it supports XMODEM and ASCII file transfers, 
macro keys, automatic logon sequences, an extensive 
dialing directory, 26 customization parameters, and memory 
recall of